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GERMANY

GERMAN PROPOSAL FOR A PLEDGE OF PEACE AMONG THE POWERS INTERESTED

IN THE RHINE

Date and number

Subject

Page

203

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1922
Undated Memorandum by the Secretary of State of a Conversation with

the German Ambassador, December 15, 1922
German desire that United States ascertain acceptability of

proposal for pledge of peace among powers interested in Rhine. Undated Memorandum by the Secretary of State of a Conversation with the

French Ambassador, December 18, 1922

Presentation of German proposal of peace pledge.
Undated Memorandum by the Secretary of State of a Conversation with the

German Ambassador, December 19, 1922
Secretary's suggestion that German proposal for peace pledge

be submitted in writing.
Undated From the German Embassy
[Rec'd German proposal that France, Great Britain, Italy, and
Dec. 21] Germany agree not to resort to war against each other for

period of one generation, unless authorized by plebiscite of

their own people.
Undated Memorandum by the Secretary of State of a Conversation with the

French Ambassador, December 21, 1922
French attitude toward German proposal of peace pledge;

discussion of U. S. position under proposed agreement. Undated Memorandum by the Secretary of State of a Conversation with the

German Ambassador, December 22, 1922
Improbability of U. S. assumption of responsibility under

proposed peace pledge.
Undated Memorandum by the Secretary of State of a Conversation with the

French Ambassador, December 26, 1922
French disapproval of_German proposal of peace pledge.
Discussion of erroneous French press report of proposed 30-

year guaranty of German boundaries.
Undated Memorandum by the Secretary of State of a Conversation with the

German Ambassador, December 28, 1922
Discussion of French attitude toward German proposal of
peace pledge.

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1923 Jan. 2 To the Ambassador in France (tel.)

Press announcement by Department (text printed) that French disapproval of German proposal made inadvisable its transmission to Governments concerned.

(Instructions to repeat to London, Berlin, Rome, Lausanne,

and Brussels.)
Undated Memorandum by the Secretary of State of a Conversation with the

German Ambassador, January 6, 1923
Disinclination of the Secretary to comment on German and
French suggestions regarding proposed peace pledge.

211 GERMANY

DECISION BY THE UNITED STATES TO REDUCE ITS ARMY OF OCCUPATION IN

GERMANY TO A FORCE OF ONE THOUSAND MEN

Date and number

Subject

Page

211

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1922 Mar. 23 To President Harding

Suggestion that final decision on withdrawal of U. S. troops from Germany be delayed pending consideration of desirability of leaving small force, in view of difficulty of collecting army

costs. Mar. 23 From President Harding

Advice that official announcement of withdrawal of troops

will not be made; possibility of leaving small force.
Mar. 24 From the Unofficial Observer on the Rhineland High Commission

(tel.)
Attitude of observer and his associates on commission re-
garding withdrawal of U. S. troops from the Rhine. German
draft cable (text printed) requesting continuation of V. S.
occupation and urging official representation on Rhineland

Commission.
Mar. 29 From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
(63) German note (text printed) requesting continuation of U. S.

occupation and urging official representation on Rhineland

Commission.
Apr. 1 From President Harding

Decision that U. S. troops will not be completely withdrawn
until final determination of program, in light of Allied attitude

toward U. S. claim for army costs. Apr. 25

From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.) (82) Hope of Allied Rhineland Commissioners for retention of

U. S. troops in Rhineland. Recommendation that sufficient

force be retained to control Coblenz. Apr. 26 From President Harding

Opinion that minimum of 1,000 troops should be retained in
Rhineland so that withdrawals will not be completed in ad-

vance of definite decision.
May 22 From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
(103) German view that enough U. S. troops should be retained in

Rhineland to hold Coblenz. June 3 To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.) (79) Note for German Government (text printed) conveying U.S.

decision to retain force of 1,000 troops at Coblenz for time being.

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GERMANY EFFORTS BY THE UNITED STATES TO SECURE REIMBURSEMENT FOR THE Costs

OF THE AMERICAN ARMY OF OCCUPATION IN GERMANY

Date and number

Subject

Page

1922 Mar. 9

(71)

218

219

Mar. 14

(119)

Mar. 20

(90)

220

Mar. 20

(91)

224

224

Mar. 22

(92)

To the Ambassador in France (tel.)

For Boyden: Telegram, March 8, from Ambassador in
Great Britain (text printed) regarding agenda of Allied Finance
Ministers' conference of March 8. Instructions to notify
conference of U. S. claim for costs of its Army of Occupation.
From the Ambassador in France (tel.)

From Boyden: Letter of Allied Finance Ministers, March
11 (text printed) stating that U. S. rights have been protected
in arrangement as signed, but that question of rights should
be raised directly with Allied Governments.
To the Ambassador in France (tel.)

Note for French Government (text printed) stating U. S.
position in claim for Army costs.

(Instructions to repeat to London, Brussels, and Rome for
similar action. The same to the Ambassador in Japan for
similar action, without instructions to repeat.)
To the Ambassador in France (tel.)

Instructions to deliver U. S. note on afternoon of March 22
to avoid premature publication in Europe; advice that similar
instructions are being sent to London, Brussels, Rome, and
Tokyo.
To the Ambassador in France (tel.)

Note for French Government (text printed) stating U. S.
view that its right to receive payment of Army costs is un-
affected by status of French account for Army costs as of
May 1, 1921.

