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New Jury Court of Scotland.
140 not to interfere with any fixed rule, of more retired men, will never fail or with any part of the system of the to guide you : while the court has it municipal law of Scotland, and that in its power, according to the nature we are only to try such issues as the of the case, to relieve all difficulties, Divisions of the Court of Session shall by directing a special verdict, or even think it right in their discretion to a verdict specially, finding the evisend here: these, it may be material dence as given, and returning it to to observe, will be of three sorts :- the Directing Tribunat; so that that
1st. Cases where the issue may com- court from which the issue comes will prise both the injury and recompence always attain, what it wants, the best or damages.
possible information of the fact on 2nd. Cases in which the Court of which to ground its judgment. Session, or Lord Ordinary, having
The case for trial will soon afford decided as to the injury, refer the da- a practical instance of what I here mages to be assessed hy a jury. state ; and I trust by its event it will
3rd. Cases where the Court of Ses- shew, though, from the great numsion, or Lord Ordiuary; wishes for ber of witnesses, it must be long, that information by the verdict of a jury in less than twelve hours we shall acto inform its understanding, so as to complislı, to satisfaction, that which enable it to pronounce a judgment would not have been attained, in the upon the law.
ordinary course, in twelve mouths The case about to be tried is of the that we shall, by our labour of twelve description last mentioned.
honrs, put an end to all litigation ; But in that, and in all cases, it while the other course would, at the will be easy to clear away difficulties. end of twelve months, only give a
In the first place, allow me to ob- commencement to litigation, with a serve, more particularly addressing power to a litigious spirit to continue myself to you, gentlemen, who are it for years to come. assembled to serve on this jury, that If this experiment is successful, and our inquiries here are not into tridden I augur sanguinely of it, although, as and occult acts of crime, where the in all experiments, failure may be exdiscovery of truth may often be in- pected at first, there will be attained volved in intricacy and difficulty, and for this country the great objects of in doubtful testimony, by the very justice, viz. certainty, satisfaction, nature of the acts. But we shall have dispatch, and cheapness; and with to do here with the open acts and this I might conclude, but I cannot transactions of men in the ordinary refrain from observing, before I close affairs of life and intercourses of the my address to you, that I augur sucworld. In such transactions, when cess to the experiment most peculiarexamined into in open Court, seeing ly, and with most certain hope, when and judging of the witnesses, as I have I consider that the casual tribunal, as described their examinations to be I have denominated the Jury, is to conducted, with all the fences against be derived from the body of the peothe admitting falsehood, and all the ple of Scotland, distinguished for good securities for obtaining truth, which education, for a most correct moralia well-regulated law of evidence af- ty, for a love of justice, for extended fords; with a tribunal judging from information, and for a pure religious their own just and honest impressions, persuasion. uncontaminated by intercourse or ex- I trust and hope with unfeigned traneous impressions, and only influ- anxiety, that I may be able in my enced by the detailed, explained, and person to bring to the aid of this fully delivered opinion of the presid- most important experiment, the quaing Judge, be being alike removed Jities requisite to its success. But from undue impressions; there is no. when I reflect that though I have, thing likely to happen but an easy during all my professional life, been solution by a general verdict. But accustomed to courts thus administerwhen there does occur prevarication, ing justice, that I have never yet disor contradictory testimony, that world- pensed it—that, from being a critic ly sense and intercourse with mankind on the acts of others in that awful which those composing Juries possess, station, I am now myself to be the and which affords, perhaps, a better subject of observation and remark, 1 power of extricatiou than the learning canuot but be full of anxiety and ap.
Outcry against the Revision of Popular Works. prehension, in having the interests But, as the same motives cannot aeand property of my fellow-subjects tuate minds of a different compass, or submitted to my untried judicial fa- expansion, it is scarcely justifiable in culties.
cuch persons to attribute to others In this situation, new to me, and those principles of action, which, in new iu the judicial jurisprudence of similar circumstances, they would not Scotland, I derive comfort when I have hesitated to adopt. The selfish look to my learned brethren on each hypocrite is rarely able to compreside of me, who add to learning and hend the grasp of truly generous and a knowledge of mankind, high facul- enlightened ininds. The man of hoties and practice sanctioned by the pour should not be reduced to the opinion of an approving public in the same level with the sycophant. And dispensation of justice.
such as conscientiously resign preferWhen I look before me to the bar, ments or prospects in an opulent esI deriye comfort from the certainty tablishment, rather than forfeit their that I am to be enlightened in the seat integrity, cannot be fairly estimated of justice by their learning and their by the aspiring pluralist, who defers eloquence, and that I am sure to re. implicitly to his superiors, both in ceive comfort from their urbanity, and Church and State. from the mildness of their judgments I am led to these reflections, by on my first exertions.
