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Huygens, 23, 80, 83, 85, 228, 232, 241.
Hyde, 36.

Ibrahim-ben-Ahmed, 344.
Ideler, 336.
Idris, 392.
Imhof, 320.
Imperati, 274, 314.
Ingenhousz, 6, 15.
Irving, 255.
Isaiah, 83, 263.
Isidorus, 307, 311.
Isthuanfi, 314.
Ivory, 23.
Izarn, 336, 337.

Hearsay, 20.
Heber, 124
Heberden, 133.
Hecker, 118, 141, 166, 234, 371, 408.
Helmont, 113.
Heloig, 282.
Hemmen, 399.
Hemmer, 148, 339.
Henderson, E., 201, 366.
Henderson, G., 188.
Henley, 465.
Henry, 10, 17, 107.
Henry, 185.
Henry, W., 350.
Herbert, 95.
Hereford, 350.
Hericaut de Thury, 216.
Herschel, W., 37.
Herschel, J., xxi. 29, 30 37, 38, 83, 91,

219, 282, 332, 343, 355, 368, 423, 430,

465.
Herodian, 307.
Herodotus, 36, 149, 395.
Hesiod, 400.
Hewlett, 308.
Heyne, 182.
Hezekiah, 83.
Hienemann, 199.
Hiorter, 362.
Hippalus, 382.
Hipparchus, 307.
Hoff, Van, 238, 329.
Holinshed, 68, 110, 118, 141, 149, 150, 154,

178, 185, 232, 233, 242, 250, 276, 286,

313, 314, 349, 412.
Holland, 400.
Homer, 149, 220, 400, 431.
Hood, 351, 365.
Hooke, 2, 17, 95, 98, 282, 458, 459.
Hooker, 280.
Hope, 133.
Horace, 144, 295, 309, 398.
Horne, 382.
Horneman, 395.
Horner, 27, 463.
Horrebow, 359.
Horsburgh, 153, 212.
Hossard, 280, 288.
Howard, J. 319, 335.
Howard, L., 122, 123, 124, 127, 135, 168,

179, 184, 223, 230, 238, 295, 302, 342.
Howie, 250.
Huard, 316.
Hubbart, 143.
Huber, 113.
Huddart, 352.
Hudson, 246.
Hügel, 18, 401.
Hughes, 259.
Hugi, 45, 202, 204, 210.
Humboldt, 3, 6, 15, 17, 24, 27, 31, 43, 45,

46, 48, 50, 52, 64, 66, 69, 75, 76, 102, 103,
124, 128, 136, 137, 138, 149, 160, 163, 182,
184, 227, 261, 283, 290, 299, 302, 331, 337,
339, 340, 342, 344, 363, 366, 369, 370, 374,

400.
Hunt, 37, 49.
Hutton, 147, 458, 461.

Jackson, 393.
Jackson, 398.
Jallabert, 279.
James I., 218.
Jameson, 125, 209, 297, 329, 335, 336, 359,

366.
Jefferson, 134.
Jeremiah, 263,
Jervis, 18, 401.
Joanna, 412.
Job, 128, 178.
John, 178.
John, 333, 335.
Johangire, 329.
Johnson, 172, 399.
Johnson, W., 409.
Johnston, J., 15.
Johnston, G., 373, 438.
Jones, R., 373.
Jones, 172.
Jones, 460.
Jordan, 265.
Joshua, 83, 178.
Josephus, 82, 178, 250.
Julius Obsequens, 144, 310.
Jungius, 43.
Jurine, 255, 375.
Jussieu, 52, 118.
Justinian, 296.

Kämtz, 27, 29, 30, 32, 33, 38, 40, 103, 115,

120, 121, 125, 127, 128, 150, 169, 174, 177,

197, 227, 231, 239, 245, 294, 436.
Kalm, 174.
Karsten, 37.
Kastner, 112, 148.
Kater, 352, 360, 459.
Kechelius, 235.
Keith, 447, 455.
Kellie, 61.
Kemp, 105.
Kendall, 211, 352.
Kepler, 300, 346, 350, 369, 370.
Keyserling, 105.
Kidd, 308.
King, 316.
Kirch, 300, 350.
Kircher, 249.
Kirkpatrick, 329.
Kirwan, 7.
Kougas-Ingigian, 321.
Klaproth, 152, 335.

