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socially the Negro is often, if not generally, worse to prevent the propagation of weakness and off than when he was a slave. Intellectually misery. But the earlier part of the book is the and morally he appears incapable of high de- best, for in it the author is more at home velopment. Vanity, sensuality and improvidence (Crowell. $3.00.) are of his very nature. So dark is the picture that it loses all its effect. Page after page of
MR. WILLIAM A. DUTT furnishes the text for
this latest of the “ Highways and Byways " series. sweeping denunciations take the place of facts. The evidence of other witnesses is contradicted.
The illustrations are again by Joseph
and Byways Pennell. Occasionally the necessary No sufficient basis for the sweeping conclusions
Anglia. reduction of scale has brought an unappears. Temperateness and a balanced judg
fortunate result, but the lovers of black and white ment are lacking. A superficiality spoils what
will find in this volume new cause of gratitude to ought to have been a very instructive sociological study of the race by a member of it. The
an old favorite. The itinerary of the author picture is true, in places, as a description of ex
carries him through more than seventy towns of isting conditions ; but the whole story of the
Norfolk, Suffolk and East Anglia. He tells Negro's advancement is left out or minimized,
many stories drawn from a full memory of and the sweeping, hopeless conclusions are con
literary associations, historic and legendary tradicted by a cloud of veracious witnesses. The
events, famous families and all that gives locality condition of the Negroes in many parts of the
flavor. Artist and author have worthily collaboSouth is worse than it is generally supposed to
rated to make this a welcome addition to the be; but that it is bad beyond hope this is the
series. (Macmillan. $2.00.) utterly false impression that the book leaves. The MR. DUFFIELD OSBORNE has here written an most hopeful work ever done for the lifting of a
uncommonly good historical romance of the lowly people since man emerged from savagery is
days when Hannibal and his brothers the work done at Hampton and Tuskegee, and Brood.
(the sons of Hamilcar, the Carthe results are an absolute demonstration of the
thaginian “Lion,") were momentarily expected capacity of the Negro. Mr. Thomas's discourag- by the demoralized citizens to be thundering at ing book is wholly false in the effect it produces the gate of Rome itself. The proverb-making and in the inferences that it suggests. (Macmil- campaign of Fabius, the terrible disaster of lan. $2.00.)
Cannæ and the life of an Italian city at that MRS. JENNETTE LEE's little story is good
time are presented with no little skill, while the enough to make one wish heartily that it was
usual romantic love story grows naturally enough better. A Pillar of It is not free from conven
amid the stirring incidents that form an his
torical framework for the novel. (Doubleday, Salt. tionality, staginess, and false pathos. But it has human people in it-New England
Page. $1.50.) people. There is an inventor-genius and child MR. EDWARD GILPIN JOHNSON edits this wellof nature who neglects to patent improvements, known work of a remarkable Frenchwoman, and and dies as he finishes his machine. There is The Private
furnishes an excellent introduction. a faded, hard-worked wife who has to carry cares
The translation is a revised form of for two and hates the machine, her rival. As for Roland. the one published in London in 1795. the wealthy manufacturer who cheats the in- Madame Roland was a woman of very extraventor and leaves his property to the wife—the ordinary powers. To intellectual ability she plot made him. But the triumph of the book is joined great sensibility of imagination and a most its children. Whatever else may be artificial, dauntless spirit. In the face of the guillotine she they are genuine enough to make any book wrote this autobiography, doubly valuable as a readable. (Houghton, Mifflin. $1.25.)
picture of French society and as a significant
human document. (McClurg. $1.50.) F. W. HEADLEY, a thorough-going evolutionist of the school of Weissmann, takes up in this Dr. R. Osgood Mason has for many years Problems of book two sets of problems: those which employed hypnotism in his medical practice. In Evolution. concern the evolution of animal species
this book he enters a plea for its more
Hypnotism and those which concern the evolution of man. and Sugges- general recognition as a beneficent
tion. A trained scientific student, he writes with lucid
agency in therapeutics, education and ity, abundant illustration, and at the same time reform. Then he discusses some of the more in untechnical language. His longest and best
His longest and best obscure phenomena of thought-transference, meschapter is on Natural Selection. In the case of merism and similar matter, such as have now human society he holds that civilization by inter- for some years been receiving scientific investigafering with the operation of natural selection is tion by the Society for Psychical Research. Some bringing physical degeneration, which can be of the examples given are enough to tax one's warded off only as morality and religion interfere credulity. (Holt. $1.50.)
New York in
around an Oid World.
