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From prairie cabin up to Capitol,
One fire was on his spirit, one resolve-
To strike the stroke that rounds the perfect star.
The grip that swung the ax on Sangamon
Was on the pen that spelled Emancipation.
He built the rail-pile as he built the State,
Pouring his splendid strength through every blow,
The conscience of him testing every stroke,
To make his deed the measure of a man.


So came the Captain with the thinking heart;
And when the judgment thunders split the house,
Wrenching the rafters from their ancient rest,
He held the ridgepole up, and spiked again
The rafters of the Home. He held his place-
Held the long purpose like a growing tree-
Held on through blame and faltered not at praise.
And when he fell in whirlwind, he went down
As when a lordly cedar green with boughs
Goes down with a great shout upon the hills,
And leaves a lonesome place against the sky.

-By Edwin Markham.


whether that nation or any nation so Gold is good in its place; but living, brave conceived and so dedicated can long

and patriotic men are better than gold. endure. We are met on a great bat

My experience and observation has been tlefield of that war. We have come to that those who promise the most do the least. dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting place for those who here This country with all its institutions begave their lives that that nation might longs to the people who inhabit it. live. It is altogether fitting and prop I remember mother's

prayers, and er that we should do this; but in a they have always followed me. They have larger sense we cannot dedicate, we

clung to me all my life. cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow

Those who deny freedom to others dethis ground. The brave men, living serve it not for themselves; and under a and dead, who struggled here, have just God cannot long retain it. consecrated it far above our poor pow

God must have loved the plain people. er to add or detract. The world will He made so many of them. little note, nor long remember, what we say here; but it can never forget

LINCOLN what they did here. It is for us, the living, rather to be dedicated here to LINCOLN! When men would name a man

Just, unperturbed, magnanimous, the unfinished work which they who Tried in the lowest seat of all,

Tried in the chief seat of the house fought here have thus far so nobly ad

Lincoln! When men would name a vanced. It is rather for us to be here

Who wrought the great work of his age, dedicated to the great task remaining Who fought and fought the noblest fight,

And marshalled it from stage to stage, before us; that, from these honored

Victorious, out of dust and dark, dead we take increased devotion to

And into dawn and on till day,

lost humble when the paens rang, that cause for which they gave the

Least rigid when the enemy lay last full measure of devotion; that we

Prostrated for his feet to treadhere highly resolve that these dead This name of Lincoln will they name,

A name revered, a name of scorn, shall not have died in vain; that this

Of scorn

to sundry, not to fame. nation, under God, shall have a new

Lincoln, the man who freed the slave; birth of freedom; and that govern Lincoln whom never self enticed;

Stain Lincoln, worthy found to die ment of the people, by the people, and A soldier of his captain Christ.

-Vacllillan's Magazine, England. for the people, shall not perish from the earth.


Heroic soul, in homely garb half hid,
Sincere, sagacious, melancholy, quaint;
What he endured, no less than what he did,
Has reared his monument, and crowned him saint.



The birthday of Lincoln! We hail it once more,
And come to do homage to him as of yore;
The voice of the nation with us shall unite
In eloquent praises his deeds to recite.

O slavery! Abraham Lincoln, the brave,
Reached out in his pity our country to save,
He struck the fell blow that was death unto thee,
That blow, praise the Lord, made America free!

Ah, could we forget what our Lincoln has done?
America claims him with rev'rence her son;
The sun shall turn cold, and its light fade away
Ere the world shall forget him we honor today.

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When Norn Mother saw the Whirlwind Hour
Greatening and darkening as it hurried on,
She left the Heaven of Heroes and came down
To make a man to meet the mortal need.
She took the tried clay of the common road-
Clay warm yet with the genial heart of Earth,
Dashed through it all a strain of prophecy;
Tempered the heat with thrill of human tears;
Then mixed a laughter with the serious stuff.
Into the shape she breathed a flame to light
That tender, tragic, ever-changing face.
Here was a man to hold against the world,
A man to match the mountains and the sea.

The color of the ground was in him, the red earth;
The smack and smell of elemental things-
The rectitude and patience of the rocks;
The good-will of the rain that falls for all;
The courage of the bird that dares the sea;
The gladness of the wind that shakes the corn;
The friendly welcome of the wayside well;
The mercy of the snow that hides all scars;
The undelaying justice of the light
That gives as freely to the shrinking Power
As to the great oak flaring to the wind-
To tlie grave's low hill as to the Matterhorn
That shoulders out the sky.

