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Section 10. Journals.-Yeas and nays.-Ad
journments. 11. Right of protest.-To be entered
upon journals. 12. Origin of bills.-Amendments. 13. Majority elected necessary to
pass bills. 14. To be signed by Governor.-Veto
power. 15. To be read on three separate
days.-When this rule may be
suspended. 16. Bills to embrace but one subject.
ed in Governor to see that laws
are executed. 4. May require information in
writing. 5. May convene Legislature on
sages.-Recommend measures. 6. May adjourn both houses in cer
tain cases. 7. Pardoning power. 8. State seal to be kept by Gov
ernor. 9. Commissions, how issued, signed
and sealed. 10. Certain officers not eligible as
Governor. 11. In case of vacancy, Lieutenant
Governor to act residue of
term. 12. Lieutenant-Governor to be Pres
ident of Senate.-Shall vote
when President pro tempore. 13. Case of vacancy in office of Lieu
tenant-Governor or acting as
Governor. 14. Vacancies in other offices of ex
ecutive department. 15. Pay of officers of executive de
nor diminished. 16. To report to Governor before
each session of Legislature.
amended. 17. General laws.-To be uniform in
operation. 18. No divorces to be granted by
Legislature. 19. Limitation of laws.-Publication,
-Power to provide for elec
tions. 20. Enacting clause of laws.-No
law to be passed except by
bill. 21. Local legislation may be al.
lowed. 22. Freedom of legislative debate.
Privilege of members. 23. Schools to be provided.-No distinction between sexes
as to rights. 24. No money to be drawn from
treasury but by law.-Appro
priations limited to two years. 25. Sessions held at State capital.
When to commence. 26. Census once in ten years.-In 1865
and after. 27. Impeachments.-To be tried by
Senate. 28. Officers liable to impeachment.
Limit of judgment.-Further
trial. 29. General election in 1876.-There
after elect members of House for two years, Senate four years.
Legislative. 1. Legislative power, how vested. 2. House of Representatives.-Sen
of representation 3. Pay of members.--Mileage.
Limit. 4. Qualification of members. 5. Members of Congress, etc., not
eligible.--Acceptance to vacant
seat. 6. Embezzlement or misuse of pub
lic funds to forfeit seat. 7. Oath of office of State officers. 8. Quorum.-Rules.-Judges of elec.
tion of members. 9. Vacancies in both houses.
Judicial. 1. Judicial power, how vested.
All courts of record to have a seai.
Section 3. Soldiers, etc., not to gain right
by residence.--Not to vote.
Do not gain or loose. 4. Proofs as to those entitled to
vote. 5. Duelling to disqualify from hold
ing office. 6. Bribery at elections to disqualify
for the term to which elected, 7. Privilege of electors from arrest.
Education. 1. State Superintendent of Public
in each county.-Term. 2. Intellectual improvement, etc.,
to be encouraged.--Schools of
high grade. 3. Proceeds of certain public lands.
Other sources of school
fund. 4. Distribution of school funds an
nually.-No State funds unless three months schools each
year, 5. School lands.-When sold.-Re
valuation once in five years.
Leased, when. 6. Sundry moneys applied to school
purposes. 7. State university-Normal schools
University fund. 8. No religious sect to have con
trol of school or university
funds. 9. Board of commissioners.-To havo
management of school funds.
Public Institutions. 1. Benevolent institutions to be sup
ported by State.-Trustees, how
appointed. 2. Penitentiary. Directors, how
elected. 3. Vacancies in office, how filled. 4. Support of aged and infirm by
Militia. 1. How composed.-Persons
Quorum.-Term.--First election, 3. Jurisdiction of Supreme Court.
Terms. 4. Officers of court to be appointed.
-Terms. 5. Judicial districts.-One judge in
each.-Term.-Duties. 6. Jurisdiction of District Courts. 7. Clerks of District Court.---Term. 8. Probate Courts.-Jurisdiction.
To consist of one judge.-Elect
ed.-Compensation. 9. Justices of the Peace.-Term.
Powers.-Number. 10. Appeals from Probate Courts
and Justices of the Peace. 11. Election of judicial officers.-Va
cancies.-How filled. 12. Judicial officers to hold until suc
cessors have qualified. 13. Salaries, not to be increased dur
ing term.-Not to receive fees.
Not to practice law. 14. Judicial districts may be in
creased during term.-Not to
vacate any office. 15. Removal of justices and judges. 16. Jurisdiction at chambers.--To be
regulated by law. 17. Style of process.-Authority for
prosecution. 18. Judicial districts. 19. Counties may be attached for
judicial purposes. 20. Judges pro tempore in certain
1. Election by the people to be by
ballot.-In Legislature to be
viva voce. 2. Elections.-When held.
Suffrage. 1. Qualifications of electors.--Class
es entitled to privilege.
government.-Those guilty of
may be exempted.
1 2. Militia to be organized and dis
ciplined. 3. Election of militia officers. 4. Governor commander-in-chief.
When to call out militia.
ARTICLE IX. County and Toronship Organizations. 1. Organization of new counties.