Klöden, 341.
Kraft, 359.
Kratzenstein, 115.
Krantz, 312.
Kries, 238.
Küpffer, 64, 362, 363.

La Caille, 92.
La Hire, 236, 244.
Lafond, 356.
Lago, 136.
Lalande, 118, 316, 317.
Lamartine, 257, 392.
Lamb, 9.
Lambert, 220.
Lamont, 38.
Lamouroux, 377.
Lampadius, 112, 463.
Lancaster, 251.
Lander, 431.
Lang, 313.
Langwith, 222.
Lane, 56,
Lane, 138, 396, 397.
Laplace, 2, 23, 28, 123, 337.
Lardner, 351, 355.
Latham, 249.
Latreille, 152.
Latta, 211.
Lauder, T. D., 144.
Lauder, 290.
Laugier, 316, 323, 334, 335, 313.
Leach, 374.
Le Beck, 319.
Le Cocq, 130.
Ledebour, 152.
Leigh, 26, 179.
Lemaire, 150.
Lemery, 336.
Lemonnier, 162, 271.
Leonardus, 313, 316.
Le Pileur, 21.
Lerbecuis, 312.
Le Roi, 107, 301.
Leslie, 23, 31, 37, 43, 66, 75, 79, 92, 95, 112,

147, 181, 457, 458, 459, 460, 461, 463.
Léveille, 152.
Le Verrier, 347.
Levy, 4, 6.
Lexell, 347.
Libes, 271, 367.
Libri, 55, 453.
Licetus, 375.
Lichenstein, 260.
Lichtenberg, 298.
Liebig, 5, 14, 15, 21.
Lilliehook, 351, 366.
Lilly, 235.
Lind, 124, 398, 458.
Link, 184.
Linnæus, 113.
Lioni de Ceneda, 288.
Lisle, J. N. de, 256, 282.
Littrow, 342, 313,
Livingstone, 459.
Livy, 110, 144, 296, 308, 309, 310.
Lloyd, 248, 447.
Löber, 331.

Lohrmann, 245.
Lomonosow, 458.
Longchamps, 161.
Longmire, 228.
Lottin, 351, 355, 366.
Loudon, 11.
Louis XII., 178.
Lowe, 229, 24.
Lowenorn, 319.
Lowitz, 237.
Lowth, 203.
Lubbock, 246.
Luc, De, 23, 103, 201.
Lucian, 156.
Lucas, 314, 315, 316.
Lucretius, 400.
Lyell, xviii., 20, 63, 135, 142, 143, 146, 160,

161, 211, 401, 413, 414, 415.
Lyon, 57, 240, 245, 261.
Lysander, 295, 309.
Macculloch, 373.
Macdougall, 213.
Macgregor, 267, 268.
Mackenzie, 358.
Mestlin, 350.
Maffei, 288.
Magalotti, 453.
Magnus, 99.
Mahlman, 53.
Mahon, 289.
Maintenon, 62.
Mairan, 91, 350, 351, 359, 366, 370.
Malchus, 308.
Malcom, 53, 111, 137.
Maleziew, 237.
Mallet, 206.
Malte-Brun, 194, 400.
Malus, 83, 85, 86.
Manilias, 72.
Maraldi, 240.
Marbois, 310.
Marcard, 62.
Marcellinus, 156, 307, 311.
Marcet, 105.
Marco Polo, 17.
Marcus Aurel., 311.
Margraff, 184.
Marignac, 6.
Mariotte, 23, 26, 222, 226, 232.
Marsden, 382.
Marshall, 34, 361.
Marti, De, 6.
Martin, 61.
Martine, 453, 458.
Martins, 6, 21, 27, 70, 103, 125, 128, 150,

197, 231, 239, 245, 417.
Martius, 331.
Marum, Van, 271, 331.
Masson, 354.
Ma-touan-lin, 311, 314.
Mattaire, 308.
Matteucci, 176, 180, 294, 354.
Maundrell, 145, 156.
Maupertuis, 61, 350.
Maxadorf, 298.
Maximilian, 313, 331.
Maxwell, 166.

