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Section 2. Regulation of railroad freights
and passenger tariffs. – Preventing unjust discriminations.
Executive Department. 1. To consist of Governor, Secretary
of State, Comptroller-General
and Treasurer. 2. Secretary of State, Comptroller
General and Treasurer, how to
be elected. 3. The great seal of the State to
be kept in the office of Secretary of State.
Judiciary. 1. Judicial powers
of the State vested in Supreme Court, Superior Court, Courts of Ordi
nary and justices of the peace. 2. Supreme Court consist of
by General Assembly.
shall not exceed ten dollars, unless.
Finance, Taxation and Public Debts.
chief justice and two associ
ate justices. 3. There shall be a judge of the
Superior Court for each judi
cial district. 4. The jurisdiction of the same. 5. Judges of City and Superior
Courts may preside in the
courts of each other. 6. The powers of the Court of Ordi
nary and Probate, how vested. 7. There shall be in each militia
district one justice of the
peace. . 8. Notary publics.- Term of office. 9. Jurisdiction and powers of all
courts. 10. Attorney-General.- Term of of
fice. 11. Solicitor-General.--Term of office. 12. Judges of the Supreme Courts
and Solicitor - General, how
the county where defendant
1. The General Assembly has pow
ers of taxation for the follow
ing purposes only. 2. All taxation shall be uniform on
the same class of subjects. 3. No debts shall be contracted by
the State, except. 4. Laws authorizing the borrowing
of money shall specify the
purposes it is to be used for. 5. The credit of the State shall not
be loaned. 6. The State may not be a stock
holder in any company. 7. The debt incurred in any county,
municipal corporation, may not
exceed a certain sum. 8. The State may not assume the
debt of any county, etc. 9. Officers or members of the Gene
ral Assembly not to receive
perquisites. 10. Municipal corporations shall not
incur debt until provision for
the same has been made. 11. The General Assembly shall
have no authority to appropriate money directly or indi
rectly. 12. The bonded debt of the State. 13. The sale of property owned by
the State to be applied to the payment of the bonded debt of
the State. 14. General Assembly to raise by
taxation additional sum of one
hundred thousand dollars.
State to be reported to the
PREAMBLE. To perpetuate the principles of free government, insure justice to all, preserve peace, promote the interest and happiness of the citizen, and transmit to posterity the enjoyment of liberty, we, the people of eorgia, relying upon the protection and guidance of Almighty God, do ordain and establish this Constitution:
Section 1. Paragraph I. All government, of right, originates with the people, is founded upon their will only, and is instituted solely for the good of the whole. Public officers are the trustees and servants of the people, and at all times amenable to them.
Par. II. Protection to person and property is the paramount duty of government, and shall be impartial and complete.
Par. III. No person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property, except by due process of law.
Par. IV. No person shall be deprived of the right to prosecute or defend his own cause in any of the courts of this State, in person, by attorney, or both.
Par. V. Every person charged with an offense against the laws of this State shall have the privilege and benefit of counsel; shall be furnished, on demand, with a copy of the accusation, and a list of the witnesses on whose testimony the charge against him is founded; shall have compulsory process to obtain the testimony of his own witnesses; shall be confronted with the witnesses testifying against him, and shall have a public and speedy trial by an impartial jury.
Par. VI. No person shall be compelled to give testimony tending in any way to criminate himself.
Par. VII. Neither banishment beyond the limits of the State, nor whipping, as a punishment for crime, shall be allowed.
Par. VIII. No person shall be put in jeopardy of life, or lib erty, more than once for the same offense, save on his, or her, own motion for a new trial after conviction, or in case of mistrial.
Par. IX. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted; nor shall any person be abused in being arrested, while under arrest, or in prison.
Par. X. No person shall be compelled to pay costs, except after conviction on final trial.
Par. XI. The writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended.
Par. XII. All men have the natural and inalienable right to worship God, each according to the dictates of his own conscience, and no human authority should, in any case, control or interfere with such right of conscience.
Par. XIII. No inhabitant of this State shall be molested in person or property, or prohibited from holding any office of trust, on account of his religious opinions; but the right of liberty of conscience shall not be so construed as to excuse acts of licentiousness, or justify practices inconsistent with the peace and safety of the State.
Par. XIV. No money shall ever be taken from the public treasury, directly or indirectly, in aid of any church, sect or denomination of religionists, or of any sectarian institution.
Par. XV. No law shall ever be passed to curtail, or restrain, the liberty of speech, or of the press; any person may speak, write and publish his sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of that liberty.
Par. XVI. The right of the people to be secure in their persong, houses, papers and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures shall not be violated; and no warrant shall issue except upon probable cause, supported by oath, or affirmation, particularly describing the place, or places, to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
Par. XVII. There shall be within the State of Georgia neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, save as a punishment for crime after legal conviction thereof.
Par. XVIII. The social status of the citizen shall never be the subject of legislation.
Par. XIX. The civil authority shall be superior to the military, and no soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner nor in time of war, except by the civil magistrate, in such manner as may be provided by law.
Par. XX. The power of the courts to punish for contempts shall be limited by legislative acts.
Par. XXI. There shall be no imprisonment for debt.
Par. XXII. The right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed, but the General Assembly shall have power to prescribe the manner in which arms may be borne.
Par. XXIII. The legislative, judicial and executive powers shall forever remain separate and distinct, and no person discharging the duties of one shall at the same time exercise the functions of either of the others, except as herein provided.
Par. XXIV. The people have the right to assemble peaceably for their common good, and to apply to those vested with the powers of government for redress of grievances by petition or remonstrance.
Par. XXV. All citizens of the United States, resident in this State, are hereby declared citizens of this State; and it shall be the duty of the General Assembly to enact such laws as will protect them in the full enjoyment of the rights, privileges and immunities due to such citizenship.
Section II. Paragraph I. In all prosecutions or indictments for libel, the truth may be given in evidence; and the jury in all criminal *cases shall be the judges of the law and the facts. The power of the judges to grant new trials in case of conviction is preserved.
Par. II. Treason against the State of Georgia shall consist in levying war against her, adhering to her enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason, except on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or confession in open court.
Par. III. No conviction shall work corruption of blood, or forfeiture of estate.
Par. IV. All lotteries, and the sale of lottery tickets, are hereby prohibited; and this prohibition shall be enforced by penal laws.
Par. V. Lobbying is declared to be a crime, and the General Assembly shall enforce this provision by suitable penalties.
Par. VI. The General Assembly shall have the power to provide for the punishment of fraud; and shall provide, by law, for reaching property of the debtor concealed from the creditor.