County lines.-County seats.-
new county. 2. County and township officers. 3. County officers to hold two years,
etc., except commissioners, who hold three. Sheriff and
treasurer limited. 4. Township officers.-Term annual,
except justices of the peace. 5. Removal of county and township
Corporations. Section 1. No special acts to be passed
conferring corporate power.General laws. — Subject to
amendment or repeal. 2. Individual liability of stock
holders, 3. Religious corporations, how title
vested. 4. Right of way.-Payment, how
made or secured. 5. Organization of cities and towns. 6. Term “corporation" defined.
May sue and be sued.
Apportionment. 1. Each county to have at least
one Representative.-Districts. 2. Basis of representation. The cen
sus once every five years. 3. Present apportionment in the
Banks and Currency. 1. No bank to be established but
by general law. 2. Security required from banks.
Auditor to register and coun
tersign bills. 3. Additional security.-When re
quired. 4. Redemption of circulating notes.
-Holders of notes to have preference in case of insolv
ency. 5. State not to be a stockhoder in
any bank. 6. Banks required to keep offices
and officers at convenient
places in State. 7. Limit of denomination of notes. 8. Banking law to be submitted to
vote of people. 9. Any
banking law may be amended or repealed.
Finance and Taxation. 1. Assessment and taxation to be
uniform.-Property exempted. 2. Taxing of notes, bills, etc., of
banks and bankers. 3. Revenues to pay current expen
ses of the State. 4. No tax to be levied but by law.
-The object to be stated.-TO
be applied to no other purpose. 5. State debt limited.-Laws creat
ing debt.---How passed. 6. To be submitted to direct vote
of people. 7. State may borrow money to re
pel invasion, etc.-Money thus raised to be applied exclusively
to its object. 8. State not to carry on internal
1. How proposed by Legislature.
How ratified by people. 2. Convention, how called.
Miscellaneous. 1. Officers not otherwise provided
for to be as law directs. 2. Tenure may be fixed by law.-If
not fixed, to be at pleasure of
appointing power.-Not over
four years. 3. Lotteries and
of lottery tickets prohibited. 4. Public printer, how elected.
Term of office. 5. Receipts and expenditures to be
published. 6. Protection of rights of married
women. 7. Salaries may be reduced for ne
glect of legal duty. 8. Temporary seat of government.
Permanent location by popular
vote. 9. Homestead exemption. 10. Prohibition.
SCHEDULE. 1. Continuation of suits, actions, etc. 2. Fines, penalties, bonds, etc., con
tinued. 3. Governor, secretary, judges, etc.,
to hold until superseded. 4. Continuance of laws until re
pealed or expiration. 5. Governor to use private seal
until State seal is provided. 6. Certain offices to be kept at seat
of government. 7. Records, documents, books, etc.,
how disposed of. 8. Suits, pleas, proceedings, etc.,
Section 9. Vote on adoption or rejection of
Constitution. 10. Vote.-How to be cast. 11. If adopted, an election to be held
for members of Legislature and
other officers. 12. Persons allowed to vote at first
election. 13. Votes to be registered. 14. Judges of election to take an
oath.--Vacancies in board.
How Alled. 15. Hours of election, 16. Poll books to be furnished. 17. Votes, how counted.--Returns.
how made. 18. Poll books and tally lists, how
kept or returned.-Time for
making returns. 19. County tribunals to canvass
votes.-To make returns to
president of convention. 20. Board of State canvassers.--Re
sults, how declared. 21. Proclamation announcing result. 22. Copies to be transmitted to Presi.
dent and officers of Congress. 23. Duty of Governor upon notice of
admission of State. 24. First Legislature not to change
county lines. 25. Separate vote on homestead
PREAMBLE. We, the people of Kansas, grateful to Almighty God for our civil
and religious privileges, in order to insure the full enjoyment of our rights as American citizens, do ordain and establish tbis Constitution of the State of Kansas, with the following boundaries, to wit: Beginning at a point on the western boundary of the State of Missouri, where the thirty-seventh parallel of north latitude crosses the same; thence running west on said parallel to the twenty-fifth meridian of longitude west from Washington; thence north on said meridian to the fortieth parallel of north latitude; thence east on said parallel to the western boundary of the State of Missouri; thence south with the western boundary of said State to the place of beginning
Bill of Rights. Section 1. All men are possesssed of equal and inalienable natural rights, among which are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
Sec. 2. All political power is inherent in the people, and all free governments are founded on their authority, and are instituted for their equal protection and benefit. No special priv. ileges or immunities shall ever be granted by the Legislature, which may not be altered, revoked or repealed by the same body; and this power shall be exercised by no other tribunal or agency.
Sec. 3. The people have the right to assemble, in a peaceable manner, to consult for their common good, to instruct their representatives, and to petition the government, or any department thereof, for the redress of grievances.
Sec. 4. The people have the right to bear arms for their defense and security; but standing armies, in time of peace, are dangerous to liberty, and shall not be tolerated, and the military shall be in strict subordination to the civil power.
Sec. 5. The right of trial by jury shall be inviolate.
Sec. 6. There shall be no slavery in this State; and no involuntary servitude, except for the punishment of crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted.
Sec. 7. The right to worship God according to the dictates of conscience shall never be infringed; nor shall any person be compelled to attend or support any form of worship; nor shall any control of, or interference with the rights of conscience be per