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may be indulged within the precincts of a closet; but I would have those well-intentioned persons who entertain them, to exercise my arduous profession only for a period of a few months; when I have no doubt they would become thoroughly convinced of the utter impossibility of carrying into effect their benevolent speculations among a people circumstanced as the Hindoos are. (pp. 90, 91.)

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"Warned by long experience, I repeat it, with feelings of the deepest sorrow, that there remain, in the present circumstances, no human means of improving Christian knowledge among the natives of India. The concerns of the Christian religion are in a quite desperate state; from a long period, all missionaries who are come to India for the purpose of making proselytes, have found themselves deceived on their arrival in the country, have experienced nothing but the most distressing disappointments in all their pursuits, and all their labours have terminated in nothing." (p. 133.)

The question now arises, Is the representation true, which is contained in the above paragraphs, namely, that hopes of success among the Hindoos are founded in ignorance, and that such hopes would vanish, and actually do vanish, upon personal intercourse with the natives of India?

I answer in the negative: I conceive myself to be one of the class especially referred to. I

was one of those "well-intentioned persons," who "indulged within the precincts of a closet," in Europe, the hope that the truth would ultimately. prevail among the Hindoos. I actually went to India, and exercised the Abbé's" arduous profession," not only for "a period of a few months," but above six years; and I solemnly declare the result to be a full and entire conviction, founded not merely in the promises of God, but also in the appearances of the people, that the gospel will prevail in India, and that the Hindoos will in due time, and probably sooner than the generality of even friends to the cause expect, be converted to Christianity. This is my deliberate opinion, after all I have seen and heard and done in missionary affairs connected with Hindoostan; and I thus come forward myself, as a refutation of the author's assertion, that if any one would but exercise his, the Abbé's profession, though only for a short period, he would be convinced of the impossibility of his object being accomplished.

If the Abbé should endeavour to evade my testimony, by insinuating doubts whether I have stated the real sentiments of my mind, and to strengthen such doubts should suggest that I had embarked in the work for life, and could not, with credit to myself, either recede or speak ill

liberally to subscribe of their substance to its prosecution.

We see from hence, that hopes of converting the Hindoos are, in fact, not "mere dreams formed within the precincts of European closets,". that they do not vanish upon arrival in India, and that the Abbé's assertion is unwarranted.


Reply to the Abbe's insinuation, that the increase of Suttees is in a great measure chargeable upon the Missionaries themselves, and to his opinion that the suppression of Suttees by the interposition of Government, is a measure too dangerous to be attempted.

I NEXT proceed to notice an assertion, made by the author of the work in question, involving a serious charge against the missionaries, and calculated to render them odious in the eyes of the British public. It is an accusation of their having been, in a great measure, the cause of an increase in the number of Hindoo widows who are annually consumed on the funeral pile of their husbands. The Abbé thus brings forward this heavy charge:

"The Rev.

returns again to the stale subject of the burning of the Hindoo widows,

on the pile of their deceased husbands, and quotes the lamentable fact of seven hundred and six victims having devoted themselves to that barbarous superstition, in the course of the year 1817, in the presidency of Bengal. It is a well-known fact, (as I observed in a former letter,) that these nefarious sacrifices have increased of late years; but the reverend gentleman is not perhaps apprized, that many persons of good sense, who have made inquiries about the causes of this increasing evil, have been of opinion, that its aggravation was in a great measure owing to his intemperate zeal, and that of many of his associates in the work of reform. He is not, perhaps, aware, that owing to their abrupt attacks on the most deep-laid prejudices of the country, the zeal of the Hindoos had been roused to a determined spirit of opposition and resistance, when they saw their most sacred customs and practices publicly reviled, laughed at, and turned into ridicule, by words, and in writing, in numberless religious tracts, circulated with profusion, in every direction, all over the country." (pp. 197, 198)

Perhaps the best reply to the author's representation, that the religious tracts, circulated by the missionaries, have had a considerable influence in exciting the Hindoos to a determined spirit of

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