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and the tables connected therewith, and, with the Post-Office and Mint, show the receipts and expenditures of the government under their several heads, the public debt, the imports, exports, and tonnage, the operations of the Post-Office Department, and the coinage of the Mint for each year since the adoption of the Constitution. The rates of postage are believed to be complete and accurate. The articles upon Statistics of Coal, Public Libraries, and the Census of Charleston, S. C., each give valuable information. Owing to the protracted session of Congress, it has been necessary to place the Titles and Abstracts of the Public Laws, and Joint Resolutions, at the end of the volume. They have been carefully prepared, and are sufficiently full, except for professional use. All that are known to have been printed are here. If any have been omitted, they will be given

The tabular view of all the railroads in the country is continued from the last volume; and the comparative view of the debts, property, and general financial condition of all the States has been corrected with great care from the latest official returns. The information concerning the Individual States is as full as in former years. It is believed that nowhere else can be found such full details respecting the Executive and Judiciary, the finances, schools, charitable institutions, and pauperism and crime, of the several States. Should any one note inaccuracies or deficiencies therein, he is urgently requested to correct them. The European part of the work has been thoroughly revised, and is correct so far as it goes. The Obituary Notices and Chronicle of Events are extended, and have been prepared with care.

The thanks of the Editor are particularly due to the heads of Department at Washington, and to his many contributors and correspondents, to whom the work is indebted for a great part of its value. A continuance of their favors is respectfully solicited. A work embracing such a multitude of facts must necessarily contain some errors ; persons who detect any are earnestly requested to communicate them to the Editor. It is particularly desirable that these communications should not be anonymous. It is frequently a source of regret to the Editor that he cannot suitably acknowl. edge the valuable hints and assistance of anonymous correspondents. It is a matter of some public interest, that a periodical which circulates so widely, both in Europe and America, and which is so universally trusted as a manual for reference, should be rendered as accurate as possible ; and this end can be obtained only by the coöperation of many individuals. Communications should be addressed to the " Editor of the American Almanac,” Boston.

Boston, Mass., Sept. 30, 1850.

CONTENTS.

.... 51

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Rates of Postage in United States,.. 150 Tonnage from 1815 to 1849,

176

Privilege of Franking,

152 12. Mint,

Rates of Foreign Postage,.

152 Officers of Mint,.

177

Postage to Oregon and California.... 152 Coinage of the Mint for 57 Years, 178

Foreign Newspaper and Pamphlet 13. Public Lands,..

179

Postage,

156 Sales of Public Lands,

180

Mail Service for 1819,

156 14. Census of Charleston, S. C.,

181

No. of Post-Offices, &c., since 1790, 157 15. Statistical View of Principal Public

10. Revenue and Expenditure,.

158 Libraries in Europe and America, 184

U. S. Revenue from 1789 to 1849, 163 16. Statistics of Coal,...

188

U. S. Expenditure from 1789 to 1849, 164 17. Colleges in the United States, 196

Imports, Exports, &c for 59 Years, 165 18. Theological Schools, .............. 200

Debt of the United States,

166 19. Law Schools, .

200

11. Commerce and Navigation,

166 20. Medical Schools, .................. 201

Commercial Marine of United States, 166 21. Smithsonian Institute,

Value of Imports,

167 22. Religious Denominations,

202

Value of Exports,

171 23. State Elections, &c.,

202

Imports from and Exports to Foreign 24. Governors of States and Territories, 203

Countries in 1848 - 49,

173 25. Railroads in the United States, . 204

Tonnage of Vessels in Foreign Trade, 174 26. Immigration into the U. S. in 1849, 209

Imports and Exports of each State, 175 27. Finances of the States,.....

210

Vessels built in U. States, and their 28. Population of the United States,.

Tonnage, in 1849,

175 29. Slaves in the United States,.. 212

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American Obituary,

306 | Public Resolutions,

Chronicle of Events,

321

German Railroads,....

Tilles and Abstracts of Public Laws,.... 331 Additions and Corrections,

347

349
............ 350

66

1850....

... 164

5 France.

306

PAGE

PAGE
Abstracts of Public Laws

............ 331 Eclipse of Sun, Jan. 31 and Feb. 1 ...... 31
Additions and Corrections ..
350 Eclipse of Sun, Total, July 28

36
Alabama.
256 Elections, State.

202
American Obituary..
.................... 306 Electric Eel......

74
American States
......... 298 Electricity, Animal..

74
Animal Electricity.
74 Electricity, Muscular Current ..

86
Animals with distinct Electrical Organs.. 74 Emigration to the U. S. in 1849

........ 209
Arkansas.
266 Engineers, Corps of, &c. ...

