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of the road. It is because the work must be and silver which soon became a part of our done the best way; and, when a division exports to the Orient.

exports to the Orient. Two large new superintendent is not packing his freight to steamers are therefore now in process of conthe best advantage, he is not retained because struction at New London for the Oriental he is a nice old man, but his place is taken by trade. They each carry 20,000 tons of a man who can load cars well. In some cases freight, and draw thirty-six feet of water. it may not seem sufficient consideration of the They are 680 feet long, 75 feet wide, and individual, but great forces often do not con their height to the top of the bridge is as sider individuals.

great as a six story building. There is nothing that Mr. Hill feels more The question of docks for these large keenly than his responsibility to his stock steamers was the next that came up. Seattle, holders. Before the panic of 1893, $30,000,- the western terminus of the road, is built on 000 had been provided by Mr. Hill for the the side of a hill, which continues to slope road; and when the financial crash came, as very gradually under the water. Moreover, this money was not in use, Mr. Hill lent it to there is in the water

a very destructive relieve the strain, saved many men from ruin, mollusk called the teredo or shipworm, which and helped to preserve confidence. There burrows into wood and soon destroys every are two old ladies in New Hampshire who kind of timber. The fertile brain of Mr. had put $10,000 into the Manitoba road; and Hill met this difficulty also. He caused to this day Mr. Hill says to the stockholders thousands of tons of brush which the teredo at the meetings : “We still keep faith with cannot penetrate, to be carried and dumped the old ladies." The confidence felt in him into the water in two sections, leaving a by European investors is profound. He and channel between. Then the channel was Lord Roberts are close friends, and all of found not to be deep enough; so out of this Lord Roberts' possessions beside his camp a huge hydraulic pump removed the mud and bed and his uniform and his recent grants by gravel and forced them into the brush, makParliament are invested in the Great Northern ing quite a compact mass. Then creosoted railroad.

piles, prepared by a very expensive process, The first year the road was in operation, were found to be impervious to the dreaded 1890, trade was paralyzed, the competition teredo, and were driven outside the brush and was great, and the country along the route gravel. In this way a depth of forty-six feet was yet unsettled; but the mind which had of water has been provided for the great planned the great enterprise had provided for steamers when they shall begin their work. its success. The officers of the road offered The original 437 miles of completed road of to have their salaries cut down, Mr. Hill re which Mr. Hill took charge as manager, now ceiving none; and reductions were made, number as the Great Northern System, 6,000 ranging from large sums down to ten cents miles. In 1883 he became president of the a day from some of the employees. When company. While other trans-continental roads 10,000 men receive ten cents less a day the have collapsed and gone into the hands of resaving amounts to a considerable sum. ceivers, the Great Northern has never once

To ship valuable lumber eastward was defaulted the interest on its bonds or passed a an excellent plan; but to send empty cars dividend. The road extends from Puget after it was out of the question; so Mr. Hill Sound to St. Paul, or during the season of conceived the idea of shipping grain for the navigation to Duluth and Superior, where it Japanese steamers to carry to the Orient. connects for Buffalo with its own two most An agent was sent to China and Japan to find luxurious steamers. A fleet of six freight out what the cost of wheat must be to com vessels are added to these. The grain ships pete with rice, and the result was that the moving through the “Soo" give that canal Japanese Navigation Company, the third rank over the Suez in point of tonnage. largest steamship company in the world, be In developing this great scheme of his life, gan to carry large shipments of grain to the plan has increased enormously in the proChina and Japan. This was a foresighted cess. Besides laying the foundation of a piece of work surely. These boats were soon great fortune, it has in its fulfilment opened found to be inadequate for the shipment of a very rich and vast new country, reached out the grain, lumber, cotton, steel rails, tobacco to new markets for many American products,


and brought benefit to great numbers of painting the only branch of art which has en-
people. All along the line of his road he has gaged Mr. Hill's attention. He knows much
encouraged the most diversified and produc- about carvings, rugs, jewels and china. In
tive farming, and he has introduced new politics Mr. Hill is a Democrat.
methods and labor-saving devices. He has Although he has no desire to control a
placed 5,000 head of blooded stock in the

newspaper, he came into the ownership of the
hands of farmers at his own expense, and his St. Paul Globe ; but last year he declined to
own farm of 35,000 acres at Crookston, Minn., have his newspaper adopt the Bryan policy.
furnishes an illustration of model farm He is liberal and broad-minded in his estimate
ing under the very best conditions. The of woman's work. “If a woman finds her-
North Oaks farm of 5,500 acres, about ten self fitted to do a certain kind of work as
miles from St. Paul, is the scene of Mr. Hill's well as a man, I don't see,” he says, “why a
favorite recreation. There is a simple farm man should call it his work." He himself
house there where his daughters go with one feels that he owes much of his success to his
servant or none, and play at keeping house. beautiful domestic relations, because, as he
There are seven lakes on this farm, and quaintly expresses it, “there was never a fire
number of buildings, stables, greenhouses, a in the rear." At the dedication of St. Paul's
perfectly appointed dairy, a bowling alley, a Seminary, Mr. Hill said in his presentation
boathouse, and houses for the workmen. On speech :
an island on one of the lakes there is a herd
of elk, and in another pasture Mr. Hill is pre-

