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troops or thips Thall be on the territory or in the ports of the bequiring power, it shall furnish from its magazines or arsenals whatever may be neceflary to thein, in the same way and at the lame price as it supplies its own troops and ships.
X.' The power called on shall immediately replace the ships it furnishes, which may be lost by accidents of war or of the sea. It shall also repair the losses the troops it supplies may suffer.
XI. If the aforesaid succours are found to be, or fliould become infuthicient, the two contracting powers Thall put on foot the greateft forces they pollibly can, as well by sea as by land, against the enemy of the power attacked, which shall employ the aforesaid forces, either by combining them, or by causing them to act separately, and this contormably to a plan concerted between them.
XII. The fuccours ftipulated by the preceding articles shall be furnithed in all the wars the contracting powers may have to maintain, even in those in which the party called on may not be directly interested, and may adł merely as a simple auxiliary.
XIII. In the case in which the motives of hoftilities being prejudicial to both parties, they may declare war with one common allent against one or several powers, the limitations established in the preceding articles shall cease to take place, and the two contracting powers thall be bound to bring into action against the common enemy the whole of their land and sea forces, and to concert their plans so as to direct them towards the most convenient points, either separately or by uniting them. They equally bind ihemselves, in the cases pointed out in the present article, not to treat for peace unless with one common consent, and in such a way as that each fhall obtain the fatisfaction which is is due.
XIV. In the case in which one of the powers shall act merely as an auxiliary, the power which alone thall find itfelf attacked may treat of peace separately, but to as that no prejudice may refult from thence to the auxiliary power, and that it may even turn as much as potlible to its direct advantage. For this purpose advice thall be given to the auxiliary power of the mode and time agreed on for the opening and fequel of the negociations.
XV. Without any delay there thall be concluded a treary of commerce on the most equitable batis, and reciprocally advantageous to the two nations, which thall secure to each of them, with its ally, a marked preference for the productions of its foil or ma. 'nufactures, or at least advantages equal to those which the most favoured nations enjoy in their rcfpective states. The two powers engage to make inttantly a common cause to repress and annihilate the maxims adopted by any country whatever, which may be fubversive of their prosent principles, and which may bring into danger the safety of the neutral flag, and the refpect which is due to it, as well as to raise and re-establith the colonial system of Spain on the footing on which it has subsisted, or ought to subart, conformably to treaties.
XVI. The character and jurisdiction of the consuls shall be at the same time recognized and regulated by a particular convention. Those anterior to the present treaty shall be provisionallo executed.
XVII. To avoid every dispute between the two powers, they shall be bound to employ themselves immediately, and without de lay, in the explanation and developement of the VIlth article of the treaty of Bafle, concerning the frontiers, conformable to the inftrudions, plans, and memoirs, which shall be communicated through the medium of the plenipotentiaries who negotiate the present treaty. '
XVIII. England, being the only power against which Spain has direct grievances, the present alliance shall not be executed unless against her during the present war; and Spain thall remain neuter with respect to the other powers armed against the Reo public. | XIX. The ratifications of the present treaty shall be exchanged within a month from the date of its being signed. . ; ... Done at Ildephonso, 2 Frudidor, (Aug. 19) the 4th year of the French Republic, one and indivisible.' 1 (Signed),. . PERIGNON, and the
Prince of PEACE.
The Executive Directory resoives on and signs the present offensive and defensive treaty of alliance with his Catholic Majesty the King of Spain, negotiated in the name of the French Repuba Pic by Citizen Dominique Catherine Perignon, general of divifion, founded on powers to that effect by a resolution of the Exe cutive Directory, dated 20. Meslidor, (Sept. 6) and charged with its instructions. " Done at the National Palace of the Executive Directory, the
fourth year of the French Republic, one and indivisible.
Conformable to the original. .. (Signed) REVEILLIERE LEPEAUX, president. . By the Executive Directory,
: LAGARDE, secretary general.',
This treaty was ratified on the 26 Fructidor, (Sept. 12.) by the Council of Elders.
andre. The onging the Frenci renainecupy the day, bey, tore
Conditions of the Suspension of Arms between the Frenchs Républic and the Pope. . ,
: 1. W ISHING to give a proof of that: respect which the -.. . French government entertains for his Majesty the King of Spain, the cominander in chief and the civil commissioners of the army of Italy grant a suspension of arms to his Holiness; counting from this day till five' days after the close of the negociation which thall be opened at Paris: for the conclusion of a definitive peace betin een the two states.' .
.' .' .. · Il. The Pope shall send with all possible expedition to Paris a plenipotentiary, in order to abtain from the Executive Directory a definitive peace, by offering the necessary reparations for the outrages and insults which the French endured in his ttates, and particularly for the murder of Bafleville, and the recoinpenfe due to his family. ;
moi . III. The individuals detained in the territories of the Pope for their political, opinions thall be immediately set at tiberty and re-enter into the poilellion of their effects.
