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heen desirable, yet a considerable num- salvation, or that such a person as ber of gentlemen of intelligence and Jesus Christ ever appeared in the world, l'espectability, both clergymen and lay. || have learned by the pernicious examinen, in the course of every year, travel || ples of straggling whites, that there is some distance out of their way to wit- a season, somewhere about the winter ness the moral process, which is here solstice, devoted to feasting, sports, going (l. The opinion formed by men brutal drunkenness, and quarreliing. of candor and benevolence has uniforın- But to return from this short digres. ly been, as your Committee have good sion: Mr. Hall had given notice, that reason to believe, highly favorable to there would be a meeting for religious the design here developed, and to the worship on Christmas, at the school. manner and spirit, in which this design || house . More than a hundred Cher. is carried into execution.
okees assembled, and many Africans.
“The transactions of this scason were Station of Taloney.
more interesting to us,” says Mr. Hall,
“because last Christmas every man in Mr. Hall has had the sole charge of the neighborhood was drunken; and the school and domestic concerns of || many of them continued so for nearly a this station, since his removal thither in || week. Now there was not one about May 1820. During the winter months, our house, who did not conduct with the average attendance of pupils was propriety, except a white man. After from 20 to 25. As the spring opened, 1 meeting, about thirty Cherokees took the number increased; but the ill health
supper with us. Although there is not of Mr. Hall and his wife was so fre- a soul here, who gives evidence of bequent, and the difficulty of procuring || ing converted to God; yet I think hired labor so great, that the school there is a very visible improvement in suffered not a little embarrassment. It the conduct of all classes, and I trust is greatly to be desired, that a faithful that God will ere long display his and laborious farmer should reside with mighty power. the teacher, at each station where a local school is established. The farmer [The school at Chatooga was suspended for
nt of a school-house, and an instructor.] should be qualified to take the place of the teacher, in case any exigency
Siation of Creekpath. should require it. With ordinary industry, food could easily be obtained The very favorable prospects, with for two small families from the produce | which a school was established at this of the farm, and the pasturage of the place, and the glad sounds of the Gosneighboring woods. Mr. Hall has four || pel began to be proclaimed still conacres of cleared land, of which three | tinue. A little church has been formed; are planted with corn. He keeps four the saving operations of the Divine cows, and has an excellent garden of Spirit appear to have been experienced, culinary vegetables,
and several late accounts unite in deMany of the natives have been in- claring, that the hopeful converts walk clined to meet on the Sabbath for re- together in love, and enjoy the favor of ligious instruction, whenever Mr. Hall God. Among the most remarkable has been well enough to read the Scrip- displays of divine grace, which the histures, converse upon them, and lead in tory of missions furnishes, is to be prayer. If ill health prevented these reckoned the hopeful conversion of Mr. customary exercises, it appeared to John Brown and so many members of excite deep regret, in the minds of his family. Five years ago, not an inthose who commonly attended. But dividual of this family kne iv any thing perhaps by no circumstance was the in. of the Gospel. In the heart of a heatroduction of Christianity into a hea- then country, most of them knew then neighborhood more marked in its nothing of the language, in which alone effects, than by the change which it it seemed possible that they should hear produced in the observation of Christ- the Gospel; and the father was obmas. It may seem a solecism to speak || stinately bent on removing several hunof Christmas, as observed in a heathen dred miles into the wilderness beyond neighborhood; but though a solecism in the Mississippi. Yet, at this day, ber words, it is not inconsistent with the hold both parents, two sons, three fact. The American Aborigines ex- daughters, and a son's wife,-eight in tensively, even those of them who know the whole,-apparently the children of net that there is such a thing as sin, or God, and heirs of inmortality. In the first instance, Catharine, a favorite | sionary cause, committed his departing child in the bloom of youth, is sent to spirit to his Savior and his God. an infant school, in an infant mission, at In looking at the general results of her own importunity, to acquire the the mission among the Cherokees, the . rudiments of an education. While | Committee would gratefully advert to there it pleased tlie Sovereign Dispens- the progress, which these people are er of spiritual favors to impress upon now evidently making in civilization; a her mind the importance of religious progress, which bears a true proportruth, and to open her heart to the re- tion to their knowledge of the Gospel. ception of the Gospel. Two years af- In the autumn of last year they resolvterwards a younger brother comes to ed, in a national council, that if parents the school, and is religiously affected placed their children in the schools of in consequence of the faithful exhorta- the mission, they should not be taken tions of the sister. They visit the pa- away, till they had obtained a good ternal home together; and the worship common education. The council also of God is commenced where heathenism || took measures to encourage the learnhad reigned without a rival. The || ing of mechanical trades, by promising parents begira to awake, and to inquire; || a set of tools, at the public expense, to salvation is proqlaimed by the mission- || apprentices, who should have learned aries; and the result has been stated. trades, and were ready to commence Well may it be said, “Salvation has business for themselves. And what come to this house." Well may we ex- evinces a greater advance still, the claim, if such are the triumphs of the country has lately been divided into cross, let its heralds be sent to every eight districts, in each of which a courtheathen neighborhood upon the face of house is to be erected by the people, the globe.
