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Sec. 32. Such courts may be abolished by the Legislature.

Sec. 33. When the office of any Judge shall become vacant from any cause, the successor to fill such vacancy shall be appointed or elected only for the unexpired term of the Judge whose death, resignation, retirement or other cause created such vacancy.

Sec. 34. The Legislature may establish in incorporated towns and cities, courts for the punishment of offenses against municipal ordinances.

Sec. 35. No courts other than those herein specified shall be established in this State.

Sec. 36. All judicial officers in this State shall be conservators of the peace.

Sec. 37. The style of all process shall be “The State of Florida,” and all prosecutions shall be conducted in the name and by the authority of the State.

Sec. 38. The number of jurors for the trial of causes in any court may be fixed by law, but shall not be less than six in any case.


Suffrage and Eligibility. Section 1. Every male person of the age of twenty-one years and upwards, that shall, at the time of registration, be a citizen of the United States, or that shall have declared his intention to become such in conformity to the laws of the United States, and that shall have resided and had his habitation, domicile, home and place of permanent abode in Florida for one year, and in the county for six months, shall in such county be deemed a qualified elector at all elections under this Consti. tution.

Sec. 2. The Legislature, at its first session after the ratifi. cation of this Constitution, shall provide by law for the registra. tion of all the legally qualified voters in each county, and for the returns of elections; and shall also provide that after the completion, from time to time, of such registration, no person pot duly registered according to law, shall be allowed to vote.

Sec. 3. Every elector shall at the time of his registration, take and subscribe to the following oath: I do solemnly swear or affirm that I will protect and defend the Constitution of the United States and of the State of Florida; that I am twenty. one years of age, and have been a resident of the State of Florida for twelve months and of this county for six months, and I am qualified to vote under the Constitution and laws of the State of Florida.”

Sec. 4. No person under guardianship, non compos mentis or insane, shall be qualified to vote at any election, nor shall any person convicted of felony by a Court of Record be qualified to vote at any election unless restored to civil rights.

Sec. 5. The Legislature shall have power to, and shall, enact the necessary laws to exclude from every office of honor, power, trust or profit, civil or military, within the State, and from the right of suffrage, all persons convicted of bribery, perjury, larceny, or of infamous crime, or who shall make, or become directly or indirectly interested in, any bet or wager, the result of which shall depend upon any election; or that shall hereafter fight a duel or send or accept a challenge to fight, or that shall be a second to either party, or that shall be the bearer of such challenge or acceptance; but the legal disability shall not accrue until after trial and conviction by due form of law.

Sec. 6. In all elections by the Legislature the vote shall be viva voce, and in all elections by the people the vote shall be by ballot.

Sec. 7. At any election at which a citizen or subject of any foreign country shall offer to vote under the provisions of this Constitution, if required by an elector, he shall produce to the persons lawfully authorized to conduct and supervise such election a duly sealed and certified copy of his declaration of inten. tion, and if unable to do so by reason that such copy cannot be obtained at the time of said election, he shall be allowed to make afidavit before a proper officer, setting forth the reason why he is unable to furnish such certificate, and if said affidavit prove satisfactory to the inspectors, they shall allow said elector to cast his vote; and any naturalized citizen offering to vote shall, if so required by any elector, produce his certificate of naturalization, or a duly certified copy thereof, and in the event that said elector cannot produce the same, he shall be allowed to make affidavit before a proper officer, stating in full the reason why it cannot be furnished, and if satisfactory to the inspectors of said election, such elector shall be allowed to vote.

Sec. 8. The Legislature shall have power to make the pay. ment of the capitation tax a prerequisite for voting, and all such taxes received shall go into the school fund.

Sec. 9. The Legislature shall enact such laws as will preserve the purity of the ballot given under this Constitution.


Census and Apportionment. Section 1. The Senators representing the odd numbered districts, as said districts are now designated, whose terms have not expired, and those Senators representing even numbered districts, to be elected A. D. 1886, under the Constitution of 1862, shall be the first Senate under this Constitution; and the members of the Assembly to be elected A. D. 1886 shall be the first House of Representatives under this Constitution, and the Senate and House of Representatives thus constituted shall be the first Legislature under this Constitution, and the terms of office of each of the said Senators and members of the House of Representatives shall expire at the election for Senators and members of the House of Representatives, A. D. 1888, and in that year a new Senate and House of Representatives shall be elected.