San Francisco, Calif.,

January 8, 1924. Early in the morning of Saturday, December 22, 1923, our offices and stock rooms at 609 Mission Street, San Francisco, were totally destroyed by fire.

It was rather a left-handed Christmas present but we refuse to be down hearted. We saved all our ledgers and most of our correspondence and records.

We wish to take this opportunity to thank the California School Book Depository for their courtesy and generosity in allowing us to share temporarily their splendid quarters at 149 New Montgomery Street. Nearly every publisher in San Francisco very generously offered us every courtesy and assistance and invited us to make their offices our temporary headquarters. We wish we could have accepted them all but it was bad enough to have our wits scattered without scattering our employes. We thank you all just the same. Don't tell us the Christmas Spirit is dead. We know better.

Every order received since the fire has been given prompt telegraphic attention and filled immediately from one of our western depositories or one of our eastern branches.

We have secured permanent quarters at 350 MISSION STREET, commodious, conveniently located, beautiful. In two three weeks we shall be able to give prompt and careful attention to all orders, the sort of service you have learned to expect from us. We had some stock in the warehouse and our new stock, wired for immediately after the fire, is beginning to come in already.

We shall have ample stock for the opening of school and college so don't hesitate to send in your order.

Come and see us. We should be "all fixed up” and ready to receive visitors by the time this issue of the WESTERN JOURNAL OF EDUCATION reaches you. You will find us comfortably settled in spacious, light offices, with the largest stock room in the west. THE MACMILLAN COMPANY,

By T. C. Morehouse.



Let us have faith that right makes might, and in that faith let us, to the end, dare to do our duty as we understand it.

Learn the laws and obey them.

He sticks through thick and thin—I admire such a man.

Born of the ground,
The Great West nursed him on her rugged knees.
Her rigors keyed the sinews of his will;
The strength of virgin forests braced his mind;
The bush of spacious prairies stilled his soul.
The tools were his first teachers, kindly stern.
The plow, the flail, the maul, the echoing ax
Taught him their homely wisdom, and their peace.
A rage for knowledge drove his restless mind:
He fed his spirit with the bread of books,
He slaked his thirst at all the wells of thought.
Hunger and hardship, penury and pain
Waylaid his youth and wrestled for his life.
They came to master, but he made them

Success does not so much depend on external help as on self-reliance.

It is better only sometimes to be right than at all times wrong.


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The President read the sentence through,
And murmured, “The act I cannot do.
Brought up on a farm, at work late kept.
Poor boy! No wonder that he slept!"
And o'er the paper he drew his pen,
And signed his pardon there and then.
Great-hearted man! Shall I unfold
What later on the sequel told?
At Fredericksburg, among the slain,
A lad beyond all mortal pain
Was lying by himself apart,
A picture next his youthful heart.

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Please send


Bank Suck copy of your limerick booklet, “Rhyme and Reason in BANK STOCK.”



'Twas Lincoln's picture that he wore, And just beneath these words it bore: “God bless Abe Lincoln.” Thus he showed The debt of love to him he owed.


His school was a cabin built of logs,

His desk was a rude pine form; In winter he helped to split the wood

That kept the schoolroom warm.

He used a shingle for a slate,

His pen was made of quill;
His teachers, oft, could scarcely spell,

Though they swayed the birch with skill.

He'd never met the wise and great,

The books he read were few, He studied nights by the pine knot's flame,

But, oh, how much he knew!

George Washington, commander-in-chief of the Colonial armies during the Revolutionary War, the foremost leader in forming the Union, first President of the United States and called the "father of his country” on account of his great and lasting service, was born at Bridges Creek, Virginia, on February 22, 1732. His father died when he was eleven years old, but his half-brother, Lawrence, who was fourteen years older than he, acted as his guardian and was always kind and helpful to him. His mother was always very dear to him. She brought him /up to be truthful and obedient.

Of Washington's early schooling we have not much information, but one of the early biographers, the Rev. Mr. Weems, whose book Lincoln borrowed and ruined by leaving between the logs of his cabin on rainy night, gives a short account: “The first place of education to which George was ever sent was a little old field school kept by one of his father's tenants, named Hobby, an honest, poor old man, who acted in the double capacity of sexton and school master. Of his skill as a gravedigger tradition is silent; but for a teacher of youth his qualifications were certainly of the humbler sort, making what is generally called an A, B, C schoolmaster. While at school under Mr. Hobby he used to divide his playmates into parties and armies. One


A simple backwoods schoolboy, who

Full little guessed that he,
In every schoolhouse in the land,
Would some day honored be.

