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to a division in the Committee, which was their rights of voting. The Bill conceded not now conceded in the present Bill.--The that the freedom of those boroughs which Marquis of Chandos wished that more con- were not placed in schedule A, should reciliation were shown on both sides, know serve those rights perpetually which they ing that in other quarters the question was had held since ever Parliament was estalikely to meet with a different reception. blished. He had before said that he knew He still hoped the Bill might pass both two places, namely, Oxford and Bristol, Houses of Parliament in such a shape as to where this disfranchisement was regarded as give satisfaction to the country at large, and most odious, and he had stated that this not as now solely advocated by one party, part of the Bill was not understood.--Mr, althongh he admitted it to be a large one. Shaw observed, that with respect to Dublin, He held himself called upon to make these the number of voters at present was about observations, because he felt that they were 4000, and according to the present meadeliberating at a moment when there were sure, they would be increased to about other Houses of Parliament assembled in 50,000, the greater part of whom were the country, having a power which none but Roman Catholics. He could see no ground, the Commons of England oughi to possess. therefore, for the objection of Mr. Shiel.

-Mr. Hunt disapproved of the Bill, as it Mr. Labouchere was rather surprised, when would exclude nine-tenths of the male adult such a great alteration was to be made in population of the country from any share in the Constitution, that something more was the representation.-Sir C. Forbes disap- not done for the satisfaction of Ireland. proved of the Bill as much as the last. Mr. Hume was happy to express his apLord Ebrington thought the Bill, to every probation of the principle of the measure good purpose, epual to the last. - Mr. proposed by the Government; but he must Baring' boped that a spirit of conciliation join with the Member for Louth, and the would pervade all parties. Such excitement other Members for Ireland, in regretting had been caused by the expectations held that some measures had not been adopted to out by Ministers, that it was their duty to put an end to the complaints of the people look at the existing state of things, to take of that country. He feared much, indeed, the wishes and opinions of the people into that the passing by the claims of Ireland to consideration, instead of only considering an enlarged representation, would give inwhat was abstractedly due to the Consti- veterate offence to the people. - Lord John tution, and what would abstractedly be the Russell having briefly replied, leave was best for the country.—Mr. Shiel complained given to bring in the Bill, which was also that the number of Irish Members had not read a first time. been increased when so numerous an ad- Dec. 15. Mr. Stanley moved for the apdition of Members had been made to Eng- pointment of a select committee to inquire land. According as he understood the into the state of the law respecting Tithes principle of the Bill, all those who had votes in Ireland. The mo:ion, after a few rein corporations now, whether derived from marks from Sir Robert Peel, Mr. Shaw, Mr. freedom or servitude, were to be preserved Leader, &c. was agreed to, and a committee in perpetuity. If that provision were to be appointed.--Mr. Warburton obtained leave extended to Ireland, and the freemen were to bring in a Bill for the regulation of to be preserved, he wished to know if the Schools of Anatomy. He said that it in40s. freeholders were to be also preserved stituted certain inspectors of the schools of in towns? - Lord Clive had heard Lord anatomy, to be appointed by the Home SeJohn Russell's speech with great satisfac- cretary, and to make reports to him from tion. The alterations in the Bill would time to time on any objectionable matters certainly make it more acceptable than be- that might come under their view. He likefore. He trusted that the conciliatory spirit wise stated that, with respect to the mode evinced by the Noble Lord would be met in which the schools were to be supplied, by a corresponding disposition.- Mr. Port. his measure would apply both to the rich man was glad to observe that the Bill was and poor. generally received by the late Opposition in Dec. 16. Lord Althorp moved the second a spirit of conciliation. He congratulated reading of the Reform Bill.-Lord Porchesthe House and the country at the prospect of ter said, in the present circumstances of the a speedy settlement of the question.-Sir country he should not oppose a measure of Charles Wetherell, though not slow in ex- Reform, by which a compromise could be pressing gratitude, saw nothing in the new effected between the opponents and the Bill which should excite great satisfaction friends of a change in the representative in his mind. The great point was, that system ; but Ministers had done nothing to there was to be no disfranchisement of free- enable the mildest of their opponents to remen ; or, in other words, such corporations turn his sword to its scabbard.—Sir E. B. as were to be spared by the disfranchising Sugden considered the present Bill more clause were also to be allowed to retain democratic in principle than the former. Mr. Attwood and the Birmingham Union stead of being left to be overturned by wild had pronounced that opinion. It was cal- revolution, were repaired by pacific and culated to produce a wild and universal lawful Reform.-Mr. Croker opposed the change, and to make the Political Unions motion ; and concluded a speech of consimasters of the country. Ireland would not derable length, by assuring the House he be contented.-Mr. E. L. Bulwer supported had urged nothing but from an imperious the Bill.-Lord Mahon said, that though he sense of the danger of the country-a danwas by no means opposed to all Reform, he ger he knew not how to remedy, but which could not vote for the second reading of this he knew he could tremendously increase by Bill, which he considered ill-calculated to the passing of the Reform Bill.—The de restore that peace and confidence in the bate was adjourned. government of which it was contended the Dec. 17. The debate on the Reform Bill country stood so much in need.-Mr. T. B. was resumed.-Sir R. Inglis, Mr. Stuart Macauley contended that the wishes of the Wortley, Colonel Sibthorpe, Mr. Cust, Mr. people must be met by the legislature, or Baring Wall, Mr. Cresset Pelham, Mr. the most disastrous consequences must ensue. Praed, Colonel Lindsay, Sir Charles WeWhatever opposition might be made to it, therell, and Sir Robert Peel spoke in opReform must eventually be carried. True position to the Bill, and Colonel Wood, wisdom would dictate to throw open the Sir H. Willoughby, Mr. Slaney, Sir John gates to a force, which would otherwise enter Burke, Lord John Russell, and Mr. Stanat a breach. Well would it be if that con- ley in support of it. stitution, which, however corrupted by decay, The House divided on the motion for the was nevertheless one of the proudest works second reading ; Ayes, 324, Noes, 162 ; Maof human wisdoin-one of the noblest bless. jority, 162.-On the motion of Lord Althorp, ings of which any nation could boast, in- the House adjourned to the 17th January.


