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Section III.

Paragraph I. In case of necessity, private ways may be granted upon just compensation being first paid by the applicant. Private property shall not be taken, or damaged, for public purposes, without just and adequate compensation being first paid.

Par. II. No bill of attainder, ex post facto law, retroactive law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or making irrevocable grants of special privileges or immunities, shall be passed.

Par. III. No grant of special privileges or immunities shall be revoked, except in such manner as to work no injustice to the corporator or creditors of the incorporation.

Section IV.

Paragraph I. Laws of a general nature shall have uniform operation throughout the State, and no special law shall be enacted in any case for which provision has been made by an existing general law. No general law affecting private rights shall be varied in any particular case by special legislation, except with the free consent, in writing, of all persons affected thereby; and no person under legal disability to contract is capable of such consent.

Par. II. Legislative acts in violation of this Constitution or the Constitution of the United States, are void, and the judiciary shall so declare them.

Section V. Paragraph I. The people of this State have the inherent, sole and exclusive right of regulating their internal government, and the police thereof, and of altering and abolishing their Con stitution whenever it may be necessary to their safety and happiness.

Par. II The enumeration of rights herein contained, as a part of this Constitution, shall not be construed to deny to the people any inherent rights which they may have hitherto enjoyed.

ARTICLE II.
Elective Franchise.

Section 1. Paragraph I. In all elections by the people the electors shall vote by ballot.

Par. II. Every male citizen of the United States (except as hereinafter provided), twenty-one years of age, who shall have resided in this State one year next preceding the election, and shall have resided six months in the county in which he offers to vote, and shall have paid all taxes which may hereafter be required of him, and which he may have had an opportunity of paying, agreeable to law, except for the year of the election, shall be deemed an elector: Provided, That no soldier, sailor or marine in the military or naval service of the United States shall acquire the rights of an elector by reason of being stationed on duty in this State; and no person shall vote who, if challenged, shall refuse to take the following oath, or affirmation: “I do swear (or affirm) that I am twenty-one years of age, have resided in this State one year and in this county six months, next preceding this election. I have paid all taxes which, since the adoption of the present Constitution of this State, have been required of me previous to this year, and which I have had an opportunity to pay, and I have not voted at this election."

Section II. Paragraph I. The General Assembly may provide, from time to time, for the registration of all electors, but the following classes of persons shall not be permitted to register, vote or hold any office, or appointment of honor or trust in this State, to wit: First. Those who shall have been convicted, in any court of competent jurisdiction, of treason against the State, of embezzlement of public funds, malfeasance in office, bribery or larceny, or of any crime involving moral turpitude, punishable by the laws of this state with imprisonment in the penitentiary, unless such person shall have been pardoned. Second. Idiots and insane persons.

Section III. Paragraph I. Electors shall, in all cases except for treason, felony, larceny and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance on elections, and in going to and returning from the same.

Section IV. Paragraph I. No person who is the holder of any public money, contrary to law, shall be eligible to any office in this State until the same is accounted for and paid into the treasury.

Par. 2. No person who, after the adoption of this Constitution, being a resident of this State, shall have been convicted of fighting a duel in this State, or convicted of sending or accepting a challenge, or convicted of aiding or abetting such duel, shall hold office in this State, unless he shall have been pardoned; and every such person shall also be subject to such punishinent as may be prescribed by law.

Section V. Paragraph I. The General Assembly shall, by law, forbid the sale, distribution, or furnishing of intoxicating drinks within two miles of election precincts on days of election-State, county or municipal—and prescribe punishment for any violation of the same.

Section VI. Paragraph I. Returns of elections for all civil officers elected by the people, who are to be commissioned by the Governor, and also for the members of the General Assembly, shall þe made to the Secretary of State, unless otherwise provided by law.

ARTICLE III.

Legislative Department.

Section 1. Paragraph I. The legislative power of the State shall be vested in a General Assembly, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

Section II. Paragraph I. The Senate shall consist of forty-four members. There shall be forty-four Senatorial districts as now arranged by counties. Each district shall have one Senator.

The first senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Chatham, Bryan and Effingham.

The second senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Liberty, Tattnall and McIntosh.

The third senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Wayne, Pierce and Appling.

The fourth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Glynn Camden and Charlton.

The fifth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Coffee, Ware and Clinch.

The sixth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Echols, Lowndes and Berrien.

The seventh senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Brooks, Thomas and Colquitt.

The eighth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Decatur, Mitchell and Miller.

The ninth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Early, Calhoun and Baker.

The tenth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Dougherty, Lee and Worth.

The eleventh senatorial district shall be composed of the coun. ties of Clay, Randolph and Terrell.

The twelfth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Stewart, Webster and Quitman.

The thirteenth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Sumter, Schley and Macon.

The fourteenth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Dooly, Wilcox, Pulaski and Dodge.

The fifteenth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Montgomery, Telfair and Irwin.

The sixteenth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Laurens, Emanuel and Johnson.

The seventeenth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Screven, Bulloch and Burke.

The eighteenth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Richmond, Glascock and Jefferson.

The nineteenth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Taliaferro, Greene and Warren.

The twentieth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Baldwin, Hancock and Washington.

The twenty-first senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Twiggs, Wilkinson and Jones.

The twenty-second senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Bibb, Monroe and Pike.

The twenty-third senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Houston, Crawford and Taylor.

The twenty-fourth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Muscogee, Marion and Chattahoochee.

The twenty-fifth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Harris, Upson and Talbot.

The twenty-sixth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Spalding, Butts and Fayette.

The twenty-seventh senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Newton, Walton Clarke, Oconee and Rockdale.

The twenty-eighth senatorial district shall be composed of the countis of Jasper, Putnam and Morgan.

The twenty-ninth senatorial district shall be compose of the counties of Wilkes, Columbia, Lincoln and McDuffie.

The thirtieth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Oglethorpe, Madison and Elbert.

The thirty-first senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Hart, Habersham and Franklin.

The thirty-second senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of White, Dawson and Lumpkin.

The thirty-third senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Hall, Banks and Jackson.

The thirty-fourth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Gwinnett, DeKalb and Henry.

The thirty-fifth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Clayton, Cobb and Fulton.

The thirty-sixth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Campbell, Coweta, Meriwether and Douglas.

The thirty-seventh senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Carroll, Heard and Troupe.

The thirty-eighth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Haralson, Polk and Paulding.

The thirty-ninth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Milton, Cherokee and Forsyth.

The fortieth senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Union, Towns and Rabun.

The forty-first senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Pickens, Fannin and Gilmer.

The forty-second senatorial district shall be composed of the counties of Bartow, Floyd and Chattooga.

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