« AnteriorContinuar »
tors of these islands are the missionaries who have and the friendly advisers both of chiefs and people taken up their residence among them, and the in any case of emnergency in which it is deemed greatest blessing that has ever been conferred expedient to consult them. The missionaries have upon them, the religion which the Saviour of usurped no property; their families are unpro mankind has commanded to be propagated in his vided for, and most depend upon their personal name among all nations.
exertions for their maintenance. All the catde on It is surprising with what a spirit of malignity the island the property of the missionaries! the successful and most beneficial labours of these What can we think of the moral feelings of a man self-denying men have been reprobated in some who could, in the teeth of the strongest evidence of the current literature of the day. Even “ The to the contrary, venture upon such an assertion as Family Library,” as if determined to rob Chris this! We refer to Mr. Ellis's “ Polynesian Retianity of its exclusive honours as a divine re- searches" for the code of laws, which the asligion, in order to gratify the most vulgar intole- sembled rulers and their people unanimously rance against those who do not belong to the adopied for the regulation of their social state. dominant Church " The Family Library" bas It would be well for civilised Europe if its various set itself in ba!tle-array against the missionaries, nations possessed laws as equitable, and instituand has found a compiler foolish enongh to weave tions as conducive to public good, as those which into his account of the mutiny of the Bounty the distinguish the government and jurisprudence of following shameless statement. Speaking of the these islanders of the soutb. Tahitians this writer observes:-“ All their usual Mr. Stewart's volumes are in perfect corrobo. and innocent amusements have been denounced ration of what we have thus ventored to offer in by the missionaries, and in lieu of them these poor justice to those who have been so wantonly people have been driven to seek resources in abused. We were struck with the following senhabits of indolence and apathy: that simplicity of sible and just observation wbich a woman of rank character which atoned for many of their faults in Tahiti made to Mr. Stewart on these very has been converted into cunning and hypocrisy; topics. “ Speaking of the wealth and power of
England and America, in comparison with the thioned the island of its former population to a islands, she remarked, that they were a poor frightful degree : there is too much reason to as people, but in the arts of reading and writing, and cribe this diminution to praying, psalm singing, in a knowledge of the word of God, they still had and dram drinking." The missionaries are farther the highest blessings; adding, that all the people, accused of “ taking from them what little trade however, did not love these, and that she sup. they used to carry on, to possess themselves of it; posed it was in America and in England as it that they have their warehouses, act as agents, was with them—some were good and some were and monopolise all the cattle on the island; but bad-some regarding and some disobeying the in return, they have given them a new religion laws of God." and a Parliament, (risom teneatis ?) and reduced
The letter of Qneen Pomare I. to the President them to a state of complete pauperisin; and all,
of the United States is highly cbaracteristic, and as they say, and probably have so persuaded
the remarks on the contrast between the forthemselves, for the honour of God and the salva.
mer and the present state of the islanders are tion of their souls." In all this statement there is
worthy of the enlightened mind of the Anthor. not an iota of truth. The innocent amusements
He observes: which were intimately associated with the grossest licentiousness, the most ferocious cruelty, and the " If the aspect of the people in general, and most loathsome superstition, necessarily gave the animated declaration and lively sensibility, place to the pure dictates of the Gospel, which even to tears seemingly of deep feeling, of those bids every man respect himself, love his brother, who have a full remembrance, and who largely and honour God with the reverence of one who shared in their own experience of the evils of aspires to the enjoyment of his favour and the heathenism, are to be accredited, the islanders possession of immortal life beyond the grave, themselves are far from being insensible to the When did the writer of this calumny ever dis. benefit and blessing of the change they bave excover simplicity of character in savages? Is not perienced ; and would not for worlds be deprived cunning the vice of their barbarism? Were of the light and mercy they bave received, or there greater hypocrites upon earth than the un. agaiu be subjected to the mental and moral civilised Tabitians while they were idolaters? darkness, and various degradation from which Dram drinking was likewise the all-destroying they have escaped. habit of their lives long before they were visited " Yet there are those who have visited the South by the missionaries. At that time it was the Seas- men bearing the Cbristian pame, with a general character of the people ; now, it is reputation for science, and holding stations of hothe exception, and is regarded as in the highest nour, who have affected to discover a greater degree disreputable Disease, the consequence of degree of depravity, and more wretchedness, at depravity, has almost been banished from the Tahiti and Raiatea, than was known in the reign island by the introduction of the Gospel; and and terror of idolatry; and have ventured to proDever did greater improvements mark the progress claim to the world, that Christianity has here, for of a people from barbarism to civilization, than the first time in eighteen hundred years, had the have gladdened the heart of the Christian philan effect of rendering the inhabitants vindictive and thropist in contemplating the changes which have hateful, indolent and corrupt, superstitious and taken place at Tabiti and the Sandwich Islands. unbappy, and more pitiable in all their circum It is not true that the population has decreased; stances, than when fully in a pagan state! And it is not true that pamperism prevails; it is not that the wars introduced and encouraged by the true that the missionaries sustain any other cha. ESSENGERS OF PEACE, have nearly extermin. racter than that of the teachers of a pure faith, ated the race !