Muskaw, 231.

Nairne, 280, 366.
Napier, 166, 296.
Nees von Esenbeck, 149, 165.
Neill, 125, 180.
Nero, 119.
Neve, 350.
Newton, 7, 80, 83, 228, 232, 275, 371.
Nichol, 367.
Nicholas III., 141.
Niebuhr, 57, 261.
Niven, 419.
Noad, 116.
Nöggerath, 177, 180, 181.
Nollet, 274, 275.
Norris, 398.
Norton, 73.
Numa, 308.
Nysten, 15.

Mayen, 199.
Mayer, 66.
Mayor, 169.
Mayow, 2.
Mazeas, 271.
Medvedief, 330.
Meek, 426.
Meichelbeck, 316.
Meikle, 34, 172.
Melloni, 37, 38, 71, 72, 109, 459.
Menæa, 156.
Menkies, 14, 15.
Menzies, 267, 268.
Menzikoff, W., 62.
Mercanton, 169.
Mercati, 314.
Mercator, 256.
Meredith, 421.
Merle D'Aubigné, 165.
Merret, 166.
Meyer, 154.
Mezeray, 118, 150, 178, 311.
Michaud, 166.
Michea, 20.
Miguel, 151.
Milumay, 282.
Miller, 135.
Milne, 297.
Milton, 118, 156, 217, 441.
Minasi, 256.
Minutoli, 395.
Mitchell, 7, 378.
Mitcherlich, 8.
Mitturelli, 314.
Moffat, 262, 281, 286, 365.
Mohs, 78, 83, 216, 329.
Moir, 90.
Moll, 317, 352.
Monge, 262, 367.
Molyneux, 459.
Mongez, 298.
Montanari, 300, 316.
Montfaucon, 314.
Montgomery, 73.
Montignot, 179.
Montheim, 161.
Montucla, 444.
Moorcroft, 20, 75.
Moore, 300, 374, 391.
Morichini, 37.
Morier, 393, 403.
Morinus, 315.
Mornay, 331.
Mortimer, 412.
Morton, 113.
Mosley, 411.
Moser, 37.
Motte, 68, 300, 357.
Mouron, 201.
Müller, 152.
Muncke, 179.
Mundy, 263.
Murchison, 62, 63, 105.
Murray, J., 5.
Murray, 7, 322.
Murray, J. E., 20, 202.
Musschenbroeck, 179, 229, 237, 243, 336,

339, 342, 366.

Obsequens, 144, 310.
Oersted, 26, 64, 172, 278.
O'Hara, 331.
Olbers, 337, 338, 339, 341, 342, 344.
Olearius, 314.
Olmsted, 176, 177, 181, 338, 339, 341.
Olybius, 314.
Orfila, 6.
Orosius, 311.
Orpheus, 430.
Ortelius, 256.
Osler, 458.
Ossian, 36, 131.
Otho, 144.
Ovid, 110, 113, 149, 308, 309, 365.

Page, 244.
Pallas, 56, 63, 330.
Pallas, 375.
Pallme, 393.
Palmer, R., 291.
Palmer, 339.
Palmerius, 233.
Paludan, 380.
Paracelsus, 113.
Pareau, 393.
Parent, 179.
Paris, 141, 178, 233, 286.
Park, 403.
Parker, 343.
Parrat, 61.
Parrot, 24, 366, 400.
Parry, 56, 57, 62, 82, 128, 197, 240, 264,

319, 361.
Partsch, 307.
Paruus, 233.
Pascal, 25, 26, 444, 445.
Patrin, 336.
Paul III., 376.
Pausanius, 307, 308, 400.
Pearson, 9, 81.
Peiresc, 152, 166.
Peltier, 113, 115, 124, 164, 171, 172, 174,

271, 294.
Pennant, 211.
Pepys, 7, 15.
Perevoschtchikoff, 176.