The War in
These familiar verses of HARRY B. SMITH, which health, movement, and humanity in abundance, and have been sung and resung by every one who knows an atmosphere of out-of-doors that is inspiring. Stage
“Robin Hood,” “Rob Roy," and all Mr. Hornung has the trick of making his scene and Lyrics. the rest of the productions of this his people very real. They live from the first word nothing if not prolific genius, are brought together to the last. (Scribner. $1.50.) in the most attractive way and illustrated with por
The locating of places where we have seen traits of operatic stars remembered as the creators favorite friends in fiction live and suffer and live of many of the parts in the operas. The book
happily ever afterward, has always a contains some of the best of Mr. Smith's creations
curious interest. Mr. Arthur Bartlett — which means they are very good — and some of Maurice, limiting himself to New York, has written the worst which means they are very bad. (Rus
a very charming book of literary gossip which has sell. $2.50.)
been illustrated completely and well. There is a The Rev. FRANCIS E. CLARKE and his party hold strange fascination in meddling with other peothe record for an all-steam journey around the world ple's affairs, even though the people are fictitious.
from west to east via Siberia. This Mr. Maurice knows his material thoroughly. ParA New Way
all-steam route was open to travellers ticularly does he seem to revel in the vicinity of
only for a few days in May and June Washington Square, and he touches casually upon of 1900, after the ice broke up in the Amour and the outiying suburban places. The book is an before the disturbance in China began. Both on interesting addition to the literature of inquisitivethe river-boats of the upper Amour and Shilka (Dodd, Mead. $1.50.) rivers and on the lately completed Trans-Baikal CAPTAIN A. T. MAHAN has written a critical narsection of the Siberian Railway Dr. Clarke found
rative of the Boer War down to the fall of Pretoria, primitive accommodations and abundant discom
in July, 1900. There are already forts; but he has more to tell us of the bad hotels South Africa.
plenty of books about the war by eyeand emigrant trains, and, though the only informa
witnesses. But Captain Mahan is a military critic tion he has to give is that which he picked up on
of high authority. Consequently, though it is still, the journey, the new Siberia is so little known a
as he himself points out, too soon to write a final country that most readers will find this an enlight- history, this carefully reasoned account carries more ening as well as an entertaining book. (Harper. weight than many personal narratives, and probably $1.50.)
in large measure anticipates the judgment of the Mr. E. F. BENSON has based the entire plot of future. his Civil War novel on a memory-losing hero who This sober study of the latest chapter in Eng
fights for the North or the South land's military history sees the light in a curious
according as his memory is good or form. It is printed as text-accompaniment to a bad. There is, indeed, the kindly, strong Doctor, but veritable picture-book history in album shape. his only mission in the story is to make the hero's There are eighteen full-page illustrations in color, weakness the more prominent. If the theme is thirty-five in black-and-white, and innumerable protaken seriously, as the author intended, with the cess reproductions of photographs, pen-and-ink pitifully heroic young man as its central figure, it is drawings, etc. Among the illustrators, Remington, de monotonous and tiresome. The reader cannot drag Thulstrup, and Reuterdahl. (Russell. $5.00 net.) out a half-sincere sympathy through the whole vol
MR. ARTHUR Mees has written a very concise and There is an unconscious humor in the idea, satisfactory history of choral music, tracing its early the comic-opera humor of unreality.
history in the church, on through Bach The adventures of the young spy, his quick wit,
and Handel to the choral culture of incidents in camp life, are all well done, but it does to-day in England and America.
Among the little good to decorate a house that has no founda
many encouraging developments in interest in this tion. (Macmillan. $1.50.)
country — the growing number of great festivals This short novel of the Australian bush lands, and conventions and an increasing earnestness in with its one incident, its day or two of quick the entire profession — Mr. Mees strikes an imThe Shadow action, its manly hero, “clean of body portant note when he deplores the lack of unac
and mind," and the womanly weak and companied choral singing. The chapter on “The strong heroine, is exceedingly good work for a story Chorus and the Chorus Conductor " is perhaps the of its sort. It really matters little that an all too most generally interesting one in the book, and has apparent deus ex machina saves the heroine in
added authority in coming from one who has been “Blind-Man's Block,” or that three or four slight so thoroughly and well associated with chorus direcincidents are frankly made to order. There is tion. (Scribner.
tion. (Scribner. $1.25 net.)
of a Man.