" Whence the data for such a sentiment could were burdened, and the many goading evils arishave been drawn, must for ever remain a mys ing from a slavery both of mind and soul, abomi. tery, at least to all who, like ourselves, have nations would be disclosed against wbich the eye hart the advantage of a personal observation in would revolt in involuntary disgust-while the the case.
sbrieks of victims toro from their midnight slumThe last wars in the islands were previons to bers to be burried to a terrific death, and the any influence gained by the missionaries over plaintive moanings of infants, writhing in the either chiefs or people. Since the establishment agonies of dissolution, beneath the murderous of Christianity there has been an uninterrupted grasp of an inhuman parent, would pesce; and as to other bloodshed, the Rev. Mr.
"Wake the nerve where agonies are born,' Nott assared me, that he had not heard of a mur der among the natives for fifteen years.
and fill the soul with a horror not readily to be * Theft is occasionally known, though we metforgotten!” with no evidence of it, and instances of secret The gross misrepresentations on this subject, to vice and licentiousness doubtless occur; and may,
which we have referred, and for wbich certain when diligently sought, be found--though not
voyagers have made themselves responsible, Mr. openly boasted on--by foreign visitors; but do Stewart has accounted for very satisfactorily, in these faets justify the assertion of a general and
some measure exonerating them from the guilt utter depravity ? and do they forfeit the claim of
of having deliberately invented the falsehoo is the nation to the epithet, pore morals, and gen- which they have propagated. aine piety of a Christian people? As well might
We make no apology for the upasual length the traveller, in visiting New York or London, of our quotation from the present work: it is, berause he has suffered from a thief or discovers
we are aware, a deviation from our almost con. a baunt of debanchery, gravely state in his journal, stant practice. But the extract speaks for itself.
bat there is not an honest man or a virtuvus woman in the United States or in Great Britain
Traditions of Lancashire. Second Series. an assertion which I have heard made of the So
2 vols. By J. Roby, M.R.S.L. ciety Islands-and that the state of the one nation is worse than in the time of the Drnids, and of We are again debtors to Mr. Roby for a very the other, than when the red man alone prowled interesting work. It is not often that a " second in her forests.
series" equals a first. We suspect and with some " Soch a presentation of the state of this peo. reason that the more valuable materials had been ple can arise only from gross ignorance of their previously employed- and forin onr expectations original condition, and from a very limited per accordingly. In the present instan sonal experience of the high happiness connected been mistaken; Lancashire is a romantic county, with the moral habits and spiritual affections of and its store of traditional wealth is not so speedsincere piety. What were the characteristics, I ily exhausted as we had imagined. We doubt, would ask-not now discoverable in the islanders indeed, whether the volumes now before us are --to be seen when they were in a state of hea. not more valuable than those by which they have tbenism? Oply such as would be exhibited in been preceded. A mingling of bistory with ficconnexion with facts, such as the following-facts tion is at all times pleasant and profitable; more to which I have, at the Sandwich Islands, when especially so when there is a plain and prominent they were in a similar condition, myself been an line drawn between both. Mr. Roby is a skilful eye-witness. A vessel would scarce have dropped collector of legends-he exhibits first the naked ber anchor before she would have been surround. truth, and then arrays it in the garb of fancy, ed and boarded by crowds of booting and shout. but always so as to excite the attention and cuing savagesmen and women, almost, if not en. riosity of his reader. His style is clear and comtirely, in the nakedness of nature, testifying their prehensive where it onght to be so, but strange, joy in a prospect of gain from the visitor, by wild, and dramatie, where it is but just that imevery variety of rude noise and levity: and this agination should be permitted free licence. We only in prelude to a licentiousness of intercourse, have read some of his stories, until we have ac. extending frequently from the cabin to the fore- tually trembled, our lamp bas burned blne, and castle, too gross to be named, wbile pilfering and we have desired a nighuy sojourn among the dishonesty in every form--filth, vermin, and dis. Hartz mountains rather than amid the cheerful. ease, followed in the train. Soch would be the looking villages and the joyous peasantry of Lan. exbibitions on sbip board--and what would be cashire. To produce such an effect, is, we doubt the character of those on shore ?
