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Review.--Wilson's Dissenting Churches.
411 we might be praying for what would tion on his tomb, in Bunhill Fields, be rather an injury than a blessing. is pleasing from its simplicity: We are rather disposed to take leave of in hopes of a part in the First Resurrecthis subject by congratulating them,
tion. that whatever be their duration they
To the Memory can never survive their usefulness, and Of Mr. JOSEPH JACOB, that as soon as they become negligent
An Apostolic Preacher, of their work, it will be transferred to Who died the 26th of 4 mo. 1722. abler and more faithful hands.
We learn from the subsequent hisArt. II.--- The History and Antiquities tory of “Turner's Hall," that the of Dissenting Churches, &c. practice of singing in public worship
was, about this time, introduced (Continued from p. 346.]
amongst the Baptists : but it was an N the history of “ Turner's Hall, innovation, and in one particular case
Philpot Lane,” we have an amu- occasioned a schisin, the sececlers, who sing account of Joseph Jacob, who was objected to the povelty, claiming to brought up a Quaker, but became an themselves the title of the Old Church, Independent minister. He displayed How uniform is human nature ! his zeal on behalf of civil liberty in the Mr. Wilson is to be considered in a year 1688, by naounting a horse and higher raqk than that of a compiler, going to meet the Prince of Orange and therefore his readers may justly in the West of England. He was complain that he has sometimes slahowever no blind admirer of William vishly copied the language of sermons III.: he frequently took occasion to and pamphlets from which he drew. animadvert in public upon such of the his materials. Who can now endure measures of the government as he such quaintnesses as the following, considered blameable. He did this in which occur pp. 145 and 147, in the a Lecture which he preached at Mr. account of two ordinations : “ Mr. Gouge's Meeting-house, near the 'Three Wallin opened the work of the day, and Cranes, Thames Street: the report of was the mouth of the church upon the his disloyalty reached the House of occasion :” “ they were not in conCommons; and, says Mr. Wilson, nexion with any loard. Mr Bocket, “ Mr. Shallet, one of Mr. Gouge's one of the deacons, was deputed by people, being then a member of par- the church to be their mouth.' Mr. liament, took up the business at a Dewhurst then closed the work of the Church-meeting, complained loudly of day." Mr. Jacob's behaviour, and insisted Intolerance is always the same. upon his being dismissed from his Orthodoxy, creeds, and persecution are lecture at that place, which was com- natural allies. plied with.”—Mr. Jacob, like many other reformers, assumed no little Churches in the West of England, were
“In the year 1719, the Dissenting church-authority: he obliged his con- thrown into a flame, in consequence of gregation to stand during the singing, some of their ministers having embraced discarded periwigs, introduced, on the Arianism. This produced a long contropart of the men, whiskers on the versy, which was carried on with great upper lip, of which he set the exam- bitterness on both sides. At length the ple, and proceeded even to regulate matter being referred to the London ministhe dress of the women. He forbade ters, they met together in a synod at Salters' the members of his church to attend Hall, to consider of advices to be sent to any other worship than his own, and their brethren in the West, with a view of made it an offence, to be visited with composing the differences. But it so hap
excommunication, for any of them to pened that they could not agree among intermarry with persons not in church- themselves ; and, as is generally the case
with large bodies, they split into parties connexion. These singularities were
and still further widened the breach. urged to an extreme: hau Mr. Jacob being proposed in this assembly, that, in been a little more temperate, luis sect order to support their orthodox brethren in might have lasted (the spirit of the the West, the ministerst present should seci still lives in many different com- make a declaration of their own sentiments Inunions that we could name) and his with regard to the Trinitý, by subscribing name nighı have been preserved the first article of the Church of Eugland, amongst the heresiarchs. The inscrip- and the answers to the ofth and sixth
Review.-Wilson's Dissenting Churches. qnestions in the Assembly's Catechism, yet the late Bishop Porteus, in his life the matter was violently opposed, as an of the Archbishop, his patron, asserted infringement of Christian liberty, and they that “ he never was in communion divided into two parties of subscribers and with the Dissenters !"--The Primate pon-subscribers.” I. 162, 163.
is convicted of having been a PresbyteThe decision of the synod was sian minister, in * A Collection of worthy of nonconformists. On divi- Letters and Essays in favour of Public ding, it appeared that there were for Liberty," published in 1774, in 3 vols. subscribing articles of faith 53, aguinst duodecimo; but he appears to have it 57! This ever-memorable majority purified and prepared himself for the stamped an honour upon the cause of church of England by a course of seepDissent, and have redeemed ecclesiasti- ticism and medical study and practice cal assemblies from disgrace. Coldly as (midwifery ?) “ The Archbishop had Mr. Wilson writes of the triumphant a dissenting education, was designed party in this part of his work, he uses, for the pulpit among that people ; but in another place, II. 6—8, the lane had not so much freedoin from doubtguage of warm approbation which be- ings, as to allow him to engage in the comes the friend of liberty.
