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at Costa Rica, and the President of Costa Rica, Señor Licenciado don Manuel Castro Quesada, Minister for Foreign Affairs, who have agreed to and signed the following articles:


Citizens of the United States who may or shall have been naturalized in Costa Rica, upon their own application or by their own consent, will be considered by the United States as citizens of the Republic of Costa Rica. Reciprocally, Costa Ricans who may or shall have been naturalized in the United States upon their own application or with their own consent, will be considered by the Republic of Costa Rica citizens of the United States.


If a Costa Rican, naturalized in the United States of America, renews his residence in Costa Rica without intent to return to the United States, he may be held to have renounced his naturalization in the United States. Reciprocally, if a citizen of the United States, naturalized in Costa Rica, renews his residence in the United States, without intent to return to Costa Rica, he may be presumed to have renounced his naturalization in Costa Rica.

The intent not to return may be held to exist when the person naturalized in the one country resides more than two years in the other country, but this presumption may be destroyed by evidence to the contrary.


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It is mutually agreed that the definition of the word "citizen" as used in this convention, shall be held to mean a person to whom nationality of the United States or Costa Rica attaches.


A recognized citizen of the one party, returning to the territory of the other, remains liable to trial and legal punishment for an action punishable by the laws of his original country and committed before his emigration; but not for the emigration itself, saving always the limitation established by the laws of his original country, and any other remission of liability to punishment.


The declaration of intention to become a citizen of the one or the other country has not for either party the effect of naturalization.


The present convention shall go into effect immediately on the exchange of ratifications, and in the event of either party giving the other notice of its intention to terminate the convention it shall continue to be in effect for one year more, to count from the date of such notice.

The present convention shall be submitted to the approval and ratification of the respective appropriate authorities of each of the contracting parties, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at San José or Washington within twenty-four months of the date hereof.

Signed at the city of San José on the 10th day of June one thousand nine hundred and eleven.


(SEAL.] MANUEL CASTRO QUESADA And whereas the said Convention has been duly ratified on both parts and the ratifications of the two governments were exchanged in the City of San José on the 9th day of May, one thousand nine hundred and twelve;

Now, therefore, be it known that I, William Howard Taft, Presi. dent of the United States of America, have caused the said Convention to be made public, to the end that the same and every article and clause thereof may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United States and the citizens thereof.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the City of Washington this sixth day of June in the year

of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and twelve, and [SEAL] of the Independence of the United States of America, the one hundred and thirty-sixth,

WM H TAFT By the President: PC Knox

Secretary of State.


File No. 033.1100 K77/11.

The Minister of Costa Rica to the Acting Secretary of State.



Washington, February 14, 1912. MY DEAR MR. SECRETARY: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt this afternoon of your esteemed letter dated yesterday, in which you were pleased to inform me that, [etc.] ?

In answer thereto it affords me the greatest pleasure to say that the Government and people of Costa Rica appreciate in all its importance the happy thought of His Excellency the President and will receive with the deepest gratification the honor of the visit of his excellency the Secretary of State. I am sure that he will have an opportunity to notice how highly they regard the happy and cordial Traditional amity which it has been and is the aim of Costa Rica to cultivate with the United States. With many thanks [etc.]

J. B. Calvo.

1 For the letter referred to, see Panama, “ Visit of the Secretary of State to the Republics of Central America and the Caribbean Sea," p. 1240.

File No. 033.1100 K77/52a.

The Acting Secretary of State to the American Chargé d'Affaires.



Washington, February 24, 1912. The visit of the Secretary of State to the Republics surrounding the Caribbean Sea has long been in the mind of the President and is now suddenly decided upon for the reason that he considers the present moment peculiarly opportune. The approaching completion of the Panama Canal will, it is foreseen, initiate a new era in our intercourse with these Republics, one creating vast mutual interests and necessitating unity of effort if its benefits are to be fully secured. It is the earnest desire of this Government to establish closer political and commercial relations with them in anticipation of this new era, for the mutual furtherance of common ends and for the promotion of international peace and welfare. The visit is also for the purpose of carrying a message of good will, and is thus similar to that of Secretary Root in South America. It has no other objects than the above.

The foregoing is merely for your information and discreet personal use if this becomes locally the subject of conversation.


File No. 033.1100 K77/91.

The American Chargé d'Affaires to the Acting Secretary of State.


SAN JOSÉ, February 26, 1912. SIR: The Costa Rican Government has made the most elaborate preparations for the reception and entertainment of Mr. Knox. On the day preceding the Secretary's arrival a special train will be sent fro San José conveying the reception committee appointed to receive him at Port Limón, where a breakfast will be served upon his landing. Upon the Secretary's arrival at San José he will be conducted to the residence of the Minister of Finance, one of the best appointed establishments in the city, which has been especially fitted out for this visit. The Minister of Foreign Relations has been furnished a list of Mr. Knox's party and special provision has been made for their accommodation.

No ceremony has been arranged for the evening of Mr. Knox's arrival as it is expected that he would prefer to rest after the fatigue of the journey; however, there will be a concert by the National Military Band in front of his residence during the evening. On Saturday morning: a visit to the National Hospital and National Asylum at 8.30; at 1 the Secretary will be received by the President; this will be followed at 3 by a reception given by the American colony; at 10 p. m. a grand ball given by the Government in its magnificent Nationat Theater. Sunday, March 3: most of the morning is reserved for official visits; that afternoon I hope to have the pleasure of enter

taining the Secretary and his party and principal Government officials at luncheon; at 8 the President will give a banquet of some two hundred covers in honor of Mr. Knox. For Monday, the day of Mr. Knox's departure, no ceremonies have been announced except that it is known that the Government has arranged for a special train to convey the Secretary's party to Puntarenas.