not, the end and aim of Mr. Roby, and he has * No neatly whitened European cottage would fully succeeded. Those who love the wild and meet the view, beneath the foliage of their groves, wonderful, and in a time of long nights and short nor lofty temple invite the admiration of the eye, days, look upon a blazing hearth and a terrible while it raised the thoughts to heaven; the hum tale as the chief blessings of the season, will read of no thriving school would come like music on his traditions of Lancashire with deep delight. tbe intellivent ear, nor the hymn of devotion be They have, however, bigher claims upon the critic. beard floating on the breeze: but the patridity of The march of intellect is rapidly destroying the a corpse, lying in cruel sacrifice before an idol of character of gone-by-days. Our grandfathers and wood or stone, would direct to the altar of their grandmothers have told their tales of mystery or gols, while the shoots and wild sounds of the song magic to those who will not repeat them to their and dance, and the beating of drums, would pro- descendants. In a few years old women's tales claim a scene of revelry and sin.
will be of rail-roads and steam-boats; and it will « And conld the veil be removed from all the be necessary to analyse a spirit and a death. iniqnity of the system under which they dwelt, candle before we may believe in having seen besides the terrors of superstition by wbich they them. To preserve such legends is, however, not
unworthy a man of the greatest talent--they are come. Will the time ever arrive when men will not only amusing, bnt they often illustrate the be wise, and consider the happiness arising from character and habits of a people of whom they making others happy more precious than silver are, it may be, the only records; and it requires and gold ? no very deep skill in philosophy to know that what we are to be depends greatly upon what we Considerations on the Necessity and have been. We have not space to enter at greater length into the work of Mr. Roby, and must System. Second Edition. content ourselves with recommending it as one of
It is impossible for us, within the brief limits the most interesting we have ever read. A very
necessarily assigned to a literary notice, to give learned introduction aftords proof that he bas
any thing like a detailed or satisfactory account bestowed inuch thonght and labour mpon his task,
of a system which is intended by its author, evi. and that while catering for our amusement, le
dently a man of ability and reflection, as the has considered it an essential part of his plan, that
ineans of regenerating and permanently amelio. he should add to our information.
rating the wliole state of society. We have The volumes are embellished with considerable
alreadly bad occasion to mention, in our last namtaste. Each description of scenery is accompa. ber
ber, a plan for ettecting a similar object, by a Vir. nied by an illustrative engraving from the burin
John Gray, of Edinburgh. The principle of his or Edward Finden, and the legends have their
project seenied, as far as we conld understand it wood cuts descriptive of some passage in the
in a cursory perusal, to form the whole nation text.
into one great company, acting with such unity of Letters on the State of Ireland in 1831. purpose, under the guidance of a superintending A temperately written pamphlet about Ireland,
body, appointed for that end, that the proceedings in a series of letters, froin an Englishman travel
of no one individual should ever interfere with
those of another; and the distribution, both of ling in that country. The conclusion at which the writer arrives is, that the great physical distress
employment and of reward, be such, that each
should bave enough, and none too much. The wbich generally pervades the agricultural popula. tion of Ireland, is occasioned, not by misgovern.
