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fatal as on the Continent. It is not, however, the « MY LORDS, AND GENTLEMEN, less necessary to use every precaution against the « The scenes of violence and ontrage wbich further extension of this malady ; and the mea have occurred in the city of Bristol and in some sures recommended by those who have had the other places have caused me the deepest affliction. best opportunities of observing it, as most effectual The authority of the laws must be vindicated by for this purpose, have been adopted.
the punishment of offences which have produced 90 “ In parts of Ireland a systematic opposition extensive a destruction of property, and so melan. has been made to the payments of tithes, attended choly a loss of life; but I think it right to direct your in some instances with aflicting results; and it attention to the best means of improving the mu will be one of your first duties to inquire whether nicipal police of the kingdom for the more effectual it may not be possible to effect improvements in the protection of the public peace against the occur, laws respecting this subject which may afford the rence of similar commotions. necessary protection to the Established Church, « Sincerely attached to our free Constitution, I and at the same time remove the present causes never can saaction any interference with the legi. of complaint. But in this, and every other ques. timate exercise of those rights whicb secure to my tion affecting Ireland, it is above all things ne people the privileges of discussing and making cessary to look to the best means of securing known their grievances; but in respecting these internal peace and order, which alone seem want. rights it is also my duty to prevent combinations, ing to raise a country blessed by Providence with under whatever pretext, which in their form and so many natural advantages to a State of the character are incompatible with all regular govern. grea:est prosperity.
ment, and are equally opposed to the spirit and to “ The conduct of the Portuguese Government, the provisions of the law; and I know that I shall and the repeated injuries to which my subjects not appeal in vain to my faithful subjects to have been exposed, have prevented a renewal of second my determined resolution to repress all my diplomatic relations with that kingdom. The illegal proceedings by which the peace and secustate of a country so long united with this by the rity of my dominions may be endangered.” ties of the most intimate alliance must necessarily
His Majesty then rose and retired, atbe to me an object of the deepest interest; and the
tended by several of the Ministers and return to Europe of the elder branch of the illus. trious House of Braganza. and the dangers of a the Great Officers of State. The Comdisputed suecession, will require my most vigilant mons withdrew from the Bar, and their attention to events by which not only the safety Lordships adjourned during pleasure. of Portugal, but the general interests of Europe Shortly after five o'clock the House may be affected.
resumed. - The Lord Chancellor having • The arrangement which I announced to you read his Majesty's Speech, which was at the close of the last Session, for the separation also read by one of the Clerks of the House, of the States of Holland and Belgium, has been
-Lord Camperdown rose to move the usual followed by a treaty between the Five Powers and
Address. In commenting on the several the King of the Belgians, which I have directed
topics alluded to in the Speech, his Lordto be laid before you as soon as the ratifications shall have been exchanged. A similar treaty has
ship highly eulogised the Noble Earl at the not yet been agreed to by the King of the Nether
head of his Majesty's Government for havLands: but I trust the period is not distant when ing proposed a great measure of Reform. that Sovereign will see the necessity of acceding which had the merit of reconciling the conto an arrangement in which the Plenipotentiaries Alicting opinions of various parties of reformof the Five Powers have unanimously concurred, ers, and had received the almost universal and which has been framed with the most careful
sanction of the people of England. He deand impartial attention to all the interests con.
sired not to enter into any discussion of the cerned. I have the satisfaction to inform you that
measures which it was intended shortly to I have concluded with the King of the French a convention, which I have directed to be laid be
introduce on this subject; but it was suffifore you, the object of which is the effectual sup.
cient to know, that, although some modifi. pression of the Arican slave-trade; this conven. cations might be conceded in the minor de. tion, having for its basis the concession of recipro. tails, the whole measure would be the same cal rights to be mutually exercised in specified latitndes and places, will, I trust, enable the naval Ministers being convinced that nothing less forces of the two countries by their combined ef. would satisfy the just wishes of the country. forts to accomplish an object which is felt by both - The Address having been read by the to be so important to the interests of humanity.
Lord Chancellor-Lord Lyttleton rose to “ Regarding the state of Enrope generally, the
second it. His Lordship strongly dwelt on friendly assurances which I receive from Foreign
the state of the public mind, urging that the Powers, and the union which subsists between ine and my allies, inspire me with a confident events of the first French Revolution. or of hope that peace will not be interrupted.