THE MONTH'S MOST POPULAR BOOKS
REPORTS from book-dealers in New rk, Hartford, Jersey City, Springfield, Cincinnati, Boston, Philadelphia, San Francisco, Los An- Buffalo, Chicago, Cleveland, New York, Atlanta, geles, Pittsburg, Louisville, St. Paul, St. Louis, and Minneapolis have been combined into the Detroit and Cleveland, and from librarians in following composite lists: Los Angeles, San Francisco, Detroit, Brooklyn,
BOOK-DEALERS' REPORTS 1. Alice of Old Vincennes—Thompson. (Bowen-Merrill.) 2. Eben Holden-Bacheller. (Lothrop.) 3. Babs, the Impossible—Grand. (Harper.) 4. Monsieur Beaucaire—Tarkington. (McClure, Phillips.) 5. Eleanor-Ward. (Harper.). 6. The Life and Death of Richard Yea-and-Nay–Hew
lett. (Macmillan.) 7. Quincy Adams Sawyer—Pidgin (Clark.) 8. Rostand's L'Aiglon—Parker. (Russell.) 9. In the Name of a Woman-Marchmont. (Stokes.) 10. Stringtown on the Pike-Lloyd. (Dodd, Mead.) 11. A King's Pawn-Drummond. (Doubleday, Page.) 12. The Visits of Elizabeth-Glyn. (Lane.) 13. The Cardinals Snuff Box-Harland. (Lane). 14. An English woman's Love Letters—Anon. (Double
day, Page.) 15. Eastover Court House-Boone and Brown. (Harper.) 16. The Mantle of Elijah-Zangwill. (Harper.) 17. That Mainwaring Affair-Barbour. (Lippincott.) 18. Napoleon, the Last Phase-Rosebery. (Harper). 19. Uncle Terry-Munn. (Lee, Shepard.) 20. In the Palace of the King-Crawford. (Macmillan.) 21. Herod— Phillips. (Lane.) 22. The Turn of the Road—Frothingham. (Houghton,
Mifflin.) 23. Tommy and Grizel—Barrie. (Scribner.) 24. The King of Honey Island.—Thompson. (Dilling.
ham.) 25. Up From Slavery-Washington. (Doubleday, Page.) 26. The Heritage of Unrest-Overton. (Macmillan.) 27. The Redemption of David Corson-Goss. (Bowen
Merrill.) 28. Literary Friends and Acquaintance Howells.
(Harper.) 29. The Master Christian-Corelli. (Dodd, Mead.) 30. Crittenden-Fox. (Scribner.)
LIBRARIANS' REPORTS 1. Eben Holden-- Bacheller. (Lothrop.) 2. Alice of Old Vincennes—Thompson. ( Bowen-Merrill.) 3. Eleanor-Ward. (Harper.). 4. The Life and Death of Richard Yea-and-Nay-Hew
lett. (Macmillan.) 5. In the Palace of the King-Crawford. (Macmillan.) 6. The Master Christian-Corelli. (Dodd, Mead.) 7. Stringtown on the Pike-Lloyd. (Dodd, Mead.) 8. When Knighthood Was in Flower—Major. (Bowen
Merrill.) 9. Rostand's L'Aiglon-Parker. (Russell.) 10. The Life of Phillips Brooks—Allen. (Dutton.) u. The Reign of Law-Allen. (Macmillan.) 12. Napoleon, the Last Phase-Rosebery. (Harper.) 13. The Cardinal's Snuff Box-Harland. (Lane.) 14. Elizabeth and Her German Garden-Anon. (Mac
millan.) 15. The Life of T H. Huxley-Huxley. (Appleton.). 16. An Englishwoman's Love Letters—Anon. (Double
day, Page.) 17. Janice Meredith—Ford. (Dodd, Mead.) 18. The Gentleman From Indiana—Tarkington. (Double
day, Page.) 19. To Have and to Hold- Johnston. (Houghton, Mifflin.) 20. The Redemption of David Corson-Goss. (Bowen
Merrill.) 21. Black Rock.-Connor. (Revell.) 22. Wild Animals I Have Known—Thompson. (Scribner.) 23. A Woman Tenderfoot-Thompson. (Doubleday,Page.) 24. Italian Cities—Blashfield. (Scribner.) 25. Tommy and Grizel-Barrie. (Scribner.) 26. The Riddle of the Universe—Haeckel. (Harper.) 27. Richard Carvel–Churchill. (Macmillan.) 28. Sky Pilot-Connor. (Revell.) 29. Like Another Helen-Horton. (Bowen-Merrill.) 30. Unleavened Bread-Grant. (Scribner.)