who execrate him for having induced them The Committee of Trade and Manufac- to go to a settlement where they have met tures at Quebec have presented a report, with nothing but starvation and disappointshowing that its trade and commerce were ment. All sorts of English goods are stated gradually improving. A comparative state- to be rather cheap at Swan River. The disment had been published of the number of tress prevalent in their money market is also vessels, &c. that had entered Quebec for the described as becoming daily more and more last five years, which gave the following re- alarming. Private letters confirm the above sults :- In the year 1827, there arrived in unfavourable account. From Sydney, the the port of Quebec 602 vessels, of the ag- advices are of a much more favourable nagregate tonnage of 152,764 tons, and 16,862 ture. The Australian Fisheries were provemigrants. In 1828, 701 vessels arrived, ing successful, and the number of ships in. of 183,141 tons, and having on board 12,697 creasing. The whalers belonging to Sydney, emigrants. In 1829, there arrived out 638 and worked by Colonial capital, amounted vessels, of the aggregate tonnage of 234,301 in number to 18, and in tonnage to 3800 ; tops, and 13,357 emigrants. In 1830, the those belonging to London, with agents in vessels which arrived out amounted to 857, Sydney, to 4, and the tonnage lo 878; and of the tonnage of 225,138 tons, and having those to London sailing from Sydney to 4, on board 24,391 emigrants. In the present and the tonnage to 1059; making a total of year, up to the end of October, 962 vessels 5737 tons. had arrived out, of the aggregate tonnage of [A circular has been issued by the Com249,125 tons, with 49,500 emigrants. Much missioners of Emigration, stating that an anxiety prevailed in Canada as to the course advance of 201. will, under certain regulalikely to be adopted by Ministers relative to tions, be made to any workman in the ordithe timber duties.

nary mechanical arts, desirous of emigrating SWAN RIVER.

to New South Wales or Van Dieman's Land, The “ Hobart Town Colonial Times," of provided he be married and intends to take the 6th of July, describes the Swan River his wife with him.] Settlement as in a distressed and discontent

EAST INDIES. ed state. Fresh meat was selling at two The following is an extract of a letter shillings per pound, and other provisions in from Rungpore of August 7th, published proportion. Mr. Peel, who obtained a grant in the Bombay papers :-" The inundations of 250,000 acres, and took out with him have come down with a vengeance this year, property to the amount of 40,0001. and 400 the river being now higher by a foot than it mechanics, farming men, and labourers, was at any period the preceding year, and, dared not move out of his house, for he was of course, most of the indigo plant is under continually beset by numerous poor people, water ; and we never have witnessed such

weather. We had a shock of an earthquake tember, owing, it is supposed, to disappointyesterday.” There are authentic accounts ment, being assured from England that the that an incursion had been made into Cutch King had emancipated them; and finding by a body of about five or six hundred ma- that their emancipation had not arrived, they rauders from the north, sweeping the country concluded that it was nefariously withheld, at large. A wing of the second Bombay and they rose to execute vengeance. They light cavalry had been ordered into Cutch to were happily discovered, and by active meaprotect the inhabitants.”

sures their guilty designs were frustrated. WEST INDIES.

