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BIOGRAPHICAL PARTICULARS OF CELEBRATED PERSONS,
Orleans to send us a young English girl, he The story of this lady, who died at Paris saw this girl, and obtained her from her during the past month, is, in truth, a ro- mother. When I began to be really atmance of real life. The mystery of her birth tached to Pamela, I was very uneasy lest has never been fully explained. It has been her mother might be desirous of claiming positively affirmed that she was the daughter her by legal process ; that is, lest she might of Madame de Genlis by the Duke of Or- threaten me with doing so, to obtain grants leans (the infamous Egalité), and we observe of money it would have been out of my she has been so described by several of the power to give. I consulted several English newspapers, in giving publicity to her death. lawyers on the subject, and they told me Upon what ground the statement has been that the only means of protecting myself made, we are at a loss to conceive. Madame from this species of persecution was to get de Genlis, who, we imagine, must have the mother to give me her daughter as an known pretty accurately whether or not she apprentice for the sum of twenty-five guihad given birth to the child, is exceedingly neas. She agreed, and according to the circumstantial in detailing certain particu- usual forms, appeared in the Court of King's lars connected with her history, which, if Bench before Lord Chief Justice Mansfield. they had obtained credit, would have si- She there signed an agreement, by which lenced scandal and set the matter at rest. she gave me her daughter as an apprentice It would appear, that about the year 1782, till she became of age, and could not claim the Duke of Orleans committed the educa. her from me till she paid all the expenses I tion of his children to Madame de Genlis, had been at for her maintenance and educawho, anxious that they should become per- tion; and to this paper Lord Mansfield put fect in the living languages, had taken into his name and seal, as Lord Chief Justice of their service English and Italian female the Court of King's Bench."* domestics, and moreover resolved on edu- Her arrival at the Palais Royal, however, cating with her pupils a young English girl occasioned odd conjectures. She was eduof nearly their own age. The Duke was cated with the princes and princesses, as a then in correspondence with a Mr. Forth, companion and friend ; she had the same and requested him to find out and for- masters, was taken equal care of, partook of ward to France a handsome little girl, of their sports, and her astonishing resemblance from five to six years old. Mr. Forth im- to the Duke's children would have made her mediately executed the commission, and pass for their sister, were it not for her fosent by his valet a horse, together with the reign accent. Whilst Pamela and the young infant, and accompanied by a note in these Princesses were pursuing their studies in words "I have the honour to send to the delightful retreat of Belle-chasse, the Reyour Highness the finest mare and the volution broke out. The Duke of Orleans prettiest little girl in all England." This and his two sons, the Dukes of Chartres and infant was Pamela, afterwards Lady Fitz- Montpensier, warmly supported its princigerald.
ples. Madame de Genlis was then an ad. When the gallant but unhappy Lord Ed. mirer of the Constituent Assembly-Pamela ward proposed marriage to her young proto- participated in her enthusiasm for liberty, and gée, Madame de Genlis conceived it her every Sunday the distinguished members of duty to lay before his Lordship such papers that assembly met at Belle-chasse. Barrere, as had reference to points upon which a Petion, David, were constantly at her soihusband might naturally desire to be in- rées, and there, in the presence of these for med. “She was,” says Madame, “the young girls, seriously discussed the importdaughter of a man of high birth, named ant questions of the day. Pamela, aboundSeymour, who married in spite of his family ing in beauty and every mental accomplisha young woman of the lowest class, called ment, had just reached her fifteenth year, Mary Syms, and went off with her to New. and the Duke of Orleans had directed his foundland, on the coast of America, where notary to draw out a settlement of fifteen he established himself at a place called Fogo. hundred livres a year upon her. The noThere Pamela was born, and received the tary declared that the orphan was not comname of Nancy. Her father died, and the petent to receive the annuity unless she had mother returned to England with her child, a guardian. “Well then,” replied the Duke, then eighteen months old. As her husband “let herself choose a guardian-enough of was disinherited, she was reduced to great Deputies come to Belle-chasse, so that she misery, and forced to work for her bread. She had settled at Christ Church, which Mr. Forth passed through four years after, Memoirs of the Countess de Genlis, and being' ommissioned by the Duke of vol. iv. p. 128-9.
