« AnteriorContinuar »
CONNECTION OF THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS. was another party forming for Ptolemy Philometor, Roman ambassadors charged him to withdraw his king of Egypt, and that both of them were agreed forces from Egypt, if he regarded the friend. “not to give unto him the honour of the kingdom," ship of their state. Mad with rage at this dis- | B.. 168. as the prophet Daniel had foretold; he applied appointment, while marching back through to Eumenes, king of Pergamos, and Attalus his Palestine, he detached from his army 20,000 men under brother, and "by flattering speeches," and great the command of Apollonius, with orders to destroy promises of friendship, prevailed with them to help Jerusalem, to put all the men to the sword, and to him against Heliodorus. Having by their means make slaves of the women and children. These orders suppressed the usurper, he was quietly placed on the were most rigorously put in execution on a sabbath throne; and peaceably obtained the kingdom, as had day, when all the people were assembled at public been predicted in the same prophecy. Upon his ac- worship, so that none escaped but such as could hide cession to the throne he took the name of Epiphanes, themselves in caves, or reach the mountains by flight. or the Illustrious; but being in every respect "a vile After having spoiled the city of all its riches, they set person,” as Daniel foretold of him, he was styled it on fire in several places, demolished the houses, and Epimanes, or the Madman. He was scarcely seated pulled down the walls round about it; and then, with on the throne, when, being pressed by the Romans to the ruins, they built a strong fortress on Acra, an raise their heavy tribute, among other means he de- eminence which overlooked and commanded the posed the good and pious high priest Onias, and sold temple. After the infuriated monarch had returned the pontificate to his brother Jason for the yearly sum to Antioch, he issued a decree to oblige all people in
of 360 talents; and afterwards he deposed his dominions to conform to the religion of the Greeks, B.c. 172. Jason, and sold it to his brother Menelaus and sent one Athenæus, a Grecian idolator, to initiate
for 660 talents. Incensed that the curators the Jews in the idolatrous rites, and to punish with of young Ptolemy should have demanded for their the most cruel deaths those who refused. On his master the provinces of Phoenicia, Cole-Syria, and arrival at Jerusalem, assisted by the apostate Jews, he Palestine, which had been assigned for the dowry of caused all sacrifices to the God of Israel to cease, supCleopatra, Antiochus marched towards the frontiers pressed all the observances of the Jewish religion, of Egypt, and meeting the forces of Ptolemy near polluted the temple itself, and made it unfit for the
--, Pelusium, they came to a battle, in which worship of God, profaned their sabbaths and festivals, B.c. 171. Antiochus obtained the victory. He after- forbad their children to be circumcised, burned every
- wards routed the Egyptians, took Pelusium, copy of the law which could be found, dedicated the ascended as far as Memphis, and made himself master temple to Jupiter Olympius, erected his statue on the of all Egypt, except Alexandria. The governor of altar of burnt offerings, and put every one to death Cyprus revolted from Ptolemy, and delivered up that who was found to have acted contrary to what the important island to Antiochus; and the effeminate king had decreed. monarch of Egypt, having done little for the defence | Mattathias, great-grandson of Asmonæus, from whom of himself and subjects, fell into the hands of the the family were called Asmonæans, retired with his five conqueror. While Antiochus was in Egypt, a false | sons from the persecution at Jerusalem to his native report having been spread of his death, Jason marched place, in the tribe of Dan. Apelles, however, one of with a thousand men to recover the high priesthood, the king's officers, came to the place of their retreat, in surprised the city of Jerusalem, drove Menelaus into order to enforce the execution of the king's commands; the castle, and cruelly put to death all those whom he and having called the people together, he addressed considered his adversaries. Antiochus being informed himself to Mattathias, to persuade him to embrace of these events, and supposing that the whole Jewish idolatry, promising him great favour and riches. This nation had revolted, hastened out of Egypt to quell the good priest not only scornfully rejected, but slew the rebellion; and being told that the inhabitants of the first Jew who dared to approach the idolatrous Jerusalem had made great rejoicings at the news of | altar; and then, turning upon the king's commissioner,
his death, he was so provoked, that having he despatched him and all his attendants, with the B.c. 170. taken it by storm, he slew 40,000 persons, assistance of his sons, and those that were with him;
sold as many more for slaves, plundered the and putting himself at the head of his family, and as temple of gold and furniture to the amount of 800 many Jews as he could collect, he broke down the talents of gold, entered the Holy of Holies, and sacri- | idols and altars of the heathen, and retired into the ficed a sow upon the altar of burnt offerings, and mountains. Here being joined by numbers, who were caused the broth of it to be sprinkled all over the strict adherents to the law of their God, and especially temple. He then returned to Antioch, laden with the
by those termed Asideans, and having thus gathered spoils both of Egypt and Judea; appointing one together such a company as made the appearance of a Philip, a barbarous and cruel man, governor of Judea; small army, he came out of his fastnesses and took the and continuing Menelaus in the high priesthood. field; and marching round the cities of Judah, pulled
