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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA.

Preamble.

Section 10. The writ of habeas corpus shall

not be suspended. 11. Justice to be administered

without denial or unreasonable

delay. 12. The military subordinate to the

civil power. 13. This enumeration of rights shall

not impair other rights retained by the people.

Distribution of Powers. 14. The powers of the government

are in the legislative, execu

tive ana judicial. 15. No department or person there

in shall exercise the power or duties of the others.

Bill of Rights. Section 1. All government of right origi

nates with the people. 2. The people have the right to be

secure against unreasonable

searches and seizures. 3. The people have the right to bear

arms, but not concealed weap

ons. 4. Established religion prohibited.

-Freedom of speech and of the press.-The right of the people to assemble peaceably to consult for the common

good. 5. Slavery or involuntary servi

tude, except for the punish

ment of crime, forbidden, 6. No person shall be compelled to

give evidence against himself, nor shall he be deprived of life, liberty or property with

out due process of law. 7. In criminal prosecutions, the ac

cused shall have a speedy and public trial by an impartial

jury. 8. He shall also be informed of the

nature of the accusation and he may defend himself by

counsel. 9. Excessive bail or excessive fines

shall not be required nor cruel punishments inflicted.-Bail to be accepted except for capital offenses.

Legislative Department. 16. Representation in the House of

Representatives shall be equal and uniform.-Apportionment to be made after each Federal

census. 17. Also the State to be divided into

Senatorial districts. 18. Until such apportionment men

tioned in articles 16 and 17, the State shall be divided into the following Senatorial districts.

General Assembly. 19. The legislative power of the

State shall be vested in the

General Assembly. 20. The style of the laws.

or

Section

Section 21. The time of meeting of the Gen- 42. All stationery, printing and fuel eral Assembly.

used by State shall be fur22. To be eligible to a seat in the

nished by contract. House of Representatives and

43. Relative to receipts and expendSenate.

itures of public moneys. 23. Each house shall judge of the

44. General Assembly not to conqualifications, election and re

tract any debt. turns of its members, choose 45. General Assembly not to grant its own officers, etc.

any extra compensation to of24. Either house may punish, etc.

ficers. 25. Members of the Legislature may 46. General Assembly shall not pass

not be appointed or elected to any special or local laws in any civil office, etc.

the following specified objects. 26. They shall be privileged from 47. The General Assembly shall not arrest.

indirectly enact special 27. Their compensation.

local laws by the partial re28. Each house shall keep a journal. peal of any general law. 29. Laws to embrace but one sub- 48. Relative to local and special Ject.

laws. 30. No law to be revised or amend- 49, No law shall be passed fixing ed by reference to its title.

the price of manual labor. 31. The General Assembly shall. 50. Members of the General Assemnever adopt any system or

bly not to vote when interestcode of laws by general refer

ed. ence.

51. Relative to public money for de32. A quorum shall consist of a ma

nominations of religion. jority of members of each 52. The General Assembly shall house.

have no power to increase, ex33. Neither house, without the con

penses of any office. sent of the other, shall ad- 53. Relative to appropriation bill. journ for more than three 54. Relative to appropriations for days.

a specific purposes. 34. The yeas

and nays of either 55. No appropriation shall be made house shall be entered on the

at the close of the session. journal.

56. Relative to the funds, credit and 35. All bills for revenue shall origi

property of the State of Louisnate in the House of Repre

lana. sentatives.

67. General Assembly not to re36. Bills rejected by either house

crease indebtedness of any shall not again be proposed in

corporation.
the same house during the
same session.

Executive Department. 37. Every bill shall be reported on 58. Shall consist of Governor, Lieuthree different days and shall

tenant-Governor, Auditor, Secbe passed if a majority vote

retary of State and Treasurer. for it.

59. The supreme power shall be 38. Amendments by one house must

vested in Governor, be concurred in by the other. 60. Qualifications of Governor and 39. Title of the bill to be read.

Lieutenant-Govenror. 40. Laws passed by the General As

61. When Governor shall enter on sembly must be promulgated.

discharge of his duties. 41. The clerical officers of the two 62. Relative to impeachment of houses.

Governor.

Section 63. Compensation of Lieutenant

Governor when acting as Gov

ernor. 64. Lieutenant-Governor shall be

President of the Senate. 65. Compensation of Lieutenant

Governor. 66. Governor shall have power to

grant reprieves. 67. Compensation of Governor. 68. Governor to nominate and ap

point officers. 69. The Governor to have power to

fill vacancies. 70. He may require information

from officers of executive department.--The Governor shall be commander-in-chief of

militia. 71. Governor to furnish information

to General Assembly. 72. Governor to take care the laws

are executed. To convene the General Assembly in extra

session. 73. The Governor to sign bills

passed by both houses.To re

turn bill within five days. 74. Power of the Governor to dis

approve of any item of a bill

making appropriations. 75. Governor shall have power to

approve every order, resolution

or vote of General Assembly. 76. How and when Treasurer, Aud

itor, Attorney-General and Secretary of State shall be elect

ed. 77. The compensation of officers of

executive department. 78. Appropriations for clerical ex

penses of officers of executive

department. 79. All commissions shall be made

in the name and by the authority of the State of Louislana.

