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TREASURY DEPARTMENT-BUREAU OF STATISTIOSSBerry OC VUI

OF THE

: 1915

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METHODS OF GOVERNMENT AND DEVELOPMENT ADOPTED BY THE PRINCIPAL
COLONIZING NATIONS IN THEIR CONTROL OF TROPICAL AND

OTHER COLONIES AND DEPENDENCIES.

WITH STATISTICAL STATEMENTS OF THE AREA, POPULATION, COMMERCE,

REVENUE, ETC., OF EACH OF THE WORLD'S COLONIES.

INCLUDING BIBLIOGRAPHY OF COLONIES AND COLONIZATION PREPARET)

BY THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS.

[FROM THE SUMMARY OF COMMERCE AND FINANCE FOR MARCH, 1903.]

0. P. AUSTIN,

Chief of Bureau.

WASHINGTON:
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.

19 0 3.

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CONTENTS.

............

COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION.

Page.

COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION, 1800–1900...

2559

Six great questions regarding the methods of governing and developing tropical colonies and their people......

2577

1. What share of the government of the successfully managed colony originates at the seat of the home Government?...

2578

2. What share of the administration within the colony is conducted by representatives of the home Government?. 2597

3. What steps are taken to improve the material, mental, and moral condition of the people of the colony?......

2638

4. How are habits of industry and thrift inculcated among the natives?......

...................

2700

5. How are the necessary funds for the conduct of the colonial government raised?.

2716

6. Commercial and tariff relation between the colonies and their governing countries

2750
Area and population of world's colonies ......

2559
Review of the colonizing experiences of the century......

2561

Share of government conducted in the mother country ..

2578

Administration at the seat of the home Government.

2579

British Crown colony system described by Earl Grey ...

2592

. Government in the colony and the share intrusted to the natives..

2597

4. Defenses of the colonies....

2622

1: Elective franchise in the colonies...

2624

The civil service in the colonies....

2624

Development of the material, mental, and moral condition of the natives..............

2638

Construction of roads and railways ..

2638

Telegraphs and telephones in the colonies ...

2643

Postal facilities in the colonies .....

2644

Methods of intercommunication....

2645

Irrigation in the tropical colonies...

2650

How the cost of development is borne ......

2652

Systematic study of productive powers....

2657

Diversification of industries in tropical colonies....

2659

Money and banking in the colonies...

2665

Currency and banking systems of the colonies described..

2668

Regulations of banking system in the British colonies.....

2674

Emigration of capital to the colonies .....

2675

Use of chartered companies in modern colonial development

2676

Laws and law-making in the colonies..

2679

Laws of the world's colonies described...............

2680

Education in the colonies....

2684

Educational systems of the world's colonies described .

2686

Religion in the world's colonies........

2689

Economics of colonization: How studied in the colonizing countries ..

2690

Colonial indebtedness: How created and how met.

2692

Land ownership in the colonies .....

2694

Language in the colonies ..........

2697

How industry is encouraged ......

......................................................

2700

Contract labor experiments in tropical colonies.......

2702

Labor in Porto Rico and the Philippine Islands........

2705

Revenue raising in the world's colonies: Methods described ...

2716

Tariff relations of the world's colonies to the mother country ..

2750

Colonial supply of tropical products for the mother country..

2750

Tropical importations of the temperate zone .......

2750

Colonies a constant market for manufactures........

2761

Tariffs adjusted to facilitate exchange between colonies and the mother country..

2762

Summarization of the results of the study of colonial methods.....

2767

Discussions by distinguished writers and students ..... ........

2769

Description of each of the world's colonies: Population, area, commerce, revenue, etc ..

2824

Statistics of the world's colonies.......

........

2855

Bibliography of colonies and colonization (prepared by Library of Congress) ...

2941

MAPS.—Colonial systems of the world...

.facing 2559

Geographical divisions of the world, 1800–1900.

..... facing 2561

(For index to Colonial Administration, see pp. 3001-3005.)

III

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COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION,

1800-1900.

2557

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