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our intention to depart from the basis of the treaty of Balle respecting the civil or financial administration of those couns tries.
In concluding the treaty, by which the war between our state and the French Republic was put an end to, it was never our intention to grant them more than a mere military possession of our provinces on the left lide of the Rhine, till peace fhould be concluded with the Emperor: and this intention, which has been taken as a basis in the negotiation, is sufficiently manifest by the tenor of the 5th article, which expressly declares, “ that the troops of the Republic shall occupy these countries belonging to us."
The difference between provinces conquered from an enemy, and those which belong to a power in alliance, and which have been merely conceded for a temporary military occupation, is Sufficiently evident, and it is obvious that they ought not to be treated in the same manner.
It is therefore impoflible for us to believe that the French government, considering the amicable ties subsisting between us and it, will still oppose such evident reasoning. It cannot fail to conceive, that neither fequestration nor confifcation of the goods of the clergy, nor the projected sale of woods, nor the enormous contribution of three millions, imposed on the country between the Meuse and the Rhine, which would entirely ruin that country, can take place with any regard to appearance of justice.
*It has already in effect given our envoy at Paris the most positive assurance, that the measures taken with respect to the clergy should be put an end to, and that the ecclefiaftics should remain in quiet enjoyment of their goods and revenues : we therefore constantly expect the revocation of the order for the sale of woods, and, in general, a renunciation of all those de structive innovations relative to our dominions.
We shall not by any means 'recognize as 'valid the fale of woods, which has already taken place, to our great astonilliment; and we are positively determined to 'have recourfe to the purchasers for reftitution in kind, or for the value at which the property fold shall be estimated by our agents, and for the damages which shall result from the waste committed on these woods.
In those cases where the purchasers cannot be found, we Thall exercise our severity on all those who are employed by these last for cutting and carrying wood. We, in consequence, exhort our faithful subjects of the said provinces to remain assured of our lasting and efficacious protection, and to wait with
confidence for the return of that ancient order of things so highly to be defired. At Wefel, in our chamber of war and territory, 29th De.
cember, 1796, in the name and on the behalf of his Majesty.
BARON DE STEIN, First President. , Given at Emmerick, in our regency, the 29th December, 1795, in the name and on the behalf of his Majesty,
Note from the Administrators of the Cantons of Clues and Xanten to
the Inhabitants of the said Cantons. CITIZENS,
Cleves, Jan. 3. THE Director-general of the conquered countries berween the
+ Meuse and the Rhine, having the entire adminiftration of those countries, could not see, without the greatest surprise, the order of the royal chamber of war and doinains of Wesel, and of the regency of Emmerick, dated the 29th December RO. S.) which forbids the cutting down of wood sold, under the penalty of reftitution and reprisal.
We thould be effentially wanting in the discharge of our duties and obedience, if we suffered other authorities to interfere in the administrative affairs of our cantons, without having previously received a formal order from our superiors.
You have seen several times ordinances emanating from those authorities;: you have seen also that the French government has not, on that account, discontinued the direction of Prutian as well as of other countries-Do not doubt that they will still continue it ; you will, perhaps, he convinced of it, when you shall pay attention to the manner in which the ordinances have been communicated.
We appeal to the members of those chambers, if a foreign authority were to intimate orders to them, would not they fay, with reason, “ we have a sovereign, it is only to him that we owe obedience ;” and would not they continue their functions without paying any attention to the order? We are therefore determined, citizens, to maintain with firmness all the operation's undertaken, or to be undertaken, in the name of the government which we represent, and to punish exemplarily all those who shall fhew any disobedience in any manner whatcver. But you have already given us sufficient marks of your obedience to make us believe, that we shall not be forced to have recourse to such extremities. (Signed)
Subsiande Substance of the Correspondence between the Cabinet of Berlin and the
Court of Vienna, refperling the Line of Demarcabin epablished between his Pruffian Majelly and the French Republic AN official note, transmited by M. The Marquis Luccherini to n the miniller of his Imperial Majesty, acquainted the court of Vienna with “the intention of the court of Bilin to obtain from his Imperial Majelty his approbation of mcalures adopted for the security of that part of Germany, by means or an armed neutrality, announcing to him at the saine time, that t.e security of the countries was the mo:ive in which the masures refcrred t had originated."
Substance of the Reply made to the above Note by the Court of Vienna.
HIS Linperial Majesty, as supreme head of the ein pire, cannot doubt that the flatcs are obliged 10 (,0,16 ur in a war, rendered necellary froin the pressure of circuinitanes, and formally declared, with all their force, for the common defence. This'obligation is derived from the principle of individual and general Iccurity, which is the most sacred and the inolt ellcntial ba'is of every conllisution. It is in a paricular manner blended with the Iubitare of the Germanic constitution, and is recognized by several of its laws in the molt positive icrins.