Twelve books are mentioned in both lists. Five, in the dealers' reports, ten in the librarians' “ Eben Holden,” “ Alice of Old Vincennes,” reports. “Eleanor," “ Richard Yea-and-Nay," and New books which have taken high place in the “Stringtown on the Pike” are among the first dealers' list are Babs, the Impossible,” “A twelve in both lists, and are, therefore, probably King's Pawn,' “ Eastover Court House," and the most widely read books of the month. “Up From Slavery.”
"Up From Slavery.” “ Quincy Adams Sawyer” Three of the five most popular books noted and “That Mainwaring Affair” have risen above are of American, two of English authorship. rapidly, while “ In the Palace of the King,” “ An “ Eben Holden” and “ Alice of Old Vincennes Englishwoman's Love Letters," “ Stringtown on are mentioned at the top of nearly every separate the Pike," “The Master Christian,"
“ Uncle report and are easily the leaders in popularity. Terry,” and
Terry,” and “The Redemption of “David Some of the formerly popular books like “To Corson ” have all taken a lower position. In the Have and to Hold," “ Janice Meredith," “ Richard librarians' reports “ Richard Yea-and-Nay,” “The Carvel” and others are still mentioned, particu- Life of Phillips Brooks” and “When Knightlarly in the librarians' list, Dramatizations are hood Was in Flower," have risen, while “ The helping, doubtless, to keep these stories before Cardinal's Snuff Box” and “Unleavened Bread” the public. There are six books, not fiction, have dropped.
Our Unprecedented Ship Building.
government, and an equal number of merchant BVIOUSLY the American ship builders are
steamers of unusual size. The Union Works of not waiting for a ship-subsidy bill for all
San Francisco has in hand five vessels for the the ship yards both on the sea-board and the lakes navy, and two large merchant steamers for the are crowded with orders. Two new yards have American-Hawaiian Steamship Company. Three lately been built, and a third soon will be. One
battleships are building by the Cramps who have of these newer ones is the Trigg Company's Yard
also in hand two twelve-thousand ton ships for at Richmond, Va., situated within a half a mile the Red Star Line, and two fine ships for the of an unfailing source of electrical power, and
Ward Line. with a water front equal to the launching of the
The New York Ship Building Company, at its largest types of war ships. Several torpedo boats recently opened yard on the Jersey shore of the have already been turned out by this company,
Delaware, has four great ships under way, and it and it is now building the protected cruiser has closed contracts with the Atlantic Transport Galveston.
Line for four twin screw steamers, each of The Fore River Engine Company, of East
twelve thousand tons burden. The same line is Baintree, Mass., has equipped a large plant at
having two other vessels, each of eighteen thousQuincy Point, and it has secured contracts for
and tons displacement, built by the Maryland two battleships. Mr. Thomas A. Watson, the
Steel Company at Sparrow's Point, Md., where head of the Fore River Company was for a long
are also under construction two immense freighttime superintendent of the Bell Telephone Com- ers for the Boston Steamship Company. The pany. Then he organized a company for the
Eastern Ship Building Company is building at manufacture of engines to be used in electric Groton two ships for the Northern Steamship lighting plants, and it is this company that has Company, which are to be the largest ships now turned to ship building.
afloat. The Bath, Me., Iron Works, besides a A number of men of wealth propose to estab- large naval tonnage, is building a 385-foot lish one of the largest dry docks and ship yards steamer for the Mallory Line. in the world on the New Jersey flats, a short
Other work in progress could be cited to show distance west of the immigration station on
the wonderful revival in American ship building. Ellis Island, in New York harbor. The dry Not only is there a greater tonnage under condocks to be built will accommodate the largest
tract than at any previous period in our history, ocean steamers, and any ship entering the port but the ships will be better. In the old days we of New York will be able to run into them for built the best wooden ships, and now we build, overhauling or repairs. The necessity for such and seem likely to build, the best iron and steel an establishment has been apparent for many
ones. years, but the high price demanded for the most desirable land and the difficulty of securing the
The German Shipbuilders. co-operation of the general government have \HE recent death of Carl Laeisz, a leading hitherto discouraged private corporations.
