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nebuke the beggar, however suspicious may be the petition. To accustom a child to love the poor, it should be permitted to accompany the Christian philanthropist and benefactor in his visits to the house of the afflicted, and the abodes of the fatherless and the widow; and instead of being taught that kindness and gentleness form a mean, contemptible character, he will learn to unite bravery with gentleness; being strong, he will defend the weak, and in the imminence of danger, be the foremost to meet it, having ordinarily the fear of God, not the fear of man. I may exemplify an instance of this character in a gallant officer in the British navy, who has braved repeatedly the greatest dangers on the stormy deep, and in the hotest battle; who when an infant, and had be gun to take to his feet, received a new pair of red morocco shoes, and a little pair of socks. Pleased with his new dress, he managed to escape his nurse to appear at the gate, where seeing a poor beggar woman with a little child without shoes, presented his, and returned to his mother bare-footed, saying, in his own artless language, he had the prospect of obtaining others, but that poor child had none.

In teaching truth, we shall never do it better than by contrasting it with falsehood; by insisting on the truth being always told, success will ordinarily follow : when the terms are unconditional, instant forgiveness and free pardon, with praise, should be held out as a reward ; and this should always be bestowed for repentance or contrition, as the best proof of our abhorrence of low cunning, disguise, and hypocrisy.

We are to teach, according to the divine proverb, the beauty of mercy and truth, to bind them about the necks of our children, to write them in the tables of their hearts; 80 that, according to divine promise, they may find favour and have a good understanding in the sight of God and man. I need not advert, I trust, to the erroneous indulgence of permitting children to delight in flogging of servants for amusement.

Peremptory or arbitrary treatment is not an unusual thing to witness in our Indian nurseries, in the conduct of children towards menials, nay ordinarily towards parents. The sanction of such evil is the sowing in the heart the seeds of tyranny and revenge.

Expressions of admonition should invariably mark the features of a parent against a peevish, angry, or sullen temper; but those of admiration and delight should always be bestowed on cheerfulness and benevolence.

Let one thing be for ever remembered, that God has promised to that child brought up in the right road, to preserve him from turning therefrom in his old age.

This work inculcates, instead of covetousness, liberality: in the place of pride and vanity, humility and meekness: instead of love of self, benevolence: in the place of envy and revenge, forbearance: in the room of coldness and indifference, animated zeal and friendship: as an associate, cheerfulness, candour, and desire to please: in the room of affectation, reality; of suspicion, frankness; of hypocrisy, ingenousness : as a subject, loyalty : as a Christian, toleration: as a citizen, industry: as a man, to be hospitable, brave, yet gentle, to be ready to defend, and the first to forgive.



Shepherds of Israel.

Jacob, the son of Isaac, who was the son of Abraham, had twelve sons; two of whom, Joseph and Benjamin, were sons of his first chosen and beloved wife, Rachel. Jacob was also named Israel, because, as a prince, he had power with God and prevailed. He was one of the progenitors of the Jews, who from him were called Israelites, and sometimes the children of Israel. He dwelt in the land of Canaan, where his sons, being shepherds, fed their flocks.

Now Joseph was his father's favourite, because he was a good, affectionate, and amiable son. He not only cherished the fear of God, but to him every fellow creature was endeared, and was certain of obtaining a place in his bosom; for there was benignity and perfect sweetness, because of real simplicity ; his soul was made perfect after Him who is perfect Love. He was therefore without guile, his being and his righteousness emanating from the source of that pure


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