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HISTORY OF THE WAR.
From the LONDON GAZETTE, June 7, 1796.
Admiralty Office, June 7, 1796. Extract of a Letter from Captain Mowat, of bis Majesty's Ship Asistance,
to Evan Nepean, E/q. dated Staten Island, way 3, 1796. V OU will be pleased to acquaint my lords commissioners of the
( admiralty, that about four o'clock on the 20th of March, his Majesty's thip I have the honour to command left Spithead, and at eight o'clock the fame evening the passed the Needle Point, the wind then at E. N. E, which carried her in the lat. 43 deg, 57 min. long. 25 deg. 20 min. having been a week out; from that period until last evening, that the anchored two miles below New York, the wind did not continue twenty-four hours at any time favourable to her course. The day before the fair wind left us, a fail was discovered right a-head; the ship being under full fail, with a moderate breeze, foon brought the vesel to be seen from the deck itanding towards us, which the continued to do within the distance of feven or eight miles, when the thought it time to put about, and crowded all the lale she could from us, and was discovered to be a brig. About four hours after the was brought to, and proved to be Le Chaffeur, French privatcer, belonging 10 Bayonne, pierced for twelve guns, fix pounders, only four on board, The others having been reported to be thrown over-board : her crew fixty-two in number. From the time of her failing she had captured only one vessel, a brig, with a cargo of falt from Spain, bound to Newfoundland. Vol. V.
From the LONDON GAZETTE, June 11.
Downing.street, June 8. Extract of a Dispatch from Mr. Fraser to Lord Grenville, dated Ham
burgh, May 27, 1796. INFORMATION has been received here from Amsterdam, of the 24th instant, that, in consequence of the late disturbance in that city, the French General Bournonville had thought it advisable to propose putting a considerable number of French troops in garrison in that city; that that measure had at first met with much opposition on the part of the burghers of that city, who had claimed to themselves the right of settling their own dispute without the interference of the French military ; that, however, they had been obliged to yield, and that a considerable body of French troops had marched into Amsterdain.
Whitehall, June 11. BY a dispatch from Major-General Gordon Forbes to the right hon. Henry Dundas, one of his Majesty's principal fecretaries of state, dated Mole St. Nicolas, St. Domingo, April 10, 1796, it appears, that a division of British and colonial troops from the garrison of Port-auPrince were embarked, on the 17th and 18th of March, in order to proceed against the town and fortress of Leogane, in the same island. The troops were landed on the 21st, and a firing was opened on the following day from a temporary battery, which had been constructed. The enemy having brought their heavy artillery to flauk this battery, it was obliged to be abandoned, with the loss of one six-pounder disabled, and another spiked and left behind. On this occasion Lieu. tenant Bingham, of the artillery, loft his arm, and that corps, which behaved remarkably well, fuffered some triffing loss. A very heavy fire had been maintained during the greatest part of the 22d from the ships of war against the town and forts; but no impression whatever having been made by them, and the place appearing much stronger than it had been represented, the forces were judged inadequate to the enterprize, and the troops, stores, guns, and ammunition of every kind, were therefore reimbarked, without further loss or accident.
Admiralty Office, June 11. Extract of a Letter from Rear-Admiral Parker, Commander in Chief of
bis Majesty's Ships, &c. at Jamaica, to Mr. Nepean, duied Swiftfull, at Port-au-Prince, March 27, 1796.
FOR their lordships' information I beg leave to acquaint you, that agreeably to my letter of the 28th ultimo, I proceeded to Port-au-Prince with General Forbes, where, -upon our arrival, a meeting was called of the general officers, and the proposal for attacking Leogane dilcuffed.
On the 2 ist the army was landed, in two divisions, to the eastward and westward of the fort and town, covered to the westward by the Ceres and Lark, and to the eastward by the Iphigenia, and the Cormorant and Serin floops, with the Africa and Leviathan placed againit
the fort, and the Swiftsure to cannonade the town. The fire of the latter was interrupted in the course of half an hour from the situation of the army on thore; but the two former kept up an unremitting cannonade, for near four hours, against the fort, until dark, and the land wind coming frelli, the thips were muved off to a proper anchorage.
The day following the army were chiefly employed reconnoitring, and the nex- say, from what they had oblerved, and the intelligence gained, the enemy were found so exceedingly numerous, that it was resolved best for his Majesty's service to reimbark the army, &c. and poftpone the operations for the present.