can have no difficulty in selecting one.” During her residence in England, if we On the Sunday following the Duke's answer are to credit the statement of Madame de was communicated to Pamela, at a moment Genlis, the fair Pamela received an offer of when the usual party had assembled. “I marriage from Sheridan. A few years after have not much time to reflect,” she said, the unhappy fate of her husband, she be“ but if citizen Barrere would favour me by came the wife of Mr. Pitcairn, an American, becoming my guardian, I should make choice and Consul at Hamburgh ; from this gentleof him." Barrere gladly assented, and all man, however, it appears, she was subsethe formalities of the contract were soon ex- quently divorced; she then resumed the ecuted. When the Constituent Assembly name of Fitzgerald, and lived in great retirehad terminated its glorious labours, Madame ment in one of the Provinces, until the Rede Genlis proceeded to England with Made- volution of 1830 placed the associate of her moiselle d'Orleans and Pamela, and attend- childhood upon a throne. Lady Fitzgerald ed by two Deputies, Petion and Voidel. It was, in consequence of this event, tempted was then Lord Edward Fitzgerald first saw to visit Paris ; but, we understand, she rePamela. The brilliancy of her beauty, the ceived little notice from Louis Philippe or graces of her mind, and the free expression any of his family. If a closer tie than that of her feelings of liberty, made a deep im- of friendship had ever existed, the King of pression on the young Irish man; and when France was either in ignorance of its nature, Madame de Genlis, alarmed at the turn or thought it wiser and more frugal to deny which things were taking in France, retired its strength. Pamela died in indigence; with her pupils to Tournay, where the pre was followed to the grave by a few mournsence of Dumouriez and of the Duke ers, among whom was the Duke de Talleyassured them a safe asylum, Lord Fitz- rand, and the events of her life will perhaps, gerald accompanied them, and soon became hereafter, form the groundwork of a rothe husband of Pamela.
INCIDENTS, ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS, APPOINT
MENTS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS. The friendly societies of the metropolis, it The Bishop of Ely has collated the Rev. Freis said, are about to petition the House of derick Norris, B.A. of Queen's College, CamLords in favour of reform, upon the ground bridge, to the Rectory of Little Gransden, Camthat they, and their brethren similarly con
bridgeshire, vacant by the resignation of the Rev.
T. C. Percival, nected in the country, have very large sums
The Rev. Isaac Williams, B.A. has, on the re. in the funds, the security of which will, they signation of the Rev. H. W.0. Jones, been preconceive, be shaken by any violent change sented to the Perpetual Curacy of Treyddyn, in in the government of the country, such as the diocese of St. Asaph. they anticipate if the Lords continue to re- The Rev. Henry John Lewis, A.M. has been fuse to permit the House of Commons to presented, by the Dean and Chapter of Worcester, reform themselves.
to the Vicarage of Saint Peter, in that city, void by the death of the Rev. C. Copner.
The Rev. Mr. Hewett, Vicar of Shobrooke, ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS.
Devon, formerly private tutor to Earl Grey's
family, has been presented to the valuable Living The Rev. Thomas Arthur Powys, M. A. late of Holbeach, Lincolnshire. Fellow of Saint John's College, Cambridge, to The Rev. Reginald Rabett, of Queen's College, the Rectory of Sawiry Saint Andrew's, Hunting, Cambridge, to the Vicarage of Thornton and Bagdonsbire.
worth, Leicestershire, The Lord Bishop of Hereford has collated the The Rev. Daniel George Stacey, B.C.L. Fellow Rev. Thomas Wynn, B.D. to the Rectory of Col- of New College, to the Vicarage of Hornchurch, wall, vacant by the death of the Rev. J. Clark; Essex. and the Rev. Thomas Wynn has presented the The Rev. Charles Maybery, to the Rectory of Rev. William Jones to the Perpetual Curacy of Penderin, in the county of Brecon. Lingen, Herefordshire, by resignation of the same. The Rev. John Morgan Downes has been
The Rev. E. R. Mantell, to the Vicarage of licensed to the Chapelry of Llawulid, Breconshire. Lootb, Lincolnshire.
