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had let the people go, that God led their soul from death, and to keep them not through the way of the land them alive in famine.-Ps. xxxiii. 18, of the Philistines, although that was 19. Ezra v. 5. near: for God said, Lest peradventure The wicked watcheth the righteous, the people repent when they see war, and seeketh to slay him ; the Lord and they return to Egypt, &c. And will not leave him in his hand, &c. the Lord went before them by day The Lord, he is their strength in in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the the time of trouble : and the Lord way, and by night in a pillar of fire shall help them and deliver them, &c. to give them light, to go by day and -Ps. xxxvii. 32, 33. 39, 40. night.-—Exod. xii. 17. 21.
Therefore will we not fear, though Thou shalt not be affrighted at the earth be removed, &c. There is them : for the Lord thy God is among a river, the streams whereof shall you, a mighty God and terrible : and make glad the city of God, &c. God the Lord thy God will put out those is in the midst of her, she shall not nations before thee by little and little. be moved : God shall help her right -Deut. vii. 21, 22.
early.--Ps. xlvi. 2-5. . The eternal God is thy refuge, and cast thy burden upon the Lord, underneath are the everlasting arms : and he shall sustain thee: he shall and he shall thrust out the enemy never suffer the righteous to be moved. from before thee.-Deut. xxxiii. 27. -Ps. lv. 22. iii. 5, 6.
The Lord will not forsake his peo- Bless our God, &c. which holdeth ple, &c.—1 Sam. xii. 22. Ps. xciv. our soul in life, and suffereth not our 14. ix. 10.
feet to be moved : for thou, O Lord, David was greatly distressed, &c. hast proved us, thou hast tried us as but David encouraged himself in the silver is tried : thou broughtest us Lord.—1 Sam. XXX. 6. Ezra v. 5. into the net, thou laidest affliction Ps. cxlv. 14.
upon our loins: thou hast caused men Will he plead against me with his to ride over our heads, &c.-Ps. lxvi. great power? no, but he would put 8–12. strength in me.-Job xxiï. 6.
But he, being full of compassion, The Lord also will be a refuge for forgave their iniquity, and destroyed the oppressed, a refuge in times of them not : yea, many a time turned trouble : thou wilt save the afflicted he his anger away, and did not stir people.-Ps. ix. 9. xviii. 27. up his wrath : for he remembered
Though I walk through the valley they were but flesh, a wind that of the shadow of death, I will fear no passeth away, and cometh not again. evil: for thou art with me : thy rod —Ps. lxxviii. 38, 39. cvi. 43–45. and thy staff, they comfort me : thou He preserveth the souls of his preparest a table before me in the saints: he delivereth them out of the presence of mine enemies, &c.-Ps. hand of the wicked.-Ps. xcvii. 10. xxiii. 4, 5. xli. 1-3.
Like as a father pitieth his children, In the time of trouble he shall hide so the Lord pitieth them that fear me in his pavilion, in the secret of him : for he knoweth our frame, he his tabernacle shall he hide me: he remembereth that we are but dust, shall set me on a rock, &c. When my Ps. cüii. 13, 14. father and my mother forsake me, The Lord hath chastened me sore : then the Lord will take me up, &c. but he hath not given me over unto Wait on the Lord, &c. he shall death.-Ps. cxviii. 18. strengthen thine heart.-Ps. xxvii. 5. If it had not been the Lord who 10. 14.
was on our side, now may Israel say, Behold, the eye of the Lord is upon &c. when men rose up against us, them that fear him, &c. to deliver then they had swallowed us up quick, &c. Then the waters had over- 'ther will I be always wrath : for the whelmed us, the stream had gone spirit should fail before me, and the over our soul : then the proud waters souls which I have made.- Isa. lvii. had gone over our soul.-Ps. cxxiv. 15, 16. 1-5. 8. xciy, 17-19.
When the enemy shall come in like Though I walk in the midst of a flood, the Spirit of the Lord shall trouble, thou wilt revive me; thou lift up a standard against him.- Isa. shalt stretch forth thine hand against lix. 19. the wrath of mine enemies. — Ps. Your brethren that hated you, that cxxxviii. 7.
cast you out for my name's sake, The Lord will not suffer the soul said, Let the Lord be glorified : but of the righteous to famish.-Prov. x. 3. he shall appear to your joy, &c.
