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France, under the inspection and controul of the military agents, to whom it shall be accountable.
VI. The municipal administrations are also retained in all the communes of Lombardy.
VII. The municipal assembly existing at Milan, composed of thirteen members and a syndic, is also provisionally retained under the name of the municipality of the town of Milan.
VIII. The commandant of the fort of Milan thall be prefident of the municipal council, and shall exercise in it a military police, and also all the fundions delegated by the French laws to the commandants of forts in a state of fiege.'
IX. The members composing the municipality of Milan are Francois Viscanti, Antoine Caccianini, Galeas Serbelloni, Felix Laticada, Charles Bignami, Antoine Corbetta, Fidele Sopransi, Gatean Porro, Pierre Verri, Joseph Violtini, Jean Baptiste Sommarina, Paul Sangiorgio, Antoine Crespi, Cæsar Pelagata, Charles Ciani, Charles Parea.
X. The acts and deliberations of all the authorities created or preserved by the present decree, shall be in the name of the French Republic.
w the funcil, and fort of mof Mila retained
"Buonaparte, Commander in Chief of the Army of Italy, to his Brothers
in Arms, dared Ilead.Quarters at Milan, Prairial 1, (May 20.)
Sol Dheights of the Apper progress :
QOLDIERS, you have precipitated yourselves like a torrent from w the heights of the Appenines; you have routed and dispersed all who have opposed your progress : Piedmont, delivered from Austrian tyranny, displays its natural senuinents of peace and friendship for France. . Milan is our's, and the Republican flag flies over all Lombardy. The Dukes of Parma and Modena owe their political existence to your generosity. I he army that with so much pride threatened you, has no barrier of protection against your courage : the Po, the Teslin, the Adda, have been unable to stop you a single day; those boafled bulwarks of Italy have been insufficient to delay your progress ; you have surmounted them as rapidly as you passed the Appenines. So much success has carried joy to the bosom of our country; your representatives have ordained a fête, dedicated to your victories, which will be celebrated in all the communes of the Republic. Your fathers, your mothers, your wives, your sisters, your lovers, will enjoy your success, and boast with pride that they belong to you. Yes, soldiers, you have done much ; but does there remain nothing more to be done? Though we have known how to vanquish, we have
te trimis nearur hips at who have who
not known how to profit of our victories. Posterity will reproach us with having terminated our course in Lombardy ; but already I. see you run to arms; a flothful repose fatigues you. Let us depart! We have yet forced marches to make, enemies to subdue, laurels to gather, injuries to revenge. Let those tremble who have whetted the poniards of civil war.in France, who have basely asfaslinated our ministers, and burnt our ships at Toulon: the hour of vengeance and retribution is near at hand. But let the people remain tranquil; we are friends to all the people, and more pare ticularly the descendants of Brutus, of Scipio, and the great inen we have taken for our models. Re-establish the capitol, and place there, with honour, the itatues of the heroes that rendered it celebrated : awaken the Roman people, debased by many centuries of slavery: such will be in the fruit of your victories; they will form an epoch for posterity; you will have the inmortal glory of changing the face of the finest country in Europe. The free French people, respected by the whole world, will give to Europe a glorious peace, which will indemnify them for the sacri. fices they have made during fix years; you will then return to your homes, and your fellow-citizens will say, ihewing you, this man was of the army of Italy.
The Deputies of the People D'Albe, to Citizen Buonaparte, General in
Chief of the French Army, to procure Liberary to Italy.
CITIZEN GENERAL, TIKE Frenchmen we with to be free. To live under no king
or tyrant of any title. We wish for civil equality, and that the feudal monster should be thrown to the ground.
For this purpose we have taken up arıns at the approach of your victorious troops, and we come to implore your assistance, to break the chains which have for a long time retained us in bondage.
Worn down by the yoke of iron which presses on our heads, we never should have been able to succeed in relieving ourselves. Always courageous, and yet always debased, we have lived in expectation of the happy moment of your arrival.
Oh! most delightful moment! The time is at length arrived. Here are Frenchmen, our brothers and our friends ; in our arms, in our houses, they are willing cordially to partake of our joy, to ratify our vows, and to fly with us to the destruction of the infa. mous throne of the tyrant Victor.
The proclamation to the people and clergy of Piedmont and Lombardy, and to the Neapolitan and Piedmontese E 2
troops, prove to you our republican spirit, and the right which we have to a well-founded reliance on your generous protection.
Citizen General, behold all Italy extending forth its arms to your embrace, and calling you its deliverer. In giving it the blessings of liberty, you grant to this beautitul part of Europe its greatest lusre; your name will be rendered glorious and immortal in its history.
Our fons, and our latest pofterity, will have it engraved in their heart; and they will not have in their mouth a name more doar tha; that of General Buonaparte.
