« AnteriorContinuar »
severest blow which we can strike against the Englishman is to destroy his commerce. A member said yesterday on this tribunepeace is in the hands of England. It is an acknowledged truth, our dispositions are not doubtful. .
But if that government defies the cries of humanity, if it refifts longer the wish of that people, we will have it to know, that it approaches the moment when all the channels of its commerce shall be drained,
Its being so much over-stocked, must every day prove more fatal. In vain have they stored all the northern nations with their goods; they have no way to set them off. Some merchants had endeavoured to open them a channel by Bern, at the prejudice of their own interest ; but those will also be disappointed.
Frenchmen, if you wish for peace, reject far from you all English goods. Dread not privation ; the produce of our manufactures is sufficient for our exigencies. Encourage the national industry, and you will obtain the end of your wishes.
The reporter presented the plan of a resolution. The report was ordered to be printed, and the consideration of it was adjourned.
you, that, by nations which they dy does not take
On the 26th of October, the Executive Direfory of the French Republic prejinted a second Mefjage upon the Subject to the Council of Five Hundred.
CITIZENS REPRESENTATIVES, IT is of moment that the Executive Directory should not con? ceal from you, that, by the official correspondence of its agents, and by private informations which they receive from all parts, they are certain, that if the Legislative Body does not take speedy measures to prevent the importation and sale of English goods in France, the Batavian Convention will not delay revoking the decree which it enacted, to extend the same prohibition of Holland.
The Executive Directory ought to enable you to observe at the same time, that the uncertainty respecting the resolution you will deem proper to take on that subject, stops the progress of the happy effects, which had been produced by the sole proposition of seconding the measure taken by the Dutch, by reducing a pound sterling to 21 livres, 10 sous, which had been raised at that epoch to 24 livres, 5 fous, by the exchange.
They ought finally to remark, that if the prohibition they request is not decreed soon, if the delays on that point, or the modifications which destroy the main end of the principal object, should occasion the revocation of the measures taken by the Vol. V.
Dutch, England will foon see vanish the embarrassment she feels to procure the supplies she stands in need of, if she wishes to prosecute the war, and that the British commerce would even then feel a mighty interest to see it prolonged.
The determination which you are about to take, Citizens Representatives, will thus have a most striking influence on the success of the negociations which occupy that government at this moment for the restoration of peace. (Signed) REVELLIERE LEPEAUX, president.
LAGARDE, secretary general.
law, all price that they ariving articlesrts of the Rep
On the 2d of November, the Council of Five Hundred passed the
following Resolutions." ART. I. All articles manufactured in England, or in English establishments, fhall continue to be prohibited throughout the whole of the republic. From the date of the publication of this law, all persons are forbidden to expose such articles to sale, or to give notice that they are to be sold.
il. No article, containing articles of English manufacture, shall, under any pretext, enter the ports of the Republic.
III. The necessity of putting into a port shall not furnish a plea for any deviation from the preceding article, where the vessel exceeds ten tons in burden.
IV. With respect to vesfels above ten tons, proved to have been forced into port, the captain, on the moment of his arrival, shall produce to the commissioners of the customs an exact statement of the quantity, quality, and value of English merchandize according to the inventory i it shall be deposited in a magazine with three keys; one to be kept by the capiain, the other by the commissioners, and the third by the municipal agent of the commune; and the ship shall not depart till the captain has proved that they have been all re-embarked exactly as they were delivered.
V. Articles of English manufacture in vefleis taken from the enemy, or shipwrecked, or those which arise from confiscation, shall be deposited in magazines till they are again exported.
VI. Every person who shall have occasion to visit a magazine where English manufactures are depoliied, shall, within three days after the publication of the law, give in to the municipal adininistration of the canton a detailed account of their quantity, quality, and value,
VII. Within the extent of three leagues from the frontiers, by land or sea, the preceding declaration to be made to the nearest office of customs, and the goods deposited in magazines appointed for the purpose.
that they have he thip Mall, by the muni aplain, the
VIII. After the expiration of the period fixed to make the declaration, the officers of the customs, accompanied by a munie cipal administrator, may visit the houses suspected to contain or conceal articles fabricated in England. Visits during the day may also be made by the proper officers, to discover whether any articles prohibited by this decree are concealed in magazines, and if any such are found, the whole houfe of the owner of the magazine may be searched. .
IX. All military corps stationed on the frontiers, and all public functionaries, are enjoined to stop any article of English manufacture found on the territory of the Republic.
X. Violations of the decree to be punished with arrest (the criminal to be brought before the tribunal of correctional police) and confiscation of the goods, vessels, carriages, horses, and beasts of burden ; and the delinquent, besides, to be condemned to pay not less than double the value of the object seized; and imprisonment for a period not less than five days, nor more than three months. In case of a repetition of the offence the fine to be double, and the imprisonment for the space of six months.