Thou hast been a strength to the Isa. Ixvi. 5. poor, a strength to the needy in his Although I have cast them far off distress : a refuge from the storm ; among the heathen, &c. yet will I be a shadow from the heat; when the to them as a little sanctuary in the blast of the terrible ones is as a storm countries where they shall come. against the wall.-Isa. xxv. 4. 1. 4. Ezek. xi. 16. Ps. cvi. 45, 46.
He stayeth his rough wind in the God preserved the three children day of the east wind.—Isa. xxvii. 8. in the fiery furnace, and Daniel in
A king shall reign, &c. and a man the lions' den.—Dan. iii. 25. vi. 22. shall be as an hiding place from the I will allure her, and bring her wind, and a covert from the tempest: unto the wilderness, and speak comas rivers of water in a dry place; as fortably unto her. -Hosea ii. 14. the shadow of a great rock in a weary How shall I give thee up, Ephraim ? land.— Isa. xxxii. 1, 2. 1. 4.
&c. mine heart is turned within me, When the poor and needy seek my repentings are kindled together: water and there is none, and their I will not execute the fierceness of tongue faileth for thirst; I, the Lord, mine anger : for I am God, and not will hear them; I, the God of Israel, man, &c.-Hosea xi. 8, 9. will not forsake them: I will open Rejoice not against me, O mine rivers in high places, &c. I will enemy; when I fall, I shall arise ; make the wilderness a pool of water, when I sit in darkness, the Lord shall and the dry land springs of water.— be a light unto me.—Micah vii. 8. Isa. xli.17–19.
The Lord is good, a strong hold in When thou passest through the the day of trouble, and he knoweth waters, I will be with thee, and them that trust in him.-Nahum i. 7. through the rivers, they shall not When they deliver you up, take no overflow thee: when thou walkest thought how or what ye shall speak : through the fire thou shalt not be for it shall be given you in that same burnt, neither shall the flame kindle hour what ye shall speak.-Matt. x. 19. upon thee : for I am the Lord thy God is faithful, who will not suffer God.—Isa. xliii. 2, 3.
you to be tempted above that ye are The Lord hath comforted his peo- able ; but will with the temptation ple, and will have mercy upon his also make a way to escape, that ye afflicted.—Isa. xlix. 13.
may be able to bear it. -1 Cor. x. 13. Thus saith the high and lofty One, Blessed be God, &c. the God of &c. I dwell in the high and holy all comfort, who comforteth us in all place; with him also that is of a our tribulations, &c. For as the contrite and humble spirit, to revive sufferings of Christ abound in us, so the spirit of the humble, and to re- our consolation also aboundeth by vive the heart of the contrite ones : Christ.—2 Cor. i. 3—5.7. for I will not contend for ever, nei. We are troubled on every side, &c. persecuted, but not forsaken, &c. al. was grieved for the misery of Israel. ways bearing about in the body the Judges x. 16. dying of the Lord Jesus': that the For the Lord saw the affliction of life also of Jesus might be made mani- Israel, that it was very bitter. fest in our body, &c. The inward man 2 Kings xiv. 26. is renewed day by day.--2 Cor. iv. Thou hast considered my trouble, 8.10. 16.
thou hast known my soul in adversiWe were troubled on every side, ties.-Ps. xxxi. 7. &c. Nevertheless God that comforteth Thou hast known my reproach, and those that are cast down, comforted my shame, and my dishonour : mine us, &c.—2 Cor. vii. 5, 6.
adversaries are all before thee.-Ps. I besought the Lord thrice, &c. lxix. 19. and he said unto me, My grace is The Lord will not cast off his peosufficient for thee, for my strength is ple: neither will he forsake his inmade perfect in weakness.—2 Cor. heritance.-Ps. xciv. 14. xii. 8-10.
He reproved kings for their sakes, Every where and in all things I saying, Touch not mine anointed, and am instructed, both to be full and to do my prophets no harm.-Ps. cv. be hungry, &c. I can do all things 14, 15." through Christ which strengtheneth They provoked him, &c. nevertheme.- Phil. iv. 12, 13.
less he regarded their affliction when At my first answer no man stood he heard their cry: and he rememwith me, notwithstanding the Lord bered for them his covenant : and stood with me, and strengthened ine, repented according to the multitude &c. And the Lord shall deliver me, of his mercies.-Ps. cvi. 43-45. &c.-2 Tim. iv. 16–18.
