John Jebb and the Enlightenment Origins of British Radicalism

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003 - 309 páginas


A supporter of the American rebellion and advocate of radical ideas on religion, philosophy, education, law, medicine, and politics, John Jebb (1736-1786) provides an ideal case to examine the nature of radicalism in 18th-century Britain. Jebb began his career as a clergyman and academic at Cambridge in the 1760s and died as a doctor and leading figure among political reformers in Enlightenment London. Profoundly influenced by David Hartley's attempt to combine a Christian theology of universal salvation with a materialist and determinist account of the mind, Jebb's philosophical and religious radicalism inspired him to work tirelessly for reform. This is the first modern extended study of his life.

While at Cambridge, Jebb provoked strong conservative opposition to his religious views and proposals for academic reform. Increasingly marginalized in church and university, as a tide of loyalism swept the country in response to rebellion in America, Jebb resigned as a clergyman and moved to London to work as a doctor. As the American war dragged on with no end in sight, a popular movement urging political reform developed. Jebb became a leader of this movement and was instrumental in establishing a platform that called for universal suffrage and annual elections. British radicals would continue to campaign for this platform until the mid-19th century.

 

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Contenido

3 Science Scripture and Socinianism
50
4 Religion and Moral Philosophy
77
5 A Second Reformation
104
6 A Storm in Cambridge Teacups
129
7 Unitarian Doctor in London
151
8 America and Parliamentary Reform
166
9 Political Thought
190
10 Gentlemen Dissenters and the Law
217
11 Democratic Agents
239
Conclusion
268
Bibliography
273
Index
301
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Página 30 - Christ hath given us in the New Testament ; but by the latter of these ways, by revelation. We have from him a full and sufficient rule for our direction, and conformable to that of reason. But the truth and obligation of its precepts have their force, and are put past doubt to us, by the evidence of his mission. He was sent by God : his miracles show it ; and the authority of God in his precepts cannot be questioned.

Acerca del autor (2003)

ANTHONY PAGE is a Lecturer in European History at the Launceston campus of the University of Tasmania.

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