115
Apportionment of U. S. Representatives 333 Engineers in Navy, Pay of............ 122
Army List

114 Envoys Extraordinary, &c.

........ 137 - 141
Army Officers, Pay of...
120 Ephemeris of the Sun

56
Army Pension Agents.
113 Eras, &c..

3
Arsenals in the United States ........... 117 European States

301
Attorneys of U.S. Courts.... ..... 134 Events, General, in 1849 ........... 321
Banks. See the several States.

325
Barometrical Observations...... 90-100, 296 Executive Government of U. S..

103
Bounty Land Bill

346 Expenditures of U. S. for 60 years ...
Brazil, Claims against, Act concerning .. 331 Exports of each State for 1849

175
Cabinet, Officers in the

103 Exports, Value of, in 1848-49

171, 172
Calendar: January, &c....
10 Exports to Foreign Countries

173
California, Constitution of ...
291 Exports for 59 Years...

165
California Gold.........
177 Festivals of the Church

5
California State Government.......... 293 Finances of the States...

.210, 211
Capitals of States..
202 Fixed Stars, Apparent Places of

64
Census of U. S. of 1850, Act concerning.. 331 Flogging in Navy, Act abolishing

344
Census of Charleston, S. C.
181 - 184 Florida.

255
Celestial Phenomena, Signs, &c.

3 Flowering of Fruit-trees in 1850 ........ 100
Chargés d'Affaires of U. S. in 1850..... 138 Foreign Goods imported...:

167
Charleston, S.C., Census of... ... 181 – 184 Foreign Ministers, &c., in U. S......... 141
Chronicle of Events.

321 Foreign Nations. Intercourse with ...... 137
Chronological Cycles
4 Foreign Trade, Countries of ............

173
Church Festivals ..............
Circuit Courts....
.135, 136 Franking Privilege :

152
Clerks of District Courts of U. S........ 135 Free Mail Matter, Quantity of .......... 149
Clouds and Winds
90-100 Frog, Animal Electricity of.....

83
Coal, Statistics of... ...... 188-195 Fugitive Slave Law...

339
Coinage of Mint for 57 Years ........... 178 General Events in 1849

321
Collectors of Customs...........

109
1850

325
Colleges...

196 – 199 Geologists, U. S., with Land Office ..lll, 112
Colleges, Annual Expenses in
199 Georgia

254
Commerce
166 German Railroads

319
Commercial Agents in Foreign countries 138 Government, Seats of, in different States. 202
Commercial Marine of the U.S.

166 Governments, Annual Expenses of State. 211
Commission on Mexican Claims
106 Governors of States, &c....

203
Commissioners, U.S., in Foreign Countries 138 Great Britain .

302
Congress, Thirty-First.......
125 Illinois.

284
Connecticut

.......... 229 Immigration to United States in 1849.... 209
Consuls, Foreign, in U. S....

142 Imports, Value of, in 1848 and 1849..167 - 170
Consuls in Foreign Countries.
138 Imports for 59 Years.

165
Corrections and Additions ..
350 Imports of each State for 1849.

175
Countries whence Goods are brought
Darkness of the Nights .......

173 imports paying ad valorem Duties...167 - 170
8 Imports free of Duty

167
Dead Letters, Number of ....

149 Indian Superintendents and Agents...... 113
Debt of United States...... 161, 165, 166 Indiana

280
Debts of the States

210, 211 Intercourse with Foreign Nations ....... 137
Delaware...

243 Interior, Department of the ............. 106
Department of the Interior. ............. 106 Iowa.

.......... 288
Department of State .
104 Jewish Calendar

5
Departments, Officers in the ....... 104 - 106 Judges of U.S.Circuit and District Courts, 134
Disks of Venus and Mars ......
49 Judiciary, U. S. .

132
District Courts............. ...... 132, 134 Jupiter's Satellites, Eclipses of.

48
District of Columbia
299 Kentucky

269
Eclipses in 1851
34 Kentucky, Constitution of.....

269
Eclipse of Moon, Jan. 17
34 Land-Office, Registers, Receivers, &c.

111
Eclipse of Moon, July 13...
35 Lands, Public

179

66

66

... 201

Latitude and Longitude of Observatories 54 Post-Office Statistics since 1790.. 157
Latitude and Longitude of Places 51 - 55 Post-Office Revenue............147, 149, 157
Law Schools
200 Presidents of the U. S..