- Antiochus hearing that the Alexandrians down the heathen altars, restored circumcision, cut off B.C. 169. had made Physcon king in the stead of all apostates, destroyed all persecutors wherever he
'Philometor, under pretext of restoring the came, and again re-established the true deposed king, made a third expedition into Egypt, and worship of God in all places where he pre B.c. 167. marched directly towards Alexandria to lay siege to vailed. But Mattathias, worn out with old the place. But finding that the civil war raging age and fatigue, died the next year; and his son Judas, between the brothers would quickly render the country surnamed Maccabæus, according to the appointment an easy prey to him, he seemingly again restored the of his father, succeeded to the command of the army. kingdom to Philometor, excepting only Pelusium, and Judas, however, sufficiently compensated for the loss returned to Antioch. Suspecting his designs, however, they had sustained by the death of the venerable Philometor and Physcon agreed to reign jointly in priest; for having successively vanquished the various peace; which so enraged Antiochus, that he again governors and commanders who appeared against him, invaded Egypt, ravaged and subdued it as far as he recovered the temple, repaired and purified it, Memphis, and advanced to besiege Alexandria. But I restored the worship of God, appointed the feast of the CONNECTION OF THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS. dedication to be kept annually, and repaired Jerusalem, | tobulus, his eldest son. This prince, who was
--, which had almost been reduced to a heap of the first since the captivity who put on the B.. 107. B.c. 165. ruins. Antiochus at this time was engaged diadem and assumed the title of king, after the
in an expedition against the Persians, who, short reign of one year, was succeeded by his brother with the Armenians, had revolted from him; and when Alexander Jannæus; who subdued the Philistines, returning, having heard of the success of the Jews and obliged them to embrace the Jewish under Judas, and the defeat of his generals, he threat- religion, burnt Gaza their capital; and also B.C. 97. ened utterly to destroy the whole nation, and make reduced the Moabites, Ammonites, and part Jerusalem their common burial-place. But while these of the Arabians; and, after a reign of twenty-seven proud words were in his mouth, the judgments of God years, died of a quartan ague, brought on by overtook him ; for he was smitten with an incurable intemperance, while besieging Ragaba, in B. c. 79. disease, being seized with grievous torments in his the country of the Gerasens. After his
bowels, and a most intolerable ulcer, which death, his widow Alexandra governed the nation with B. C. 164. I terminated in his death. He was succeeded much prudence for nine years, and she was
in the kingdom by his son Antiochus Eupator. scarcely dead before Aristobulus, joined by B. c. 70. a minor of nine years old, under the tuition of Lysias, multitudes who hated the Pharisees, who the Syrian governor; who combined with the Idumeans had tyrannised during the preceding reign, contended and other neighbouring nations to destroy the whole for the crown and high priesthood against Hyrcanus, race of Israel. Judas, informed of this, carried the his elder but indolent brother, and succeeded in diswar into the enemies' country; and for some years possessing him after a reign of only three months. proved a terrible scourge to the Idumeans, Syrians, and Aretas, king of Arabia, having assisted Hyrcanus,
- Arabs, and other heathen nations, till he besieged Aristobulus in the temple; but Aristobulus B.c. 161. was slain by the general of Demetrius Soter. calling in the assistance of the Romans, he ,
- He was succeeded in the command by his was obliged to withdraw his troops. Having | B.C. 65. brother Jonathan; who, with his brother Simon, con however applied to Pompey, the Roman tinued to rectify with astonishing bravery and prudence general, he decided for Hyrcanus, took Jerusalem, and the disorders both in church and state; and Onias the seated him in the government, though he would not high priest having settled in Egypt, where he after permit him to wear the diadem, and made wards built a temple for the use of his countrymen, Judea tributary to the Romans. Pompey, B.C. 63. according to the form of that in Jerusalem, they with several of his officers, also entered the officiated in Judea both as high priests and civil Holy of Holies, after which he never prospered; and governors, during the reigns of Alexander Balas and soon after Crassus pillaged the temple of
Demetrius Nicator. Jonathan having been about 10,000 talents of silver. At length B.C. 54. B.c. 144. treacherously slain by the usurper Tryphon, Antipater, a noble but crafty Idumean, by
and Simon, and his sons Judas and Matta favour of Julius Cæsar, (who had prevailed against thias murdered by Ptolemy his son-in-law, his son Pompey,) was made procurator of Judea,
John Hyrcanus succeeded to the pontificate and Hyrcanus continued in the high priest B.C. 47. B.c. 135. and government of Judea. He was at first hood. After Antipater's death, his son,
constrained to make a disadvantageous peace Herod the Great, by the assistance of Antony the with the Syrians; but on the accession of Demetrius | Roman triumvir, and through much bar
Nicator, Hyrcanus shook off the Syrian yoke, barity and bloodshed, obtained the regal B.C. 40. B.c. 130. and maintained his independence during the dignity; which authority was at length con- | B.C. 30.