(İnstructions to repeat to London, Brussels, and Rome for
similar action. The same to the Ambassador in Japan for
similar action, without instructions to repeat.)
From the Ambassador in France (tel.)

French note of March 28 denying any intention to contest
U. S. right to be reimbursed for Army costs; and stating
intention to consult other Allied Governments.
From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)

Favorable British attitude toward U. S. claim for Army
costs.
To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)

Insistence on recognition of U. S. right to repayment of
Army costs on same footing as Allies. Tentative bases for
payment of past and current costs satisfactory to the United
States.
From the Chargé in Belgium (tel.)

Belgian note (text printed) acknowledging U. S. right to
repayment of Army costs and conveying intention to consult
other Allied Governments.
From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)

Foreign Minister's note (text printed) acknowledging
validity of U. S. claim for Army costs and advising of steps
toward agreement between Allied and Associated Govern-
ments for satisfaction of claim.

225

Mar. 29

(139)

225

Apr. 3

(154)

227

Apr. 6

(99)

228

Apr. 8

(13)

228

Apr. 10

(174)

GERMANY EFFORTS BY THE UNITED STATES TO SECURE REIMBURSEMENT FOR THE Costs or

THE AMERICAN ARMY OF OCCUPATION IN GERMANY–Continued

Date and number

Subject

Page

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1922 May 19 From the Ambassador in France (1906) Note from Foreign Ministry, May 18 (text printed) stating

French intention soon to convene Allied representatives to

study question of satisfying U. S. claim for Army costs.
May 22 From the Ambassador in Italy
(320) Foreign Minister's note, May 15 (text printed) stating

that Italian Government has never contested U. S. right to
reimbursement for Army costs, and that question is under

discussion among Allied Governments.
May 29 From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
(216) French intention to convene Allied representatives at Paris

to examine question of reimbursement of U. S. Army costs.
June 4 To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
(175) Instructions to state U. S. gratification at French action;

authorization to make informal use of tentative basis for
payment as described in telegram of April 6 to Ambassador

in Great Britain.
June 22 From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
(255) Information that no definite conclusions were reached at

first meeting of Allied representatives to discuss question

of U. S. Army costs. Nov. 8 From the French, British, and Italian Embassies

Invitation to send representative to discuss question of

Army costs with Allied delegates at Paris.
Undated Memorandum by the Secretary of State of a Conversation with

the French, Belgian, and British Ambassadors and the
Italian Chargé, November 8, 1922
Discussion of arrangements for repayment of U. S. Army
costs. Delay of definite U. S. response to invitation to send

representative to Paris. Nov. 22 To the French Embassy

Acceptance of invitation to send representative to Paris to discuss question of Army costs.

(The same to the British and Italian Embassies.)

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233

CESSATION OF AMERICAN PURCHASE OF GERMAN DYES FROM THE REPARATION

COMMISSION

1922 Aug. 16

234

To President Harding

Résumé of arrangements since 1919 providing for U. 8.
importation and distribution of German dyes; question of
continuation of purchases; Allied agreement to application
of proceeds of sales to repayment of U. 8. Army costs in
Germany.
From the Ambassador in France (tel.)

From Boyden: Reparation Commission decision to dis-
tribute to Allies dyes formerly taken by Textile Alliance;
provision for possible later resumption of U. S. dyestuff orders.

1923 Jan. 3

(3)

240 GERMANY

AGREEMENT, August 10, 1922, BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND GERMANY

FOR A MIXED CLAIMS COMMISSION

Date and number

Subject

Page

1922 Feb. 22

(30)

240

Apr. 15

241

76135 To No te har foreign mamice tetext printed) stating that com

242

May 5

(87)

243

June 3

(113)

246

June 21

(86)

246

June 22

(87)

From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)

German view that commercial negotiations should not
depend upon claims settlement; request for U. S. suggestions
on composition of a mixed commission to settle claims.

the Chargé in tel.)
mercial treaty should not delay claims settlement and pro-
posing early establishment of Mixed Claims Commission.
Instructions to urge orally desirability of prompt determina-
tion of amounts of debts and claims.
From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)

Discussion with Foreign Ministry concerning commercial
treaty and claims; Ambassador's insistence that claims agree-
ment must be reached before conclusion of commercial treaty.
From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)

Foreign Minister's letters, June 2 (texts printed) stating
German readiness to facilitate claims settlement and giving
views on bases of commercial treaty; proposal that Claims
Commission be established under chairmanship of an American.
To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)

U. S. acceptance of German proposal regarding Claims
Commission.
To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)

Draft agreement regarding Claims Commission (text
printed).
To the Ambassador in Germany

Instructions to communicate U. S. views on functions of
Claims Commission; designation of American chairman to
act as umpire.
From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)

Outline of Foreign Office revisions of draft agreement;
German expectation of return of property held in United
States.
From the Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee

Request for views on bill to amend Trading with the Enemy
Act, providing for establishment of Claims Commission of
U. S. citizens and satisfaction of claims out of detained Ger-
man and Austrian property.
To the Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee

Unfavorable opinion of bill to amend Trading with the
Enemy Act, in view of prospective conclusion of agreement
with Germany.
To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)

Instructions to present U. S. reply to counterproposals re-
garding claims agreement, and to urge signature of agreement
without alterations in order to forestall Congressional action.
From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)

German acceptance of form of agreement approved in Department's telegram no. 104, July 29; German observations on scope of claims.

248

June 23 (3055)

250

July 17

(141)

July 21

251

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