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1912. Mr. Reid to Mr. Knox (tel- Nov. 9 Same subject. Acknowledges his Nov. 8; the Britegram).

ish Government on Nov. 6 gave instruction to ex

tend protection to Americans. Mr. Frazier to Mr. Knox ...do..... Same subject. Acknot lediges his Nov. 8; the Aus(telegram).

tro-Hun tarian Government will gladly instruct

its Embassy in the sense desired. Mr. Guild to Mr. Knox (tele- ...do..... Same subject. Acknowledges his Nov. 8; the Rusgram).

sian Government has instructed its officers to pro

tect all foreigners in Turkey, including Americans. Mr. O'Brien to Mr. Knox Nov. 10 Same subject. Acknowledges his Nov. 8; the Italian (telegram).

Government very cordially promised immediate

instructions in the sense desired. Mr. Leishman to Mr. Knox

...do...

Same subject. Acknowledges his Nov. 8; the Ger(telegram),

man Government cheerfully promises instruction

as desired. Mr. Knox to Mr. Reid (tele- Nov, 11 Same subject. Instructs him to thank the British gram).

Government for anticipating the request of this
Government in regard to protection of Americans.

(The same to the American Ambassador to Rus Mr. Reid to Mr. Knox (tele-...do..... Same subject, Gives further particulars of British gram).

arrangements for protection of American citizens,

in conjunction with other Powers. Mr. Wilson to Mr. Rockhill ...do.... Same subject. Instructs him to telegraph to the (telegram).

revenue cutter Unalga at Port Said any recom

mendations he may have. Mr. Rockhill to Mr. Knox ...do..... Samne subject. The Powers have not yet taken steps (telegram).

in regard to mediation. Mr. Rockhill has been asked by the Minister for Foreign Affairs whether, if Europe fail him, the United States would use its good offices to ascertain some basis for direct negotiations with the Allies. Mr. Rockhill desires instructions and says that the forces at Constanti.

nople seem adequate to meet any emergency. Mr. Herrick to Mr. Knox ...do.... Same subject. Icknowledges his Nov. 8; the (telegram).

French Government has sent instruction in ac

cordance therewith. Mr. Knox to Mr. Herrick | Nov. 12 Same subject. Instructs him to thank the French (telegram).

Government for its assurances concerning protection of Americans in Turkey. (Instructs him to

repeat this telegram to Vienna, Berlin, and Rome.) Mr. Rockhill to Mr. Knox l...do.... Same subject. The Unalga's commander has been (telegram).

informed his services will not be required in Turks

ish waters. Mr. Knox to Mr. Rockhill Nov. 13 Same subject. The Unalga will remain available (telegram).

at l'ort Said until arrival of a cruiser at Beirut. Same to same (telegram)....

.......do..... Same subject. Refers to his Nov. 11 in regard to

possible requests for the mediation of the United

States and instructs him thereupon. Mr. Meyer to Mr. Knox..... Nov. 16 Same subject. The naral auxiliary Brutus will

leave Nor. 20 for Smyrna with supplies. Mr. Rockhill to Mr. Knox Nov. 17 Sale subject. The Diplomatic Corps will land (telegram).

about 2,000 men to-morrow to protect the Em

bassies and Legations. Same to samo (telegram).... Nov. 20 Same subject, Bulgaria is ready to discuss suspen

sion of hostilities and peace terms.
Same to same (telegram).... Nov. 21 Same subject. The Allied Powers, as a further con-

dition for the suspension of hostilities, demand
surrender of Janina and Durazzo. The Diplo-
matic Corps has been asked to return the land
forces to the ships but has decided to keep them on

shore.
Mr. Knox to Mr. Rockhill......do.... Same subjoct. The Tennessee and Montana will

sail as soon as possible. Mr. Rockhill to Mr. Knox... ...do.... Same subject. About 2,500 men have been do

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barked with some 26 guns; incloses List. Mr. Meyer to Mr. Knox..... Dec. Same subject. The men were reembarked yester

day. Mr. Rockhill to Mr. Knox.l...do .... Same subject. An armistice was concluded yester(telegram).

day. Same to same (telegram).... Dec. 6 Same subject. The peace conference will be held

in London.
Same to same (telegram).... Dec. 8 Same subject. Turkey's delegates to the Peace

Conference will leave for London Dec, 10.
Same to same (telegram).... Dec. 31 Same subject. The consul at Saloníki has account-

ed for the safety of all Americans in his district.

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1912.
Mr. Rojas to Mr. Wilson.... Feb. 14 Visit of the Secretary of State. Acknowledges his

letter of Feb. 13, and expresses, by instruction
from his Government, its pleasure in the prospect-

ive visit of the Secretary.
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Northcott Mar. 12 Same subject. The Secretary and party will arrive
(telegram).

at La Guaira Mar. 22, and depart from Puerto Ca

bello Mar. 25.
Mr. Márquez Bustillos to Mr. Mar. 23 Same subject. Address of welcome to the Secretary.

Knox.
Mr. Knox to Mr. Márquez ... do..... Same subject. Reply to the foregoing......

Bustillos,
Mr. Knox to Mr. Matos.... ..do .... Same subject. Remarks of the Secretary upon

plaring a wreath at the foot of the statue of Bolívar.
Mr. Matos to Mr. Knox... Mar. 24 Same subject. Speech of welcome to the Secretary..
Mr. Knox to Mr. Matos. .do... Same subject. Reply to the foregoing...
Mr. Knox to President Go- Mar. 25 Samo subject. Farewell speech of the Secretary at
mez.

Caracas.
Mr. González Guinán to Mr. ...do..... Same subject. Address of welcome at Valencia...

