« AnteriorContinuar »
Peter here quoting only a part of ch. the 2nd. of Joel v. 32. “and it shall come to pass that whosover shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved;" so far from applying this to the son and identifying him with God, the apostle explains in the immediately following verse (22.) his nature and his total subordination to God. “ Ye men of Israel, hear these words. Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you, by miracles and wonders and signs which God did by him in the midst of you &c."! The Editor then adds that Paul also address. ed himself " to all who in every place call on the name of Jesus Christ our Lord.” (1 Cor. I. 2.) I therefore quote Locke's paraphrase on this verse, as well as his note on Romans X. 13, with a view to shew the Editor that the phrase “ call on the name of Jesus" is not a correct translation in the English version. " To the church of God, which is at Corinth, to them that are separated from the rest of the world by faith in Jesus Christ called to be saints, with all that are every where called by the name of Jesus Christ, their Lord and ours," (Locke on 1 Cor. I. 2nd) note on Rom. X. 13. page 384. “ Whosover hath, with care, looked into St. Paul's writings, must own him to be a close reasoner, that argues 10 the point; and therefore, if, in the three preceding verses, he requires an open profession of the Gospel, I cannot but think that .“ all that call upon him,” verse 12. signifies all that are open, professed Christians, and if this be the meaning “ of calling upon him” v. 12, it is plain it must be the meaning of “calling upon his name,” verse 13, a phrase not very remore from naming his name,” which is used by St. Paul for professing Christianity. 2 Tim. II. 19. If the meaning of the prophet Joel, from whom these words are taken, be urged, I shall only say, that it will be an ill rule for interpreting St. Paul, to tie up his use of any text, he brings out of the old Testament, to that which is taken to be the meaning of it there. We need go no farther for an example than the 6, 7, and 8th verses of this chapter which I desire any one to read as they stand, Deut. XXX. 11–14. and see whether St. Paul uses them here, in the same sense.” If the Editor still insists upon the accuracy of the translation of the phrase “ call upon the name of Jesus” found in the version, he will I hope refer to Matthew X. 40 41. and 42. “ He that receiveth you, receiveth me and he that receiveth me, receiveth him that sent me: He that receiveth a prophet in the name of a prophet, shall receive a prophet's reward ; &c. And whosoever shall give to drink unto one of
these little ones a cup of cold water only in the name of a disciple, verily I say unto you, he shall in no wise lose his reward" when he will perceive that calling on the name of Jesus, as being the Messiah sent by God, is an indirect call on the name of God; in the same manner as one's yielding to a gener. al sent by a king amounts to his submission to the king himself, and secures for him the same favour of the king as if he had yielded directly to the sovereign.
The Editor then quotes Amos IV. 13. per. haps on account of its containing the phrase « declaring unto man what is his thought.” As I have noticed this subject already oftener than once page 200 and 227. I will not return to it here. .
. He again quotes Zechariah III. 2. " and Jehovah said unto Satan, Jehovah rebuke thee, O Satan, even Jehovah that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee! is not this a brand plucked ont of the fire.” The Editor then proceeds to say that “this passage with ch. 2. 8. •thus saith the Lord of hosts, after the glory hath he sent me, and ch. XIII. 7, Awake () sword against my shepherd, against the man who is my fellow, saith the Lord of hosts," forms another three-föld testimony of the distinct personality of the son and bis equality with the father. I am unable to discover exacuy what the Editor intends by his two first quotarinns. With respect to the former that “ Jehovah said unto Satan, Jeho. vah rebuke thee" &c. the Editor must be well aware that God speaks of himself very fre. quently throughout the sacred books in the third person instead of the first; Isaiah LI. 1. “ Hearken to me ye that follow after righteous. 'ness, ye that seek the Lord &c." 15. “But I am the Lord thy God that divideth the sea, whose waves warred; The Lord of hosts is his name.” Even in this very book of Zechariah we find : that the prophet speaks of himself some times in the third person. Zech. 1. 7. “ In the second year of Darius came the word of Je. hovah unto Zechariah” &c. VII. 8. “ And the word of the Lord came unto Zechariah say. ing" &c. Neither God's nor Zechariah's speak. ing of himself in the third person in poetical language can be construed into a proof of the plurality of either of their persons, or of the equality of either with some other being. The fact is that Zechariah prophesies in the second year of Darius king of Persia of the Lord's will to build the second temple of Jerusalem by Joshua, Zerubbabel and Semuh; and to
rebuke Satan who would discourage Joshua the high priest from that undertaking; as is evident from the following pagsage. Zechariah I. 1.“ To the eighth month, in the second year of Darius. came the word of ibe Lord to Zechariah “ &c. 16.” Therefore thus saith the Lord, I am returned to Jerusalem, w ih mercies my house shall be built in it, saith the Lord of hosts and a line shall be stretched forth upon Jerusalem ; “ II. 2"then said I whether yoest thou? And he said unto me, to measure Jerusalem “ &c. III. I. and 2. And he shewed me Joshua the high priest standing before the an. gel of the Lord and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him : And the Lord said unto Satan, the Lord rebuke thee, O Satan, even the Lord that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: is not this a brand plucked out of the fire.” As to Zerubabel, the prophet says, IV. 9. “ The hands of Zerubabel have laid the foun. dation of this house ; his hands shall also finish it" &c. Respecting Semuh, VI. 12. and 13. thus speaketh the Lord of hosts sayiug; Behold the man whose name is Semuh; and be shall grow up out of his place and ye shall build the temple of the Lord : even he shall build the temple of the Lord, and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon his throne, and he shall be a priest upon his