The principal conspirators were mostly slaves, In Guiana island (Tortola) an extensive wholly unsuspected, and those who had been conspiracy of the slaves broke out in Sep most trusted and best treated.


silk manufactures, and having little or no The following has been received at the political object. Their formidable and India House from China via San Blas .- alarming character depended on the numbers

" The new rules and regulations for con- of the mutineers. After preluding by some ducting foreign trade at China have the disturbances on the 20th, they descended on sanction of imperial authority, dated Pekin, the 21st from the higher town, called the May 22 ; consequently the Select Committee Croix Rousse, to the amount of 10,000 or have revoked their order to suspend British 12,000, some of them armed with muskets, trade. Although these new regulations are and many of them wearing the uniform of the most restrictive and harassing, and his National Guard. The number of regular Celestial Majesty and his Ministers have troops in the garrison was inadequate to countenanced these acts of aggression, the quell such a tumult. The National Guard President and Select Committee are anxious of the higher classes was called out to disto establish English intercourse upon a firm perse the rioters, but the latter, so far from and respectable basis. They wisely remain yielding to the summons of the authorities passive until aid and counsel is received to retire to their homes, fired upon the Guard. from Lord William Bentinck, Governor- Several discharges took place on both sides, General of Bengal. The China Governor and occasioned great slaughter. Immedi*LE' was expected to reach the city of Can- ately on the intelligence reaching Paris, the ton in a few days."

Duke of Orleans and Marshal Soult, at the FRANCE.

head of a large army, were ordered to proThe majority in the Chamber of Deputies, ceed and subdue the disaffected city. Upon upon the motion for the perpetual exclusion entering Lyons they were received with enof the elder branch of the Bourbons, was thusiasm, and public tranquillity was speed182, there being for the Bill 251, and against ily restored. The young Prince reviewed it only 69. The proposition was adopted in the troops, and after reprobating the military the modified shape in which it was present. of Lyons for their timidity during the riots, ed by the Committee, stripped of the capital he dismissed from the French service, with penalty of death, as the punishment of an every mark of disgrace, some of the officers infraction of its ordinances. It extends to who were supposed to have yielded too easily the ex-King Charles X. his descendants, to the people, and even whole corps of the and the husbands and wives of his descend. soldiery have not been exempted from his ants, who are for ever banished from the soil censures. The Duke of Orleans and Marof France, declared incapable of inheriting shal Soult have returned to the capital ; and or acquiring any property within it, and for the present, at least, it would appear that compelled, under the fear of ultimate se- the insurgent workmen have entered upon questration, to dispose of whatever property their usual occupations. they may possess in France within six

GREECE. months, where the title was undisputed, but A letter from Napoli di Romania, dated subject always to the claims of creditors in October 31, states that the assassin of the France. The family of Napoleon have been late President of Greece was condemned to gainers by this discussion, as, in conse- be shot, which sentence was carried into quence of an amendment proposed by M. execution. He was quite collected and firm, Comte, though resisted inefiectually by Mi. and (after taking leave of his father, a prinisters, all the sanguinary enactments of the soner in the fortress, who witnessed the law of 1816 are repealed, as respects their execution of his son) he opened his arms to entering upon the soil of France.

the soldiers, desiring them to take deliberate The city of Lyons was, on the 20th and aim, exclaiming that he died a victim to his 21st of November, a scene of the most de country. The people were greatly affected. plorable disorder, originating, however, in His attitude was noble and commanding, he distress of the workmen employed in the and his costume rich and elegant.



traordinary efforts he is making without A ukase of the Emperor Nicholas, dated being concerned for his own safety. Moscow, Nov. 2, on the subject of Poland,

HOLLAND, has been issued. After a suthicient prelimi

The Dutch ultimatum in regard to the nary appeal to Divine Providence, to pre

treaty with Belgium has been received. pare one for a more than ordinary exercise