Perier, 445.
Peschier, 198.
Peters, xxi.
Petit, 99, 343.
Petrarch, 276, 412.
Peytier, 280, 288.
Pharaoh, 178.
Phiton, 113.
Phillips, J., 133, 361, 459.
Phillips, W., 330.
Photius, 311, 400.
Piazzi, 81.
Pichegru, 69, 438, 439.
Piddington, 407, 411, 427.
Pickel, 317.
Pickering, 458.
Pictet, 31, 105, 158, 279, 280, 302.
Pike, 281.
Pilatus, 276.
Pinder, 307, 310.
Pingré, 369.
Pistollet, 323.
Plaff, 290.
Plantade, 359.
Platina 312.
Playfair, 23, 66.
Pleischl, 122.
Pliny, 144.
Pliny, 11, 109, 113, 196, 226, 270, 295, 308,

309, 310, 311, 329, 345, 349, 365, 382, 395,

400.
Plot, 113, 224.
Plutarch, 110, 144, 295, 308, 309, 310, 395.
Poggendorff, 29.
Poisson, 246, 337, 339.
Polini, 458.
Polonus, 312.
Polybius, 381.
Pope, 270.
Porson, 308.
Porteous, 402.
Porter, 396.
Portlock, 139.
Posidonius, 22.
Potter, 360, 367.
Pouillet, 33, 43, 71, 72, 278, 294, 378, 406,

416, 460, 461.
Powell, 37, 305, 327.
Power, 445.
Precisier, 406.
Prevost, 110, 112.
Prichard, 53, 430.
Prideaux, 308.
Priestly, 3, 7, 9, 15, 232, 275, 301, 371.
Pringle, 301.
Procopius, 156, 296.
Prony, De, 99.
Proust, 312, 317, 336.
Prout, 15, 17, 119, 121, 122.
Provençal, 15.
Ptolemy, 81.
Pujoulx, 367, 458.
Pythagoras, 400.

Rabshakeh, 396.
Raffles, 160, 312, 403,
Raineri, 55.
Ramm, 366.
Ramond, 198, 230, 290.
Raulet, 274.
Reaumur, 454.
Redfield, 411, 418, 427.
Redhead, 438.
Redi, 165.
Reed, 424.
Regnault, 99.
Reichenbach, 37.
Reid, 407, 411, 414, 427.
Reisel, 375.
Reiss, 37, 294, 362.
Relandi, 393.
Rémusat, 311, 332.
Rennell, 395.
Rennie, 413.
Ricciolus, 430.
Richard, 69, 154, 231, 317.
Richardson, 128,351, 362, 363.
Richman, 275.
Richter, 288.
Ridolphi, 37.
Riffaud, 390, 391.
Rinall, 149.
Ritchie, 463.
Ritter, 37.
Rivander, 312.
Rive, De la, 76, 294, 368.
Rivero, 331.
Robe, 248.
Robert, 341.
Robert of Anjou, 412.
Robertson, W., 69, 382.
Robertson, 308.
Robinson, 360, 458.
Robison, 18, 271, 362.
Robison, J., 31.
Rochon, 37.
Rodney, 413.
Römer, 350, 453.
Rogers, 186.
Rohault, 226.
Romé de Lisle, 215.
Ronalds, 399.
Rose, 102, 335.
Rosen, 61.
Ross, J., 57, 62, 197, 213, 264, 331, 367.
Ross, J. C., 59, 63, 69, 70, 95, 140, 201, 213,

247, 356.
Rosse, 337.
Rotham, 234.
Rouse, 377.
Roussin, 137, 146.
Rozet, 122, 246, 253, 298.
Rudberg, 99.
Rumford, 15, 457, 463.
Rumph, 315.
Rush, 19, 134.
Rutherford, 8, 455.
Russel, 138.
Rzewusky, 391, 396.

Quatremére, 156, 311, 312.
Quetelet, 339, 342, 344.
Quelmalz, 61.
Quintus Curtius, 61, 263, 395,

Sabellicus, 313.
Sabine, 27, 28, 48, 102, 122, 297.