the virulent and illiberal censures, When I look to the Jury pow as- which have been of late so often cast sembled, and the succession of such on the judicious and truly scriptural a class of men to discharge this duty, revisions of Watts's Hymns and Mothere again I derive comfort and feel ral Songs for Children, and Melmoth's convinced that their anxiety to do Great Importance of a Religious Life; justice, and their steady attention to as if such revisions had been actually every case, will secure against any “palmed upon the public," as the bad effects from my want of experi- genuine works of the original writers, ence or incapacity.
without any notice of the alterations If I should prove at all a service- whatsoever. Yet nothing can be fairable instrument in giving success to er than the conduct of the editors, in this important measure of justice, their respective prefaces, by which all while I live I shall enjoy the comfort- idea of deception or concealment is reing reflection that my early education moved. The revision of Dr. Watts's in Scotland, and my habits, have Hymns avowedly proceeded from a preserved upabated through life my lady, who " considering them defecdevoted attachments to its interests tive, or rather erroneous, in some par. and its people, and made the high ticular doctrines and phrases, judged station to which I have been gracious- it expedient to make many alterations ly advanced an object of my most ar in both respects, in adapting them dent desire. I will conclude, there- to the instruction of her own chil. fore, with the anxious hope, that it dren ; and afterwards for the better may be inscribed with truth upon my accommodation of others in the same tomb, that the experiment has proved sentiment, and for the further early successful, and that I have not been advancement of religious truth comuseless in the accomplishment of this mitted her useful labours to the press." mighty benefit to my native land. Nor was the Editor of the Great Im
portance less studious to avoid in. SIR,
Feb. 21, 1816. volving the original author in any reS a truly honourable mind will sponsibility for the omissions of doce
not hastily impeach the iutegri- trides originally adopted by him, or ty of another's motives, more espe- clandestinely ingrafting his own altecially in matters of opiniou, I cannot rations on the labours of another ; help suspecting that those strenuous earnestly hoping that no just cause of supporters of the Church of England, offence could be taken, by the most who have recently assailed Unitarians tenacious theologian, for the simple with so many charges of disingenuous- omission of occasional language or ness and misrepresentation, are con- sentiments, thought to be derogatory scious of that very obliquity in their from the genuine sense of the gospel own conduct, which they so earnestly of Christ, and distant from its true labour to affix on their opponents. sed even teuor." lo conformity, there
Outcry against the Revision of Popular Works.
151 fore, to these statements, and in com what moral precept, what truly scrippliance with a more correct interpre- tural doctrine, has been, in either tation of the Bible, all ascriptions of case, withidrawn? That " they are praise and thanksgiving are confined cleared of all doctrines peculiarly to the one only living and true God; Christian," is an assertion as false as and all expressions omitted which it is foul; unless the Vicar is prepared gave countevance to the common to shew that Christianity comprises though erroneous notions of“ the sa no peculiar doctrines, when the Deity crifice of Christ as a satisfaction to and atonement of its founder, the divine jnstice;" “the eternity of hello eternity of hell-torments, and the defire as a place of future torment," and vil, are withdrawn. In rejecting all “the all-pervading influence of the such uwarranted interpretations of devil."
detached or highly figurative passages, Such, Sir, were the candid and and in recurring to the uniform and honourable proceedings which have cousistent testimony of scripture to been so vehemently arraigned. Such the divine wisdom and benevolence, are the alterations which, alarming the eviitors have essentially contributhe prejudices of a narrow and petu- ted to“ the advancement of religious lant high-churchman, conscious of his truth." And their little works may own disingenuousness, as accessory be safely put into the hands of chil. to a secret and altogether unwarrant- dren or reflecting persons without ed suppression, in the garb of a Bri- the fear of exciting those erroneous tish Critic, or under the disguise of views of the dispensations of provia Plain-Dealer, has been so idly and dence, which are calculated only to slanderously assailed. But it is in vain terrify or disgust. How can they be that facts have been distorted, and deemed “mutilated and imperfect," conjecture substituted for proof. In where every deficiency is so well supvain has Mr. Nares or Nir. Norris plied; where the genuine simplicity impeached the integrity of the Revi- of the gospel is restored by the resers' motives, where all idea of decep-· moval of excrescences which tend tion or concealntent has been so clear- only to vitiate and deform? So far ly and unequivocally disavowed. And, from being “marred," they are melioin the face of this uudeniable fact, it rated both in sentiment and language; required no common effrontery, in a so far from being“ despoiled," they are Parochial Vicar, in his “ Remarks on adjusted to the legitimate standardescripMr. Belsham's Letters to the Bishop ture ; and instead of being “evisceraof London," (pp. 11–13,) resting on ted," are lawfully cleansed from the their authority for his statements, to ganyrene which assails the vitals of renew the slauderous and unfounded the Christian scheme. charge.