I was wrath with my people, I have Be content, &c. for he hath said, I given them into thine hand: thou will never leave thee nor forsake thee: didst shew them no mercy: upon the 80 that we may boldly say, The Lord ancient hast thou very heavily laid is my helper, &c.—Heb. xiii. 5, 6. the yoke.--Isa. xlvii. 6.
Zion said, The Lord hath forsaken Cons. VII. That the Righteous are
me, and my Lord hath forgotten me. near and dear to God in Christ, so
Can a woman forget her sucking child, that he takes special notice of their
that she should not have compassion Afflictions and Troubles, and is said
on the son of her womb? Yea, they to be persecuted and afflicted in their Persecutions and Afflictions. behold, I have graven thee upon the
" may forget, yet will not I forget thee: And the Lord said, Surely I have palms of my hands : thy walls are seen the affliction of my people which continually before me.--Isa. xlix. are in Egypt, and have heard their 14–16. cry, by reason of their taskmasters : Fear not, for thou shalt not be for I know their sorrows, and I am ashamed, &c. for thy Maker is thine come down to deliver them, &c.— husband, the Lord of hosts is his Exod. iii. 7-9. ii. 23-25. 1 Sam. name : and thy Redeemer the Holy ix. 16.
One of Israel.-Isa. liv. 4, 5. The Lord's portion is his people; For he said, Surely they are my Jacob is the lot of his inheritance : people, children that will not lie : for he found him in a desert land, &c. so he was their Saviour: in all their He led him about (or encompassed afflictions he was afflicted, and the him about): he instructed him : he angel of his presence saved them: in kept him as the apple of his eye, &c. his love, and in his pity he redeemed -Deut. xxxii. 9, 10.
them, &c.—Isa. Ixiii. 8, 9. They served the Lord, and his soul Is Ephraim my dear son ? is he a pleasant child ? for since I spake an hungered ? &c. then shall he answer against him, I do earnestly remember them, saying, Verily I say unto you, bim still: therefore my bowels are Inasmuch as ye did it not to one of troubled for him: I will surely have the least of these, ye did it not to mercy upon him, saith the Lord. me.-Matt. xxv. 34-37. 40–45. Jer. xxxi. 20.
Better a mill-stone were hanged I see four men walking in the midst about his neck, &c. than that he of the fire, and they have no hurt : should offend one of these, &c.-Luke and the form of the fourth is like the xvii. 1, &c. Son of God. Dan. iii. 25.
And Saul, yet breathing out threatHow shall I give thee up, Ephraim?enings and slaughter against the dishow shall I deliver thee, Israel ? &c. ciples of the Lord, &c. heard a voice, Mine heart is turned within me, my saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why perrepentings are kindled, &c.-Hosea secutest thou me ? and he said, Who xi. 8.
art thou, Lord ? and the Lord said, The Lord is good, a strong hold (or I am Jesus, whom thou persecutest; strength) in the day of trouble, and it is hard for thee to kick, &c.-Acts he knoweth them that trust in him.- ix. 1-5. xxvi. 14, 15. Nahum i. 7.
Who shall separate us from the I am very sore displeased, &c. for love of Christ? shall affliction, disI was but a little displeased, and they tress, persecution ? &c. nothing shall, helped forward the affliction.—Zech. &c.- Rom. viii. 35, 36. 38. i. 15.
We are members of his body, of He sent me unto the nations which his flesh, and of his bones.-Eph. spoiled you : for he that toucheth v. 30. you, toucheth the apple of his eye. We have not an high priest which For behold, I will shake mine hand cannot be touched with the feeling of upon them, and they shall be a spoil, our infirmities; but was in all points &c.—Zech. ii. 8, 9.
tempted like as we are; yet without The very hairs of your head are all sin.-Heb. iv. 15. ii. 18. v. 2. numbered, &c. He that receiveth you, receiveth me, &c.—Matt. x. 30.40.42. V
Cons. VIII. That the greater the xviii. 5, 6.