—Hope Nelson.

of them was called the French and the other American. A big boy named William Bustle commanded the former; George commanded the latter, and every day with cornstalks for muskets and cal a b a shes (gourds) for drums, the two armies would turn out and march and fight.”

As Lawrence was the eldest son he inherited the family estate, Mount Vernon, on the Potomac River. He named the estate after Admiral Vernon, under whom he had fought in the British navy. It was on this estate that Washington spent his early years. He was 20 years old when his brother died and he in turn inherited the place.

Washington studied to become a veyor. It was in this line of work that he had his first opportunity and made his first success. He met Lord Thomas Fairfax, who held large land grants in Virginia beyond the Blue Ridge Mountains, through his brother. Washington surveyed this western land. Though he was only six



From out of the strong, young West he came

In those warlike days of yore, When Freedom's cry had reached the sky

And rung from shore to shore.

He knew the world was watching him;

He heard the words of scorn; He felt the weight of a severed State

By cruel rebellion torn.

for a



teen years of age he went into the wil erv. He refused the nomination

RULES PRACTICED BY GEORGE derness, directed others and for three years third term.

WASHINGTON of hard, exacting labor he made out rec Though Washington retired from public ords so complete and accurate that they life and resumed his pleasant plantation (Seventeen children may take part in this were acceptable information upon which to life at Mount Vernon with his family, he exercise. Sixteen cards, each bearing one base titles of land.

always felt a keen interest in his country. letter of George Washington's name, are The next few years of Washington's life Travelers from abroad did not count their

used. Each of the sixteen children may were occupied in fighting the Indians and trip complete unless they called on the

wear or hold one of the letters, march in the French. This training served its pur great man. lle was consulted on all ques the room and, standing in a row facing pose, for when the Revolutionary War tions of public importance. But this peace the class, hold their letters so all may see broke out in July, 1775, he had learned ful life did not last long. On December

them. They spell the name of Washingways of managing in the wilderness and of 12, 1799, while riding on horseback around I child steps beside the sixteen chilfighting that made him steer a straight the plantation he took a severe cold. It

dren and says: course to victory, though the way was hard. developed rapidly into acute laryngitis. He

"George Washington was a great man. It seemed as if Providence were protectdied two days later and was buried in the

Before he tried to direct others he learned ing him from all danger for the great dufamily vault at Mount Vernon.

to rule himself. For his own direction he ties he was performing for his country. He

So passed one of the greatest men Imer

copied about one hundred or more rules of wrote to a friend at this time saying that ica has ever known. His courage both on

conduct in a book when he was a boy. He "the whistling of bullets was music" to the battlefield and for any cause he thought

learned these rules and tried always to him, but he later changed his mind. Once was right, his industry in all lines of work

practice them. It has since been found in battle he had bullet holes in his coat he undertook to accomplish, his unselfish

that many of these rules came from an old and two horses were shot from under him. service to his country, his kindness to his

French book on Behavior. Ile will now After the French and Indian War, when soldiers, his friends and all humanity; his

hear some of these rules.” the House of Burgesses returned thanks quickness to forgive and his great power in glowing terms to him for his services, of direction to see and do the right, shall

The child then bow's to the pupil holdhe rose to thank the speaker, but he was ever hold him a beacon light and inspira- ing the card marked G. He recites his rule so embarrassed that he could not say a tion to mankind.

of conduct and each child recites his rule

in consecutive order as he points or holds word. "Sit down, Mr. Washington," the

for attention his letter card :) speaker said; "your modesty equals your

QUOTATIONS ABOUT GEORGE valor and that surpasses the power of any


"Go not thither where you know not whethlanguage which I possess.'

er you shall be welcome or not. Give Washington married a widow. Martha

llashington is, to my mind, the purest not advice without being asked, and Dandridge Custis and for fifteen years he figure in history-Wm. Ewart Gladstone. when desired, do it briefly;" was occupied at Mount Vernon with the

Economy begins partly from necessity, duties of his estate and leading a home life with his wife and her family. He had

First in war, first in peace, first in the

partly from choice and habit." no children of his own, but he was de

hearts of his countrymen. TIenry Lee “Our empire was not laid in the gloomy voted to the Custis children.

