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Unitarians in Norway. through the body of Christians. If inspection, (placing at the same time it were necessary to submit to a spi. their vassals of the Taity on the same ritual rule, many of them would political level with other men,) now choose the Episcopal as soon, and that antiquity has made those authosome sooner than any other; but they rities venerable, and the suspension maintain that all ecclesiastical autho- of power has not made the possession rity is unsupported by the New Tes- of it less an object of desire. If any tament, and rests only on human po- principle is incompatible with good licy, ambition or mistake. Discon- government, and, when put into acpect the authority of the Church from tion, fatal to the civil rights of manthat of the State, and they would re- kind, it is the divine right of a hie. gard it with more apprehensive vigi- rarchy: and if it can ever be right to lance, and dissent from it with yet guard a civil constitution, by disquastronger disapprobation. They are lification to legislate, annexed to opinbetter pleased that its powers, if such ions, that doctrine deserves to stand

can reach temporal condition, first upon the list. He whose faith should emanate from the chief magis- enslaves him to a hierarch, irrespontrate, and be subject to temporal con- sible on earth, is ill-fitted to assist in troul, than that they should be estab- the legislative assembly of a free state. lished on the assertion of divine right, Such a faith is essentially intolerant, and exercised independently of civil and he urges toleration to suicide, who regulation. It is probably on some requires her to arm intolerance against such ground as this that several of her own life. them are of opinion that the veto up

JOHN MORELL. on the constitution of a Catholic cpiscopacy should not be conceded by the SIR, civil authority in any country, that VE following instances of the exwishes to remain free. If any portion istence of Unitarian sentiments of Christian professors, say they, will came within my notice during a late be subject to an absolute ecclesiasti- tour in Norway. cal rule, or if they believe that the A Captain S-, master of a merChristian religion binds them in this chant vessel, a man both of family subjection, they are entitled to their and education, he being connected opinions; no man can wrest them with people of the first consequence, from them, and the attempt would happened to be a fellow lodger with be injustice and violence. At the same myself in the same room, at an inn time, they who think with the Eu- at Christiania. We were much toglish Dissenters that all spiritual au- gether during a period of three weeks, thority is usurped, and they who and living in the same room, it nathink with the laity and many of the turally occurred (as he spoke English clergy of the Church of England, that remarkably well) that we often comChristianity does not sanction, and municated our ideas upon various subsound policy will not allow the exer- jects to one another. Amongst others cise of any aathority, (and ecclesiasti- was also religion, and in the course of cal least of all) independent of civil a conversation on this head, I took jurisdiction, are also entitled to their occasion to inform him that I did not opinions, and should not be called myself belong to the Established upon to surrender them to the asser- Church of my country, for that I tors of a spiritual authority, subject could not believe many things which to no civil controul. The principle were asserted to be true by its advoof such a claim is bad, and the ex- cates. I instanced the doctrine of the perience of mankind has not taught us Trinity in Unity, the Godhead of our that the practice can be safe. Spiri- Saviour, original sin, and I think tual authorities might not indeed shoot some other points which I do not up into active tyrannies, unless fos- now recollect. I also declared my tered in their infancy by political belief that Christ was simply a humen ; but powerful laymen have ge- man being, extraordinarily gifted for nerally been found, who thought it wise purposes. Captain S. who might be worth their while to foster had hitherto studiously avoided relithem; and it would be an experi- gious topics, and once before checked ment full of hazard to civil and reli- me when I accidentally touched upon gious liberty to set them above civil them, was greatly surprised to find

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Callender's Translation of the Epistle to the Ephesians.

13 my sentiments accord so entirely with head is singularly worded to avoid bis own, but remarked, that he ge- the reproach of bigotry and in tolenerally endeavoured to avoid talking rance; it declares,

" That all paupon these points in his country, as rents who profess the established those who were of a contrary opinion religion shall educate their chilwould never suffer themselves to be dren in the same, no other mode convinced agninst their will, and dis- of public worship being permitted." puting on religion was often worse It may not perhaps be amiss to add than useless.

here that Jews are not allowed to A second instance of the existence reside or settle in Norway. This of Unitarianism eccurred to me like. harsh regulation opens a door for the wise during my stay at Christiania. commission of perjury; as it is well A Mr. C, a merchant of the first known that two opulent families at eminence and a man of consequence Christiania are merely professing in a political point of view, took a Christians, in order to avoid being good deal of notice of me, by con troubled. stantly inviting me to his house and