Such is the scule dictareid by the spirit of our conftitution, which fubjeéts all the respective ltaics, and all the means of defence, to the general controul of the fivereign power of the Germanic empire. Such is the result of the oath ot lealty, which the clectora, princes, and states of the empire, in order to Itrengthen the social bond, take in their capacity of vallals, by which they lwear allively to concur in every Itep which can teod to the honour, to the advantage, and to the prosperity of his Imperial Majesty and of the empire, and which, by consequence, imposes upon them an obligation to second, with all their might, the incalurcs adopted by the chick and the tates of the empire, to avert the danger which threatens then with total deftruétion.
His Iinperial Majelty lccs with pain that the appearances of the war by no incans answer the expectation which he had been lcd to entertain; but in conlidering the fundamental laws of cvery well organized conllitution, and the principles recognized in the molt positive 'erins in the lawn of the empire, full of anxiety for the good of the country, his Majelly cannot refrain from manifesting a dciire that the corps, allembled at a crilis the most alarming and the most dangerous, may be einployed rather in aiding a molt just deicmc, by opposing the common enemy, than in lopping an invaliou Nill at a dillance, and of which we apprehend only the pollibility.
Dans Impre of it
These measures of security, considered in themselves, do not appear to be contrary to the basis and the spirit of the constitution, provided that the arrangements, for the safety and the particular defence of the north of Germany, are not founded upon illegal suppofitions, and provided they are not employed to sanction the unconstitutional pretext of freeing them from the obligations binding upon them by the register of the resolutions of the empire, decreed for the purpose of the general security of Germany.
If his Imperial Majesty on the present occasion were to grant to this measure of security, as it is termed in the circular letter of the Prussian minister, in the letters of convocation, and in the declarations of the plenipotentiaries of the King, an unlimited approbation, all who fhould compare it with the tenor of the decree of ratification of the 29th of July, 1795, would accuse him of adopting contradictory measures, and of making an arbitrary use of his power as head of the empire, since the laws renewed in the prósent war forbid the states to separate, on any occation, from the general association, and any armanent, under the title of an armed neutrality, during the continuance of a war of the empire, and interdict them in the most positive manner from arbitrarily renouncing obligations formerly imposed upon them for the common defence.
His Imperial Majesty, in virtue of the sacred duties imposed upon him by his high office as supreme head of the empire, on the other hand, being called upon to defend the rights of the Germanic constitution against every step and every principle incompatible with their safety, to preserve to the empire, and to every particular state, its immunities entire, and to guard them against the prejudices which may arise from these measures, will be disposed in the mean time to grant them his approbation, if they are confined to the legal defence of the countries, and if they do not depart from the principles, the forms, and the obli. gations, prescribed by the laws and the constitution.
Papers relative to Neutral Powers.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
Philadelphiu, June 15. Protest from Captain George Dominick and the first and second
Officers of the Ship Mount Vernon, lately captured by the Flying
Fish French Privateer. DY this public instrument of protest, be it made known and D manifeft, that on this day, the rith of June, in the year of our Lord 1796, before me, Clement Biddle, notary public of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania, duly commissioned and by law authorifed to administer oatlıs, dwelling in the city of Philadelphia, perfonally came and appeared Captain G. Dominick, commander of the fhip Mount Vernon, of Philadelphia, of the burden of 425 tons, or thereabouts, and being duly fworn according to law, on his solemn oath deposes and says, that the faid thip, under his command, left the city of Philadelphia on the 2d day of this present month, bound to Cowes in Great Britain, and a market; that on the 4th day of this fame month, the appearer 'got under weigh with his ship at Newcalle, and proceeded on his voyage down the river and bay of Delaware, and on the oth instant, about fix o'clock in the morning, he difcharged his pilot, and in about two hours after, with a light wind from the south-south-east, Cape Helopen bearing west, dittance about fix leagues, and the light-house then in light, about eight o'clock in the morning, they discovered a schooner about one league a-head, and to windward, which bore down on them, and fired a gun, and ordered the ship to send their boat on board the schooner, which this appearer immediately complied with, suppsting there was nothing wanting but to fee his papers, which he knew to be perfectly clear; and supposing he had nothing to apprehend from the schooner, therefore fent his fecond officer and four hands in his boat on board her, to know their demands, but they detained his officer and the boat's crew, and sent the boat back to the ship with fourteen armed men, with orders to take him on board the schooner, with the ship's papers; they declared that the thip was loaded with naval ftores, and this appearer knowing that their suspicions were groundlefs,