age of ignorance and superstition, but

at an epoch when the rights of mankind The first Continental Congress was held He had every title at command, but his

were beter understood and more clearly in 1774. Washington was chosen a dele

first victory
over himseli.-Couren-

defined than at any former period." gate. iter the battles of Lexington and cur Morris. Concord he was offered the position of

"Rise early, that by habit it may become commander-in-chiei.

familiar, agreeable, healthy, and profit. He declared modest

In the war of the Revolution, when it ly, though in vain, that he had not the ca

able. It may for a while be irksome to was thought the cause was lost, men bepacity for the position. He did not take

do this, but that will wear off, and the came inspired at the very mention of the a penny for the long years of service in

practice will produce a rich harvest forname of George Washington. --Gien llor

ever thereafter, whether in public or priace Porter.

Tate Walks of life.' Throughout the Revolutionary War (1775-1783) Washington proved himself

“Gaming is a vice which is productive of not alone a great soldier but a brave and Ilis great fame rests on the solid foum cery possible evil, equally injurious to

the morals and health of its lotaries. It kind leader and a great statesman.

dation that while he was careful to avoid Not

doing wrong to others, he was prompt is the child of avarice, the brother of only did he lead in battle but he wrote

and decided in repelling wrong:- John C. iniquity; and the father of mischiei. It many hundreds of letters to men all over Calhoun.

has been the ruin of many worthy famthe country rousing their enthusiasm for

ilies, the loss of many a man's honor, the good of their land.

and the cause of suicide." A pure and highminde gentleman, of Though he had liberated his country by dauntless courage and stainless honor, sim "Every motive of seli-preservation, of libdirecting the half- starved, poorly - clothed ple and stately of manner, kind and gener erty, and happiness, has a claim upon patriots in battle and forced the English Ous at heart.-llenry Cabot Lodge.

our efforts, and requires our aid." to surrender, his greatest work was accom

"When a man does all he can, though it plished in the period of reconstruction af Washington is the mightiest name of

succeeds not well, blame not him that ter the war, which ended in 1783.

carth, long since mightiest in the cause of did it.” tired to Mount Vernon, where he hoped to civil liberty, still mightiest in moral relor

"Associate yourseli with men of good qualmation.— Abraham Lincoln. lead a peaceful and quiet life, but his coun

ity, if you esteem your own reputation;

for is better to be alone than in bad try needed him. He answered the call.

The filial love of Washington for his company." He was instrumental in summoning the mother is an attribute of American man

"Speak not injurious words, neither in jest constitutional convention that met in Philhood, a badge which invites our trust and

nor earnest; scoff at none although they adelphia in May, 1787. He was chosen

give occasion." chairman. For four months he guided the confidence, and an indispensable clement

"Happiness depends more upon the internal important work which resulted in the bandof American greatness.-Grover Cleveland.

Trame of a person's own mind than on ing together of the thirteen colonies under

the external's in the world." a constitution.

Washington was incapable of fear, meet "|| we cannot learn wisdom from experiThe constitution called for a president. ing personal dangers with calmest uncon ence, it is difficult to say where it is

to be found." George Washington was chosen the first cern.—Thomas Jefferson.

"No punishment is too great for the man President of these United States, and was

who would build his greatness upon his inaugurated in New York City April 30, I am not surprised at what George has

country's ruin." 1789. For two terms he directed the af done, for he was always a good boy:- "Gaze not on the marks or blemishes of fairs of the new nation “conceived in lib Mary Washington (his mother).

others, and ask not how they came,

the army.

He re

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When in New York one day Washington entered a shop. A Scotch nursemaid followed him. She carried a baby. “Please, sir,” she said, "here's a bairn was named after you."

"What is his name?" President Hashington inquired.

"Washington Irving, sir," the maid replied.

The President placed his hand on the child's head and gave him his blessing. He did not know that that child, too, was going to be a great man and would write Washington's biography.

"He fought the armies that the king

Had sent across the sea;
He battled up and down the land

To set his country free. “For seven long years he hacked and whacked

With all his might and main, Until the British sailed away

And did not come again."

That soldier, you all know his portrait,

Those features so strong, kind and true! George Washington, hero of heroes, We owe our dear Freedom to you!

--Clara A. Mash.

(From "Stories of Great Americans for Little Americans," by Edward Eggleston. Published by American Book Company.)


Washington was very athletic.