service of a public instructor in the Amongst the voters at Salter's Hall Christian religion; and therefore turned were Thomas Reynolds, pastor of the his thoughts to the study of physic. Weigh-house, and James Read, his Bishop Talbot's arguments reconciled assistant; Reynolds was in favour of him to the faith of the civil churchsubscription, 'Read in opposition to it. establishment, in April, 1721, and he The rote given by Read caused his became more and more confirmed in orthodoxy to be suspected, and he was
that faith as he made his advances in persecuted with ariful questions, and the church, till he reached the See not giving answers satisfactory to Rey- of Canterbury." Collection, &c. III. nolds and his orthodox party in the 34. church, which was the majority, was
One of the most interesting biograat length dismissed. Two of the ques- phical sketches in the History, is that tions urged by the inquisitors on this of Samuel Wilton, D. D. pastor of the occasion deserve to be recorded as a church, formerly Presbyterian, now model for such as may in future be Independent, at the Weigh-house. desirous of screwing and racking Dr. Wilton distinguished himself as conscience: they were,
an ardent friend and able advocate of “ 1. Whether a person that pays reli- part in the application of the Dissent
religious liberty. He took an active gious worship to Christ, but at the same iime disowns bim to be truly and properly from subscription, and published in
ing ministers to parliament for relief God, (that is, in the strictest and strong 1773 « An Apology for the Renewal est sense of the word) be chargcable with downright idolatry? 2. Whether such a
of an Application," and in 1774, “A one bas forfcited' his claim to Christian Review of some of the Articles of the communion ?” 1. 170.
Church of England, to which a Sub
scription is required of Protestant Dis In this connexion, our lvistorian senting Ministers." The latter public vises gravely, and without a note of cation is still read and admired and will admiration, the phrase “ Arian he never be out of date whilst the articles resy!" Protestant Dissenters ought continue to be imposed as a test of surely to have learnt by this time the orthodoxy in the parliamentary folly of language which implies on the church. "With other eminent faculpart of the speaker or writer theologi- ties of mind, Dr. Wilton possessed a cal infallibility
very strong and retentive memory; it The occasional mention of " Mr. was partly from his memory; as well Jollie's church at Sheffield," leads Mr. as that of Dr. Furneaux, that Lord Wilson (p: 177. Note) to name Arch-Mansfield's celebrated speech, estat bishop Secker, who, in early life was lishing the right of Dissenters to exa member of that church, and who emption from office in corporations, afterwards studied for the Dissenting was published. A good portrait of ministry under the learned Mr. Jones, him ornaments this part of the Hisof Tewkesbury. Secker delivered a tory. probationary Sermon in the meeting- Dr. Wilon's public character is the house at Bolsover, Derbyshire. And more observable on account of the
Review.—Wilson's Dissenting Churches.
413 different part in religious politics There is a story related of him, but for the which has been taken by his successor, truth of which we cannot be responsible, John Clayton, whose Sermon on the that, in one part of his life, he was emBirmingham Riots has been preserved ployed no less than four months in devefrom oblivion by the eloquent Answer loping the mysteries of Joseph's coat, from to it by Robert Hall, M. A. the cele- Genesis xxxvii. 3. And he made him a. brated Baptist minister, then of Cam- coat of many colours. In allusion to this bridge, now of Leicester. Mr. Clay-racterized, in some lines descriptive of the
circumstance, Mr. Bragge was thus chaton was educated under the patronage Dissenting ministers, at that period : of the late Countess of Huntingdon, and was some time assistant to “ the Rev.
“ Eternal Bragge, in never-ending Sir Ilarry Trelawney, who was pastor
strains, of an Independent congregation at West Unfolds the wonders Joseph's coat conLoo, Cornwall.” The reverend Baro
tains; net after various changes settled down And from each patch a solemn myst'ry
Of ev'ry bue describes a different cause, into a parish priest in the national
I. 247. church. An account of his religious progress is given by Mr. Dyer, in his
The decline of Presbyterian congreLife of Robert Robinson, p. 179, &c. gations is commonly imputed to the It has been said that Sir 'Harry has Unitarian doctrine, though, in fact, not taken his rest in the Church of no peculiar doctrine has been advanced England.