Charles the First's reign, bad not equalled
the excitement and interest that now existed ; " GENTLEMEN OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS, " I have directed the estimates for the ensuing
and contending that such was the state of year to be prepared, and they will in due time be laid before you. I will take care that they shall form Bill which had been rejected would be formed with the strictest regard to economy, satisfy the country. The Earl of Harrowby and I trust to your wisdom and patriotism to said, that when the Bill came up from the make such provision as inay be required for the other House, he should hope it would be one public service.
they could adopt. Until that measure came
before them, he should say nothing. He was ordered to be entered on the Journals of would discuss it at the proper time, with a the House.--Lord Ellenborough, in moving sincere desire for its adoption.--The Earl of for returns relative to the Charter and the Aberdeen offered some remarks on Portu- affairs of the East India Company, expressed guese affairs, observing that the injuries of his surprise at the total silence of the King's which complaint had been preferred resulted Speech on that important subject, and stated from the state of public excitement, and that a leading point of inquiry would be to adding that the Ministers of the Five Powers ascertain how far the Government of India had no right to dictate to the King of the could be conducted without reliance for its Netherlands, as it appeared they had done, expenditure on any other quarter. – Earl in forcing him, under the bane of their high Grey said he could not object to the motion, displeasure, to conform to the decision of and that he should be ready to discuss the the Conference. The Duke of Buckingham question when it came regularly before declared that, though he was last Session the House; but, as the question of the vehemently opposed to the measure then inrevival of the Charter was not likely to troduced, he was, as well as the Govern- be brought forward this Session, its menment, most anxious for the speedy and satis- tion was not introduced into the King's factory settlement of the question, on which Speech.- The Marquis of Salisbury askdepended the quiet of the country and the ed whether Government intended to bring security of the State : he would, therefore, forward any Bill relative to the Poor when it came before the House, consider it Laws ?—The Lord Chancellor replied, that with a view to the feelings of the people, if no other Noble Lord did, he should prowith a view to that spread of education and pose a measure upon that subject. The knowledge among them which had rendered Earl of Aberdeen intimated, he should heretbem both more alive to political matters, after bring forward a motion respecting the and more competent to understand them; arrangements between Holland and Belbut be would so consider it always subject gium, if a Noble Duke (Wellington), who to the principles of the Constitution. The had taken great interest in the proceedings Earl of Eldon, in a short speech, alluded to connected with those arrangements, declined the infamous falsehoods propagated in a pa. to do so.-Earl Grey said, that a copy of per called " The Black List," a production the Conference would have been laid on the which he deprecated as highly revolution table if it had been ratified.--The Earl of ary; he considered that Ministers ought to Winchelsea inquired whether it was the ininstitute a prosecution against the publishers tention of his Majesty's Ministers to bring of such a work. The Noble Earl, in allu- forward any specific measure for the purpose sion to the vote he had given last Session of putting down the Political Unions !-on the Reform Bill, candidly declared his Earl Grey said it was not ; adding that Gowillingness to revise that vote, and if he vernment was already armed with sufficient found that he had really taken a false step, powers to stop any illegal associations. to retrace it.- Earl Grey, in addressing the Dec. 9. Lord Teynham, after alluding to House, observed, in reference to the ques- the fires which had taken place in different tion of Reform, “any measure passed by parts of the country, and strongly urging the me must be on the same principles, and necessity of interference on the part of Goequally efficient as the last.” He hoped vernment, gave notice that after the Christwhen Noble Lords came to discuss that mas recess he should move for leave to bring question, they would come unfettered, and in a Bill for the purpose of preventing inhave a full latitude for the expression of cendiary fires. their opinions, so as they might conscienti- Dec. 13. Lord Ellenborough moved for ously do their duty; and he claimed the copies of all Correspondence relative to the same advantages for himself, determined to recent differences between the Factory and do his duty, as was, in his opinion, most the Local Authorities at Canton. His Lordconducive to the best interests of the State ship spoke at some length upon the imporand the permanent security of the country. tance and advantages of our trade with His Lordship having briefly commented China. He lamented that the Select Comupon the several other topics introduced into mittee and Merchants at Canton had acted his Majesty's Speech, the Address was in such a way as to give offence to the agreed to.
Chinese Government.- Earl Grey replied, Dec. 7.- The House met at one o'clock, that Government were aware of the importfor the purpose of proceeding to St. James's ance of the subject-that no step would be with the Address, and shortly afterwards the taken rashly-ihat the business was more Lord Chancellor, the Mover and Seconder immediately under the control of the East of the Address, the Duke of Norfolk, the India Company --and that no objection Earl of Shaftesbury, and other Peers, car would be made to the production of the ried up the Address to the Sovereign. Papers when they were ready, and when
Dec. 8. The Lord Chancellor read his Government and the Company had received Majesty's Answer to the Address, which all the necessary intelligence which they
had not yet had upon the subject. The Mo- consider the Speech to be very manly and tion was withdrawn.