IV. The ports belonging to the Pope's states shall be. Thut to all vessels belonging to the powers at war with the French Res public, and open to the French fhips. 'n wonen.
V. The French army shall remain in posession of the legations of Bologna and Ferrara, and shall occupy that of Ancona.
VI. The citadel of Ancona thall in six day be put into the possession of the French troops, with its artillery, stores, and provisions.
VII. The city of Ancona shall continue under the civil government of the Pope. i.
! io . . . VIII. The Pope thall yield to the French Republic a hundred pictures, busts, vases, and statues, at the choice of commissioners to be sent to Rome, amongst which are specifically comprised the busts in bronze of JUNIUS BkUtus, and that in marble of MARCUS BRUTUS, both placed in the capitol. The Pope shall also deliver up five hundred manuscripts, at the choice of the said commiflioners.
IX. The Pope shall pay to the French Republic twenty-one millions of French money; of which fifteen millions five hundred thousand livres shall be in specic or ingots, the remaining five millions five hundred thousand livres in goods, merchandize, horfes, &c.
X. The fifteen millions five hundred thousand to be paid in three instalıents; five millions in fifteen days, five millions in the following month, and the remainder within three months.
XI. The five millions five hundred thousand livres in goods thall be faithfully delivered according to the demands made froin
the parts of Genoa, Leghorn, and those places occupied by the army, which thall be pointed out.
XII. Those twenty-one millions shall be independent of the contributions which shall be levied on Bologna, Ferrara, and Fachza.
XIII, The French troops shall have a free passage through all the territories of the Pope.
Correspondence between the French Commisioners and
Plenipotentiary relative to Peacea
Letter from the French Commissioners Garrau and Saliceti to Monfignar Galeppi, the Pope's Plenipotentiary at Florence,
In the name of the French Republic. THE French commissioners of the Executive Directory with
the armies in Italy and the Alps being especially charged, by a decree of the Executive Directory, dated the ist day of Fructidor, to negociate with the Pope, Pius Sextus, on the conditions on which the French Republic consents to grant peace to his Holiness, do hereby transmit to Monsignor Galeppi, the Pope's plenipotentiary, the annexed compilation of
ist. The Treaty of Peace, containing 21 articles. 2dly. The Secret Conditions, containing 8 articles.
3dly. The Treaty of Commerce and Navigation, containing 5 articles; and
4thly. The Conventiou respecting the Jurisdiction of the Consuls, forming 3 articles.
The commissioners are instrated by the Executive Directory to declare to Monsignor Galoppi, that the terms of these conditions must either be acceded to or refused absolutely by the Pope or his plenipotentiary.
They delire that 'Monsignor Galoppi will inform them if he consents to sign these conditions, and should particular instructions impose on hin the obligation of communicating them 19 the 'Pope, they observe that they can agree to a delay of fix days puly; Thould no answer be received at the expiration of the above period, the circumstance will be considered as a refusal on the part of his Holiness to issue the necessary powers for the acceptation of the said conditions; and, in pursuance of their orders they will report the fame to the Executive Directory.
Done at Florence, the 22d Fructidor, in the 4th year of
SALICETI. (TRUE COPY.) . His Holiness Pope Pius Sexius having shewn a desire to reestablish mutual union, friendthip, and harmony with the French Republic, the Executive Directory have named citizens Garrau and Saliceti, their commissioners with the army of Italy, to treat with Monsignor Lorenzo Galeppi, the Pope's plenipotentiary, on the clauses and conditions of peace, and have determined on the following articles : • I. There shall be a peace for the future between the Republic and the Pope,
II. The Pope shall withdraw himself from the coalition, and from every offensive and defensive alliance against France. He obliges himself not to provide for any of the enemies of France.
III. The Pope Mall never grant a passage through his territory to the enemies of France, either in this or in any future war, He shall always allow it to French troops, who will conform to what is due to neutral or friendly countries.
IV. His Holiness acknowledges, in the most pointed terms, that the common enemy have abused his confidence, and imposed on his religion as a plea for illuing, publishing, and disseminating, in his name, different edicts, of which the principle and the effect are equally contrary to his true intentions, and to the respective Jaws of nations. His Holiness, therefore, disapproves, revokes, and annuls all such bulls, briefs, apostolical mandates, circular or other letters, monitors, instructions from the pastoral staff, and in general all other writings issued from the authority of the holy chair, and from every other authority, as relate to the affairs of France, from the year 1789 to this day. • V. The Pope Thall, through the means of his ambassador at Paris, express his disapprobation of the affalsination of Basville, and shall pay. 500,000 livres, which payment shall be made up by those who were concerned in that transaction.
VI. All the French who have been expelled or imprisoned since the year 1788, or deprived of their property on account of political opinions, shall be set at liberty, and all such property Thall be restored to them. The goods or effects already sold fall be valued by commillioners from both parties, and the amount shall be paid to them by his Holiness.
VII. The preceding article shall extend to individuals of every other nation, and particularly to those of the Pope's states who I have suffered for the same cause. They shall be allowed to enter