T. other civilities of the like nature. He had been several years in England, SIR,

WHE lished ; and it very naturally occur scripture word for word was not red, that as we saw one another often, peculiar to John Çanne, whose Bible subjects of various kinds would be is described, x. 548. I have before started in conversation. I one day me a small pamphlet thus entitled : took occasion to remark, that the at.' Essay towards a literal English tendance at Church in Norway was Version of the New Testament in the mostly confined to high davs, such Epistle of the Apostle Paul directed as Christmas, Easter, Pentecost, St. to the Ephesians; by John Callender, · John's, &c. on which occasions only Esquire, Glasgow. London; reis there much of a congregation to be printed for Alexander Grant," who seen. Sundays are for the most part ihus begins his Preface : neglected, particularly by the higher

“ Mr. John Callender was a genclasses who but seldom visit a place tleman of undeniable character, and of worship except on the days above according to all accounts that ever I stated. Mr. C owned the remark could learn of him he understood the was just ; his opinion was, that this originals well. 'Tis much to be reneglect partly arose from the misera. greited that he in his life-time, had ble jargon that was usually delivered not translated the whole of the New from the pulpit. I then told him that Testament from the original Greek, in England the practice of attending in the same manner as he has done upon divine worship was extremely the Epistle of the Apostle Paul to the prevalent. We afterwards got upon Ephesians. With what literal ancient the subject of the great variety of simplicity does this little translation existing sects in my country, the appear, compared with the English leading tenets of some of which I ex- idiom. Mr. Callender's words are as plained to him. Amongst others I follows : • Those who love to scarch touched upon Unitarianism, without the scriptures, and to read them dihinting that I was at all connected vested of every human gloss, will not, with this description of Christians, perhaps, be displeased to see a vertill after he had acknowledged to me, sion so entirely literal, as to abandon. that their ideas were exactly those he the English idiom altogether; that had formed for some years. He fur- the genius of the Greek language may ther added, that it was well known be every where preserved, and even that many of the clergy were of the the unlearned reader made to feel the same opinions as himself, but that the energy of the divine original.' The restraint of the law prevented them above words are very expressive to a from openly professing their senti common understanding.' ments, as it is a fundamental part of That your readers may judge wbethe constitution just established, that ther with his editor they can regret po other but the Lutheran religion that Mr. Callender's labours in literal shall be openly professed and incul. translation were so limited, I will cated. The identical law upon this transcribe a few passages, beginning

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Query with regard to a Sunday Toll. with the first sixteen verses of the him labour, working the right with epistle.

hands, that he may have to impart to “ Paul, an Apostle of Jesus Christ, him that needeth." In verse 32, I find by the will of God to the saints, be “ in Christ," instead of the systematic ing in Ephesus, and faithful in Christ rendering of the common version. Jesus : Grace to you,

and
peace,

from Chu vi. 1, &c. “ Children obey God the Father of us, and of the the voice of the parents of you in the Lord Jesus Christ. Blessed the God Lord. For this is just. Honour the and Father of the Lord of us, Jesus fatber of thee, and the mother; which Christ, who is blessing us by every is command the first in a promise ; blessing spiritual, in the places above that well to thee may be and thou the heavens, in Christ ; Like as he bc long.lived upon the earth." out-chose us in him, before the found. There is no date to Mr. Grant's ing of the world, for us to be holy pamphlet. By its appearance, it may and blameless before him in love: have been printed nearly one hundred Having selected us into sonship by years. Mr. Callender was probably Jesus Christ unto himself, according a contemporary of John Canne, who to the good pleasure of the will of seems to have been satisfied with a still himself, to the praise of the glory of shorter experiment on translation the grace of bimself, by which he “ word for word.” graced us in the beloved. In whom

BIBLICUS. we have redemption by the blood of him, the remissiou of sins, according

SIR,

Oct. 24, 1815. to the richuess of the grace of him. R Jane Tast"( X. 382, 383, &c.)

