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11, and the last are from Act. Ch. X. 20. and XII: 2. The Editor here overlooks entirely what I stated in the Second Appeal on this very point; that is, if from the consideration of such expressions as “ God will send the Holy Spirit,” “the Holy Spirit will teach you," " the Holy Spirit will reprove the world,” “the Holy Spirit will glorify me," the spirit be acknowledged a separate person of the deity, what would the Editor say of other attributes such as mercy, wrath, truth, &c. which are also in a similar manner personified in various instances ? Psalm LVII. 3, “God shall send forth his Mercy and Truth.” LXXXV. 10,- Mercy and Truth are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed each other." LXXXIX. 14. “Mercy and Truth shall go before thy face." XCIV. 18. “My foot slippeth, thy Mercy O Lord, held me up,” “Thy Mercy O Lord, is in the heavens,” “For there is wrath gone out from the Lord" (Num. XVI. 46.)
In the course of citing the above verses of John and Acts, the Editor quotes Acts V. 3. " why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Spirit,” “ Thou hast not lied unto men but unto God” whence he concludes that he that lieth to the Holy Spirit lieth to God, and consequently the Spirit is God. On this inference I
have already observed in my former Appeal, that aný sin or blasphemy against one of the attributes of God is of course accounted a sin or blasphemy against God himself. But this admission amounts neither to a recognition of the self-existence of the attribute, nor of its identity with God." I then referred the Editor to Matthew X. 40." He that receiveth you receiveth me" and now I beg his attention to I Cor. VIII, 12. “ But when yé sin so against the brethren and wound their weak conscience, ye sin against Christ.” Do these passages identify or equalize the apostles, of Jesus with himself? Nothing but early acquired and long established prejudices can prevent'any literary character from perceiving such a gross error. As to Acts X. 20, if the speaker be admitted, according to the Editor, as a seperate person, he must then be identified either with the spirit of Cornelius who had actually sent the three men mentioned in v. 19. as is evident from ü. 8, or with the angel of God who ordered Cor. nelius to send them to Peter. (v. 5th) a conclusion which would not after all suit the purpose of the Editor. I intreat the Editor to take notice at least of some of my arguments against the per. sonality of the Holy Spirit mentioned in Chapter VI. of the Second Appeal p. 87-90 or if he de clines adventuring on this point of Theology, let him candidly reduce the supposed persons of the
Godhead from a Trinity to Duality, and this · point being gained, I may then continue my: efforts with renewed hope of reducing this. Dua-, lity to the Everlasting and Indivisible Unity.
The Editor concludes his Essay with saying (p. 624). “ The deity and the personality of the Sonand the Holy Spirit being established, the doc- . trine of the Ever-blessed Trinity needs no further confirmation: it follows of course. We shall therefore close our testimonies from Scripture, by laying before our readers three passages, which bring the sacred Three fully into view. The first we select from Isaiah XLVIII. in which one is introduced who previously declares My hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth, &c. -m' and whom therefore we are at no loss to recognize. He however declares verse 16 - and now. the Lord God and his Spirit hath sent: me." Now supposing the person who declares himself in verse 16, to have been sent by the Lord God and his Spirit is one of the persons of the Godhead, whose hand hath laid the foundation of the earth according to the Editor'; this admission would be so far advantageous to the cause of the Editor as respects the plurality of persons in the deity; but it would be totally fatal to his grand object, since it would substitute Isaiah as a divine person in the place of Jesus
Christ. Isaiah the Prophet is the grand speak er throughout the whole of his book; who dedares himself often to have been sent by God as a messenger to Israel. He often speaksabruptly in behalf of God, as if God were speaking himself in the course of bis own discourse as, I noticed in p. 98 and sometimes again he suddenly introduces his own sentiments, while he is announcing the words of Jehovah, without making any distinction. I mention here only a few instances : Isaiah LXIII. 6." I will tread down the people in mine anger and make them drunk in my fury, &c. and I will bring down their strength to the earth” (7): " I will mention the loving kindness of the Lord and the praises of the Lord according to all that the Lord hath bestowed on us.” Does not the Pro«. phet introduce himself in verse 7, most abruptly, while speaking himself in behalf of God in v. 6? Ch. L. 3."I clothe the heavens with blackness and I make sackcloth their covering.?! (+) - The Lord God hath given me the tongue of the learn, ed, that I should know how to speak a word in season to him that is weary, &c.” Here the Prophet introduces himself in y. 4, in the same abrupt manner without intimation of any change of person.
I now cite the context of the very verse of Isająh quoted by the Editor to enable my rea
ders to judge how far "it brings the sacred three fully into view.” (11) All ye (the inhabitants of Judah) assemble yourselves, and hear; who among them (Israel) hath declared these things? The Lord hath loved him (Cyrus* of Persia the conqueror of Babylon.) He (the Lord) will do his pleasure on Babylon and his arm shall be on the Chaldeans.” (15). “I even I have spoken; yea, I have called him (Cyrus) I have brought him'and he shall make his way prosperous." (16) “ Come ye near unto me (says the Prophet) hear ye this, I have not spoken in se-'' cret from the beginning; from the time that's it was, there am I (that is, from the first time of these events :) and now the Lord God and his Spirit hath sent me." 17. Expressions similar to the phrase. " From the time that it was, there am l" are often used by the Prophets. Vide Jeremiah 1. 5. " And before thou comest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee, and I ordained thee a Prophet unto the nations;" and so İşaiah XLIX. 1. No one I presume that ever read even with common attention the book of Isaiah,
* (sajah XLIV.7. And who, as 1, shall call and shall declare it, &c. (28) “ That'saith of Cyrus, he is my sliep. herd and shall perform all my pleasure" XLVI. 11 “Call. ing a ravenous bird from the east, the man that erecuteth my counsel from a far country, yea I have s oken is. I will also bring it to pass, I bave purposed it, I will also do it.”