'revolutions which followed in Syria. He firmed by Augustus Cæsar. He maintained enlarged his borders by seizing upon various places in his dignity with great ability, but with the utmost
Syria, Phænicia, and Arabia; and took She cruelty in his own family as well as among others, till B.C, 130. chem and destroyed the temple on mount the birth of CHRIST. In the interval, he built many
'Gerizim, extended his conquests over the cities, and to ingratiate himself with the Jews, almost Idumeans, whom he compelled to embrace the Jewish rebuilt the temple. His cruel attempt to murder the
religion; renewed the league with the Ro infant Saviour is recorded by the evangelist; and soon B.C. 129. mans, which had been made by his father afterwards he died most miserably. After some years,
Simon, by which he obtained greater privi. during which the dominions of Herod were governed leges and advantages than the nation ever enjoyed by his sons, Judea became a Roman province, and the
before; and, under the conduct of his sons sceptre departed from Judah, for Shiloh was come; and B.C. 128. Aristobulus and Antigonus, he utterly de after being under the government of Roman proB.c. 109. stroyed Samaria. After this he governed curators for some years, the whole Jewish
Judea, Samaria, and Galilee for two years. state was at length subverted by Titus, the | A.D. 79. He died in the thirteenth year of his administration, son of Vespasian. and left the high priesthood and sovereignty to Aris
THE GREAT PROPHECIES AND ALLUSIONS TO CHRIST
IN THE OLD TESTAMENT,
WHICH ARE EXPRESSLY CITED, EITHER AS PREDICTIONS FULFILLED IN HIM, OR APPLIED TO
HIM IN THE NEW TESTAMENT.
FIRST SERIES: DESCRIBING CHRIST IN HIS HUMAN NATURE, AS THE PROMISED SEED OF THE WOMAN, IN THE GRAND CHARTER OF OUR REDEMPTION (GEN. iii. 15); AND HIS PEDIGREE, SOFFERINGS, AND GLORY, IN HIS SUCCESSIVE
MANIFESTATIONS OF HIMSELF UNTIL THE END OF THE WORLD. 1. THE SEED OF THE WOMAN. - Ge. VIII. OF THE TRIBE OF JUDAH.-Ge. /XIII. His INTOMBMENT AND Ex3.15. Gal. 4.4. 1 Tim.2. 15. Rev. 12.5. 49. 10. 1 Ch.5.2. Mi, 5.2. Mat. 2.6. BALMENT.-Is. 53.9. Mat. 26.12. Mar, He. 7. 14. Re. 5.5.
14.8. Jno. 12.7; 19. 40. 1 Co. 15. 4. II. BORN OF A VIRGIN. — Ps. 22. 10; }
69.8: 86.16: 116.16. Tsa. 7. 14. 49 (IX. OF THE HOUSE OF DAVID.--2 Sa. AIV. His RESURRECTION ON THE Mi. 5.3. Jo. 31. 22. Mat. 1. 23. Lu.
THIRD DAY.-Ps. 16. 10; 17. 15; 7.12.15. 1Ch. 17.11-14. P.89.4-36;| 132.10-17. 2 Ch.6.42. Is.9.7; 11.1;
49.15; 73.24. Jon. 1. 17. Mat. 12. 40; 1. 26 - 35. 55.3, 4. Je. 23.5, 6. Am.9.11. Mat.
16.4; 27.63. Jno. 2. 19. Ac.2.27 - 31;
1.1. Lu. 1.69; 2.4. Jno.7.42. Ac. 2.30; 13. 35. 1 Co. 15. 4. III. OF THE FAMILY OF SHEM.-Ge.9.26.
13. 23. Ro. 1.3. 2 Ti, 2.8. Re. 22. 16.
XV. His ASCENSION INTO HEAVEN.IV. OF THE RACE OF THE HEBREWS.
IX. BORN AT BETHLEHEM, THE CIty! Ps. 8.5, 6; 47.5; 68.18; 110.1. Ac. Ex.3. 18. Phi.3.5. 2 Cor. 11. 22.
OF DAVID.-Mi. 5.2. Mat.2.6. Lu. ! :
1 1.11; 2.33. Jno. 20. 17; Ep. 4. 8 - 10.