Refpeét; safety, and fraternity,
IGNACE BONA FOUX, D'Albe,
Brescia, 10 Prairial, (May 29). Buonaparte to the Republic of Venice. IT is to deliver the finest country in Europe from the iron yoke
of the proud house of Austria, that the French army has braved obstacles the most difficult to surmount. Victory, in union with jufticc, has crowned its efforts. The wreck of the enemy's army has retired beyond the Mincio. The French army, in order to follow thcm, passes over the territory of the Republic of Venice; but it will never forget, that antient friendship unites the two Republics. Rcligion, government, customs, and property, shall be respected. That the people may be without apprehension, the molt severe discipline shall be maintained. All that may be provided for the army shall be faithfully paid for in money. The ge. neral in chief engages the othicers of the Republic of Venice, ine magistrates, and the priests, to make known those sentiments to the people, in order that confidence may cement that friendship which has so long united the two nations faithful in the path of honour, as in that of victory. The French soldier is terrible only to the enemies of his liberty and his government. (Signed)
etat-major of the army of Italy. (Signed)
PROCLAMATION By General Buonaparte, Commander in Chief of the Army of Italy,
to the People of the Milanese. THE nobles, the priests, and the agents of Austria have mifled
the people of these fine countries; the French army, as generous as it is powerful, will treat with fraternity the peaceable and tranquil inhabitants; but they will prove as terrible as the fire of heaven to the rebels, and the villages which protect them.
Art. I. In consequence, the commander in chief declares as rebels, all the villages which have not conformed to his order of the 6th Prairial. The generals shall march against such villages the forces necessary for subduing them ; setting them on fire, and Mooting all those taken with arms in their hands, All the priests and nobles who remain in the rebel communes, shall be arrested as hostages, and sent into France.
II. Every village where the tocsin shall be founded, shall be in. ftantly destroyed. The generals are responsible for the execution of this order.
III. Every village on the territory of which any Frenchman Thall be assassinated, shall be fined in a sum amounting to a third part of the contribution they pay annually to the Archduke, unless they make known the aflasin, arrest him, and send him to the , French army.
IV. Every man found with a musquet, and ammunition of war, Thall be immediately shot by the order of the general commandant on duty.
V. Every field wherein shall be found concealed arms, shall be condemned to pay one-third more than its actual revenue, by way of amends. Every house in which shall be found a musket, shall be burnt, unless the proprietor declares to whom such musket be. longs.
All the nobles, or rich people, who shall be convicted of hav., ing stirred up the people to revolt, whether by dismissing their domestics, or by designs against the French, shall be arrested as hostages, sent into France, and the half of their estates confil. cated. (Signed)
BUONAPARTE. 10 Prairial, (29th May).
PROCLAMATION fued by General Buonaparte, on the 16th Prairial, (June 4). A MISLED multitude, who have no real means of resistance, 1 proceed in several communes to every kind of excess, refuse
to acknowledge the Republic, and menace the army that has triumphed over so many kings. This infanity is deserving of pity. It will conduct the people to their destruction.
The general in chief, faithful to the principles of the French nation, which makes not war upon the people, is still desirous of Icaving à door open to repentance. But those who, after a delay of twenty-four hours, do not lay down their arms, and take a new oath of fidelity to the French Republic, shall be treated as rebels, and their villages shall be burnt. The terrible example of Binasco ought to open their eyes. The same fate threatens every village and every town that shall remain obstinately rebellious.
Extract of a Letter from the Commissioner of Government with the Army of Italy, to the Executive Directory, dated roth Prairial (May 3), fourth Year of the Republic.
CITIZENS Directors, THE army in entering Lombardy, by the defeat of the Aufrians, had no reason to expect to be obliged to repress the people themselves; the testimonies of joy which it met with must have made it conceive other hopes : such, however, has been its disagreeable fituation. We have, however, fortunately to announce to you a result no less prompt than favourable.
I was informed, on the 5th, by General Despinoy, who commanded in the town, that in the fuburbs of Milan, towards Pavia, some commotions began to appear; that the people were gathering, and that forces were sent to disperse them. The rebels made an attempt to disarm these troops; many in this attempt were killed or wounded, the rest fied, and order was restored.
In the night I was informed, that fimilar disturbances had taken place at Vareza, as well as at Pavia and Lodi : that in some parts of the country the alarm bell was founded, to excite the people to arm's: that this revolt, which seemed to have combinations, was fomented by the priests and nobles, who roused the people to rebellions, in order to afsallinate the French: that the garrison, which was stationed in Pavia, had been disarmed; and that on the road some armed peasants had murdered passengers and persons employed by the administration.
I had no hesitation in judging, that it was necessary instantly to repress this effervescence; I gave orders for the arrest of some persons suspected by their principles, and their attachment to the Grand Duke. These measures, seconded by the active exertions of General Despinoy, secured the tranquillity of Milan.
I hastened to inform General Buonaparte of what was paffing He immediately came to Milan, and we repaired together to Pa-.