same desirable object is proposed to be attained ment, nor by any acts of the legislatore, but by
by the Author of the pamphlet now onder conthe doinestic system which has crept into the state
sideration, by means, apparently, at least, less of society in Ireland, and especially as regards
restrictive of individual interest and enterprise, the relation between lan iJord and tenant. The
by establishing a National Parish Bank System, evil, in his opinion, and he seems a reasonable,
and engrafting thereupon the system of cash well judging man, who bas taken mach pains to
credits, or loans on security, wbich have been inform himselt correctly on the subject, consists
long practised in Scotland with the most benecbietly in the general exorbitance of the rent of
ficial results. To this an Annuity System is proland, and the smallness aud insecurity of the
posed to be annexed, and by both combined a ledures. He holds that the whole of the state
large revenue is to be reaped by the State. Of or Ireland wouid assume a new aspect, the people
the sanguine expectations of the writer, from the
adoption of his proposed change in our modebecome coutented, orderly, and flourishing, it ibe condition of the farmers, the large and really
tary system, some notion may be forined from important class in that agricultural country, could
the following declaration :-“There can be no
doubt that, if the impulse were once given, such be improved, so that they might become, in a
a renovation would succeed in Britain, as would greater or less degree, capitalists, instead of living
give her people for ever the pre-eminence among from hand to month, or starving, as they do now.
the nations; and if any secondary cause, more If this view be correct, and in the main we
than auother, will have any effect in bringing think it is, the remedy cannot come froin Govern.
about tbe millennial age, it will be the adoption. ment, or from the legislature, at least not in the shape of direct enactment. It can only be elect
among all Christian nations, of a system of finance ed by affording the tenantry encouragement and
similar to what this essay briefly points out."
However this be, whatever may be thought of advantages which they do not now possess, so as to enable them to become the instruments of their
the pretensions of this or that particular plan of
improvement, we are rejoiced to see the minds of own prosperity : in the words of our Author,
thoughtiul and ingenious men earnestly turned “ By lowering their rents considerably, and by
towards so great and so truly noble a subject. enlarging and prolonging their tenures. That the landed proprietors can afford to make this sacri.
Sure we are, that great and crying necessity extice may be inferred from the fact, that they are
ists for searching inquiry into the present dis.
eased and unhappy state of our social system, and in the receipt of high rents, while they are liable to little or no drawbacks, no taxes, no poor rates,
for vigorons remedies to promote the well-being
and happine 38 of the great mass of the comno repairs of farm buildings, or other outgoings,
munity in these kingdomy, where, with plenty to that reduce, to so great a degree, the value of an English rent roll.” Now we Verily and indeed
satisfy the wants and wishes of all, and plenty to
do in satisfying these wants and wishes, inany are believe, that the cause of Ireland's most unhappy
involuntarily idle, and most are discontented, and condition is greatly attributable to the indolence
Dot without cause. and appetency, and other omissions and mis. doings of her landed proprietary. But it is a The Chameleon. By Thomas Atkinson, capital detect of the cure here proposed, that it lies wholly in the hands of the very persons who,
of Glasgow, in the first instance, at least, must suffer in their A very clever little volume--a complete Mosaic purses by its adoption. The dominion of regina of prose and verse, which is well worthy of tim pecunia is, of all others, the must ditficult to be over. ing a place in the cabinets of the curious, and
which, we have no doubt, like its namesake in Letters from the North of Europe ; or a the fable, will bave twenty dissimilar opinions Journal of Travels in Holland, Denmark, passet apon it, each awarding it a different, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, Prussia, thongh not less attractive hne, arising out of the and Saxony. By Charles Boileau Elliott. particular points of view in which they have seen Eso. of the Bengal Civil Service, of Queen's it. Like the great Volume of Life, viewed at the
College, Cambridge, and Member of the onset, and only externally, it appears all couleur de rose; though, turn we over but a few pages, and
Royal Geographical Society. lo! there are clonds as well as sunshine, tears as One striking evidence of the rapid progress well as smiles. Yet, apon closing the book before which we are making in civilization is the conus, even its very clou.ls and tears blend so hap- stant and increasing demand for travels al voypily with its snplight, as to form a perfect rainbow ages. We are no longer contented to live within of “ bright and pleasant memories." Like the ourselves. The whole world is our theatre. We annuals in its appearance, with its pretty silk explore all its regions ; nor is there a spot visited Vest and golden letters, it is very unlike them in by the sun that is wholly unknown to us. Our reality-those literary pic-nics being, in many enterprising countrymen go forth to collect their inuances, not unlike Matthews' Pic-Nic, where intellectual treasures, and return home to enrich each individual being ignorant of what the other 0s with their stores. Every month adds some. meant to contribute, the thing terminated in four thing valuable to the general stock. We enjoy teen legs of mutton, which left the expectant the benefit without encountering the peril. We guests no alternatives but indigestion or starvation; sympathise with danger, while we feel that it is whereas Mr. Atkinson, like an hospitable host, past, and luxuriate in pleasurable emotions, while furnishes the whole banquet himseli, and in truth our hearts thrill with the interest which the daring with sufficient variety to please all palates. Of adventurer has thrown round himself. This spebis entertainment we, however, confess that we cies of writing has also a charm for every reader. prefer the viands to the confectionery; that is to The man of science and the rustic, the scholar and aay, the prose to the poetry; though we must, in the mechanic, sit down with equal zest to par. justice, extract the following, which is very ticipate the mental feast; and thng knowledge is simple and touching :
widely diffused - knowledge which invigorates
the inward man, enlarging his capacity, and ex" THE SILENCE OF THE GRAVE.