In the course of the night, and by noon the next day, the artillery, army, &c. were reimbarked; but, I am sorry to add, that the army lost a few men, and the Africa had one man killed and seven wounded; and the Leviathan five killed and twelve wounded, two fince dead, with damage done to the masts and yards of both Thips, infomuch that they must go down to Jamaica to have them made good.
From the LONDON GAZETTE, June 18.
Admiralty Office, June 18.. DISPATCHES, of which the following are copies and extracts, have been received at this office by Evan Nepean, Esq.
Extract of a Letter from Sir Edward Pellew, Bart. Captain of his
Majesty's Ship Indefatigable, dated off Falmoutb, June 13, 1796, to Mr. Nepean.
YOU will be pleased to make known to the lords commissioners of the admiralty my return off this harbour, accompanied by the squadron and two national brig corvettes, which we fell in with about eight leagues from Ufhant, on Saturday morning. The early habit they have of making off as soon as seen led me to suspect they were cruizers ; and after a chace of twenty-four hours, they were both captured. One is called Les Trois Couleurs, mounting 10 guns and 70 men, the other La Blonde, of 16 guns and 95 men, commanded by enfigns du vafleaux, both coppered; had left Brest two days, to cruize for six weeks; had not taken any thing.
Copy of a Letter from Vice-Admiral King (mill, Commander in Chief of his
Majesty's Ships and Vedels at Cork, 10 Mr. Nepean, dated June 12, 1796,
SIR, BY my last, of the 10th instant, you were acquainted, for the information of my lords commiflioners of the adiniralty, that his Majesty's Tips Unicorn and Santa Margaritta, part of the squadron under my orders, had sent in a large thip, under Swedish colours, laden with Dutch property, from Surinam ; and that Lieutenant Carpenter, of the Unicorn, who brought her here, told me he had left our ships in chace of three fail, supposed to be enemies.
Their Their lord lips will now have the satisfaction of being informed, that those three fail were French frigates, viz. La Tribune, of 40 guns, La Tamise, of 36 guns, (formerly the Thames) and La Legere, of 24 guns, under the command of Commodore Moultron. Notwithstanding that superiority, his Majesty's two frigates, immediately on ascertaining what they were, crowded fail after them; upon which the enemy formed in line of battle, but lortly after declining to come to action, they separated, and endeavoured to escape. Captain Williams, in the Unicorn, pursued the largest, La Tribune, and I have no doubt will give a good account of her, while Captain Martin chaced and came up with La Tamile, which ftruck to him after a smart action, wherein thirty-three of the enemy were killed and nineteen wounded, and only two men were killed and three wounded on board the Santa Margaritta. Unluckily, as the Legere could not be attended to during this chace and engagement, Me got off.
Their lordships will find more particulars on this subject in the inclosed letter to me from Captain Martin, who is safely arrived bere with his prize : which capture is the more interesting, as she has been by far the most active and successful of all the enemy's cruizers against our trade.
The credit of the British name has been so eminently well supported on this occasion by the zeal, spirit, and judgment with which his Majesty's fhips, were conducted, that it becomes wholly unnecessary for me further to express my sense of the merits of their captains, officers, and crews.
I am, Sir, &c, &c. &c.
L'Engageante, Cork Harbour, June 13, . Sir,
1796. Three, P. M. I SEND this express to Cork, hoping it will overtake my letter of this date by the post from hence, for the purpose of giving to my lords commillioners of the admiratly as early as poflible, the agreeable in. telligence that his Majesty's hip Unicorn is now in fight, off the harbour, with her prize La Tribune.
I have the honour to be,
Sir, Your's, E. Nepean, Esa.
Extract of a Letter from t'ice-Admiral King/mill, Commander in Chief
of his Majefty's Ships and Vellels on the coast of Ireland, to Nir. Nepear, dated Cork Harbour, June 14.
THE expectations my last letter to you must have raised, are most happily realized. I now with particular fatisfaction defire you will acquaint their lordships, that the French frigate La Tribune, of 44 guns and 337 men, bearing Commodore Mouliton's broad pendant, is captured and brought in here by his Majesty's thip Unicorn, command. ed by Captain Williams, whole official letter to me, containing a detail of the circumstances, is herewith transmitted. It is remarkable, that though they were close engaged for thirty-five minutes, and the Unicorn's masts, fails, and rigging, are much cut and damaged, not a