in the greater part of them: but to An opposite course to Sir Harry what cause is the decline of the old Trelawney's is described by the his- Independent “ Evangelical churches torian in the Memoir (I. 205) of Caro- to be attributed ? That decline in lus Maria de Veil, D. D. who was London, at least, is unquestionable. born at Metz, in Lorrain, of Jewish Ex uno disce omnes. parents, and educated in that religion, “ This church (Bury Street, St. Mary but embraced Christianity and became Axe) is remarkable for the number of first a Roman Catholic, and held dis- ejected ministers who have presided over tinguished stations in that church, it. We have an account of no less than next a Protestant, and obtained orders eight of those wortbies, in this connexion. in the Church of England, and lastly There has been a considerable variation a Dissenter of the Baptist denomina- in the state of the Society for the last tion. He latterly practised physic for century and upwards. Prior to Dr. a maintenance, and being poor, received Chauncey, it appears to have been in a an annual stipend from his Baptist flourishing condition ; but in his time it brethren. He published several learn- declined. There was a great revival under ed works, exhibiting his opinions in able audience. During the latter part of
Dr, Watts, who had a large and respectthe several stages of his belief. A Dr. Savage's time the interest was in a brother of his, °Lewis De Compeigne very low state. Though a learned man De Veit, also became a Christian, and and a judicious as well as Evangelical was interpreter of the oriental lan- preacher, his labours were not attended guages to the king of France, but with that success which frequently accomturning Protestant, came over to Eng- panies meaner abilities. At the settlement land.
of the present pastor, it was expected that Mr. Wilson is not likely to rise to his popular talents would have a considerfame, as a translator. He gives, for in- able influence in reviving the congregation ; stance, the English of a Latin cpitaph but they have failed of that desired effeci." on the monument of Mr. Nathaniel
I. 253. Mather, in Bunhill Fields, and the
There are particular circumstances phrase “ Laude dignissimus” is thus which more than any general causes done into English, “ meritorious of the affect the condition of Dissenting conhighest praise !” I. 233, 234.
gregations: one thing is plain, that the The character of Robert Bragge, as ready way to success is to consult the a preacher, inay be a useful admoni- taste of the public, which is ever varynition to some of Mr. Wilson's read- ing. There is now a love of navelly, ers :
variety, life and bustle in religion. “ It was his custom, as we are informed, Methodism did not create this taste, it to make the most of his subject, by preach- was a happy concurrence with it: reing several discourses upon the same text. gular preaching and church order will
414 Review.- JIr. Favell's Speech on the Christian Treaty. not now satisfy the bulk of Christian evident, but it has been so often tunhearers and communicants. Hence ed into a joke that we doubt the proIndependent churches, that have not priety of repeating it; and there are been cast anew in the methodistic so few temptations of a worldly kind mould, have in very few instances kept to nonconformity, that it is for the up their reputation and numbers. most part needless to say that a Dis
Mr. Wilson takes a great liberty in senter is not swayed in his religious coining a word, p. 262, viz. Landen- ' choice by a love of ease or lucre or sian, by which he means belonging to honour. - (Archbishop) Laud. The auljective The bistorian does not conceal Dr. warranted by Usage is Laudean ; al- Watts's heresy on the subject of the though a círcuin locution would be Trinity, but he is careful to represent better than even this term.
it as less alarming than has sometimes In the memoir of Dr. John Owen, been imagined. Of the “ solemn adthe historian writes con amore. Owen dres;” he says nothing. The Docwas a great man, and we are disposed tor is commended by this biographer to make but few abatements in Mr. for keeping reason out of the province Wilson's panegyric. It is indeed ho- of religion : but had he suffered his nourable to this patriarch of Independ- own excellent understanding to eser. ency, that he was one of the first advo- cise itself on points of faith, could he cates in England of liberty of con- have fallen into the strange notion science, on the right principle. Bishop that non-elect infants, dying in infancy, Jeremy Taylor went before him in sink into annihilation ? (1. 308.) this noble course: Richard Baxter, with all his boldness, dared not follow Art. III-Substance of a Speech delithese eminent leaders of the public vered in the Court of Common Cottncil, mind. There was a remarkable con- on a Motion to address his Royal Highsistency in Dr. Owen's nonconformity: ness the Prince Regent to accede to he scrupled to give the popish tiile the late Treaty concluded between the of saint io the apostles, and he showed Emperors of Russia and of Austria a praiseworthy indifference to the usual and the King of Prussia. By Mr. clerical titles.
Favell. To which are added other
Papers on the Subject of Peace. 8vo. “ l'pon a certain high-churchman refusing to style bim Reverend, he wrote
pp. 51. Conder. 1816.