Knox,
Mr. Knox to Mr. González ...do..... Same subject. Reply to the foregoing......

Guinán,
Mr. Arcay to Mr. Knox........do..... Same subject. Address of welcome to the Secretary

at Puerto Cabello.
Mr. Knox to Mr. Arcay ..do.... Same subject. Reply to the foregoing...
President Gómez to Presi. ...do..... Same subject. Expresses his pleasure in the Secre-
dent Taft (telegram).

tary's visit. Mr. Rojas to Mr. Wilson.... Mar. 26 Same subject. Incloses copy of telegraphic instruc

tion to express to the President the Government's

pleasure in the visit of the Secretary.
President Taft to President Apr. 1 Same subject. Reply to his telegram of Mar. 25.....

Gomez (telegram).
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Rojas. Apr. 3 Same subject. Acknowledges his Mar. 26.
Mr. Rojas to Mr. Knox.... Apr. 18

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Same subject. Expresses his pleasure in the Secre

tary's visit to his country, President Gómez to the Con- Apr. 19 Same subject. Extract from annual message, regress,

ferring to the Secretary's visit. Mr. Fonseca to the Chamber ...do..... Same subject. Extracı from speech at the opening of Deputies.

of Congress, referring to the Secretary's visit. Mr. Knox to Mr. Rojas..

Apr. 25

Same subject. Reply to his note of Apr. 18.. Mr. Northcott to Mr. Knox

Apr. 27

Same subject. The reference of the President of (telegram).

Venezuela in his message to Congress to the Secre-
tary's visit was most cordially received.

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CORRESPONDENCE.

CIRCULARS.

TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY OF AMERICAN STATES.

File No. 710.11/69a.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, May 7, 1912. To the diplomatic officers of the United States in Latin-America.

GENTLEMEN: Mr. S. Perez Triana, the Colombian Minister in London, has recently addressed to the President a letter accompanied by a long memorandum. He states that he has sent copies of the memorandum to all the Presidents of America. Mr. Triana styles the memorandum in question a statement of “the reasons that militate in favor of a Pan-American union for a certain specific purpose, which is that the era of conquest which President Monroe declared as closed in 1823 to European Powers, should be declared as closed to American nations amongst themselves, that is, in other words, to declare that conquest per se is objectionable, irrespective of the conqueror."

The memorandum occupies several pages and it seems unnecessary to send you a copy' thereof. The essence of it is that the United States—and incidentally the other American countries—should solemnly declare that conquest is forever proscribed from the continent of America, and should pledge itself not to practice nor to tolerate the conquest of territory.

If in the country to which you are accredited Mr. Triana's plan should be discussed in such a way as to come to your notice you should belittle the idea and simply call attention to the following extract from the speech delivered by the Secretary of State before the National Assembly of Nicaragua at Managua on March 6, 1912 :

I note, Mr. President, what you have said in regard to the existence of some apprehension here and in other republics of Latin-America as to the true motives and purposes of the United States towards them under the Monroe Doctrine. I beg to assure you, and I am sure that what I say meets the approval of the people and President of the United States, that my Government does not covet an inch of territory south of the Rio Grande. The full measure and extent of our policy is to assist in the maintenance of republican institutions upon this hemisphere and we are anxious that the experiment of a government of the people, for the people and by the people shall not fail in any republic on this continent. We have a well known policy as to causes that might threaten the existence of an American republic from beyond the sea. We are equally desirous that there shall be no failure to maintain a republican form of government from forces of disintegration originating from within ; and so far as we may be able we will always be found willing to lend such proper as. 67106o-F -FR 1912-1

1

sistance as may be within our power to preserve the stability of our sister American republics.

You are no doubt familiar with the substance of the Secretary's speech at Panama which is so illustrative of the friendly and straightforward policy of this Government toward the other countries of this hemisphere, and which might be referred to with excellent effect in relation to the above. I am [etc.]

HUNTINGTON WILSON, Acting Secretary of State.

INTERCHANGE OF PROFESSORS AND STUDENTS AMONG THE

UNIVERSITIES OF AMERICAN STATES.

File No. 810.42711/48.

The Secretary of State to the American Chargé d'Affaires at Buenos

Aires.1

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, January 3, 1912. Sir: Among the resolutions adopted by the Fourth International Conference of American States, held at Buenos Aires from July 12 to August 30, 1910, is one dated August 18, 1910, recommending an interchange of professors and students between the universities of the American republics.?

The trustees of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace held a meeting in this city on December 14, 1911, for the purpose of establishing an exchange of representative scholars or scientists between Latin-American countries and the United States. It is proposed by the trustees to bring two scholars or scientists from two prominent Latin-American universities to the United States in each academic year, and to send in return two representative American scholars or scientists to Latin-America. For the year 1912-13 the sum of $20,000 has been appropriated by the trustees to provide an honorarium of $5,000 for each of the four scholars or scientists who may be selected and appointed.

Inclosed herewith is an extract from a recent report made to the executive committee of the trustees by Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler, Acting Director of Intercourse and Education, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, in which he outlines the plan for the exchange. Dr. Butler informs the Department that that part of the project relating to the exchange of students has been postponed for future consideration by the executive committee of the trustees.

You will communicate the foregoing to the Argentine Government, for its information and for communication by it to the appropriate educational authorities in that country. You will also send to the Department as occasion may give rise, for communication to Dr. Butler, any suggestions and information pertinent to the matter. I am [etc.]

P. C. Knox.

1 Mutatis mutandis to all Latin-American countries See Foreign Relations, 1910, p. 45.

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