The Lord Bishop of Exeter has collated the The Earl of Burlington has appointed the Rev. Rev. W. J. Pbillpolts to the Vicarage of St. G. M. Cooper, M.A. to be one of his Lordship's Ewnie Lelant, Cornwall, vacant by the death of Dorbestie Chaplaids.
the Rev. C. Carden.
* The “Court Journal” states that she had three children by Lord Edward Fitzgerald, who were adopted by his Lordship's family; and adds that, “ of the two daughters reared by the excellent Lady Sophia Fitzgerald, one is married to Sir Grey Campbell; the other, Lucy, died the wife of Captain Lyon, the arctic voyager, leaving one child. Lord Edward's son is also married, but not at present a resident in this country.”
The Lord Bishop of Winchester has presented Married.]-At the British Consulate, Alexan. the Rev. Marmatluke Thoinpson to the Rectory of dria, Egypt, Thomas J. Galloway, second son of Brightwell, Berks.
· Alexander. Galloway, West street, London, to The Lord Bishop of St. David's bas instituted Elizabeth, eldest daughter of the late Henry Beek.
, Perpetual Curale of with, of East Hall, Paglesbam, Essex. Emasbarold, and Carate of Kentchurch, Here. At the botel of the Britisb Ainbassador, Brus. fordshire, to the Vicarage of Hay, Breconshire. sels, P. M. Montgomerie, Esq. youngest son of
The Rev. H. B. Snooke, of Portsea, Hants, has the late G. Montgomerie, Esq, of Garboldishambeen licensed, by the Bishop of Exeter, to the hall, in Norfolk, to Sophia, youngest daughter of Caracy of Torpoint Chapel.
H. Butler, Esq. The Rey. John Hoghes, B.A. Jate of Brase nose Count Alexander Walewski, to Lady Caroline College, Oxford, has been collated, by the Lord Montague, daughter of the Countess of SandBishop of Hereford, to the Rectory of Coddington, wich. near Ledbury, Herefordshire, vacant by the death Captain R. H. Fuller, R. N. to Margaret Jane, of the Rev. J. P. Hockin.
daughter of the late Rev. Sir R. Sheffield, Bart. The Rev. John Vaughan, LL.B. late Curate, At Brocklesby, Lincolnshire, Joseph William and now Lecturer. of St. Clement Danes, has been Copley, Esq, only son of Sir Joseph Copley, Bart. presented, by the Lord Chancellor, to the Rectory of Sprotborough, Yorkshire, to the Hon. Charof Holmpton in-Holderness, York.
lotte Anderson Worsley Pelham, the only daughThe Rev. Augustus Earle Lloyd Bulwer, M.A. ter of the Right Hon. Lord Yarborough. has been presented to the Rectory of Cawston, Captain Charles Ogle Streatfeild, to Kate ElizıNorfo!k; patrons the Master and Fellows of Pem- beth, eldest daughter of the Rev. John Savill Ogle, broke College.
of Kirkley, Prebendary of Durham. The Rev. John Sturges Lievre, of St. John's William Hooper, Esq. of the Royal Navy, to College, has been presented, by the Lord Chan. Elizabeth, youngest daughter of the late T. G. cellor, to the Rectory of Little Ashby, in Leices. Bramston, Esq. of Skreens, Essex. tershire.
At Leyton, Essex, Joseph Bowstead, Esq. Me. dical Establishment, Bombay, to Mary, eldest
daughter of the late Captain Howarth. APPOINTMENTS, PROMOTIONS, &c.