straightforward ; nor did he view it as very · Dec. 15. Lord Melbourne moved that a explicit. They had yet to learn, whether Select Committee be appointed to inquire the Reform Bill about to be brought forward respecting the collection and payment of was to be another and a more moderate Bill, Tithes in Ireland. His Lordship, after al. or the same Bill. As to the “ systematic" luding to the various disturbances which opposition to the payment of tithes in Irehad taken place in that country, said, it land, if that remedy were adopted which he would be recollected that similar disturb- thought was hinted at (an alteration of the ances in 1822 gave rise to the introduction tithe system), it would shake the foundation of the Tithe Composition Act, which was at of all property, and should have his most the time satisfactory to a large proportion of decided opposition.-Mr. Stanley stated, in the people. The present disturbances, he regard to Ireland, that it was intended to believed, arose from inherent defects in the move for a Select Committee on the subject; system ; the mode of collecting Tithes, and and that the views of the Government would the imperfect and partial operation of the be submitted to such Committee. It was Tithe Composition Act. The Tithe of agist- not contemplated to affect property : it was ment, and the power which was left to the only sought, as in the case of Reform, to seDiocesan of refusing his assent to the Com- cure property and strengthen existing instiposition which might be agreed upon be- tutions.-Sir C. Wetherell entered at some iween the incumbent and parishioners, were length into explanations of the Bristol affair circumstances which caused the Tithe Com- -attacking the Unions and the newspapers position Act to act partially, and the sound with unmingled and indiscriminating cenparts of Ireland to be infected by the un- sureminquiring why, if danger were appresound portions. His Lordship stated, that hended, the Bristol Gaol Delivery had not a great hardship was inflicted on the poor been postponed ; and asking what would man, by the numerous calls which were have been said of him by the “manymade on him. The bishop, rector, vicar, mouthed and venomous Press” if he had archdeacon, prebendary, and vicars choral all not gone there? The Hon. Gentleman comhad a right to call for their Tithes sepa- plained that the names of the Recorder and rately, which was harassing to the poor the Bristol Magistrates were omitted in the man, though the total amount was but tri. Commission recently appointed. He had fling. None but low persons were employ. put in his claim to be included in it, as a ed in the collection of Tithes, who were dis matter of right, to the Secretary for the Home posed to take every advantage, and were of Department, and he had also submitted it course in many instances guilty of the ut- in writing to the Lord Chancellor.-Mr. . most exaction. The motion, after a few Lamb stated that the postponement of the remarks from the Earl of Wicklow, Lord gaol delivery had never been asked. He Ellenborough, the Marquis of Lansdowne, would, however, abstain from further comand Earl Grey, was agreed to, and a Com- ments, on the ground that inquiries were mittee appointed.
proceeding in Bristol. - Sir Robert Peel Dec. 16. In answer to a question by the having commented upon several of the topics Earl of Aberdeen, -Earl Grey said, it was alluded to in bis Majesty's Spoech, on the the determination of Government to enforce subject of Reform, said : the Foreign Enlistment Bill, and to take no " When the new measure of Reform shall come part in the dispute between Don Pedro and under discussion, I, for one, promise to give it the Don Miguel. Some vessels, which had most calm and dispassionate attention. I wish been engaged for the service of Don Pedro, that I conld anticipate from its success the same had been detained in the river, and the case tranquillizing and satisfactory results which are referred to the Law Othcers of the Crown,
anticipated by the King's Government. I wish
that I could believe that the spirit of impatience who decided that the law had not been vio
against all restraint, and the reluctance to submit lated, and they were in consequence re
to any control, which at present pervade and conleased.- On the Motion of Earl Grey, the leased.- On the Motion of Earl Grey, me vulse the land, were attributable to such causes as House adjourned to the 17th of January. the opposition which we have given to the HOUSE OF COMMONS.