“Some of you may wonder why I, who am not serving a large herd of buffalo, now becoming taken the building and endowment of a Roman

a member of your church, should have underso very rare. He is devoted to his horses,

Catholic Theological Seminary, and you will and there is no detail of the care of his fine

pardon me if I tell you plainly why. For nearly blooded stock with which he is not perfectly thirty years I have lived in a Roman Catholic familiar.

household, and daily I had before me and around Among other philanthropic results of his me the earnest devotion, watchful care and work Mr. Hill has formed a plan for assisting Christian example of a Roman Catholic wife, of his employees to save money. Anyone, male whom it may be said, · Blessed are the pure in or female, drawing a salary under $3,000 may

heart for they shall see God,' and on whose bein return for deposits of ten dollars or more

half to-night I desire to present and turn over to

the illustrious Archbishop of this diocese, the obtain investment certificates upon which the

Seminary and its endowment as provided in the interest is paid quarterly. By letting the in

deed and articles of trust covering the same.” terest remain the amount increases rapidly. If a man or a woman ceases to be an em Mr. Hill is often spoken of as a puzzle. ployee of the road, the full sum, principal and Like other elemental forces he is not easily interest, is paid. One old section foreman understood. He is a figure of world-wide has put in $1,200 during the short period in reputation and a man of remarkable intelwhich this system has existed, and one girl lectual endowment, of a great constructive who has just been married, drew out $2,000 genius, of a maryelous capacity for detail, inas her portion saved from her employment as ventive and of untiring industry; and behind typewriter.

all his qualities is the force of an indomitable Mr. Hill has erected and endowed a group will. For years he has been the embodiment of six buildings called the St. Paul Seminary of one great idea. for educating Catholic young men for the He may discharge an employee who has priesthood, and he has contributed largely to served him fifteen years, with no word of exMacalester and Hamline Colleges, of Presby- planation and apparently with no effort to terian and Methodist origin. All along the adjust the fault, whatever it may be-because line of his road churches and schools of all that man causes friction in his vast machine. religious sects have found him a generous Yet he will care for and speak in the tenderest contributor.

way of an unhappy little dog that has fled to He has built a magnificent residence in St. him for protection.

him for protection. He will give a large sum Paul, a monument of careful construction, in of money to save a friend in danger of finanwhich he has a picture gallery full of good cial disaster; he puts his mighty hand on the paintings of modern French masters. Nor is political machine and without an instant's de


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by a spiritual personality like that of the of waiting visitors. Three general managers beautiful old priest whose portrait stands in glared at me for my presumptuous delay, but his library; and he can feel contempt for the they should have remembered that Mr. Hill less powerful than those who are on his own is not always taciturn." plane. A warm sympathy for old friends Some months ago Mr. Hill visited the comes to the surface in his nature; he takes office of a railroad in the stock of which he up the roll of his old militia comrades and had just obtained an

had just obtained an influential interest. recounts each name without faltering.

Glancing through the doorway of one large “Some months ago," the assistant manager office-room, he asked curtly, “How many of another railroad company recently said, “I men here?" “ About eighty-five,” was the went over to the Great Northern offices. answer. “Can't you get along with less ?" Mr. Hill's outside office was half full of wait- “No, we never could.” “Well, I'll get a ing visitors. I was admitted at once.

man who can." "Mr. Hill was in a genial mood. He made On the other hand, Mr. Hill has displayed me sit down, and we talked of many things— the greatest consideration towards certain of of early experiences, of traffic in general, of the old employees who were personal friends Chinese trade, of the ship subsidy bill. That of his at an early day.

of his at an early day. A superintendent, is, Mr. Hill talked of these things with his one of the pioneer railroaders of Minnesota, hand on my arm. I listened and watched the was retained on full pay long after his physical clock. At last he abruptly stopped; I went condition incapacitated him for effective serout—an hour and a half too late for my next vice. An assistant was provided to relieve engagement. The outside office was now full him of actual responsibility, and when he died,

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