I shall meet Secretary Knox at Port Limon and shall do all that I can to help make his visit the success which it is expected that it will prove. I have [etc.]


File No. 033.1100 K77/115.




San José, March 7, 1912. Sir: I have the honor to inform you that the Secretary of Stato and his party left San José for Puntarenas on the morning of March 4, where he embarked for Corinto on the U. S. S. Maryland. The trip to Puntarenas was made on a special train of private cars furnished by the Govenment. Mr. Knox was accompanied to Puntarenas by the Minister of Foreign Relations, other members of the Cabinet, various Government officials and myself.

The program for Mr. Knox's visit as prepared by the Government and which I submitted to the Department in my dispatch of February 26, was most successfully carried out in all of its details.

* The most important function of the Secretary's visit was the banquet of one hundred and fifty covers given by President Jiménez in honor of Mr. Knox. This entertainment is said to have been the most elaborate ever given in this country. The foyer of the National Theater was especially fitted up, even so far as having special kitchens erected.

I have the honor to transmit herewith clippings giving the speech of President Jiménez together with the reply of Mr. Knox. In extending to Mr. Knox the hospitality of this little country there was nothing that could be done that was neglected by its Government. He was most cordially received and the greatest good will was manifested on all occasions. The visit of the Secretary to Costa Rica can only be considered as a very great success. The expression of his views and the personal knowledge which the officials of this country have gained of his character and ability should create a better understanding and greatly strengthen the friendly relations which exist between the two countries. I have [etc.]


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(Inclosure 1.-Translation furnished by the Costa Rican Government.)

Toast of President of Costa Rica to the Secretary of State,

You are welcome to Costa Rica, distinguished representative of the United States of America, that friendly country that from remote times and in a variety of ways has exercised such a far-reaching influence over the destinies of this Republic.


A little time after the thirteen colonies, according to the terms of your Declaration of Independence, “assumed, among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them,” the Spanish colonies, stirred up by the revolutionary fermentation of the north and encouraged by your noble example, repeated and made good your words, applying them to themselves, declaring that “they were, and of right ought to be, free and independent States"; and so it was, sir, that Costa Rica, without hatred toward and even without disaffection for Spain, and carried along by the wave of emancipation that swept over the New World from Massachusetts to the Argentine, abandoned her secular vassalage and assumed the sovereign arbitration of her destiny.

Nevertheless, it was very possible, above all in Central America, that our exercise of sovereignty would only have been a momentary eclipse of European domination of this or that State, if it had not been for the joint Anglo-American action and if the United States had not pronounced in 1823, through the mouth of President Monroe, its formidable veto. The American Eagle then spread its wings over this continent and in its flight joined that of the "nopal ” and the condors of the south. And from that epoch the schemes of conquest or reconquest of the ancient colonies were consigned to the dominions of things past and gone forever.

But there is another benefit that we owe to your country, the greatest of all, without which all others would be mere dross: We have cast our institutions in the moulding-sand of yours. In our first attempts in the exercise of selfgovernment--the only kind that deserves the decorous respect of men-we learned to spell in your famous document of Declaration of Independence that "all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness"; and consistent with these fundamental principles, as incon. trovertible now at the beginning of the twentieth century as they were at the end of the eighteenth, we regulated our political system, and within that system the smallest Republic of this hemisphere lives happily, without envy. ing others or being envied by them," in the same manner as your wonderful country, enjoying all the privileges of that same system, also lives felicitously, a palpable demonstration that self-government, with powers distributed and limited, with liberty of speech and a free press, of effective and extensive individual rights, a government that derives its just powers from the consent of the governed, is beneficent everywhere--at least in America—with that same universality of the mathematical laws that are equally appropriate for fixing the course of the planets as they are for arranging the most humble transactions of men.

I hope, sir, that the personal knowledge of our institutions and customs may excite in you a feeling of true pride and pleasure on seeing many of the seeds of good government bearing fruit in this little corner of America, snatched from your fields of liberty by the winds that carry civilization from country to country, and dropped by them here and there in all parts of the world.

There will be perpetual peace between the United States and the Republic of Costa Rica! These were the prophetic words of Daniel Webster, stamped on the treaty of 1851, which bears his signature. Consecrated by the lapse of time the things that have happened since then have confirmed this prophesy. Our mutual relations of countrymen with countrymen have grown in a constant manner. We sell in the markets of the United States 60 per cent of our exportations, and in exchange we buy in them 60 per cent of the articles that Costa Rica imports. This present condition of reciprocity is an excellent sign that prognosticates the firmness of our future relations. In negotiating, we enter into mutual relations with others, and to have amicable intercourse with others is to be known, to be appreciated, and to consolidate friendships. Attracted by the fertility of our soils and the riches of our mines, and, I presume, attracted also by our peacefulness and by the respect we show to strangers, their properties and creeds, you will find here a great number of your fellow countrymen managing large capitals of their own or of persons who reside in the United States. Far from frowning upon their good luck, we are pleased to see it; and as their gains are not derived through legislative favors, their prosperity does not diminish, but, on the contrary, helps to augment vigorously the prosperity of the nation.

Lastly, Mr. Secretary, it is not possible to pass over in silence that share which, through our initiative and confident acts, your country has taken in the

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