in your Of which he was abundant to us in all wisdom, and prudence, having re the Report of the Protestant Society vealed to us the mystery of the will for the Protection of Religious Liberof himself, according to the good plea- ty, I observe that two cases have sure of himself, which he before pur- been decided in favour of persons posed in himself. For the dispensa- claiming exemption from paying turntion of the fulness of the times, to pike tolls on the ground of their going bring under one head all things in to places of divine worship. the Christ, those both in the heavens, TH induces me to state to you and those upon the earth in him. In the following case, and to beg some whom also we are made heirs, se one of your numerous correspondents lected according to the fore-purpose will point out how I am to procure of Him who to all things giveth ener

redress. Doubtless there are many gy, according to the council of the persons who are in nearly similar cirwill of himself; that we might be to cumstances with myself; consequentthe praise of the glory of him, who ly I shall not only be obliged to you, first hoped in the Christ. In whom but the dissenting interest at large also ye having heard the word of the will feel a like obligation for a clue to truth, the gospel of the salvation of the removal of the grievance. I asyou : in which also having believed sure you, Mr. Editor, that it is not ye were sealed by the spirit of pro- any pecuniary advantages which I mise, the boly: who is the earnest of am seeking after, no :-my motive is the inheritance of us, in the redemp- purely to support my privilege as a tion of the possession bought, to the Dissenter in particular, and the pripraise of the glory of him. Where- vileges of the Dissenters in general. fore also I, bearing the faith, among In the Report above alluded to, no you, in the Lord Jesus, and the love mention is made of the names of the to all the saints, do not cease giving parties whose case was decided at the thanks for you, mention of you make Suffolk assizes, nor on what act of ing in the prayers of me."

parliament the Judge's exposition and Ch. iv. 25, &c. “ Wherefore lay- decision was founded ; and the second ing aside lies, speak truth, every one case is equally destitute of that kind with the neighbour of him; because of information which is vecessary for we are of each other members. Be me to lay before a magistrate for the angry and do not sin : the sun let not purpose of procuring redress. set upon the wrath of you: neither The Case :- I live in a village about give place to the accuser. The steal. three miles from a post-town in the er no more let steal; but rather let West of England, and an a Unita

Mr. Howe, on the Persecution of the Protestants of France. 15 rian. (That is, one who acknowledges are deluded by blind bigotry and in the one only true God, and Jesus Christ furiate religious zeal, and redound to as his messenger and servant.) In ge the credit of their own humane feel. neral a chaise is ordered on Sundays ings, liberality and Christian spirit. to take myself and family to a place

THOMAS HOWE. of divine worship in this town, and to take us back after the afternoon The preacher having read some of service. One shilling is demanded as the interesting and affecting details toll at the turnpike gate, and of course of the sufferings of our persecuted paid. This has been the practice for brethren in the South of France, thus many years.

proceeded: “I am persuaded that J. P. there is not one among you come to

years of understanding, whose tender Bridport, Dec. 19, 1815. feelings are not greatly excited by SIB,

the details which have been now read, N receiving the two circular let- of a persecution originating in the

Protestant Dissenting Ministers of the fanaticism, and conducted with pethree Denominatins in London, on culiar savage cruelty; a persecution the merciless persecution which has carried ou in despite of the Edicts of for some months raged against the the King on the throne; supported Protestants in the South of France, I by armed bands, raised and organized took an early opportunity of laying without his authority, and under a their distressing case before iny peo- constitutional charter which guaranple, persuaded that this would be tees to all the people the freedom of sufficient to excite their tender sym. religious sentiment and public worpathy and prompt their ready relief. ship. I cannot doubt of your readiIf you think the conclusion of my ness, my friends, to contribute to the sermon on this occasion, in the least alleviation of distress, which cannot degree calculated to aid this benevo- be contemplated without a mixture lent cause, and at the same time, to of horror and the tenderest emotions. check any unreasonable prejudice, • Blessed,' said our divine Master, jealousy and dislike towards the Ca- are they which are persecuted for tholics in the united kingdom, which righteousness' sake, for theirs is the the atrocities of those who bear their kingdom of heaven.' And surely a name in a neighbouring country, tend blessing from the God of mercy may to produce, it is at your service for be expected to descend on him, who insertion in your liberal Repository. espouses the cause of the persecuted; I mention the latter circumstance, be who does his utmost to alleviate their cause I perceive danger of it arising sufferings; who if he cannot restore from the sympathetic feelings which to them their parents, their children, are generally excited in favour of the their brothers or sisters that have been persecuted, and indignation against inhumanly butchered, contributes to the fanatical persecutors.