B. Travers, Esq. of Bruton-street, Berkeley. The King has been pleased to direct letters square, to Mary Poulett, yoo..gest daughter of the patent to be passed under the Great Seal of the late Colonel Stevens, of Discove-house, Somerset. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, shire. granting unto Ralph Bigland, Esq. Clarenceux At Avening, Gloucestershire, Edward Dalton, King of Arms, the office of Garter Principal King Esq. D.C.L. of Stanmore Grange, to Elizabeth of Arms, with the name of Garter, and the style, Head, only daughter of the late Nathaniel Lloyd, liberties, and pre-eminences belonging to the said Esq. of Angerstone-house, Uley. othice, void by the decease of Sir George Nayler, At Margate, George Cunning, Esq. of Frindy. knight, late Garter; to William Woods, Esq. bury, Kent, to Sarah Tourney, widow of the late Bluemantle Pursuivant of Arms, the office of Sir Thomas Staines, K.C.B. of Dent de Lion, in Clarenceux King of Arms, and Principal Herald the same county. of the South-East and West parts of England, vacant by the promotion of Ralph Bigland, Esq. Died.]-At Lullingstone-castle, Kent, Sir T. to the office of Garter Principal King of Arms; Duke, Bart. in the sixty-eighth year of his age. and to George Harrison Rogers Harrison, Blanch At Hare Hatch, in bis seventy-fourth year, Sir Lyon Pursuivant of Arms Extraordinary, the G. S. Holroyd, Knight, late one of the Judges of office of Bluemantle Pursuivant of Arms, vacant his Majesty's Court of King's Bench. by the promotion of William Woods, Esq. to the At Turnham-green, in his eighty-ninth year, office of Clarenceux King of Arins.
Sir John Pinliorn, Knight, of Ringwood-house, His Majesty has appointed Major-General Isle of Wight. James Alexander Farquharson, Governor and At Airy hill, near Whitby, Richard Moorsom, Commander in Chief of the island of St. Lucia. Esq. one of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace,
The Lord Chancellor has appointed Jacob How- and a Deputy Lieutenant of the North Riding of ell Cottison, Esq. and John Cutts, Esq. both of the county of York. Witham, Essex, Masters Extraordinary in the In Abingdon-street, J. T. Hone, Esq. barristerCourt of Chancery.
at-law, a Bencher of the Inner Temple, and one The Honourable Philip Henry Abbott, brother of the Union Hall police magistrates. of the present Lord Colchester, has been appoint At Oxton, in bis seventy-fourth year, W. C. ed Recorder of Monmouth.
Sherbrooke, Esq. for many years Chairman of the The following are the Commissioners appointed Quarter Sessions for Nottinghamshire, and Sheriff by the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland to superintend in 1803. the education of the poor of that country :-the In Wiinpole street, Harry Fonnereau, Esq. Most Rev. the Archbishop of Dublin, the Duke aged eighty.four. of Leinster, Dr. Murray, Roman Catholic Arch- Aged seventy-seven, the Rev. Jose pb Swain, bishop of Dublin : the Rev. Dr. Sadlier, Senior B.D. Incuinbent of the Perpetual Curacy of Bees. Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin; the Rev. Dr. ton, Yorkshire. Carlile, Presbyterian Minister, Scots Church, At Brighton, in her nineteenth year, Elizabeth Dublin : A. R. Blake, Esq. Chiet Remembrancer; Louisa, fourth daughter of Lieutenant Colonel and Robert Holmes, Esq.barrister-at-law.
Bull, Royal Horse Artillery.
PROVINCIAL OCCURRENCES IN THE COUNTIES OF ENGLAND, AND IN WALES, SCOTLAND,
of the farmer is to prevent labourers being employed in thrashing out the corn. In conclusion, the address reminds the labourers, that the law of the land provides, that if any person be convicted of wilfully setting fire to property of any description, the punishment is death.
DORSETSHIRE. A reinarkable phenomenon lately occurred at Lyroe. The sea suddenly rose to a tremendous height, several feet above its usual level, at the same time making a tremendous noise, although at the time there was a complete calm: several Vessels in the barbour received much damage.
HAMPSHIRE. A meeting of the promoters of the London and Soatbarnpton Railroad has been held. The Hon. P. Blaquiere described the steps which had been already taken, and dwelt on the national advantages resulting from it. One interesting feature was, that the work would provide employment for at least three years to 10,000 persons. Amongst other advantages enumerated were, the carriage of coals for the line ; supplying the London mar. kets with foreign fruit, fish, butcher's meat, vegetables, &c. from parts now shut out by the ex. pense of carriage; great saving of life and pro. perty on the coast between Te Land's End and the mouth of the Severn; enabling West India ships to perform two voyages in the time now occupied by one, &c. The statement was receiv. ed with marked approbation.