XI. The value of the goods confiscated shall be given as a reward to the seizers, or to those who have assisted in the arreft. ,
A sixth of the confiscation is granted as an indemnity to the municipal administrators and commissioners of the Executive Directory, in all cases where their presence is appointed by the làw.
XII. Of English manufacture are considered all goods, whether directly brought from England, or coming indirectly from other countries.
I. All kinds of cloth and stuffs of wool and cotton, or mixtures of these materials ; tamboured nankeens, muslins, Itriped woollen and cotton cloths, and English tapestry. . '
2. All kinds of cotton or woollen caps, simple or mixed. 3. Buttons of every kind.
4. All kinds of metal ; all wrought iron, cutlery, clock-work, steel, copper, tin, white iron, polished or rough, pure or mixed.
5. Tanned leather, dressed hides, or plain for carriages or boots, harness, and all sadlery wares.
6. Riband, hats, gauzes, known as English wares.
7. All kind of skins for gloves or breeches, and these articles in a manufactured state.
8. All kinds of glass and crystal, except vases of glass used in chymistry, and glasses for spectacles and watches.
9. Refined sugars.
XIII. The refined sugars comprehended in the preceding article actually in the interior, are not subject to these declara
6. All kind ured States and cryfta
tions, and to be lodged in the magazines according to the preceding articles.
XIV. All the objects of foreign manufacture different from those pointed out in article XII, of which the import is not prohibited by former laws, shall not be admitted unless accompanied with certificates, that they are the produce of countries at peace with France.
XV. Certificates shall be delivered by the French consuls, or by the public offices ; they shall contain a formal attestation that the articles have been manufactured in the said country, and shall mention the name of the artist.
XVI. In addition to the penaltics above pronounced, the names, sirnames, ages, professions, and places of abode of the violators of the law and of their agents, shall by the special interference of the minister of the interior, be stuck up in all public places, and inserted in the periodical papers, under the general title of brokers of England, destroyers of French industry. For this purpose the commissioners of the Executive Directory, with the tribunals of correctional police, shall be bound to send to the minister of the interior the names, firnames, ages, professions, and places of abode, of all those against whom he shall have pronounced sentence in terms of the present law. XVII. All the regulations of the former laws, contrary to the
are repealed. present, are repealed.
The above resolutions were afterwards sanctioned by the council of Ancients.
In the Council of Five Hundred, on the 19th of Oetober 1796.. CAMBACERES, in the name of a special commission, made
a report on a meflage of the Directory, in which he calls on the legislative body to secure the return of peace, by a vigorous organization of the means proper for the continúance of the war, and for providing against the wants which must arise from the delicate pallage from the state of war to that of peace.
“ The French government,” faid he, 's is defirous of a sincere, fpeady, honourable, and universal peace. Peace is in the hands of our enemies: on their will it depends. If they act with frankness and lincerity, tranquillity will speedily be restored to Europe. Our wants are multiplicd, it is true, but our re. sources are not exhausted: we have domains to alienate, and arrears to recover. We have no need of loans, subsidies, or violent means. Our territorial riches are sufficient for us, and will enable us to meet both the war expenditure and the acquittal of the public debt."
The reporter now presented the following plans of resolution:
1. For the service of the 5th year there shall be a fund of 450,000,000 of livres in specie, for the fixed expences; and another fund of 550,000,000, also, in specie, for the extraordinaries.
2. The funds for the fixed expences fhall be drawn from the - produce of the contributions of the 5th year. .
3. The funds for the extraordinaries Thall be drawn from the arrears of the contributions, and from the revenues of the national domains and forests. And, to coinplete the 550,000,000, a susficient quantity of national domains shall be sold by auction, and the payments shall be made, a tenth part in specie, fourtenths in schedules, and the other five-tenths in government debentures.
4. The territorial contributions for the 5th year are fixed at 250,000,000, to be taken from all the departments, and the personal and sumptuary contribution at 50,000,000.
5. The members of the central and municipal adıninistrations shall, as soon as poslīble, proceed to the collection of the direct contribution.
The above resolutions were agreed to.
Speech of the Minister Plenipotentiary from the Landgrave of Helle
plenipotentiary to the French Republic, has charged me to declare his most profound veneration for the government, and for the respectable persons invested with the executive power. If the events which occurred at the termination of the last century, and the total change of policy which has taken place in the present, have broken all the bonds of amity which in former periods attached Hesse to France, the zeal with which the Landgrave acceded to the peace of Basle, and the conduct which he has observed fince that interesting epoch, proves his sincere desire of re-establishing a good understanding with France, and of securing the happiness of his people. Such sentiments are the best guarantees for the treaties and the fincerity of alliances. Dcign then, Citizen Directors, to receive through me this testimony of the perfect attachment which the Landgrave has vowed to France, and rely upon his ardent desire of affording you convincing proofs of his respect. I am exceedingly happy that my serene master has been pleased to choose me for the organ of this miffion. My greatest efforts shall be to merit your confidence, and my molt ardent hope to gain the affection of the Directory, Accept, Citizens
ding ich [enti of allian teltimonice,