When the “ real purpose" is so exThe judicious conduct of the Revi- plicitly avowed, and the design so jusers as advocates for the supreme au- diciously executed, where does the thority of the scriptures, correctly in- Parochial Vicar find any traces of terpreted, in all matters of religion, “that ingenious mavagement, or that was not less worthy of their beuevo- imposing artifice," which he so unlent design, of rendering these de- charitably ventures to impute? How servedly admired works, as unexcep- is this “ method of conveying instructionable iu doctrine and language, as tion and persuasion inconsistent with for inculcating moral virtues and what is generally understood by the Christian piety, they have long been terms, fair and honourable ?" And universally approved. For how, let with what propriety can this common mne ask this new assailant, has “the and most useful practice of revising beautiful composition or Christian books of instruction, be so vehementpiety of Dr. Watts's Aymus,” evapo- ly censured by the clergy of the rated, or
“ the utility of Mr. Mel- Church of England, whose boasted moth's Tract, for calling the attention scheme is nothing more than the reof young miuds to the observance of ligion of Rome “ marred, despoiled Christian morals, or to the knowledge and eviscerated;" whose Liturgy is no of doctrines peculiarly Christian," better thau a Mass Book altered snd been affected by their revision? Whilst revised ? they preterd not “ to inculcate all But, Sir, as the whole merit of the principles of the original writers," these improved works is strictly due
The Holy Alliance. to the editorx, who alone were con
The Holy Alliance. cerned in the publication ; upon what principle are Unitarians, who, as a
(See pp. 113, 114.) body, were never called upon to sanc- A curious circumstance relating to tion them, involved in the imputed the Holy Alliance lately made beblame? Would it be right to involve, tween the Emperors of Russia and the numerous adherents of the Church Austria, and the King of Prussia, has of England, in the censure which come to our knowledge through so may justly be attached to these un- respectable a channel, that we confounded charges, or to any other in- ceive it deserving of being communistances of misrepresentation or sup- cated to our readers. pression, which individuals have prac- In 1815, a Madame la Gridner was tised in its support ? Indiscriminate at Paris, whither she arrived from censure is at once illiberal and unjust; Riga, ber native country, invited it cannot advance the cause of public there, as is generally understood, by reformation, or deter from the most the Emperor Alexander, who had mischievous pursuits. But in the previously known and consulted her. present instance the censure is un. The Prophetess Gridner, who, like founded, and the Revisers entitled to all the inspired persons of this class, unqualified approbation for their tru- is not devoid of talent, and particuly benevolent design. With as little larly possessed of the sublime and reason has the Improved Version of obscure jargon of mystical rites, trust." the New Testament been involved in ing to feeble minds, reasons about this unwarranted attack, as it is cer- every thing, discusses facts tolerably tainly founded on the basis of Arch- well, supports her opinions by relibishop Newcome's Translation, with- gion, and frequently interrupting her out involving that prelate in any re. conversation to imploré, by a fervent sponsibility for the numerous varia- prayer, the rays of a divine Spirit, tions from his text.
terminates by an emphatic prophecy On the whole, Sir, these censures developing some confused but brilcould only have proceeded from per- liant idea, together with certain consous determined to find fault; from sequences which she foretells, as an men, resembling a certain high- infallible and almost divine solution church dignitary, who having vented of the conversation that had been agihis wrath against the new edition of tated. the Great Importance, on the mere La Gridner arrived and established perusal of the preface, arraigned the herself in a large hotel in Paris, preconduct of the editor, as if his purpose pared for her, which was furnished had been studiously concealed. Want after her own fashion ; that is, when of candour and ingenuousness has one had traversed a suit of five or six prevailed through the whole of these apartments, where nothing but the pitiful attacks: unqualified assertions, bare walls were to be seen, and even remote from truth and probability, no lights in the evening, one arrived have supplied the place of evidence, at a large inner room, the whole furwhilst the most pure and disinterest- niture of which consisted of a few ed motives have been “ scandalously rush-bottomed chairs and a pallett, and industriously maligned." Can on which she was always reclined. such unwarranted proceedings have It was on this throne or tripod, from emanated from correct and honoura- which she never descended, that she ble minds? Are they calculated to ushered forth her mystical reveries support the credit of the Church of and pronounced her oracles. England, or consistent with the dif- The Emperor Alexander was known fusive benevolence of the gospel, which to go almost every evening to the inculcates charity and good-will to rendezvous of that Sybil
, and here it all? Do they not rather savour of was that the three Sovereigns, au. those narrow prejudices, which to thors of the Sainte Alliance, discussed the destruction of every liberal prin- their projects, &c. as well as their ciple and feeling, have too often interests and line of political conduct; marked the conduct of established and it is well understood that, under churches, in their hostility to the the dictates of the said Sybil, the claims of private judgment, and the treaty in question was drawn up and free investigation of religious truth? signed, without the intervention of
DETECTOR any one of their respective ministers.