afflictions and distresses of the RighThen shall the king say unto them
teous have been, the more astonishon his right hand, &c. I was an hun
ing have their deliverances been;
and then hath Salvation appeared gered, and ve gave me meat, &c. Then shall the righteous answer him,
in their extremity. saying, Lord, when saw we thee an When Lot was taken prisoner and hungered ? &c. And the king shall carried away, and all his goods, God answer and say unto them, Verily I by Abraham wonderfully recovered say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have all, and brought him back again.done it unto one of the least of these Gen. xiv. 11-16. my brethren, ye have done it unto Joseph's strange deliverance out of me. Then shall he say also unto the prison and pit.-Gen. xli. them on the left hand, Depart from Hagar is in such distress for her me, ye cursed, &c. For I was an hun- child, for want of water, that she lays gered, and ye gave me no meat : it down, and leaves it, that she might I was thirsty, and ye gave me no not see it die, and sits far off weepdrink: I was a stranger, and ye took ing; then God speaks to her by the me not in: naked, and ye clothed me angel : and God opened her eyes, not: sick and in prison, and ve visited and she saw a well of water, &c. me not. Then shall they also answer Gen. xxi. 14—20. him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee Jacob's deliverance from Esau, &c. and his recovering Joseph, when he Amalekites, and his men spake of reckoned Benjamin lost.-Gen. xxxii. stoning him ; then God directs him xxxiii. xliii. 14. xlv. 27, 28.
to pursue the Amalekites, and he reWhen the Egyptians oppressed covered all again by a wonderful most, and made Israel's burdens hand.—1 Sam. xxx. 1-20. 1 Sam. heaviest, insomuch that they de- xxxiii. 27. , spaired, then God came, and made When David was in great danger known himself, and said to Moses, by the counsel of Ahithophel in the Now shalt thou see what I will do time of Absalom's rebellion, God unto Pharaoh: for with a strong overthrew his counsel by the counsel hand shall he let them go, &c. I have of Hushai, and so marvellously prealso heard the groanings of the chil- served David.—2 Sam. xvii, 1, &c. dren of Israel, &c. I will bring you When Elijah fled from Ahab in a out from under the burdens of the time of famine, God commanded the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of ravens to feed him, &c. and the ravens their bondage ; and I will redeem brought him bread and flesh in the you with a stretched out arm, and morning, &c. when the brook dried with great judgments, &c.—Exod. v. up, God sent him to a widow to susvi. 1-7.
tain him; when her meal was reAnd God did so deliver them, after duced to a handful, the Lord prohe had shewed many wonders upon nounced, The barrel of meal shall not the Egyptians, and smote their first- waste, neither shall the cruise of oil born.-Exod. xiii. 21.
fail, until the Lord sendeth rain.When Pharaoh and his host pur- 1 Kings xvii. 1–17. Gen. xlv. 6,7. sued Israel, so that they reckoned So again, when he fled from Jezethemselves lost, and were in great bel, and had requested of God that distress, then the angel of God which he might die, the angel came to him, went before the camp of Israel, re- and gave him bread and water twice, moved and went behind them, &c. and then enabled him to go in the between the camp of the Egyptians strength thereof many days.- 1 Kings and them; and the Lord divided the xix. 1—8. waters, while Israel passed through, When the wife of one of the sons and there drowned all the Egyptians. of the prophets was in distress, be-Exod. xiv. 10-12. 16, &c.
cause of poverty, and danger of creWhen Israel wanted bread in the ditors, God, by Elisha, makes her pot wilderness, God rained manna, and of oil to increase to the filling of many the quails came up.--Exod. xvi. vessels, to pay her debts with..
The Lord shall judge his people, 2 Kings iv. 1-7. and repent himself for his servants, When the Syrians came to Dothan when he seeth that their power is to take Elisha, God marvellously degone, and there is none shut up or livered him from their hands. When left. — Deut. xxxii. 36.
Samaria was besieged, and in great He often did so with Israel. distress by reason of the sad famine Judges throughout, and 2 Kings in it, God on a sudden makes the xiv. 26.
Syrians Ay, and leave plenty behind David was in frequent danger from them in their camp, and so relieved Saul, yet God did wonderfully deliver his people.--2 Kings vi. vii. him.--1 Sam. xxiii. 26–28. xxiv. When Jerusalem was in sore disxxvi.
tress. God sent an angel to destroy When David was in great distress, the Assyrians.—2 Kings xix. 35. because Ziklag was burned, his wives, When Judah was environed, the and the wives of his followers taken battle was before and behind them; away, and all their substance, by the then God delivered them, and they