He was said to be the only man who could throw a stone across the Potomac River. Once he visited Natural Bridge in Virginia. He tossed stone two hundred feet to the top. He was fond of riding, walking and wrestling and excelled in all of these.

“In honor of truth and right,
In honor of courage and might,
And the will that makes a way,
In honor of work well done,
In honor of fame well won,
In honor of Washington
Our flag is floating today.”

In 1923 the California Spring Blossom and lild Flower Association awarded silver cups to the El Dorado High School and the Ross Valley School and a silver medal to the Big Bend School for excellence of fair exhibitions of wild flowers at the flower show at the Palace Hotel. This year the association will hold its show on April 25 and 26, again at the Palace Hotel, and will offer more prizes. All schools of the state are invited to participate. Those interested may obtain information as to picking and packing by writing to Miss Alice Eastwood, California Academy of Sciences, Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, The association will refund all postage expended by the schools in parcelspost for the flowers.

The great man was always punctual. lle wrote concerning this trait to a friend: “I begin my diurnal course with the sun; if my hirelings are not in their places by that time I send them messages of sorrow for their indisposition."


If you'll listen I'll tell you a story

That happened a long time ago, Wlien England was ruling our nation

In colonies, thirteen, you know.

New Jersey, Rhode Island, New Hampshire,

Virginia, Maryland, too, Massachusetts, and Delaware also,

Are seven-but I am not through.

When company was invited to the family home for dinner Washington made but five minutes allowance for difference in watches. Then if the guests did not arrive, dinner would be served. If the guests came late he often said: “We are too punctual for you. I have a cook who does not ask if the company has come, but if the hour has come.

There's Georgia and North Carolina,

And South Carolina between, Pennsylvania, too, and New York State,

With Connecticut number thirteen:

WASHINGTON Serene and steadiast as the hills, The cheer of lighthouse in the night, A patriot to the people true, The wisdom of the thoughtless bee, A strength like air that yields, yet holds The eloquence of wordless worth, A conscience sleepless as the stars.

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R. D. White, superintendent of Glendale grammar schools, is one of the members of a chamber of commerce committee on the reorganization of the Glendale school system. At present the high school and grammar schools are under separate administrative heads. It is the plan to make a unification of administrative forces and to give Glendale a superintendent in charge of both grammar and high schools and to make the city of Glendale correspond to the high school district with junior high schools in remote parts and perhaps eventually a junior college.

Huntington Park is talking of a $750,000 bond issue for the establishment of branch high schools in the school district. The high school, under Principal Thomas A. Russel, has expanded tremendously this last year and is forcing either the formation of junior high schools or branch high schools with four-year courses with a tral administrative head.

ESSENTIAL LANGUAGE HABITS-Bv Charters, Betz and Cowan. A

three-book series which aims, through abundant motivated drill, at the

formation of correct language habits. ANDERSON ARITHMETIC—This series is modern and scientific, based

on the most recent classroom experimentation. TEST AND STUDY SPELLER—By Starch and Mirick. Tests first to

determine what words the child cannot already spell, and provides

for supervised study of those on which he fails. OUR UNITED STATES—By Guitteau. 1923 Edition. Makes history teach

ing effective because it combines historical accuracy with the perpet

uation of American ideals. For seventh and cighth grades. WHERE OUR HISTORY WAS MADE-By Faris. A supplementary historical reader for upper grammar grades.

For further information about these texts

write to our San Francisco office MR. FRED T. MOORE, Manager



Miss Hazel Aldrich Finegan has been appointed supervisor of the faith and sixth grades of the Los Angeles city schools. Miss Finegan works under Miss Ethel I. Salisbury and came to Los Angeles this fall from Minneapolis.

Process Engraved Stationery

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Looks as Good as Copper Plate Engraved

And It Costs 1/2 the Price We Process Engrave WEDDING Announcements and Invitations, Visiting and Business Cards, Office and Social

Stationery, Etc. Our Specials-100 Process Engraved Visiting Cards, Best Quality and Styles, $1.50 THAT MAN PITTS

771 Market Street

studies group.

JOHN MCCALLAN, Notary Public
Dispositions, Agreements and Other Work

Pertaining to Notary Work 34 MONTGOMERY ST. (near Sutter), SAN FRANCISCO

Residence, Hotel Regent, 562 Sutter Douglas 2260

Dr. A. H. Sutherland, head of the department of psychology of the Los Angeles schools, is working on a third-grade reader.

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