Sabler, 24.
Sacharoff, 43.
Sacy, De, 311, 312.
Saguez, 37.
Sale, 263.
Salvert, 149, 336.
Sanctorio, 453.
Santini, 372.
Sarotti, 196.
Saussure, H. B., 15, 18, 21, 42, 43, 74, 78,

91, 102, 103, 107, 112, 123, 127, 198, 200,
205, 210, 279, 280, 290, 295, 298, 459,

463, 164,
Saussure, T., 3, 6, 9.
Saussure, N., 76.
Sauvages, 113.
Sauval, 312.
Savage, 290.
Savart, 149, 336.
Savary, 393.
Savitch, 24.
Scarron, 62.
Schalzius, 393.
Scheele, 2, 3, 7, 37.
Scheiner, 234.
Scheuchzer, 23, 316.
Schleiden, 14.
Schmesser, 10.
Schmid, 315.
Schmidt, 242.
Schonbein, 364, 365.
Schottus, 312, 445.
Schouw, 29, 39, 40, 52, 53, 55, 56, 57, 136.
Schubler, 148, 272, 273.
Schult, 239.
Schultes, 21.
Schumacher, 31.
Scoresby, 62, 109, 153, 183, 197, 211, 215,

216, 231, 247, 252, 259, 264, 414.
Scott, 373, 438.
Scudamore, 9.
Seebeck, 37, 278.
Segelke, 239.
Seguin, 6, 7, 14, 15.
Seguier, 288.
Selden, 308.
Selligue, 188.
Sementini, 157, 158.
Senguerd, 315.
Senebier, 15, 37.
Seneca, 296, 299, 349, 400.
Sennacherib, 396.
Seret, 255.
Serre, 324.
Serventini, 150.
Servius, 144.
Seschiche, 315.
Sette, 166.
Shaw, 166, 261, 371, 431.
Shakspeare, 217, 269, 270, 284.
Shearman, 333.
Shelley, 108.
Sherriff, 184.
Shepard, 327.
Shuckburgh, 17, 23.
Shuttleworth, 198.
Sidney, 116, 184, 276.
Sigeberti, 166.

Silliman, B. D., 304.
Silliman, 326, 343.
Siljestrom, 351, 366.
Silvius, 178.
Simon, 15.
Simond, 191.
Simonetta, 312.
Simonoff, 356.
Sinclair, 445.
Six, 455.
Skinner, 145.
Sleiden, 166.
Smeaton, 377, 458.
Smith, C., 153.
Smith, C., 185.
Smith, J., 113.
Smith, R., 78, 232, 241.
Snellius, 84, 224.
Sokolow, 275.
Solander, 58, 59, 60.
Soldani, 316, 317, 318.
Sommerfeldt, 198.
Somerville, 37, 85, 247, 328.
Sopater, 2.
Southey, 90, 219, 319.
Soyoriti, 344.
Spagnoni, 321.
Spallanzani, 15.
Spangenberg, 118, 149, 156, 234, 312, 314.
Speed, 68.
Speer, 188.
Spix, 331.
Stadius, 312.
Stanley, 16.
Stark, 54, 135.
Stas, 6.
Stephan, 286.
Stepling, 316, 317.
Steven, 393.
Stevenson, R., 432.
Stevenson, W., 360.
Stevelly, 123, 176, 355, 361.
Stewart, 166.
Stoop, Van, 154.
Stow, 141, 178, 349.
Strabo, 308, 381, 400.
Stricket, 250, 251.
Stritter, 56, 57.
Stromeyer, 83, 122, 324, 330, 334, 335.
Strnadt, 56.
Struve, 354, 360.
Struve, F., xxi.
Sturgeon, 352, 353.
Stutz, 317.
Sturmius, 457.
Suetonius, 270, 365.
Surius, 233, 313.
Svanberg, 71, 72.
Swinburne, 256.
Swinden, Van, 362.
Swinton, 230, 237.
Tacitus, 144, 309.
Talbot, 37.
Talfourd, 191.
Tata, 317.
Taylor, A., 6, 275.
Taylor, 167.

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