gress of Reform; and that the triumpb, if triumph Dec. 6. The Speaker entered the House should betide, over our opposition, would bring shortly after one o'clock, and at half-past back the halcyon days of peace and contentment, two the House was summoned to the Lords. and restore that spirit of obedience which, under On their return, the House adjourned during
Tory Governments at least, existed to the laws. It pleasure; and at four the Speaker again is in a spirit of calmness and impartiality that I shall
discuss the Bill which the Noble Lord opposite took the Chair. His Majesty's Speech
me is about to introduce. I trust that it will be having been read by the Speaker ;-Lord
founded on more moderate principles than the Cavendish rose to move the usual Address ; last; but be it founded on what principles it may, which was seconded by Sir Francis Vin- I owe it as a dnty to the people of England cent. Mr. Croker observed, that he did not claim it as a right inherent in me as one of their
Representatives-lo deliver my opinions honestly inquired of the Noble Lord (Althorp) wheand boldly npon it; and as the King, in the gra- ther Government contemplated any propocions Speech which we have this day heard deli- sition on this subject during the present vered from the Throne, admits the rights of his Session.-The Chancellor of the Exchequer subjects, even in confederated unions, publicly to · declare their opinions and to make known their
. protested against questions being put to him grievances, so I, a loyal subject of the King, shall
at this period as to what he might be inexpect protection in return for my allegiance; il clined to do with respect to the removal of shogld ineur odium and unpopnlarity by protect- taxation ; because, to give satisfactory aning that which in my judgment I believe to be the swers to such questions would be to pledge real interests of the people of England against himself at a period when he should be extheir wishes and temporary delusion."
tremely sorry to give any pledge whatever. - The Chancellor of the Exchequer thought He should therefore decline giving any anthat Government, considering the present swer as to the nature of any financial mea. state of the country, had exercised a sound sures that might be under the consideration discretion in calling Parliament together at of the Government.--The Report on the this unusual season, notwithstanding the Address was brought up, and, after a dispublic and private inconvenience which in- cussion, in which Mr. Hume, Lord Paldividuals might feel from now attending it. merston, Mr. G. Dawson, Mr. C. Ferguson, With respect to the omissions complained of Lord Sandon, Sir F. Burdett, and Sir R. in the Speech, the subjects alluded to must Peel took part, was agreed to and ordered be necessarily brought under the discussion to be presented to the King. of Parliament, and it did not appear neces- Dec. 8. The House met pro forma at two sary to mention them. A Committee would o'clock. The Speaker, Lord Cavendish, Sir be appointed on the subject of the renewal F. Vincent, and several other Members, of the Bank Charter ; one had been already then proceeded to St. James's Palace, to appointed to consider of the renewal of the present the Address to the King. Charter of the East India Company. With Dec. 9. Mr. Hume desired to know wherespect to the plan of Reform to be submit ther there was an intention on the part of ted to the House, his Lordship had reason Government to take any step towards reto hope that it would be such as would ef- ducing the increased expenditure incurred fectually calm and set at rest the excitement during the current year, amounting to nearly which existed in the public mind, and would a million, in keeping up an extra military as give full satisfaction to the great majority of well as naval force. For his own part, he the people of England. --Mr. Hunt blamed was not aware of the necessity of keeping Ministers for not having adopted adequate up such establishments.-Lord Althorp conprecautions for securing the public peace of sidered it extremely inconvenient to have Bristol ; and ascribed the present distress questions upon the rate of estimates which to the withdrawal of the paper currency, and Government was about to submit to the the evils of free trade. The Hon. Member House, put to him at this period. He cermoved an amendment to the Address, em- tainly did not consider it the proper time to bodying the latter propositions, and sug- put such questions, and if they were put in gesting that the Houses should adjourn, to due time, in due time would he answer them. give time for Ministers to prepare a suitable - He would, however, state that it was Address. No Member seconded the Mo- the intention of Government to propose the tion, and it of course fell to the ground. Estimates with the strictest view to economy. After a few remarks from Mr. Robinson, „On the motion of Lord Duncannon, the Mr. Leader, Mr. Trevor, Mr. Shaw, Mr. House resolved itself into a Committee of Weyland, Mr. Shiel, Sir J. M. Doyle, Supply, and at the recommendation of the and Sir C. Forbes, the Address was agreed Committee, 78,7501. was granted out of the to.
