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.VIII-EDUCATIONAL EXCHANGE WITH LATIN-AMERICA. At the meeting of the executive committee, held June 13, 1911, the Division of Intercourse and Education was given authority to arrange “ for the ex. change of professors and students between the Latin-American countries and the United States in accordance with a plan the details of which are to be prepared and submitted to the executive committee at their next meeting."

The several Pan-American conferences and scientific congresses have made it clear that there is a large opportunity to bring the Latin-American peoples more closely in touch and sympathy with the people of the United States by taking steps to bring the intellectual classes more closely in contact. Our relations with Latin-America have heretofore been almost wholly either those of formal diplomatic intercourse, or those which are the outgrowth of commercial activity. The intellectual classes of the two continents have remained entirely without contact the one with the other. At the fourth Pan-American Conference held at Buenos Aires in 1910 a resolution suggesting and approving the formal interchange of students between the American universities was unanimously adopted.

Acting under the authority given by the executive committee on June 13 last, the Acting Director under date of June 16 submitted the outline of a plan for the exchange of professors and students between the Latin-American universities and those of the United States to the diplomatic representatives at Washington of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru. The plan then proposed has received the unanimous approval of these high officers of state, and in some cases it has already received the approval of their home Governments as well.

The following is the plan which is proposed as an important step toward promoting the peace of the world and bringing the Latin-American peoples and the people of the United States into better mutual understanding:

1. Arrange at the expense of the Carnegie Endowment to bring two representative Latin-American scholars or scientists to the United States in each academic year, and to send in return two representative American scholars or scientists to Latin-America.

Each representative so sent will be asked to divide his time between two educational institutions of the continent to which he goes, spending approximately one-half of the usual academic year at each. Each representative is to be sent not so much for the purpose of giving instruction in his own particular field of knowledge as for that of interpreting informally, and as occasion may offer, the civilization and the culture of his own people, and to gain more and more accurate knowledge of the civilization and culture of the people among whom he is a visitor,

The specific suggestion in this connetion is that for the year 1912–13 two of these institutions be selected, and each requested through the diplomatic representative of its government at Washington to name a representative scholar to spend the academic year in the United States. It is suggested that one such scholar might divide the academic year between the University of Texas and the University of Chicago and that the second might divide his year between the University of Nebraska and the University of Georgia.

In return it is suggested that the Division of Intercourse and Education shall select two representative American scholars and arrange that they shall spend the year 1912–13 in Latin-America, each American visiting two LatinAmerican institutions, as already stated.

The sum of $5,000 should be appropriated as a reasonable honorarium to each of the four scholars chosen, in view of the length, character and cost of the journey that they would be required to make.

2. It appears to be even more important that the younger generation in Latin-America and in the United States shall be brought into contact with the civilization of the other continent. For this purpose it is proposed to establish ten Pan-American fellowships of an annual value of $1,200 each.

Five of these will be offered to competition in Latin-America and five in the United States. These Pan-American fellowships are to be awarded after such an examination of the credentials of candidates as is usual at universities of the first rank, by the Division of Intercourse and Education—the Latin-Ameri. can Fellows being named on the recommendation of their respective Governments and the holders are to spend the following academic year in pursuing anlvanced or professional studies at one or more of the higher institutions of learning on the other continent.

It is proposed that only those shall be eligible for these fellowships who have completed their college education in the United States, or who have reached a similar stage of advancement in Latin-American institutions; and that when appointed these Fellows shall be free to study law, medicine, engineering, teaching, agriculture or go forward with higher studies in the arts and sciences at any institution which may be approved for the purpose on the other continent.

The Fellows who would go to South America would probably wish to study chiefly the language, history and economic problems of Latin-America. The Fellows who would come to the United States would probably wish to pursue chietly professional studies. In both cases the effect would be happy as there would each year be sent back to their own continent a small company of select men who knew something from first-hand contact of the civilization and culture of the other.




Washington, February 5, 1912. To the diplomatic officers of the United States.

GENTLEMEN: I herewith transmit a copy of a proclamation issued by the President on February 2, 1912, inviting, on behalf of the Government and people of the United States, the nations of the earth to participate in the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in nineteen hundred and fifteen, at San Francisco, California, to celebrate the completion of the Panama Canal.

It is the desire of the President, speaking for the people of the United States, that all the nations of the earth may take part in the exposition by appointing representatives thereto and by sending such exhibits as will most fitly and fully illustrate their resources, their industries, and their progress in civilization.

In communicating this invitation to the Government to which you are accredited, you will express the pleasure which the President would feel should that Government decide to accept it by appointing commissioners and by further participating in the exposition through such a display of its arts and sciences and natural and commercial resources as is contemplated, and you will add that authority will be invested either in a national commission to be appointed pursuant to an act of Congress, or by a commsision to be appointed by the Secretary of State, as may hereafter be decided, to settle and determine any and all disputes arising between nations, or between or with foreign exhibitors regarding space, location or other matters connected therewith, and to require such provision to be made by the directors of the exposition as the commission shall deem reasonable for the entertainment, care and comfort of the representatives of foreign nations who shall visit the exposition in acceptance of this invitation.