All of the older yards are crowded with work. merchants, and at the time of his death Chairman The American Ship Building Company, for in- of the Advisory Board of the Hamburg-American stance, has under construction at its various yards Line, has led to renewed comment upon the extraon the lakes twenty-five vessels, while other lake ordinary activity and advance made by the Gerbuilders have contracts aggregating $9,000,000. man ship-builders and managers. Mr. Laeisz The great ship-yard at Newport News, Va., has was a fine type of the men who are achieving under construction or contract a larger tonnage great things in Germany. Among England's than any American Yard has ever had up to this many commercial heartburnings, the attacks made time, including six cruisers and battleships for the upon her marine interests by Germany touch her
pride as closely as anything can. Within a few
The Outlook for Bicycles years the Germans have set out in a spirit of
FEW weeks ago at the very beginning of the momentous enthusiasm to largely influence the
bicycle season it was reported from Philatrade of the ocean; and they have done so in a
delphia that a much larger number of wheels somewhat spectacular way, which has gained re
were sold during the week than in the same week newed fame for them as a nation,
“ Nothing but a little sunshine and For a century the English have carried the best
spring weather is needed,” it was said, “to set trans-Atlantic passenger traffic, the fastest and
more wheels than ever spinning over the roads best ships were England's, and the traveler was
and pavements.” And this is the story the counmade to feel that her vessels were divinely appointed institutions; and certainly no one will
try over. Consequently the American Bicycle
Company has material made up, and parts ready gainsay the splendid advance in comfort and speed which was achieved by the English. The bicycles in the history of the trade. Take the
to put together, for by far the largest output of Germans and the French entered the field far
wheel trade as a whole, the initial orders of this behind in prestige, in size, in number, and in the
season are in a ratio of five to three to those of speed of their ships. The Frenchmen have
last year. Bicycling may be something of a fad, caused England no alarm. The chief trans
but it is much more of a convenience, a means Atlantic line which carries the American flag sends of exercise and of recreation. Improvements in its irregular and varied company of vessels often
roads, made by towns, cities and states co-operlimping from one side of the Atlantic to the other, ating with wheel clubs, manufacturers and dealand keeps for months one or two of its ships in
ers, the low price at which a thoroughly good the marine hospital; and the American finds no
wheel can be bought, the general prosperity of the cause for patriotic pride in these records. But
people—all these are increasing the output. In the German tells quite a different story and the
the Eastern States where cycling was a craze last year or two has seen his greatest successes.
for a time, and where, for the past two or three The German “Deutschland” holds the record for
years, there has been a considerable diminishspeed; the German “Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse”
ment in the demand, there is promise of an adholds the second place; and the English
vance in sales, and in the Middle West and along “Lucania” comes third ; while the American ships
the coast the wheel trade is growing in large pertrail along far after. A single record is saved to
centages, year by year. In the South, too, though England by the “Oceanic," which still exceeds in
bad roads and the traditional saddle horse have size, though by no means in speed, the world's
blocked the way, sales of bicycles are increasing vessels. The German ships have managed to
rapidly. draw their trade from the three great countries,
The day of radical changes in the making of by landing passengers on French, English and
the bicycle seems to be past. The process is German soil, thus vastly increasing their earning rather one of gradual perfection along the lines power. More than this, it is the Germans who
already laid out. The “trust,” as the American have developed the “tourist-ship,” including such Bicycle Company, which controls many wella range of excursions as to the North Cape in
known machines, is known, was looked upon with the Arctic and Palestine in the Tropics. They great suspicion at the start, but by consolidation of have also established a fast and profitable plants, such as the Spalding with the Columbia Mediterranean service, while England has stood
and the Barnes with the Monarch, by placing idly by. Added to all this, the German steam
large orders for material and by settling thousands ship lines pay greater dividends than the English, of agencies throughout the country, it has been and each year sees their hold on the trade grow
able to improve the workmanship on its product stronger and stronger.
and to maintain a more regular and a lower net England, meanwhile, is barely holding its own
price. It is employing more men, both in the in ship construction. At the opening of 1899 shops and on the road than the separate concerns the total tonnage of vessels being built in Eng employed, and is dealing fairly and impartially land was 1,385,000 tons; at the beginning of this
with its agents, making the same price to them year it was 1,260,000 tons; and Germany has
all. It has undoubtedly greatly increased the taken what England has lost. These figures wheel business of the country, and steadied the show what Germany is doing in ship-building:
entire cycling trade. It is not in any sense a 1870 Number of Ship Yards.... 7 monopoly, for many high-grade wheels are selling 1880
18 widely. 1890
Almost one-fifth of the wheels made this 1901
37 year will be a cheap twenty-five dollar grade, a In 1870, 2,800 workmen were employed in fact that shows that the wheel is carrying the these yards and in 1901 the number was factory hand to the shop, as well as the profes37,850.
sional man to his office. What is more, it often