Crown Revenues for repairs of Buckingham Dec. 7. The Chancellor of the Exche- Palace. -Mr. Hume wished to know whequer presented a Petition from Yorksbire, ther that supply extended to the furniture. signed by upwards of 140,000 persons, Lord Duncannon said the furniture was not praying for Reform.-Lord Morpeth, in included, but there was a large quantity of supporting the prayer of the petition, ob- furniture in store, which was likely to be served that this was the answer of York- appropriated to that purpose. shire to the allegation that there was “re. Dec. 12. Lord John Russell introduced action” on the subject of Parliamentary the Reform Bill. The Noble Lord, having Reform. The immense number of signa- commented upon the necessity of a Reform tures to the petition were obtained in the in the existing system of representation, the short space of six days.-Mr. Hume, on pre- state and prospects of the country, and the senting a petition from the Western Political pledges given by Ministers to effect such a Union, praying the House to adopt measures change as appeared to them necessary, profor the diffusion of knowledge, by the removal ceeded to explain the principle upon which of many taxes that prevented its extension, the Bill had been drawn up, and the various
details embraced by it. The present was, there being sixty-nine places, as by the old he considered, much superior to the former, Bill, there would only be forty-nine places inasmuch as it had less cumbrous machinery returning one representative each. Accordto work with, and far more conciseness and ing to the scale now founded on the joint simplicity of plan. On the subject of the test of the number of houses and the asamendments proposed to be made as regards sessed taxes, the thirty boroughs which schedules A and B, his Lordship observed, would come into schedule B would be Eye, that some of the boroughs which formerly Lostwithiel, Westbury, Wareham, Wilton, escaped disfranchisement in consequence of Midhurst, Woodstock, Malmsbury, Laun. the population of their parishes being large, ceston, Droitwich, Liskeard, Hythe, Lymethough the boroughs themselves were incon- Regis, Horsham, Dartmouth, Thirsk, Totsiderable, would now be placed in schedule nes, Great Grimsby, Arundel, St. Ives, A, whilst others would be rased out of it, Rye, Morpeth, Northallerton, Reigate, and placed in schedule B. The boroughs Clithero, Helston, Calne, Christchurch, which would be placed in schedule A, in Petersfield, Shaftesbury. In schedule D, consequence of this change, were Ald. two Members would be given to Bolton, borough, Amersham, East Grinstead, Oak- Brighton, Bradford, Blackburn, Maccleshampton, Saltash, and Ashburton. Sup- field, Stockport, Stoke-upon-Trent, Halifax, posing Ashburton to be one of the 56, then and Stroud. By these amendments, it will the boroughs rased out of schedule A into be seen, that the disfranchising portion of schedule B were Midhurst, Petersfield, Eye, the Bill has been curtailed ; that schedule Wareham, Woodstock, and Lostwithiel. A, which before contained fifty-six boroughs, . Another part of the disfranchising clauses will now only contain fifty-one; and that of the Bill related to the boroughs inserted schedule B, which contained forty-one boin schedule B. The boroughs in schedule roughs, will now contain no more than A were disfranchised because they could thirty. With respect to the census, his have no free election ; but the boroughs in Lordship in future proposes to take houses schedule B were placed there from an idea instead of persons, as the test of population of the propriety of not giving to the smaller cannot be so strictly relied on. On the sub, boroughs such a large share in the repre. ject of qualification, little or no alteration is sentation as they possessed at present, from to be made in the spirit of the 101. franchise, each returning two Members, and with a though as regards freemen-and this part of view of diminishing the numbers of the the new Bill is certainly no improvementHouse. The opinion of the framers of this the franchise is to be continued to them for Bill as to the first of these points, namely, ever, provided also they reside within the the propriety of diminishing the share which city, or borough, or within seven miles of the boroughs had in the representation, re- the place of voting. Another part of the mains unchanged. With regard to the pro- arrangement, namely, the proposed appriety of filling up the numbers of the House, portionment of the limits and bounds of it had been matter of serious consideration cities, boroughs, and districts by commiswith them, whether, as the vacancies oc- sioners, would be the subject of a distinct casioned by the disfranchisement of the bo. Bill.—Sir Robert Peel said, that the new roughs had been filled up so far as to give Bill would afford the opponents of the last to the House only twenty-three Members Bill the most triumphant refutation of the less than those which now constituted it, it gross calumnies and false charges made might not be of greater advantage to leave against them for the part they had taken. its Members undiminished, especially as All the suggestions which the new Bill conthose who objected to the diminution of the tained had been before ineffectually made House might be conciliated without sacri- at his side of the House.Lord Althorp deficing any of the principles of the Bill. The nied that the alterations in the Bill originonly way left to do this was, by giving an ated from suggestions and proposals coming additional Member to a certain number of from Sir R. Peel's side of the House. the boroughs. It was proposed, that of the During the recess, Government had not twenty-three Members who must be pro- only applied themselves to improve the Bill, vided to fill up the numbers of the House, but had, wherever objections had been made ten should be given to the most considewhich did not seem to involve points of any rable towns in schedule B, that one should material consequence, adopted them in the be given to Chatham, so as to render that spirit of conciliation. The Noble Lord contown quite independent of Rochester, and cluded by maintaining, that the principles that another should be given to the county of of the Bill were the same as those contained Monmouth. The consequence was, that in the rejected Bill.-Mr. Croker contendthere would only be thirty boroughs in sche- ed, after instancing Aldborough, Northdule B, instead of forty-one ; and thus in allerton, Calne, and other places, that there schedule C, instead of twelve Members, was not a single point, as far as schedules there would be twenty-two. Instead of A and B were concerned, that was brought