where justice is to be administered by In October last the chiefs at Creek- persons designated to that office. One path wrote a letter to the missionaries of these new court-houses is already at Brainerd, expressing their thanks erected within 11 miles of Brainerd, for the school, which had then been in and is now used for public worship. operation about six months, and bearing testimony to the fidelity of Mr. But- [T'he following tribute is paid to the memrick, during his residence among them. ory of Mrs. Gambold.]
Soon after Mr. Potter's arrival at Brainerd, he was assigned to take the The excellent Moravian missionary, oversight of the little church at Creek- Mr. Gambold, having been strengthen. path, and to superintend the school. ed by the arrival of a fellow-laborer He immediately went thither, and from North Carolina, has removed to Mrs. Potter joined him in March. a new station, at a place called OoghCatharine Brown has assiduously at- geelogy, where his labors have been tended to the duties of an instructress remarkably blessed. In the course of of the female pupils; thus freely im- last winter he experienced a severe beparting to others, what she had freely reavement in the death of Mrs. Gamreceived from the Christian community. | bold, who, for sixteen years, had exhibThe little flock was anxiously expect- ited a most admirable example of the ing to be "refreshed by the affectionate true missionary character. She left counsels and paternal benediction of refined society, and a state of compeDr. Worcester, as he passed at no tence, or even independence, to labor great distance, on his way from Hunts- with unremitting assiduityin the wilderville to Brainerd; but his strength was ness, for the benefit of the heathen. By too much exhausted to admit of any the variety of her useful acquirements, deviation from the most direct course. she commanded the respect of all who Brainerd he greatly clesired to reach. knew her; and by the amiableness of There it seemed proper to Infinite her deportment, and the disinterestedWisdom that his remains should be de- ness of her services, she conciliated the posited. There it will long be remem- affections of an untutored people. She bered, that a holy man, on an errand of exhibited the kindness of a mother to mercy to the forsaken and he last, the missionaries sent by this Board; having invoked upon the lambs of the and it would be ungrateful not to render flock the care of the great Shepherd, this passing tribute to her memory. encourageil faithful laborers in their But she looked above human approbawork, and borne his dying testimony tion; her heart was fixed upon her to the excellence and glory of the mis- Savior; and, beyond, a doubt, no sacrifi
MISSION AMONG THE CHOCTAWS.
ces made for him will remain unnoticed most needed. Mr. Cyrus Byington, of or unrewarded.
Stockbridge, who had completed his
theological studies at Andover io Sep[The account of the Cherokee mission is | tember 1819, and had, for several years, closed by several notices of preaching, and of considered himself as devoted to the the temporal concerns of the establishment, work of missions under the direction of which need not be inserted here, as they have been published more at large from the jour this Board, and who had been sent forth nals. )
as an agent to make known the claims of the heathen, and collect donations for their relief, was requested to accompany this large family, for several
hundred miles at least; and, if his aid It was mentioned in the last Report should be needed, to proceed with them that Mr. Joel Wood and his wife, on to Elliot. It was supposed he might their way to Elliot as assistant mission - | add much to the comfort and expediaries, were detained by sickness, at a tion of the journey, and obtain conlittle distance from the Walnut Hills.siderable donations for the mission, by After suffering extremely from pain and frequently going in advance of the comweariness, and being repeatedly brought pany, making provision for their renear the grave, they were so far re- ception at the principal towns, and stored, as to resume their journey in || preaching at places, where previous September; and were enabled to reach appointments could conveniently be Elliot, on the 24th of that month, hav- made. All this and more he was ing been detained about twelve weeks. enabled to do, with great cheerfulness They have rendered valuable services and alacrity; and his presence seemed to the mission, though Mr. Wood has so necessary, that he thought not of experienced several relapses; and has stopping, till his feet should stand on thus been obliged occasionally to sus- missionary ground. pend his labors.
