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lieving Jews, several of them, that were cona verted to the Gospel, or at least professed to be so, attacked the gentile converts, on another ground persuading them, that they could not be admitted to be the people of God under the kingdom of the Messiah, nor receive any advantage by him, unless they were circumcised, and put themselves wholly under the Jewish constitution. He had said a greatdeal, in the three first chapters, to free them from this perplexity, but yet takes occasion here to offer them a new argument, by telling them, that Christ, the same Jesus that died, and was laid in his grave, was exalted to the right hand of God, above all the heavens, in the bigbest state of dignity and power, that, he himself being filled with the fulness of God, believers, who were all his members, might receive immediately from him, their head, a fuluess of gifts and graces, upon no other terms, but barely as they were his members.”

After having compared Psalm XXXVI. 6. “O Jehovah, thou preservest man and beast" with Col. 1. 17. “ By him (hy Jesus) all things consisı” and with Hebrews 1. 3. “ He upholds all things by the word of his power” the Editor thus concludes “the son then is either equal to Jehovah in preserving power; or Jeho


vah himself.” In the first place in some ancient manuscripts, instead

instead of " by him all things consist” there is the phrase “all things are united in him” which of course bears no comparison with the above Psalm, “ O Jehovah thou preservest man an't beast.” In the second place he may perceive from the context that by the term “all things” the apostle could have meant only the things concerning the Christian dispensation ; For we find in the verse immediately following Jesus is declared to be “the head of the body, the church,” and in the preceding verse* “the

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* " That the apostle does not here intend the creation of natural substances is evident; for Ist, He does not say that hy him were created heaven and earth, but thiogs in heaven and thiugs on earth : 2dly, He does ont, in descending into detail, specify things themselves, viz: celestial and terrestrial substances, but merely states of things, viz: thrones, dominions &c. which are only ranks and orders of be. ings in the rational and moral world : 3dly, It is plaid, from compar.. jog ver. 15 avd ver. 18, that Christ is called the first-boro of the whole creation, because he is the first who was raised from the dead to an immortal life, 4thly, The creation of oatural objects, the heaven, the earth and sea, and all things therein, when they are plainly and uneqnivocally mentioned, is uniformly and invariably aser to the father, both in the old Testament and the new. Hence it follows, that the creation which the apostle here a:cribes to Christ, expresses that great change which was introduced into the moral world, and particu. Jarly into the relative situation of Jews and gentiles, by the dispensation of the gospel. This is often called creation, or the new creatioo, and is usually ascribed to Jesus Christ, who was the great prophet and messenger of the new covenant. Se e Eph. I. 10. II. 10-15. III. 9; IV. 24 ; Col. III. 10; 2 Cor. V. 17. This great change the apostle here describes uoder the symbol of a revolution introduced by Christ amongst certain ranks and orders of beings, by whom, according to the


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things” are enumerated as orders and ranks in the religions and the moral world and not natural substances. In the thirst place admite ting even the interpretation of the Litor that all natural substances consist by Jesus, we cannot help vielono conviction to the repe ted avowal of Jesus mauifesting that the support of ail things, or the things of the new disp nsation by Jesus is entirely owing to the power vested in him by the father of all things, without which he is totally unable to support them. John XVII. 2. Thou hast given him (the son) pow. er over all flesh” Ch. V. 30. “I can of mine ownsell do nothing' &c. As to the term “ all things” Toe Tavtu found in Heb. I. 3. just quoted by the Editor, it signifies also all the things belonging to the Christian dispensation as I observed before. But if the Editor again insists upon his mode of interpretation as meaning all natural objects by that term, he, by referring to John XIV. 24. “ The word which ye hear is not mine but the Father's" and Matthew XXVIII. 18. all power is given unto me in heaven and on earth” must be convinced that the word of power by which Jesus upholds or rules all things is in fact be. longing to the father. Jewish demopology, borrowed from the oriental philosophy, the af. fairs of states and individuals were superintended and governed. See Mr. Lindsey's Sequel, page 477, and Wetstein in loc.” Improved version.

In his attempt to prove the deity of Jesus the Editor repeats (page 561.) Psalm XLV. 6. as quoted in fiebrews I. 8. “Tuy throne 0 Jehovah is for ever and ever” My reader may observe that to apply to Jesus the term “ Jehovah” the peculiar name of God, the Editor perverts the verse in question by placing the word " Jehovah" instead of “God” a term which is in the scriptures commonly used not only for the creator but for other superior existences. He at the same time neglects intirely the original psalm in Hebrew 1973 x “ Thy throne o God” and also the original epistle to Hebrews in Greek 980s " The throne of thee O God” I now bey to ask the Editor to let me know his authority for this unaccountable change. I should for my own part be indeed very sorry and ashamed of my opinions, if I found myself compelled to make perversions of scriptural passages and to set aside the suggestions of common sense to support the doctrines that I may have been persuaded to profess. It is again worth observing that the Editor quotes the above passage of Psalm XLV., omitting intirely to notice my remarks on it in the Second Appeal. I am therefore iuduced to repeat them, in the hope that he may reply to them and adopt a regular mode of argumentation. After stating that Moses

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was also called God inscriptures I thus proceed. “On what principle then can any stress be laid in defence of the deity of the son in the prophetic expression quoted in Hebrews from Psalm XLV. 6. “ Thy throne ( God is for ever and ever” especially when we find in the very next verse words that declare his subordinate nature. “ Thou lovest righteousness and hatest wickedness, therefore God thy God hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. (Page 27.). “ But it deserves particularly to be noticed in this instance that the Messiah, in whatever sense he is declared Goit, is in the very same sense described in verse 7. ( God thy God') as having a God superior to him, and by whom he was appointed to the office of Messiah.” (page 141.)

In the third place no scripturalist ever hesitated to apply Psalm XLV. directly 10 Solomon after his marriage with the daughter of Pharaoh as is evident from the context. “ My heart is inditing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have niade touching the King; my tongue is the pen of a ready writer. Thou art fairer than the children of men ; grace is poured into thy lips : therefore God hath blessed thee for ever. Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom


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