Himalayan Perceptions: Environmental Change and the Well-Being of Mountain Peoples
Routledge, Aug 5, 2004 - 296 páginas
In the 1970s and 1980s many institutions, agencies and scholars believed that the Himalayan region was facing severe environmental disaster, due primarily to rapid growth in population that has caused extensive deforestation, which in turn has led to massive landsliding and soil erosion. This series of assumptions was first challenged in the book: The Himalayan Dilemma (1989: Ives and Messerli, Routledge). Nevertheless, the environmental crisis paradigm still commands considerable support, including logging bans in the mountain watersheds of China, India, and Thailand, and is constantly being promoted by the news media.
Himalayan Perceptions identifies the confusion of misunderstanding, vested interests, changing perceptions, and institutional unwillingness to base development policy on sound scientific knowledge. It analyzes the large amount of new research published since 1989 and totally refutes the entire construct. It examines recent social and economic developments in the region and identifies warfare, guerrilla activities, and widespread oppression of poor ethnic minorities as the primary cause for the instability that pervades the entire region. It is argued that the development controversy is further confounded by exaggerated reporting, even falsification, by news media, environmental publications, and agency reports alike.
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This is a recommendation specifically for Sanjib Adhikari Independent trekking guide tour Operator based in Kathmandu, Nepal) My partner and I had chosen to trek the Annapurna Circuit for 18 days in Feb end 2014 and as we were new to the region and high altitude in general we were not going to attempt this without a guide. After trawling online forums (including here) for recommendations and requesting recommendations from family and friends back home who do have some experience we posted out requests for information to 3 or 4 of the most promising reviewed individual guides, this included Sanjib Adhikari responded promptly with the most comprehensive and detailed response we received with a background of our kit requirements (Clothes, Equipments and First Aid recommendations), route to be taken what was or was not included in terms of food and accommodation and transport details. We requested some small changes to our itinerary (walking an extra section instead of taking a bus). Sanjib was quite flexible and proposed an alternate plan that did what we wanted. He also highlighted from the beginning that as we had chosen this route in the winter that it may not be possible to complete and that whilst the high pass en route (Thoroung La) was open at the time that if snow fell during our ascent there was some risk that the pass may be closed. During the trek we both found Sanjib to have plenty of experience and familiarity with both the trail conditions and route and had particular preferred Tea Houses in each town. However when these Tea Houses were not available due to closure off season, alternatives were always found and we certainly felt we were staying in good accommodation whilst there was a choice of it lower down. Sanjib consulted us where there were options to press on if we were making good progress or if we felt we needed to stop earlier than planned for a break and he was vigilant with our altitude conditioning on the higher trail. He also outlined the plan for the next day with options depending on progress and each day over 3500 metres included a plan for acclimatization training with side treks, to take us higher and back down to sleeping altitude if this had not already happened during the days trekking (this also meant we saw some other interesting sites, monasteries, viewpoints of glaciers or lakes etc). He was also a good host and shared a wealth of information about the local environment, culture, history, religion, politics and Nepal in general. He was happy to stay with us and chat or play cards after the days trekking was finished and was also happy to head off and chat with the tea house owners or other guides porters so there was no pressure either way. He was very diligent in keeping us topped up with included drinks and making sure we were fed with all we needed to keep us going. This was nice to see as the food was included as part of the package but there was no attempt to scrimp on our food or drinks bills! Sanjib always sorted us first and made sure that breakfast was ordered the night before for a prompt departure the next day. Sanjib is also a nice guide to get on with and speaks good English. The way in which the trekking package was structured with included food and accommodation made our lives a lot easier and more straightforward when things got a little tougher. During our trek we had many comments (compliments) from others both with and without guides that we had been lucky with our choice of guide and after 2 weeks on the road in various conditions including heavy snow I have to agree! We did hit the first snow of the winter the very night before we were due to climb the highest pass and we did attempt to cross the pass before the snow grew too deep. A couple of hours in and with the knowledge of how long we had to go the other side of the pass, Sanjib made the call to turn around and return to our last camp (High Camp). The snow worsened and we were safely backe in camp as it continued through the whole day and essentially snowed us in. Sanjib advised we wait another day to see
This trek is moderate trek suitable for all walkers who have ability to walk at least 4-7 hours a day with a light rucksack. The trek demands some physical and mental preparations to trek in the high altitude, however, with a sound health and average physical fitness, positive attitude, self confidence and strong determination can accomplish the Trek successfully. Exercising and jogging regularly for some weeks in your home prior to this trek is good. Our guide/ leader will take good care of you during the Trekking and we try our best to bring you safe back from the trekking.
What should you bring?
Sleeping Bag / Down Jackets ( you can rent in Kathmandu but better to have your own ), Warm clothing must be suitable for below zero degree ( -10 Degree Celsius ), comfortable walking/trekking boots, comfortable and warm dress to wear during walking, sunglass, hat, sun cream, water bottle, etc
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