The Committee had directed, that In December the Rev. Alfred Wright these brethren should perform their joined the mission, having been longer journey by land, passing near Pittsin making his circuitous journey, than burgh, Lexington, and Nashville, and was expected. His arrival was a very crossing the Tennessee at the foot of timely relief to Mr. Kingsbury, who had che Muscle Shoals. When they arso long stood alone as an authorized rived at Pittsburgh, however, having spiritual teacher, with his mind expos- | experienced the inconveniences of a ed to great perplexity by the immense long journey in waggons, and being variety of secular concerns, which be- || strongly urged by friends to alter their long to the rising establishments herein | plan, they concluded to pass down the operation. After the assignment of Ohio and the Mississippi, in one of those Mr. Byington to Elliot, it was thought | large flat-bottomed boats called arks, best that Mr. Wright should reside at great numbers of which annually dethe other station with Mr. Kingsbury, scend these rivers. Neither they, nor whois necessarily much absent, on jour- || their advisers, were at all aware of nies to promote the general interests of the difficulties, and expense of a winthe mission.
ter's journey from the Walnut Hills The reinforcement which set out from to Elliot. Though they left the preGoshen, Mass. just before the last an- scribed course from the best motives, nual meeting, designed to strengthen and for reasons which appeared valid, both the stations among the Choctaws, the alteration proved a most serious proceeded on the route prescribed as far delay to them. Had they continued in as Pittsburgh. Beside Messrs. Smith, || waggons, with ordinary diligence and Cushman, and Bardwell, and their fam-success, they might have reached one ilies, of Goshen, and Mr. Hooper of Ber- l of the stations in December; whereas, wick, Me. the company was increased in fact, they did not land at the Walnut by the accession of Miss Frisselle, of | Hills till the 27th of January; and to Peru, Mass. and Miss Thacher, of | find means of conveyance thence to the Luzerne county, Penn. young women places their future labor, was much of approved character and qualifica- the most arduous part of their undertions, who had offered their services as taking. By coming down the rivers, teachers, superintendents of domestic | however, they had obtained many do economy, or to be employed in any de- nations in money, and more in various partment, where their labors should be ll articles of agricultural produce and do
mestic manufacture, for the use of the family and Miss Frisselle by land. They mission. The zeal of many friends of travelled on horseback, and reached missions had been excited; much Elliot on the 14th of May, eight months missionary information had been com- after leaving Goshen. municated; and a remarkable kind- This accession of strength, though so ness and willingness to aid the good unexpectedly delayed, has already been work, had been manifested by clergy- | of great service to the mission. Mr. men, and private members of the || Byington bears the most decided testichurches, through all the inhabited mony to the excellent spirit and ten per, parts of the route. On arriving at the which prevailed among the members Walnut Hills, it was found necessary of this large family, during the slow and to divide the company, and convey dif- tedious passage by land and water. ferent members of it to the places of Mr. Kingsbury is highly gratified with their destination, by different ways. the aid, derived to the establishment Mr. Cushman and his family, with Mr. l under his particular and immediate suHooper. passed through the wilderness perintendence. During the severity of in a waggon, leaving Elliot on the left, their trials, Mr. Smith and his family and reaching the new station March | bore the chastisements of their Heav. 3d, after a journey of 18 days. Mr. | enly Father with exemplary resignaSmith with his family, and Miss | tion, confidence and hope; and devoted Thacher, proceeded up the Yazoo themselves with renewed zeal to the batteau, aided by Mr. Dyer, who had self-denying labors of their high been sent down to meet them. This l vocation. While writing these parafamily had buried the youngest child graphs, intelligence has arrived, that at Bedford, Penn. and was now called Mr. Cushman has also been called to to a severer trial. The eldest son, a | mourning. Within less than a month promising boy of fifteen, assisted at the his eldest son was followed to the tomb oar, in the beginning of the toilsome by his youngest; both having fallen voyage. After three weeks he was victims to the bilious fever, which is taken ill, and neither the prayers, nor the common disease of that climate the grief, of his parents, could save during the months of summer and auhim from an early grave, on the banks tumn. of an unfrequented river, far from any human habitation. After struggling
Siation of Elliot. against the current for six weeks, the females taking their turn at the helm, In the preceding narrative it has and Mr. Smith having been once re- appeared, that strength has been added markably preserved from drowning, to this station, by the arrival of new they arrived at Elliot on the 20th of assistants. It has pleased the SoveMarch, where it may readily be imag- reign Disposer of events, however, to jned, they were received with peculiar weaken the mission by the removal of joy. Mr. Byington, hearing of Dr. an excellent and very valuable memWorcester's expected arrival at | ber. Mr. Fisk died on the 19th of SepNatchez, proceeded down the Mis- tember, after suffering more than a sissippi to that place, where he was fortnight from a violent and distressing usefully employed for a few days, in ob- fever. He was calm and collected in taining donations to the Indian missions; view of death, and had not a wish to and whence he accompanied his re- live, except for the sake of doing good. vered friend and father, with true filial Rarely has there been so useful an exsedulity and kindness, in his wearisome hibition of missionary zeal, prudence, journey through the Choctaw wilder- mildness, and persevering industry,