Letter of Mr. Foster's to Ratcliff Monthly Meeting.
155 Whatever the ulterior object of this ciled with the Epistle of the last Convention may be, certaiu it is, that Yearly Meeting. 'I am, it is intended as a strong league, made
Very respectfully, in the name of God, against liberal
Your sincere friend, opinions. How truly does this remind
THOMAS FOSTER. us of the Sovereigns of the thirteenth century !!!-M. Chron., Feb. 19. To Ratcliff Monthly Meeting, to be held
10th Mo. 19th, 1815.
Having incurred your censure for "call. DERHAPS few of your readers are ing in question” certain doctrines “ prothe Yearly Meeting of Friends, Com- tle for 1810," and being now able with mittees are from time to time ap- bation of those which its Epistle for the
much sincerity to avow my cordial appropointed, to inspect periodical works as they come out, that any remarks present year contains upon the same subconcerning their principles or prac- will not be deemed an improper exercise
jects, I hope expressing the same to you tices which require it, may be prompt. of my Christian liberty, or give you just ly noticed, and their testimonies be canse for dissatisfaction. How this Epissupported. The late Joseph Gurney tle can be reconciled to the former, I know Bevan, of Newington, was one of not, but this I beg leave to refer to you, those appointed to have the theologi- as being well worthy your consideration. cal superintendance of your Journal, On bearing the latter epistle read in the so far as it might relate to the concerns Quarterly Meeting, I was forcibly struck of Friends. In the latter part of his tural simplicity of its language, compared
with the soundness, clearness, and scriplife he was much disabled from wri- with that of the former, upon every point ting or reading by a complaint in bis of doctrine on which erroneous opinions eyes. I believe the last article from are imputed to me by your records, and his pen, sent to your Work, was that without feeling conscious of any signed Breviloquus : it is inserted change in my sentiments. Vol. V. p. 647. I do not know who My attention was again drawn to this has been nominated in his room, but Epistle, as the latest and most authentic suppose such Committees of the exposition of the doctrines of the Society, Meeting for Sufferings are still ap. by the delivery of a copy to me, by one of pointed, although several articles your members appointed to distribute those which seemed loudly to call for re-examined its contents, and in the respec.
Epistles. Since this time I have carefully plies, not being noticed, I have thought tive situation in which we stand to each whether the members of these Come other, as fellow-christians, and children mittees are not become more fastidious of the same benevolent Parent of the Unithan their predecessors, and wave verse, even “ The God and Father of giving any replies to anonymous wri- our Lord Jesus Christ," I feel that I owe ters.
it to you, before I close this letter, briefly Should this have been the reason to call your serious atteution to those parts why a paper signed “ An Inquirer," of the last Yearly Meeting Epistle to which in your last Vol. p. 546, has been I have alluded. In doing this I shall an
nex a few words to mark more plainly bow passed over in silence, I would ob.
I understand the Epistle, always distinviate that objection by the inclosed guishing them from the text. It begins letter, which was sent to the Meeting, thus : by which I was excommunicated. If
“ In offering you this salutation of our you think fit to insert it, some mem- love, we believe it right to acknowledge ber of the Society, if not of that Meet- our íhankfulness to the Author OF ALL ing, may feel the propriety, when thus GOOD, that we have been permitted to publicly called upon, to attempi an
meet together. We have had again to reexplanation of the “ apparent incon- joice in a sense of the goodness of Him sistencies and contradictions,” which [“ the Author of all good”] who, by his your correspondent has pointed out.presence, owned us in times past-we
bave felt the consoling assurance that the As to my letter, it was not even al- Divine Poser (of Him who is omnipresent, lowed to be read in the Meeting, and and whose mercies are over all his works) has not procured me any information, is both ancient and new.” That is, I prehow it is thought the Epistle for 1810, sume more properly, is unchangeable. and the ostensible grounds on which “ It is from this holy source [“ of all good”] I was excommunicated, can be recon- that every enjoyment,” says this Epistle,