The King of Holland's chief objections reof his own peculiar kindliness of feeling for

late to the right of internal communication, the bodily and spiritual welfare of the un

by the roads and canals of Holland, which fortunate Poles, he thus proclaims their fate :

is given to Belgium by the treaty; and “1. A complete and unconditional amnesty

which, it is contended, was not called for is granted to all those of our subjects in the

by the circumstances, nor could the impokingdom of Poland who have returned to

sition of it be justified by any principle of their obedience. None of those included in

the law of nations. Objections are also this amnesty shall now, or at any future

urged to other parts of the treaty, such as time, be condemned or prosecuted for his the division of territory, but more particuactions or political opinions done or ex- larly to the distribution of the debt between pressed during the whole time of the insure the two countries ; but they are of a minor rection.-11. The following are excepted: description, compared with the question of 1. The authors of the bloody insurrection of the internal communication. the 29th of November 1830 ; those who on that evening repaired to the Belvedere Pa

PORTUGAL. lace, with a view to take away the life of our Don Pedro's preparations for a descent beloved brother, the deceased Cesarewitsch; on Portugal appear to have been carried on the murderers of the Generals, and of the with alacrity and spirit. A morning newsRussian and Polish officers.--2. The au- paper states that “ The land forces already thors of the horrors which occurred in War- in Terceira and the other islands amount to saw on the 15th of August last.-3. Those 6000 disciplined troops, and 2000 recruits, who, since the 25th of January inst. have at which force, it is expected, will be augdifferent times been considered as Chiefs or mented by about 2000 foreign soldiers. Members of the Government lately esta- The naval force now at the islands consists blished in the kingdom of Poland, and who of one schooner, of twelve guns ; onc ditto, had not sent in their submission previously with swivel ; one corvette, of twenty-six to the 13th of September, as vuell as those guns, from Rio ; and one brig, of eighteen who, after the subjection of Warsaw, formed guns, also from Rio. The naval force about an illegal Government at Zackroczym, and to proceed to Terceira consists of one fri. thereby forfeited all claims to our mercy.- gate, of one thousand two hundred tons, 4. The Members of the Diet who proposed carrying fifty-four guns ; one ditto, of nine or supported the Act of Deposition of the hundred tons, and forty-four guns ; one 25th of January.-5. The officers belonging ditto, of eight hundred tons, and thirty-six to the corps of Romarino, Rozycki, ka guns ; one corvette, of six hundred tons, minski, and Rybinski.-6. The subjects of and eighteen guns; one schooner, of two the Western Governments who may have hundred tons, and six guns, and three steamparticipated in the Polish insurrection.” boats, of four hundred tons each. For this TURKEY.

naval force, provisions and pay for four In Turkey a substantial revolution in months, from the 1st of January, have been manners seems to be steadily, though silent provided.' ly, pursued. The Sultan, who really be

SPAIN. longs to other latitudes than that of a Grand An extraordinary “Gazette," of the 8th Seignior, spares no pains to introduce Eu- instant, states that Count Torrijos, with from ropean modes of acting and thinking amongst fifty to sixty men, who had been forced to his subjects. We have occasion to notice quit Gibraltar in consequence of the persethe establishment of a newspaper, in the cution which the revolutionary party was exFrench language, at Constantinople, and posed to in that place, put to sea on the every arrival aflords additional evidence night of the 30th of November, but being of the Sultan's exertions in the cause of closely pursued by the coast-guard vessels, Turkish reform. In these attempts he has, they were under the necessity of landing, and as may be expected, to struggle against the surrendered to the troops sent in their purfixed and obstinate prejudices of his sub- suit on the 8th of December. They were jects; and it is impossible to regard the ex- shot almost immediately afterwards.


A Visit to the Soutb Seas, in the United any connected account of his progress, bnt conStates' ship Vincennes, during the years tent ourselves with extracts, which not only pos. 1829 and 1830, including Scenes in Brazil,

sess an intrinsic value, but are important as they Peru, Manilla, the Cape of Good Hope,

are calculated to set at rest the question now so and St. Helena. By C. S. Stewart, A.M.

warmly agitated respecting the character of the

missionaries, and the nature of the changes they Chaplain in the United States' Navy. 2 vols.

have introduced in the Sandwich and Tahitean Judicions and enlightened missionaries possess Islands, where they bave succeeded in establishno merons and peculiar opportunities for enlarging ing the profession of Christianity. In both these ube boundaries of general knowledge; while in views the volumes or Mr. Stewart will be read the integrity and uprightness of their character with deep interest by a very large portion of the we have the best guarantee of the truth and Christian public in Great Britain and America; fidelity of whatever they cominunicate. Their and we congratulate the publishers on the wide

hetches of men and manners bave, likewise, this circulation which these circumstances alone will advantage, that they are usually formed under a secure to the work, which, indeed, on many ac. cureiul and continued observation. They are not counts, is entitled to the patronage it cannot fail to like lasty voyagers, touching at various places, obtain.