tending the sphere of his enjoyment, and which
prepares a whole people for liberal institutions, • There's quiet where the dead are laid,
which invests them with political and commercial There's silence where they sleep;
importance, and thus raises them high in the scale No matter where a grave be made,
of nations. The success of works of this deThere peace will vigil keep,
scription stimulates enterprise, and opens the And spread o'er that small stride of earth
largest field for the useful employment of energies A canopy of gloom ;
which might otherwise be wasted, or spent in And noiseless is the step of mirth
equivocal or dangerous undertakings. Above the tomb !
Mr. Elliott justly ranks among the most en. The bav'net.scooped and slender grave,
lightened and intelligent of his class. His 08. Filled ere the battle's o'er;
pretending volume discovers an enthusiastic love The corse-gorged dark and yeasty wave
of Nature, and the most liberal views of man in That heaves with sollen roar
all his diversified conditions. We scarcely ever Ronnd these may rave earth's wildest din, read a work in which there is so little to censure Yet silence droops its head
and so much to approve. Uplike many of his It is enough-they hold within
brethren, he is a good writer: his style is pnre The voiceless dead !
and classical. He is likewise a philosopher and
a Christian. We first become his willing assoYon churcb-yard in the noisy street,
ciates, and onr interconrse soon ripens into friendWith many a lie paved o'er,
ship. We close the book witb reluctance, and Hath it a quiet, sad but sweet?
take leave of him with a sigh of regret. We Oh no! but it hath more
wish to detain our accomplisbed companion, wbo A silence, horrid as the gap
imparts to us so much amusement and instruction, Between each fitful sigh
and would feel happy, as we have travelled with That gnilt respires when in the lap
bim so far, to go with bim another and another Of agony !
stage. The most interesting portions of the vol.
ume are his descriptions of natural scenery in Then, where the flowers their odours throw,
Norway, and his observations on the Russian All noiseless in the air,
character, as displayed on his sojourn at St. Where, withont voice, the lilies grow,
Petersburgh. From the latter we select the folOh! be my last rest there!
lowing passage, which, on several accounts, is For, wearied of the world's wild strife,
hiybly important to the civilized world, and I fain would quiet be;
especially to our own country: And peace were cheaply bought with life
“I have long been convinced of the improTo one like me!"
bability of our Indian possessions being endanger. In "The Focas" there is much shrewdness and ed by a war with Russia. This conviction is originality, and many true and clever observa confirmed by observations during my short sojourn tions: and all who suffer from conjugating the here. There is a want of system in every public verb " ennui" cannot do better than perase “The department; in none, perhaps, more than the Chameleon."
military; and there is a surprising ignorance of every thing connected with the east. Between object-certainly not an angel blest. What is he, Russia and Persia there is no cordiality. It is then 1-not “a goblin damned;" for be wields not to be expected that it should ever exist: the thunderbolts of Heaven-is in the secret but even could the latter be induced to favour an councils of the Almighty--and renders blasphemy invasion of India by Russia, could the difficulty oracular by the assomption of super-homan power. of procuring sustenance for an army on the route We think he is bewitched or befoled. What be overcome ; and could the constitutions of the can Dr. Chalmers now think of his protegé ? soldiers be fortified against the climate! Yet and will the Church of Scotland suffer herself to Russia is not furnished with resources to enable be any longer disgraced, and one of her noblest her to carry an eflicient army through the terri edifices desecrated by the pauseous exhibitions tory oecapied by tbe warlike nomade hordes of which profane every Sabbath, and present an Afghanistas, and of neighbouring countries. Na inoculating station for madness till it become an tional power consists neither in money nor men, epidemic ? but in the relative proportion of these to the territory occupied, and in the ability to apply An Essay on the Elective Right and the them to practical purposes. Tried by this test, Rejected Bill. By George Condy, Esq., the wealth of Russia will be found to be less, and Barrister-at-Law. ber disposable military force smaller, than that of any of the kingdoms with which she is likely A sonnd jurist, an acute reasoner, and a writer to be embroiled, and greatly inferior to that of considerable strength and cominand of lanagainst which she would contend in the event of guage, Mr. Condy appears in the lists as one of her ambitious hand grasping at India. Such is the most able disputants who have yet turned their the case at present; but who shall venture to attention to the important question which conconjecture what may be her power a century tinues to occupy so large a share of popular hence ?"