Sec. 2. The Legislature that convenes in the year 1889 and thereafter, shall consist of not more than thirty-two members of the Senate, and of not more than sixty-eight members of the House of Representatives. The members of the House of Representatives shall be elected for terms of two years, and the members of the Senate shall be elected for terms of four years, except as hereafter provided, the elections for members of the Senate and House of Representatives to be held at the same tilpe and places. The terms of Senators elected in 1888 from districts designated by even numbers, shall expire at the end of two years from that date, and thereafter all Senators shall be elected for four years, so that one-half of the whole number shall be elected biennially.

Sec. 3. The Legislature that shall meet A. D. 1887, and those that shall meet every ten years thereafter, shall apportion the representation in the Senate, the whole number of Senators not to exceed thirty-two members; and at the same time shall also apportion the representation in the House of Representatives, the whole number of Representatives not to exceed sixty-eight members. The representation in the House of Representatives shall be apportioned among the several counties as nearly as possible according to population: Provided, each county shall have one representative at large in the House of Representatives, and no county shall have more than three Representatives.

Sec. 4. When any Senatorial district is composed of two or more counties, the counties of which such district consists shall not be entirely separated by any county belonging to another district. Any new county that may be created shall be entitled to one member in the House of Representatives until the next apportionment thereafter; and shall be assigned when created to one of the adjoining Senatorial districts, as shall be determined by the Legislature.

Sec. 5. The Legislature shall provide for an enumeration of all the inhabitants of the State by counties for the year 1895, and every ten years thereafter.


Counties and Cities.

Section 1. The State shall be divided into political divisions to be called counties.

Sec. 2. The several counties as they now exist are hereby recognized as the legal political divisions of the State.

Sec. 3. The Legislature shall have power to establish new counties, and to change county lines. Every newly established county shall be held liable for its proportion of the then existing liabilities of the county or counties from which it shall be formed, rated upon the basis of the assessed value of the property, both real and personal, subject to taxation within the territory taken from any county or counties; and every county acquiring additional territory from another county shall be held liable for its proportion of the liabilities of such other county existing at the time of such acquisition, to be rated upon the basis of the assessed value of all property subject to taxation within such acquired territory.

Sec. 4. The Legislature shall have no power to remove the county seat of any county, but shall provide by general law for such removal: Provided, that in the formation of new counties the county seat may be temporarily established by law.

Sec. 5. There shall be appointed by the Governor, by and with the consent of the Senate, in and for each county, five County Commissioners. Their terms of office shall be two years, and their powers, duties and compensation shall be prescribed by law. The Legislature shall provide for the division of each county into five districts, and one County Commissioner shall be selected from each of such districts.

Sec. 6. The Legislature shall provide for the election by the qualified electors in each county of the following county officers: A Clerk of the Circuit Court, a Sheriff, Constables, a County Assessor of Taxes, a Tax Collector, a County Treasurer, a Superintendent of Public Instruction, and a County Surveyor. The term of office of all county officers mentioned in this section shall be four years, except that of County Assessor of Taxes, County Tax Collector and County Treasurer, who shall be elected for two years. Their powers, duties and compensation shall be prescribed by law.

Sec. 7. The Legislature shall by law authorize the County Commissioners of the several counties, where it is deemed necessary for assessment purposes, to divide their respective courties into taxation districts, and to appoint in and for each district an Assistant Assessor of Taxes, whose powers, duties and compensation shall be prescribed by law.

All county officers, except Assistant Assessors of Taxes, shall, before entering upon the duties of their respective offices, be commissioned by the Governor; but no such commission shall issue to any such officer until he shall have filed with the Secretary of State a good and sufficient bond in such sum and upon such conditions as the Legislature shall by law prescribe, approved by the County Commissioners of the county in which such officer resides, and by the Comptroller. No county officer shall become security upon the official bond of any other county officer. If any person elected or appointed to any county office shall fail to give bond and qualify within sixty days after his election, the said office shall become vacant.

Sec. 8. The Legislature shall have power to establish and to abolish municipalities, to provide for their government, to pre. scribe their jurisdiction and powers, and to alter or amend the saine at any time. When any municipality shall be abolished, provision shall be made for the protection of its creditors.

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