Let the supply the destitute survivors with maxim, however, of the heathen mo- bread to eat, with raiment to clothe ralist be observed, fiat justitia. Let them, with habitations in which to not the innocent suffer for the guilty. reside, with Christian temples whereAs we are professing Christians, it in to worship the God of love and becomes us to act towards others, at grace, and with ministers to preach all times, on the comprehensive rule to them the words of consolation, hope of our common master, “Whatsoever and eternal life. As nothing can be ye would that men should do to you, more becoming a disciple of the tendo ye even so to them.” As a friend der-hearted Jesus, than thus to relieve to the just rights of all classes of the his persecuted brethren, so such acts community, I would suggest, that if of piety and compassion tend to af. the Catholics in this country, were ford the purest satisfaction to his own as a body to express their abhorrence mind, and we may be assured will of this sanguinary persecution of the be peculiarly acceptable to that graProtestants in France, and contribute cious being who is declared to be to the relief of the sufferers, it would • the refuge of the oppressed,' and have a powerful tendency to restrain • merciful to those who shew mercy.' the outrages of those persons, who “ Before I conclude, that capdour,

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Animadversions on Mr. Gilchrist's Sermon. and liberality which I so often recom- able, alleviate the distresses of those mend to others, prompt me to speak who are suffering the direful effects a word in favour of a class of profess- of lamentable ignorance, blind bigoing Christians in this country, whose try and outrageous zeal. Parent of peculiar religious system is as opposite good! regard them with an eye of to my own as the west is to east. I mercy; enable them to hold fast cannot doubt, that the inhuman treat- their integrity ;' to exercise fortitude, ment which the Protestants in the and to manifest towards their perseSouth of France receive from infu- cutors the disposition becoming the riate fanatics, is viewed with abhor- disciples of Christ, praying, Father rence by the great body of Catholics in forgive them, and turn their hearts. the united kingdom. Justice there. Pour into their wounded souls the fore requires that they ought not to balm of divine consolations; and may be deprived of any civil or religious their fellow-christians readily afford privileges which would otherwise be them relief, as they themselves would granted to them on account of the wish for the sympathy and aid of intolerant outrages and cruelties of others, were they deprived of their those in another country, who are earthly comforts; of their near relacalled by the same name. Would not tives and beloved friends; of their this be a violation of the first princi- places of Worship ; of their habitaple of equity? Would not this be tions, and driven destitute into the worse than returning evil for evil,' mountains and dens of the earth, by which Christianity forbids, even vi- the rage of persecution and the viositing the iniquities and injuries of lence of cruel men. May such atrothe guilty on the heads of the inno. cious deeds among professing Chriscent? Such conduct would do ho- tians, so shocking to humanity, so nour to Britons, to professing Chris- disgraceful to religion, be never more tians and Protestants. By the reli- repeated, but that happy period soon gious and moral instruction indeed of arrive, predicted in the page of inthe poor in general, and by granting spired prophecy, when • knowledge, to all classes of the conmunity the truth, liberty, peace and righteousrights to which they are entitled, is ness shall cover the earth as the wain my opinion the best mode of mak ters overspread the channels of the ing good subjects, kindly disposed sea.' neighbours, and useful members of society, and of diffusing among all

Nottingham, Nov. 17, 1815. of them a spirit of mutual concord Sir, and Christian love.

N the recommendation of your last

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and acted on by the governors of the of Mr. Gilchrist's Sermon, delivered nations of Europe, the British and at Southampton, curious to read what Poreign Bible Societies, and the Bri- was described as “ an acute, able and tish and Foreign Schools, and similar eloquent" composition, and willing to institutions been generally established determine the extent of my claims to and supported in christendom thirty that comprehension of mind of which years ago, the sanguinary wars which your reviewer speaks. With disaphave since devastated the Continent; pointment, however, I find that I can the shocking scenes exhibited in Ire- neither admire nor be amused. Perhaps land, and the present fanatical per- it will console some of my weak bresecution of the Protestants in France, thren in the Unitarian church to know would according to human probabi- that they have a companion in infirmlity have been prevented. Let us ity; and perhaps some of my fellowthen, as we regard the divine glory, christians who are without the pale of the interest of Christianity, and the Unitarian orthodoxy, may be pleased peace and happiness of our fellow. to hear that there is one of their opcreatures, do our part towards re- ponents at least who does not deem proving the cause of the evils we de- it necessary, or even right to lay plore, by contributing to enlighten aside the spirit of Christian modera. the minds of men with useful know- tion when he approaches them, or to ledge, and lead them into the paths address them in other language than of Christian truth, liberality and vir- that of Christian courtesy. I am, I tue. Let us also, as far as we are confess, one of those « intellectual

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