TR. FAVELL is well known in thus : For the title of Reverenil, I do give him notice that I have very little valned it, ever siuce I have considered the sistenţ friend of civil and religious saying of Luther, Nunquarn periclitatur liberty and of peace. In the evening Religio nisi inter Reverindissimos. (Re- of life, and apparently meditating a ligion never was endangered except among retreat from public business, he pubthe most Reverends.) So that he may, lishes this speech as a testimony in beas to me, forbear it for the future, and half of the principles which, with vacall me, as the Quakers do, and it shall rious success, he has avowed and desuffice. And, for that of Doctor, it was fended for forty years. He delivers a conferred on me by the University, in my Aattering opinion of his old associates absence, and against my consent, as they “the Reformers of England—a class bare expressed it under their public seal : of high spirited and independent men, nor doth any thing but gratitude and re
who have maintained the cause of spect unto them, make me once own it; freedom, and have dared be honest in and freed from that obligation, I should never use it more: nor did I use it, until the worst of times." We cordially some were offended with me and blamed wish the public attention may be me for my neglect. Defence of Review drawn to Mr. Favell's sensible and of Schism, prefired to Mr. Cotton's De- manly plea for Peace and Reform. fence against Cawdry, pp. 97, 98."
I. 265. Note.
The question of Dr. Watts's last relieDr. Watts's father is said (I. 292) gious opinions is largely discussed in our to have been “a Dissenter from prin- eighth volume. ciple." The meaning of the phrase is
( 415 ) POETRY
From the Italian of Frugoni. In a Church-yard in W'ales, over the
And shall we turn a deaf and careless ear, Grave of a faithful Servant.
To Thy dread voice, OMNIPOTENT,
nor bow In memory of Mrs. Mary Carryl, deceased 22nd November, 1809. This mo
Our daring foreheads to the dust, when
Thou nument was erected by Elenor Butler and. Hurlest Thy thunders round the trembling Sarah Pousonby, of Plasnewydd, in this
sphere? parish. Released from earth, and all its transient What!—shall we grasp our fatal pleasures
dear, She, whose remains beneath this stone Till that dark, des’late hour of helpless repose,
woe, Stedfast in faith resign d her parting When the pale spectre, death, shall breath,
strike the blow, Look'd up with Christian joy, and smild And we the victims? — Then appalling in death,
fear Patient, industrious, faithful, gen'rous, Shall scatter dew drops on our brow ;-a kind,
blast, Her conduct left the proudest far behind; Her virtues dignified her humble birth,
A chilling blast, sball freeze our veins,-
and chase And rais'd her mind above this sordid
The spirit of life that trembles on our earth.
tongue; Attachment, sacred bond of gratefal
Now, now rebel, presumptuous ones, breasts, Extinguish'd but with life, this tomb at
The frownings of THE TERRIBLE ; tests, Rear'd by two friends who will her loss O fearful, frightful hour, forgot too
'tis past ! bemoan,
loug! Till, with her ashes, here, shall rest their
[From the Cabinet, 1795.] Splendidis longum valedico nugis.
Who bath beene a soldier, 0, To splendid trifles, now, a long farewell. Who hath songhten glorie ?
Who hath thronged with archers bolde, Leare me, o Love! which reachest but Till his lockes were boarie ? to dust;
I have beene a soldier, 0, And thou, my mind, aspire to higher Seekinge ever glorie, things :
Facinge death, with my archers bolde, Grow rich in that which never taketh
Till my lockes bc hoarie. rust; Whatever fades, but fading pleasure
My bodie is well seam'd with scarrs, brings.
Tbough ne'er a limbe be wantinge ; Draw in thy beams, and humble all thy But let me not the braggart seeme, might
True valour is not vauntinge. To that sweet yoke, where lasting free- Good Lorde! and though thy haires be doms be,
gray, Which breaks the clouds, and opens forth And thy bodie roogbe and seamed, the light,
Hath thy greene manhood dedes achieved, That doth both shine, and give us sight To make thine age esteemed. to see.
Tygres that doe thirste for blood, O take fast bold ! let that light be thy
Through forestes wilde are raginge ; guide,
Ah me! that man, like tygre gaunte In this small course, which birth draws
With man should warre be waginge. out to death; And think how ill-becometh him to slide,
Grieslie demons sprong from hell, Who seeketh heav'n, and comes of
Fraught with accursed rengeance, beav'nly breath.
Lead on grimm discorde through the Then farewell, world, thy uttermost I see,
world, Eternal love, maintain thy love in me.
And hurle their slaughtering enginca