He. 1.3; 2. 9. Re. 12. 5.
2. 4. Jno. 7. 42. V. OF THE SEED OF ABRAHAM. - Ge.
XVI. His SECOND APPEARANCE AT 12.3; 18.18; 22. 18. Mat. 1. 1. Jno. XI. His PASSION OR SUFFERINGS. 8. 56. Ac. 3. 25.
THE REGENERATION.-Is. 40. 10; Ge. 3. 15. Ps. 22.1 -18; 31. 13; 89.
62. 11, Je. 23. 5, 6. Ho.3.5. Mi.5.3. 38-45. Is. 53.1.12. Da. 9. 26. Zec.
Ha. 2.7. Da, 7. 13, 14. Mat. 24.3-30; VI. OF THE LINE OF ISAAC. -Go. 17. 13.6, 7. Mat. 26.31. Lu. 24. 26. Jno. 26. 64. Jno. 5. 25. He. 9. 28. Re. 19; 21.12; 26.4. Ro.9.7. Gal. 4. 1. 29. Ac. 8. 32-35; 26. 23.
20. 4; 22. 20. 23-28. He. 11. 18.
XII. HIS DEATH ON THE CROSg.-Nu. XVII. His LAST APPEARANCE AT VII. OF JACOB OR ISRAEL. — Ge. 28. 21.9. Ps. 16.10: 22.16; 31.22; 49.15.1 THE END OF THE WORLD.-Ps. 50.
4-14. Ex. 4. 22. Nu. 24. 7-17. Ps. Is.53.8,9. Da.9.26. Jno.3.14; 8. 28; 1-6. Job 19.25 -29. Ec. 12. 14. Da. 135.4. &c. Ig. 41.8; 49. 6. Je. 14.8. 12. 32, 33. Mat. 20.19; 26.2. 1 Co.) 12.2,3. Mat. 25.31 - 46. Jno.5.28 - 30. Lu. 1. 68; 2. 30. Ác. 28. 20. 15. 3. Col. 2. 15, Phi. 2. 8.
Ac. 17. 31.; 24. 25. Ro. 20. 11-15
PASSAGES IN THE OLD TESTAMENT QUOTED OR ALLUDED TO
This list contains not only the direct or indirect citations, but also the allusions which are particularly worthy of attention: and the passages are given in the order of the books of the New Testament.
The mere allusions are marked a.
Deut. 25.3. Ex. 3. 6. Deut.6.3.
· : : : : : : : : : • • : : : : : : • :ំ : : : :
2. a, an, aIev. 12, 3, 4. 2. 23. . Ex, ខ. 24. . . ker. 1 2. 34 , ១ Isa. 8. 4, iS. 3. 4, 5, 6. Isa._40. 3, 4, 5. 4, 4. . Deut, 8.3. 4. ទំ. . Deut. 6. 3. 4.8... Deut. 10. ao. 4. Io, II. Psa.91. I, 13. 4. ខ. . . Deut. 6. 16. 4. 8, g. Isa. 61, 4, as, a6. a ] Ki. 17. 4. a, a6. a Ki. 18. 4. a q 2 Kl, 5. I 5. 14. . . a Ler. 14.១. 6, 3, 4, a | Sa, al. 6. 6. a4. • a AmOS 6.1. 1. a... Mal. 3. . 8. Io. • Isa. 6. 10. 4. . . a 2 K. 4. 10. a• • Deut.6. 10. a. . . Lev. 1 10. 28. a Ler. 18.
l, 3o... aJon. 1, 11. 3. a 1 Kl, 10. l, si. . . a Gen, 1. 8.
l, , , a 2 chr, 24, a, aa. 13. a... Psa, 6. 8.
3. 3$• • a Psa. 8. 26. 13. s... a er. 12. 13. 35. /aJer.22. 14.8... a Prov. 25.
4. 26. a Mic. 11. 3• • • aIev. 9. . 11. aj., a Gen, 1. . IT. 29. . . a Gen, 19, i6. IT. 3a... a Gen, 19. 26. 18. ao. . . Ex. 20. Ia. 18, 2o. Deut. !
&c. 19. 46. • Isa. 6. 1. 19. $6. ••
9. . . o Isa, 5, , . . . Psa, 18, 22, 2. i8... a Isa. 8. 14
a Zec. 12. , i8... a Dan. 2 20. 28. • Deut. 25. .
. . . . a Ex, 3. 20. 42, 43• Psa. 10.1. 22. 3. • Isa. 53. a. 23. 29. • • a Isa. 54, . 23. 3o. •a Hos. 10.8.
23. 46. • • Psa._3l. .
l, ៩, • a Gen. 28. .
1. 1. Mal. 4
· · · · : .