It is not doubted that you will interest yourself in every proper way to promote the enterprise.

At an early date further information relating to the exposition will be communicated to you for transmission to the Foreign Office. I am [etc.]

P. C. Knox.




Whereas, in conformity with the conditions and requirements of the Joint Resolution of Congress approved February 15, 1911, “Authorizing the President to invite foreign countries to participate in the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in nineteen hundred and fifteen, at San Francisco, California,” satisfactory proof has been presented to me that a suitable site has been selected for the said Exposition and that the sum of not less than fifteen million dollars will be available to enable the Panama-Pacific International Exposition Com. pany, a corporation organized and existing under and by virtue of the laws of the State of California, for the purpose of inaugurating, carrying forward, and holding an exposition at the City of San Francisco, California, in the year nineteen hundred and fifteen, to celebrate the completion and opening of the Panama Canal;

Now, THEREFORE, I, WILLIAM HOWARD Taft, President of the United States of America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by said Joint Resolution, do hereby declare and proclaim that such International Exposition will be opened in the year nineteen hundrell and fifteen, in the City of San Francisco, in the State of California. And, in the name of the Government and of the people of the United States of America, I do hereby invite all the nations of the earth to take part in the commemoration of an event of great interest and importance to the world by appointing representatives to the Panama-Pacific In. ternational Exposition and sending thereto such exhibits as will most fitly and fully illustrate their resources, their industries, and their progress in civilization.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the City of Washington this second day of February, in the year of

our Lord nineteen hundred and twelve, and of the Independence of ( SEAL.) the United States of America the one hundred and thirty-sixth.

WM H TAFT. By the President: PC KNOX

Secretary of State.


File No. 811.44 Sh 5/a.



Washington, October 31, 1912. To the diplomatic and consular officers of the United States:

Vice President Sherman died nine forty-two last night, funeral November second, two p. m. President by proclamation to-day orders representatives of the United States in foreign countries to pay appropriate tribute for a period of thirty days.





File No. 211.35R66.

The Argentine Minister to the Secretary of State.


Washington, January 29, 1912. MR. SECRETARY OF STATE: One Oscar Pio Romero, charged before Dr. Juan R. Seru, criminal judge of the Argentine capital, with obtaining large sums of money by false devices, escaped on November 21 last from the police department of Buenos Aires.

My Government has sent to the Legation the description I have the honor to inclose, with a request that the Secretary of State be pleased to forward it to the appropriate authorities, so that if there is no objection the Legation may learn whether the man is on American territory and so inform its Government, for such action as it may deem proper. Thanking [etc.]

R. J. Naón.

The Secretary of State to the Argentine Minister. No. 21.]

DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Washington, February 7, 1912.

. Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your note of the 29th ultimo inclosing a description of one Oscar Pio Romero, who is charged with obtaining large sums of money by false devices and who escaped on November 21 last from the police authorities of Buenos Aires, and requesting to be informed whether the man is on American territory.

In reply I have the honor to advise you that such inquiry as is practicable will be made to ascertain whether the accused is in this country. It should be said, however, that this Department is not, under the system of jurisprudence in the United States, able to afford effective assistance in the matter of apprehending fugitives from justice of foreign countries, and the search for and location in this country of offenders against the laws of other countries is generally accomplished by the agency of private detectives, with such aid as the local police can from time to time give in the ordinary course of their duties. Accept, [etc.]

P. C. Knox.




Signed at Budapest, January 30, 1912.
Ratification advised by the Senate, July 23, 1912.
Ratified by the President, July 31, 1912.
Ratified by Hungary, August 12, 1912.
Ratifications exchanged at Washington, September 16, 1912.
Proclaimed, October 15, 1912.


A PROCLAMATION. Whereas a copyright convention between the United States of America and the Kingdom of Hungary was concluded and signed by their respective Plenipotentiaries at Budapest, on the thirtieth day of January one thousand nine hundred and twelve, the original of which convention, being in the English and Hungarian languages is word for word as follows:

The President of the United States of America, and His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia etc. and Apostolic King of Hungary,

Desiring to provide between the United States of America and Hungary for a reciprocal legal protection in regard to copyright of the citizens and subjects of the two countries, have, to this end, decided to conclude a convention, and have appointed as their Plenipotentiaries:

The President of the United States of America: Richard C. Kerens, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the United States of America to His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty; and His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia etc. and Apostolic King of Hungary: Count Paul Esterházy, baron of Galántha, viscount of Franknó, Privy Councillor and Chamberlain, Chief of section in the Ministry of the Imperial and Royal House and of Foreign Affairs, and Dr. Gustavus de Töry, Secretary of State in the Royal Hungarian Ministry of Justice;

Who, having communicated to each other their full powers, found to be in good and due form, have agreed as follows:


Authors who are citizens or subjects of one of the two countries or their assigns shall enjoy in the other country, for their literary, artistic, dramatic, musical and photographic works (whether unpublished or published in one of the two countries) the same rights which the respective laws do now or may hereafter grant to natives.

The above provision includes the copyright control of mechanical musical reproductions.

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