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vessel, notwithstanding, shall not have satisfied the conditions set forth in paragraph 5 of this article.

10. Suspected vessels which shall have made the voyage from an infected or suspected port to the port of arrival in a period of time shorter than the maximum period of incubation of the contagious disease which it is sought to prevent, shall also be subjected to the additional quarantine according to the provisions (f paragraph 7.

There shall be excepted from this quarantine any vessel of the 2d class which, proceeding from a port recognized as clean and with satisfactory sanitary conditions on board, certified to by the sanitary inspector of vessels, shall touch at Montevideo, Rio de Janeiro, or Buenos Ayres during the prevalence of an epidemic, but shall restrict itself to discharging her merchandise, landing passengers, and leaving and taking up the mails; provided that these operations shall be performed by means of a ponton designatel for the purpose by the sanitary authorities, conveniently situated, free from all infection, and under satisfactory conditions as to isolation, so that it shall not receive on board, nor undergo contact with, any person or article from said ports. These facts shall be certified to by a document duly authenticated, signed by the sanitary authorities of the port at which the vessel shall touch, viséed by the consul of the country of destination, and attested by a sanitary inspector of such country of destination.

11. A suspected vessel which shall have made the voyage in a period longer than the aforesaid maximum period of incubation, shall undergo the quarantine of observation, in the course of which there shall be made the investigations prescribed in the international ordinance; and only after it shall have been ascertained that no case of contagious disease has occurred on board shall such vessel be admitted to free intercourse.

It is understood that, if such vessel brings suspected articles which have not been disinfected, but which can not have infected the passengers or crew, such vessel shall undergo a strict quarantine for the purpose

of disinfecting the said articles, such disinfection to be made after the landing of the passengers brought, who must be admitted to free intercourse.

In case infection may have occurred, the case shall be governed by the provisions of the last part of paragraph 6 of this present article.

12. The foregoing provisions concerning vessels of the 1st class described in Article 5 shall hold good even though there be on board no sanitary inspector of vessels, provided there shall have been strict compliance with the requirements of the international ordinance as to the responsibility assumed by the ship's physician to the sanitary authorities of the port of arrival in respect of the certificates which he is to give under his professional oath, and provided that there shall have been exact compliance, during the voyage, with the provisions contained in the instructions as to the duties of the sanitary inspector of vessels,

13. The provisions of the foregoing paragraphs, in so far as they allow some modification of the strict quarantine, shall apply to such vessels of the 2d class as, 1, shall receive on board and give a first-class passage going and coming to the sanitary inspector of vessels; 2, shall act upon the recommendations of the sanitary inspector looking to sanitary conditions on board ship, both at the time of departure and during the voyage.

In other cases the period of strict quarantine shall not be computable as provided in alternative No. 1 of paragraph 4, in respect of either the passengers or the vessel itself,


The requirements of paragraph 1 of Article 5 are binding upon all such vessels as, in any of the three countries, enjoy the privileges of a mail-transport, and to this end the contracting Governments undertake to withdraw such privileges from all vessels which, four months from the date at which this convention shall have gone into effect, shall not have strictly complied with the said requirements.


The high contracting parties agree that they will grant the privileges of a mail-transport only to such vessels as shall conform to this convention and shall furthermore prove to the proper sanitary authorities that they have complie:l with the requirements of paragraph 1 of Article 5, and declared their acceptance of conditions 1 and 2 of paragraph 13 of Article 8.


The sanitary precautions which the high contracting parties may have to take on land and within their own territories form no part of the subject matter of this convention; but it is understood that such precautions are never to amount to an absolute suspension of intercommunication by land. The Governments concerned will, upon occasion, agree with one another upon the places through which communication is to be allowed, and upon the most efficacious means to prevent all danger of the introduction of epidemics.


The present convention shall last four years, dated from the day on which ratifications shall be exchanged, and shall continue in force until one of the high contracting parties shall notify the others of its intention to terminate it, its operation ceasing twelve months after the date of such notification. Such ratifications shall be exchanged at the city of Montevideo at as early a date as possible.

In testimony whereof the said plenipotentiaries respectively sign and seal these presents. Done at the city of Rio de Janeiro, on the 25th day of the month of November, in the year of the nativity of our Lord Jesus Christ one thousand eight hundred and eighty-seven. [L, s.)








The contracting countries agree to adopt the following definitions:

(a) Pestilent erotic diseases. The yellow fever, the Asiatic cholera, and the eastern plague.

(6) Infected port.--That in which any of the above diseases may exist in an epidemic form.