103
Laws, Abstracts of Public
331 Property of States.......

211
Legislatures, State, Meeting of.
202 Public Lands..

179
Libraries, Public..
184 - 188 Public Lands, Sales of..

163, 180
Libraries, University

187 Public Lands, Surveyors-General of...... 112
Louisiana

261 Public Laws, Titles and Abstracts of ..... 331
Mahometan Calendar

6 Public Libraries in Europe and America 184-188
Mail Service for 1849

156 Public Resolutions of Congress.......... 349
Maine...

213 Railroads in New England

204 - 207
Marine, Commercial, of the U. S. 166 Railroads in Construction in New England 206
Marine Corps.

124 Railroads in the U. S.....

201-208
Mars and Venus, Disks of..
49 Receivers of Land Office

111
Marshals, U. S.......
135 Refractions. Dr. Young's

72
Maryland
244 Registers of Land Office...

111
Massachusetts
221 Registration of Vessels.

334
Massachusetts, Railroads of ...
201 Religious Denominations

202
Matteucci's Researches in Animal Elec-

Representatives, Alphabetical List of.... 130
tricity..
..74 - 89 Representatives, House of...

127
Medical Schools

201 Representatives, House of, Officers of.... 130
Meteorological Information ...... 90 - 100 Representatives, U. S., Apportionment of 333
Mexico, Commission on Claims against 106 Resolutions, Public, of Congress... 347
Michigan

277 Revenue and Expenditure .......... 158 - 164
Military Geographical Departments...... 116 Revenue, U. S., for 60 Years...... 163
Military Geographical Divisions........ 116 Rhode Island..

227
Military Posts

117 Satellites of Jupiter, Eclipses of, in 1851.. 18
Militia Force of the U. S.
119 Saturn's Rings

50
Ministers of U. S. in Foreign countries.. 137 School Fund of States......

211
Ministers, Foreign, in U. S.....
141 Seasons, Beginning and Length of

4
Mint.

176 Secretaries of Legation ........

137, 141, 142
Mint, Officers of, Coinage, &c. 177, 178 Senate of the U. S.

125
Mississippi.
259 Signs of the Planets...

3
Missouri..
286 Signs of the Zodiac

4
Naval Officers.................
111 Slaves in the U. S.

212
Navigation

166, 174 Smithsonian Institute.....
Navy Department.
105 South Carolina ...

251
Navy List ..
121 Southern Railroads .........

203
Navy Officers, Pay of...

122 Sovereigns of Europe
Navy, Vessels of War in.

123 Specific Duties. See Imports.
Navy Pension Agents....
114 Siar, Pole, Places of....

62
Navy Yards, Commanders of

121 Stars, Fixed, Apparent Places of....... 64
New Hampshire
215 State Department....

104
New Jersey
239 State Elections, &c...

202
New Mexico Territory
298, 336 State Finances, Debts, &c. ......

210, 211
Newspapers, Postage on....

156 Statistics of Coal...

......188 - 195
New York.
232 Sun, Ephemeris of the

56
New York, Railroads in...
207 Sun's Parallax in Altitude..

73
Nights, Darkness of the.
8 Supreme Court, U. S...

134
North Carolina ....
250 Surveyors of Land Office...

111
Obituary, American, in 1849...
306 Tennessee

263
1850..
310 Texas

263
Observatories, Latitude and Longitude of 54 Texas Boundary Law ........

336
Occultations ..
46 Theological Schools....

200
Ohio.

274 Tides, Height of Greatest, in 1851...
Oregon Territory
296 Titles and Abstracts of Public Laws.

331
Parallax in Altitude of the Sun....... 73 Tonnage of the U.S.

165, 175, 176
Pennsylvania .

240 Tonnage, ComparativeView of, for 34 Years 176
Pension Agents, Army and Navy.... 113, 114 Torpedo, Electricity of the.....

74
Planet 3, Signs of the..
3 Trade, Foreign, Countries of.

173
Pole Star, Places of the ........
62 Treasury Department

104
Population of the Globe...

299 Utah Territory
Population of the U. S.
212 Venus and Mars, Disks of

49
Postage, Rates of Inland..
150 Vermont.

219
Postage by the N. Y. & Bremen Steamers 155 Vessels of War in U. S. Navy

123
Postage, Foreign
.152 - 156 Vessels, Recording of

331
Postage to Oregon and California
152 Virginia

216
Postmasters in Chief Towns and Cities... 107 War Department
Postmasters, Compensation of .... 149 Western Railroads

209
Post-Office, Business of
149 West Indian Governments.

293
Post-Office Department...
106, 147 Winds and Clouds....

..... 90-100
Post Office Distributing Offices...... 107, 109 Wisconsin

290
Post Office Receipts and Expenditures in Young's Refractions..

72
149 Zodiac, Signs of the..

4

300

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297

.. 105

1949...

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