WILTSHIRE. An Address to the Labourers of Wiltshire has been circulated largely in the neighbourhood of the recent fires, reminding them tbat by firing the farmer's property they entirely miss their aim, in asmuch as the farmers of Wiltshire are to a man insured. That the loss caused by incendiary fires must consequently fall upon the Insurance Companies--persons wbo bave never injured the la bourers-that the only effect of burning the ricks
WORCESTERSHIRE. A meeting has been held at Worcester, of the operatives connected with the glove trade. It
on agreed upon, that the persons present at the meeting ascribe the distress to the effect of foreign competition. A calculation has been made, that if foreign gloves were kept out of the English market, the share of business which would fall to Worcester and its neighbourhood, would give eleven weeks' employment to the work people. The glove manufacture has given occupation to between 30 and 40,000 persons in this and the adjoining counties. When, therefore, it is depressed, the effects extend beyond the operatives themselves; they are felt severely by shopkeepers who deal in articles of food and clothing; they are felt, too, in the great increase of poor-rates. At the Worcester Honse of Industry, the precepts, which have been raised to 49. in the pound, will be advanced immediately to 4s. 6d., and if the distress continues, must be still farther increased. Nor is it the city alone which is thus affected. Why have the agricultural poor in this neighbourhood been better provided for than those in other districts? Be. cause the glove trade gave employment to their wives and daughters; so that, in fact, the whole district is interested in the mitigation of that distress which all must deplore.-Worcester Journal.
COMMERCIAL AND MONEY-MARKET REPORT.
The closing part of the year bas been rather fruitful of important occurrences in the commercial world. In the early part of the last month, the East India Company's Tea Sale duly
cted to have been the most animated of any that had occurred within the last twenty years. In consequence of the intelligence from China, stated in our last report, a complete stoppage of future supplies of tea through the customary channels was seriously
ole trade therefore appeared anxious to avail themselves of this opportunity for the purpose of laying in stock. Ac cordingly, things went off very briskly during the two first days of the sale : bot on the morning of the third day, news was received from China, to the effect that the Select Committee had re-considered their former resolution of suspending commercial intercourse on the 1st of August, and had determined not to do so. This unexpected information completely altered the face of things
of Leadenhall-street. Those who had already made purchases at advanced prices were loud in their complaints, and contended that the two first days' proceedings ouglat to be declared pull and void. These complaints, how
ever, remained, of course, unbeeded, and the sale went on; but the crowd of bidders was considerably thinned, and the offers had in many qualities fallen 2s, on the first day's prices. The sale, therefore, went on very heavily afterwards; but the whole quantity declared was by degrees disposed of at prices nearly equal to those of former sales.
Although the Cotton Market at Liverpool has yet shown no symptoms of inactivity, there is every reason to believe that our manufacturing districts in the west have begun to feel the effects of the state of suspense into which the whole community has been thrown by the obstinacy of the boroughmongers in resisting the national will. At Manchester and its neighbourbood, business in Cotton manufactures bas of late considerably diminished, and a great number of failures have occurred among the minor dealers. During the four weeks which occurred between the 20th of November and the 20th of December, the sales of Cotton wool at Liverpool have averaged at 16,000 bays weekly, amounting to a total of 64,360 bags. A great deal of this Cotton was taken up for exportation, and on speculation. In the Metropolitan Cotton Market, ibe sales during the period
above specified were reported at about 1200 Since the relaxation of the restrictions regardweekly, making a total of 4910 bags of all de ing the admission of foreign gloves, those of our scriptions. Prices in both places were not, upon operatives concerned in the manufacture of that the whole, so higb as in the preceding correspond. commodity have not ceased to complain. Colonel ing period.
Davies has recently moved, in the House of Com. There is no extraordinary feature in the trans- mons, for certain returns, to illustrare the injury actions of the Colonial Markets. Supplies have done to his constituents of Worcester by the imwith some exceptions, been rather abundant, and portation of foreign gloves, and gave notice of a prices have hardly varied from those obtained in motion for a committee of inquiry into this subthe preceding month. In Coffee, the lower sortsject. If the Hon. Meinber sncceeds in this moof East India were most saleable for home con- tion, he will soon find that the glove trade w sumption. Foreign descriptions have been in much the same as it is at present before the modi. request, but the prices offered were not quite suit. fications in the restrictions, now complained of, able to holders. In British Plantation Sugars were made. A reference to our former reports there was more business than in the other sorts will afford abundant testimony to that effect. If of this article: but the refined descriptions en our glove-manufacturers, however, have any reatitled to bounty on double refined have generally son to complain of injury done them by foreign been in request, and would have gone off largely, competition, why do they not set about producing had the market been better provided with them. an article in every respect as good as the French The season is favourable to transactions in re- glove, and drive the French dealer out of the marfined Sugars, and many purchases have been ket by the advantage they must command in selle made for immediate shipment.