Section 81. Jurisdiction of Supreme Court. 82. How Supreme Court is com

posed, salary of the judges, how judges are appointed, term of office of judges, how vacancies are filled, how organized, qualifications of

judges. 83. Supreme Court districts.-Judges

to be appointed from districts. 84. Sessions of the Supreme Court.

- Judges of Supreme Court to

appoint their clerks. 85. Relative to judgments by Su

preme Court.-Relative to recusation of judges of Supreme

Court. 86. All judges shall be conservators

of the peace. 87. Judges to refer to law in render

ing judgments. 88. There shall be a reporter of Su

preme Court. 89. Judges of Supreme Court to is

sue writs of habeas corpus, etc. 90. Supreme Court shall have con

trol of all interior courts and issue writs of habeas corpus,

etc. 91. Appeals from District Courts to

Supreme Court. 92. Judges of Supreme Court to per

form none but judicial duties. 93. Judges of courts to be liable to

impeachment. 94. Election, qualifications and sal

ary of Attorney-General. 95. Jurisdiction of Courts of Appeal. 96. How Courts of Appeal are com

posed, how judges are elected, term of office of judges, qual

ifications of judges. 97. Circuits of Courts of Appeal. 98. Number of sessions of Courts of

Appeal. 99. Terms of circuit of Courts of

Appeal. 100. Whenever the first day of the

term shall fall on a legal holfday, the court shall begin its sessions on the next legal day after.

Judiciary Department. 80. Judicial power shall be vested

in Supreme Court, Courts of Appeal, in District Courts ana Justices of Peace.

of,

Section 101. Relative to judgments by

judges of Courts of Appeal. 102. Relative to trial of causes on

appeal to Courts of Appeal. 103. Rules of practice regulating ap

peals to Courts of Appeal. 104. Judges of Courts of Appeal to

issue writs of habeas corpus,

etc. 105. Compensation of judges of

Courts of Appeal. 106. The sheriff of the parish to at

tend sessions of Courts of Ap

peal. 107. Limited number of District

Courts. 108. Present number of District

Courts. 109. Jurisdiction of District Courts. 110. Relative to increase of number

of judges of District Court. 111. Jurisdiction of District Courts. 112. Relative to recused cases in

District Courts. 113. Relative to qualifications of

judges. 114. Relative to legislation affect

ing judges. 115. Judges of District Courts shall

have the power to issue writs

of habeas corpus. 116. The General Assembly to pro

vide for the selection of intel

ligent jurors. 117. Number of terms of District

Courts.-How terms are fixed

and number of jury terms. 118. There shall be a sheriff and cor

oner elected in each parish.The coroner shall act for sheriff when sheriff is an interested party.--Qualifications and

bond of sheriff. 119. Compensation of sheriff. 120. Qualification of coroners. 121. There shall be a clerk of Dis

trict Court in each parish.-He shall be elected.-Salary and qualifications of said

clerks, 122. The General Assembly shall

have power to authorize clerks

Section

of courts to grant certain or

ders. 123. Clerks of courts may appoint

deputies. 124. Number of district attorneys.

-How and when elected.--
Term of office and qualifica-

tions. 125. Justices of the peace.-Num

ber of.-How elected.-Term of office, jurisdiction of, com

pensation of. 126. Relative to jurisdiction of jus

tices of the peace. 127. Constables.-Number

how elected, term of office of,

compensation of. 128. Court of Appeals in city of

New Orleans. 129. Relative to transfers from Su

preme Court to Court of Ap

peals. 130. Number of District Courts,

number of judges, qualifications of judges of, how judges are appointed, salary of judges, term of office of judges, jurisdiction of Dis

trict Courts. 131. The General Assembly to have

power to increase number of

judges of District Court. 132. Trial of

causes in District Court. 133. Relative to the deposit of money

by District Court. 134. District Attorney of Orleans

county.-His duties, qualifications and compensation.--He

may also appoint a deputy. 135. To regulate salaries of judges

and fix fees of the City Court of Orleans.-To increase the number of city courts of Or

leans. 136. The General Assembly may

provide for police or magis

trate's courts. 137. Relative to the clerk of Civil

Court of Orleans.-How elected, term of office, salary of the, removal of the, qualification and bond of.

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