Oxford University Press, 2005 M03 17 - 224 páginas
This book lays out foundations for a "science of morals." Binmore uses game theory as a systematic tool for investigating ethical matters. He reinterprets classical social contract ideas within a game-theory framework and generates new insights into the fundamental questions of social philosophy. In contrast to the previous writing in moral philosophy that relied on vague notion such as " societal well-being" and "moral duty," Binmore begins with individuals; rational decision-makers with the ability to empathize with one another. Any social arrangement that prescribes them to act against their interests will become unstable and eventually will be replaced by another, until one is found that includes worthwhile actions for all individuals involved.
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Adam and Eve agree Alice and Bob Alice's bargaining problem behavior Bob's categorical imperative chapter chimpanzees choose claim comparison of utility cooperation coordination problem cultural evolution current social contract David Hume degree of relationship Dilemma efficient outcome egalitarian egalitarian bargaining solution empathetic preferences empathetic utilities empathy equilibrium equilibrium selection equilibrium selection problem Eve's evolutionary evolved example explain external enforcement agency fairness norms feasible set figure folk theorem foraging societies game theory genes Hamilton's rule human hunter-gatherer idea individual interpersonal comparison invented John and Oskar Kant maximize mechanism design Meeting Game moral Nash bargaining solution Nash equilibrium natural naturalistic operate optimal original position personal utilities philosophers play hawk Prisoners punishment reason reciprocity reform relativists repeated game share social contract social indices solve standard of interpersonal status quo strategy theorem theorists TIT-FOR-TAT Ultimatum Game utilitarian utility scale veil of ignorance