attention. His essay will be considered by the “ It is impossible to visit this country, and to rational party a complete refutation of the sothink of wbat she was a hundred years ago, with. phisms and subtleties, which the opposers of the ont being astonished at what she is now. The great measure of Reform with an obstinate perrapidity of her progress is extraordinary. Every tinacity, worthy of the schoolinen of former times, new invention in mechanics, and every improve have exhausted their energies to prepare, while ment in manufactures, in wbatever corner of the even those who may differ from him in their world originated, is immediately adopted or tried views of the point at issue, will at least look at St. Petersburgh. An absolute monarch never upon him with the respect due to a skilful and wants money, and many expensive failures weigh honourable antagonist. His cbief object is to little in the balance against one snccessful ex prove the elective right to have been originally periment. With arts and manufactures, the moral vested in all payers of scot and lot, and to trace condition of the people is undergoing a change. the gradual perversion of this undoubted popolar There can be little doubt that improvement of the privilege through the various stages of corruption intellectual faculties is the first step to moral ele of the shrievalty, municipal monopoly, Quo Warvation. Education must precede a change of ranto writs, and aristocratic nomination, until we habits, and the mind's fetters be struck off before arrive at that epoch wbicb may be considered as moral obligations can be fully appreciated."
the full brightness of the golden cycle of Lord
Tenterden, and the season of the free operation of A Sermon preached at Hull on the 13th that well-working system, whose effects under our of November 1831, on the Unknown
own observation may be briefly expressed by two
hundred millions of debt, and something more Tongues. By R. M. Beverly, Esq.
than a quarter of a century of continued convulA sermon by a layman-that layman, too, a sion. The melancholy fruits of this triumph of man of considerable distinction-a Beverly of might over rigbt are next successively traced in Beverly! This gentleman is well known to the the corrupt administration of Sir Robert Walpole, public as the author of a celebrated Letter to the the expulsion of Lord Chatham from the direc. Archbishop of York, in which he exposes the tion of public affairs, the American war, and that evils resulting from a secular establishment of consequent upon the first French Revolution, a Christianity, and suggests the necessity of a com schedule of events which might be thought quite plete divorce of the Church from the State. He sufficient in itself to answer the impudent asser. has consequently been denounced either as a tions of those who allege the utility of the present heretic or a fanatic : one party accusing him of plan of representation, were it not well known Socinianism, and another branding him with that self interest is as obstinately blind, as it is insanity. Of his orthodoxy he has given the hypocritically specious. The author then proceeds most decisive proofs in his subsequent publica to comment upon the principal features of the tions; and that he is of sound mind the present lately rejected Bill; and the disfranchisement of discourse is a most conclusive evidence. He bas decayed boroughs, the throwing open of close proved himself to be both a scholar and a divine. corporations, and the limitation of the rigbt of The notes are adinirable : in these he has shown being elected as a representative to actual resi. up the fanatics, the impostors, and the dupes of denis, are ably vindicated. He, lastly, considers the Scotch Church in Regent-square. But what the measures which may safely be adopter to se. is sober reason when opposed to inspired ab. cure the ultimate success of a Reform Bill, in the surdity! Mr. Irving, we fear, is incorrigible event of its second rejection by the House of The gifted sisterhood have caught him in their Lords. The remedies proposed are various, and toils, and the poor man is shorn of his strength, all apparently effectual. We shall merely men. though, it must be owned, his raven locks continue tion the creation of peerages for life; the withto dangle as beretofore. He is truly a fearsome holding of the issue of writs to certain boroughs,