ing at prices rendered lower by Saving the ex. of the year an increased activity pense of transport? The fact is, that the glove in the Silk Market is usually observable. This trade in this country has been long in a declining does not appear to have yet taken place, and state, on account solely of the immense inferiority things remain in a depressed state. A meeting of of the English to the French glove, and the exthe silk manufacturers of London was held in cessive dearness of the former. People contrived Basinghall street on the 19th December, to con- to smuggle in Hench gl sider the state of that branch of trade. Several amounted nearly to a prohibition, to an extent speakers contended, that before the reciprocity quite equal to the regular importations of the preand free trade Acts were passed, in 1826, the sent time. If a small number of Englishmen are manufacture rapidly increased; but since then at all affected by this now open competition, the there has been a rapid decline. Resolutions were Governinent has, on the other hand, added not a passed, embodying an opinion, that foreign com- liule to its sources of revenue by the duties paid petition is the cause of distress, and a Committee on French gloves. was appointed to confer with Government.
A meeting of persons connected with the ShipThe accounts from St. Petersburgh, of the 2nd ping interest was held on the 13th in the City, for instant, communicate the information that a new the purpose of receiving the report of a provisional tariff of duties had been issued by order of the committee appointed some months ago to watch Emperor, by which the duties on imports were over the interests of ship-owners. An appeal to increased considerably. On the 1st an additional the King was proposed and agreed to, on the duty of 12 and a half per cent, was imposed on all grounds that applications to the subordinate antho imports not entered until then, with the exception rities have hitberto proved useless. This appeal. of brimstone, corks, and cork wood; besides or memorial, complained that the best interests of which the duty is increased for the importation of British navigation have been sacrificed to the ab1832 on many articles. On woods for dyeing, the sence of sound commercial information, and to duty was raised from Roubles 3, Copecks 60, to “a pertinacions pursuit of speculative theory." R. 5, C. 40. The increase on raw Sugar was It also complained that the British ship-owner. 9 to 10 per pood; on Coffee, from R. 18 to R. 21, through the operation of the reciprocity act, is C. 60 per pood; on Indigo, from R. 9 to R. 14, exposed in certain branches of the carrying trade C. 40 per pood ; on Cochineal, from R. 27 to R. to wholly unprotected competition with the com36; on Nutmegs, from R. 54 to R. 64, C. 80 per paratively unburtbened foreigner. pood; on Wine and Porter, from R. 120 to R. In money inatters, nothing of any importance 129, C. 80. The receipt of this information has bas taken place in the City since our last report. naturally excited very great discontent among our The funds have undergone but trifling fluctuations. merchants connected with Rassia, and was so the price of Consols having been from 83 onewholly unexpected, that an impression had for eighth to 83 seven-eighths during the wbole three some time been very general among them that first weeks of the month. The announcement of Russia would adopt the reciprocity system of our a loan to Belgium having been taken up by the Government. This appeared the more probable Rothschilds of London and Paris, at 75 per Cent.. after the late exertions of our Ministers to place operated favourably on the value of almost all the Baltic timber trade on the most favourable European securities. So soon as this was made footing for Russia, even at the risk of injuring the public at the Stock Exchange, on the 23rd, an iminterests of our own Canada timber-merchants. pulse was immediately given to Consols for the The new Russian tariff lays down that imports account, which on that day had opened at 83 threefrom Englisb ports must not be received on the quarters to seven-eighthy, and closed at 84 quarter same footing as Russian produce into this country, to three eighths. This price was maintained the and evinces a disposition on the part of the greater part of the 24th, as will be seen from the Russian Government to increase all duties on Stock List of that day given hereunder. The imported goods not absolutely the produce of Stock Exchange folks appear to bave drawn this Rossia.
inference from the conclusion of the Belgian loan,