Mr. Bardwell remained at the harmoniously blended in one person. Walnut Hills to take charge of the In consequence of his uncommon maproperty of the Board, which, to a turity of judgment, gravity and univerlarge amount in donations and purcha- sal benevolence, Mr. Fisk was early ses, was deposited there, waiting for chosen a deacon of the church in Holdthe means of conveyance up the Yazoo. en, Mass, where he belonged. By his As the season advanced, however, be- industry, and skill as a mechanic, he fore the expected opportunity arrived, soon found himself in very eligible it became dangerous to pass up the worldly circumstances. But the world river; and Mr. Bardwell having se- had no charms for him, when put in cured the remaining property in the best conpetition with the cause of Christ. mariner he was able, set out with his He made a cheerful offering of himself,
and of all that he had, to the work of || The boys are employed. when out of evangeizing the heathen. Though school, in the business of the farm or possessed of good mental endowments, the family. The girls are in two divisand capable of teaching school, he || ions, and are occupied, alternately, in shrunk not from continual bodily labor the more laborious or the more delias a blacksmith. In this employment cate branches of domestic economy, he promised great usefulness to the when not engaged in their studies. mission and the natives, having taken Miss Thacher has the care of the girls two boys as apprentices, and being in the school. The education of fehimself a specimen of vigorous industry. I males is justly considered as very imIn the year, which he spent at Elliot, || portant, in reference to the advancing he not only performed the smith work | civilization of the natives. of the station, which was a great saving | About the last of June, Mr. Byington of money, but his labor for the natives gave the following account of the proand the government brought more than gress of education. "In our schools we two hundred dollars into the Treasury see many proofs of the goodness of of the mission. But no excellence of God. The scholars are making good character can secure from death. | improvement in their studies. The This good man, after giving proof of nuinber of boys is 51, and of girls 14; sincerity in his Master's cause, and several children having been recently showing what can be done by a willing sent for by their parents. The chilmind under the direction of Christian | dren are docile, obedient, and ready benevolence, was removed from care to perform any kind of labor. They and toil, to a better country.
are active and very useful. Every As the establishment on the Ook-tib- | morning, by sunrise, or a little after, be-ha peculiarly needed the presence | you might see a company of boys goof the superintendent, Mr. Kingsbury | ing to the cornfield with their hoes, and removed his family thither about the another to the woods with their axes. middle of November. Dr. Pride had As the reputation and infiuence of been previously assigned to the same the schools increase, it may be expectstation; and Mr. Wright came to reside ed that dissolute whites will practise there also, after the division of labors upon the credulity of an ignorant peoand duties had been fixed, in the pres- ple, by circulating mischievous reports, ence of Dr. Worcester.
with respect to the treatment of the The school at Elliot has continued to children, and the designs of the misflourish, though its indefatigable teach- sionaries. This has already been er, Mr. Williams, was obliged by ill | done among the Choctaws, as well as health to suspeod his labors, early in l among the Cherokees. In several inthe spring. li is now in charge of Mr. stances, however, when parents have Wood. When the annual Report was | been disturbed by stories of this sort, furnished to the Department of War and have repaired to the school for last December, the number of children information, they have become perin the school was 74, and six others || fectly satisfied. Nor is it known that a were considered as belonging to it, single individual, wlio has taken the being temporarily absent on a visit to | pains to see for himself, is unfriendly to their homes. Three quarters of the the school, or the mission. In one of whole number were males. All board the cases related in the journal, three in the mission family, and are entirely men and a woman, who had children under the control and superintendence in the school, came ninety miles to exof the missionaries. Fifty of the chil- amine for themselves into the foundadren could speak no English, when tion of some unfavorable reports, which they joined the school. Several can now had reached their ears. Though speak our language fluently; and oth- || prejudiced at first, in consequence of er's can read it correctly, and will soon what they had heard, they becanie enacquire the spoken language. Of the tirely satisfied, after a free conversa sixty-five, who began with the alphabet, tion with the missionaries, and went twenty eight, at the date of the Report, away bighly pleased. The woman ber. could read with facility in the New self anxiously sought the privilege of Testament. All write on slates; and staying at the school, and of being inthirty nine write a plain hand without structed with the childrçn. She de. a copy. Ten have made some progress ciared herself willing to aid in the lain arithmetic; and two have com- bors of the family, and wept when menced grammar and geograplıy. ll informed that she could not be received,