(c) Suspected port:

1. That in which an isolated case of the three pestilential diseases may appear occasionally;

2. That which has easy and frequent intercourse with infected localities; and

3. That which is not sufficiently protected against infected ports.

The declaration of infected or suspected, as applied to a port, shall be made by the Government of the country to which that port belongs, upon the recommendation of the chief of the maritime sanitary service, and shall be published officially.

(d) Infected vessel.—That in which some case of pestilential disease may have occurred.

(e) Suspected vessel :

1. That which, coming from an infected or a suspected port, may not have had during the voyage any case of pestilential disease.

2. That which, though proceeding from a healthy port, may have touched at an infected or suspected port.

3. That which during the voyage or on arrival should communicate with another vessel coming from an unknown infected or suspected port.

4. That in which deaths may have occurred from causes not specified or from repeated cases of any disease.

5. That which does not bring a clean bill of health from the port of departure or from those at which it may have touched, duly certified by the consuls of the country it is bound for ; and

6. That which, although having been quarantined or been subjected to special sanitary treatment in any of the contracting countries, comes unprovided with the international permit for free intercourse.


The contracting countries shall establish the sanitary services so that they may carry out and cause to be carried out the provisions of this convention.

The chiefs of the aforementioned sanitary services shall communicate with each other whenever necessary, and each of them may make to the others such suggestions as they may think proper in the exercise of their duties. International regulations shall be issued for the performance of sanitary service, giving uniformity to the general and special measures applicable in other countries.


The contracting countries shall bind themselves,

1. To establish the quarantine hospitals which may be necessary, and those of a permanent character shall be located on islands;

2. To establish floating hospitals, annexed to the permanent quarantine hospitals, for the treatment of persons attacked by exotic pestilential diseases on the vessels which may arrive or be already at anchor;

3. To consider valid at any of the ports, for the effect of this convention, the quarantine and sanitary measures resorted to in any of the quarantine hospitals of the contracting countries, provided that they shall be officially authorized in an authentic manner; and

4. Not to resort to the closing of ports.

ARTICLE 4. The consul of the country for which the vessel is bound shall have the right to attend the sanitary inspections which the agents of the territorial authorities may make of the vessels.


At the port of departure the vessels shall take the following prophylactic measures:

1. The storage of the cargo shall not commence until the cleansing of the vessel shall have been performed either by ordinary methods or by a special process of disinfection, in case the latter shall be deemed necessary. For this purpose the vessel shall be visited by the captain and the ship-surgeon, and the result of the visit shall be recorded on the ship's register.

2. The surgeon shall examine the passengers which may come on board, and who hail from a port where any of the exotic pestilential maladies exist, and shall reject such as he may suspect of having contracted any of them.

3. In regard to those who may appear to him as being under good conditions, he will vigilantly prevent their taking on board white linen clothes, or bedding, stained or suspicious.

4. The wearing apparel and bedding used by such as may have died of exotic pestilential diseases shall never be received.

5. Whenever any of the exotic pestilential diseases shall show itself on a vessel while lying in an infected port, the patients in whom the first symptoms of these affections may be noticed shall be put ashore immediately, and all their effects, as well as the bedding they may have used, shall be destroyed or disinfected.


During the voyage vessels will observe the following prophylactic measures :

1. The soiled underwear of the passengers and crew shall be washed on the same day, after being immersed in boiling water or a disinfectant solution.

2. The water-closets shall be scoured and disinfected at least twice a day.

3. During the voyage the most rigorous cleanliness and a thorough ventilation shall be observed on board of suspected vessels.

4. As soon as the first symptoms of an exotic pestilential disease are confirmed, the necessary steps shall be taken to isolate the patient.

5. The localities occupied by such patients shall be immediately disinfected.

6. So far as possible the localities so infected shall remain wide open and isolated, and shall not be occupied by any other passenger during the voyage.


No vessel proceeding from foreign ports shall be admitted to free intercourse at the ports of the contracting countries, without the previous sanitary visit made by the proper authorities. During this visit, the official shall proceed to make all the inquiries necessary to ascertain thoroughly the san'tary condition on board; in times of epidemic, they will satisfy themselves that all measures of sanitation and disinfection have been rigorously complied with, as well at the point of departure as during the course of the voyage, and shall determine the treatment to which the vessel must be subjected, and will notify in writing the captain thereof.


For the proper enforcement of the provisions of the preceding article the contracting countries agree to recognize two classes of vessels: a first and second class.

1. Vessels of the first class are those which have a surgeon on board and are provided with:

(a) A disinfecting stove worked by steam under pressure ; (b) A supply of disinfectants and appliances for disinfection in com

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