The Washington Islands, the beautiful and picthey biassed by the prejudiced and partial repre- turesque abodes of a race of savages, differing froin sentations of interested or inendacions reporters, all others that have been visited by Europeans, are If their first impressions mislead their judgment a gronpe in the vicinity of the Marqnes de Menfor a moment, they have the means of correcting doca's, and frequently included with them under them by diligent inquiry and a closer inspection, the general appellation of the Marquesas. They It is a singular fact, that to gentleinen of this class are three in nuinber, and were discovered so we are mainly indebted for all the accurate in lately as 1791, by Captain Ingraham, of Boston, formation we possess of the islands of the Pacific and in the succeeding year visited by Captain and their inhabitants. From others we have had Roberts, of the same place, who gave them the roiances and fictions in abundance; but it was name by whicb they are now generally desig. reserved for such writers as Mr. Stewart to bring nated, and to which, by established usage in such us acquainted with men as they are in these cases, they are justly entitled. They are indi. distant and bitherto unexplored regions, and with vidually distinguished by their respective names, the post important facts that illustrate their cha. Huahuka, Nukubiva or Nunhiva, and Uapon, racters and customs. If the volumes of Tyreman forining a triangle by their relative position to

Ellis and Stewart, were an- each other, the points of which are included mbilated, what should we really know of the within the parallel of 8. 38. and 90. 32. south present condition of Polynesia ? Captain Beechey latitude, and 139. 20. and 140. 10. west longitude was never in a situation to state any thing but on from Greenwich. Huahuka is the most eastern of btarsay, and that derived from the most incom- the three. Nukuhiva lies about twenty miles di. petent sources. The book of Captain Von Kot. rectly west of it, and Vapou thirty miles south of zebue contains errors of the grossest kind, which the central parts of Nakuhiva. Nukuhiva, twenty even the slightest personal observation might bave miles in length, and of nearly the same breadth, enabled him to avoid. The volumes of Mr. and having three or four good harbours on its Stewart are valuable, not only as they corroborate, coast, is much the largest and most important of in all essential particulars, the narratives of the three, and that alone which ships bave freMessrs. Ellis, Tyreman, and Bennet, but as they quented. Mr. Stewart describes the natural scene. convey a great deal of additional information ry of this island, and it is indeed of sorpassing respecting places wbich they never visited, as beauty. His rambley on shore are among the well as those which they have so minutely de most interesting portions of his narrative. Ope Kribed. Mr. Stewart inforins as, that domestic of these excursions was to witness a dance in the circumstances compelled him to relinquish a mis. interior, of which Mr. Stewart gives a highly sicbary life, and that, in selecting a sphere for the graphic account. The letter which succeeds the exercise of his professional duties, he was in oue we have referred to, is entitled “ Form of duced to direct his attention to the United States' Government and Civil and Religious Distinc. Naval Service; that in the year 1828 he was ap tions ;" it affonds much curious information, and pointed Chaplain to the Guerriere, which, with though it presents idolatry under its degrading inthe St. Louis, was ordered to relieve the squadron fluence, its aspect is less hideous than it was found in the Pacific Oceau, one vessel from which, the to be in some of the other islands of Polynesia, corvette Vincennes, would visit the Sandwich Infanticide is unknown; but baman sacrifices Islands, and return to America by the Cape of prevail. The inhabitants appear to be less Good Hone. As be had a strong desire to visit treacherous than their fellow savages in other the islands which, for several years, bad been the parts of the world. Polygamy exists, but is a neld of bis missionary labours, the Covernment polygainy which gives a plurality of husbands, kindly allowed him to be transferred from the and not of wives. Mr. Stewart's visit to Tahiti, Guerriere to the Vincennes, which took place off Raiatea, and ihe Sandwich Islands, which he had Callao, in Peru, July 4th, 1829. He left Wash left only a few years before, shows the astonishington in the Guerriere on the 10th of the pre- ing progress wbich they are all making in civilceding February. From the latter period bis ization, and the facts he states, and the calummies narrative commences, wbich is writteo in an he refutes, will irresistibly establish the conviction epistolary form to his wife. We shall not attempt in every candid mind, that the greatest benefac

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