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Review.-Wilson's Dissenting Churches. accompanied by a single unbecoming absence of better evidence, that Mr. reflection. He conjectures that Mr. Emlyn preached at Cutlers' Hall : is Emlyn's small society of Unitarians was on the south side of Cloak Lane, assembled in a meeting-house in the Upper Thames Street. Old Bailey. To this conjecture is op

The account of the “United Breposed the testimony of a contemporary, thren" or Moravians (III. 420_420), Leslie, who says (Socin. Controv. gives a just and pleasing picture of 6 Dial. p. 40), that the place used by this once enthusiastic and now deMr. Emlyn was Cutlers' Hall. His clining, but always amiable sect. words are, “ The Socinians have now The article “Essex Street, Unitafor a long time had an open meeting. tarians” (III. 479—491), is entitled to house in Cutlers' Hall, in London, great praise. The anecdote of Mr. their preacher one Emlyn, formerly a Lindsey contained in the following Dissenting preacher in Dublin.” Mr. extract is quite new to us; the whole Wilson brings the history of Cutlers' passage will shew Mr. Wilson's can. Hall no lower down than 1697, when dour: it was quitted by Beverley, the Prophet “ The character and sentiments of Mr. (II. 63 et seq.), after which it might Lindsey are so well known to most of our be occupied by Mr. Emlyn's congre- readers, that they require but little illusgation. This supposition is counten. tration from our pen.' By the admirers of anced by a passage in another of his theological system, the highest enLeslie's works less known, which logium has been passed upon both, and its fixes the date of Mr. Emlyn's ministry most strenuous opposers cannot but subin London. We refer to “A View scribe to the general excellence of his of the Times, their Principles and character. He appears to bave set ont in Practices, in the Rehearsals, by Phila- life under strong impressions of the value lethes," in 6 vols. 12mo. The Re- and his conduct as a parish priest, while be

and importance of the ministerial office, hearsal was a jacobite paper

which

had the superintendance of a parish, was appeared twice a week. In the con- truly exemplary. That late excellent miclusion of No. 279, published Satur- nister, Mr. David Simpson, of Macclesfield, day, January 17, 1707, (Vol. IV. as we find in his life, owed his first attention 235, 2nd ed.), the writer says, “there to sacred things, to the care of Mr. Lindsey. is one Emlin who was a Presbyterian Soon after bis entrance at St. John's Col. preacher in Dublin, but spewed out lege, he spent part of a racation at the by them for his Socinianism, and (to Vicarage Catterick. Before the visit their honour I speak it) they prose- closed, Mr. Lindsey took occasion to iocuted him also at the law for it, and quire of the young collegiao concerning he was fined and imprisoned. But he the nature of his studies, and the manner found means to escape and came over

in which he employed his time. From the hither, and for these several years has

nature of the reply, he soon perceived that kept a publick meeting-house in Londan, attentive to the study of the Sacred Scrip

his young visitor had been altogether in. as he still does. And one of his con

After expressing bis surprize, Mr. gregation (I was told his name) is Lindsey, in a very emphatical and pointed gane over to the Camisars, but still address, urged him to turn his attention to keeps his Socinianism.

And I have his hitherto neglected Bible. His remarks a book generally said to be written by and advice produced a very serious effect this Emlin since he came over hither, upon Mr. Simpson's mind,' wbich was which is reckoned a master-piece of filled with conviction and remorse, and Socinianism. And I know where he henceforward be became an altered man. lodges, if any body has a mind to This simple anecdote will tell a thousand speak with Dim. In the Life of Mr. times stronger in favour of Mr. Lindsey's Thomas Firmin it is told to his honour character, than the most laboured panethat he had a design to have a Soci- syric. If some of our readers should niän church or meeting set up in lament the change that afterwards took London, and now we see it brought to place in the theological opinions of so pass by way of moderation." This exemplary a person, and which went to the furious author's zeal against Socinians will at the same time admire that noble

full extent of modern Socinianism, they must have made him eager to find out, disinterestedness, and integrity of conduct, and his wish to bring them into troue which induced him to resign a situation, ble must have disposed him to make public, their true place of assembly, * “Life of Simpson, apud Theot. Mag. We may conclude, therefore, in the for Nor, 1891."

tures.

Review.-Wilson's Dissenting Churches.

727

Rot only of ease, but of affluence and persecution, and that I shall be called to bonour, for the possible alternative of suffer in a like cause.' The Bishop, who poverty and contempt. Men who have was himself equally zealous in the Prothe courage and principle to make this testant cause, endeavoured to quiet his sacrifice upon the altar of conscience, fears ; told him that the Queen was very whatever may be their individual sen ill; that she was given over by her phytiments, deserve to be enrolled amongst sicians, who expected every hour to be her those illustrious confessors, whose names last; and that he was then going to the court impart dignity to the human character.". to inform himself as to the exact particuIII. 486, 487.

lars. He moreover assured Mr. Bradbury We are a little surprised that the that he would dispatch a messenger to him author did not furnish a more com

with the earliest intelligence of the Queen's plete list of the publications of Dr. death; and that if he should happen to be Disney. He has not mentioned the he should be instructed to drop a hand

in the pulpit when the messenger arrived, very valuable memoirs published by kerchief from the gallery; as a token of this gentleman of Sykes and Jortin. that event. It so happened that the This is the more singular, as the Life Queen died while Mr. Bradbury was of Sykes is quoted III. 385. There is preaching, and the intelligence was coma siinilar imperfection in the notice of municated to 'bim by the signal agreed Mr. Belsham's works. The author upon. It need hardly be mentioned has been more careful in his cata wbat joy the news gave him ; he, logues of the publications of some of however, suppressed his feelings during our “Orthodox” contemporaries. (See the sermon; but in bis last prayer reparticularly the articles George Burder, turned thanks to God for the deliverance 111. 469-471, and Roleri Winter, of these kingdoms from the evil counsels D. D. III. 544, 545].

and designs of their enemies, and implored The reader will be much amused George, and the house of Hanover.t. He

the Divine blessing upon his majesty, King with the lives of those “Orthodox” then gave out the 89th Psalm, from Patrick's wits, Daniel Burgess and Thomas collection, which was strikingly appropriBradbury, who were both pastors for ate to the occasion. Mr. Bradbury ever many years of the respectable Inde- afterwards gloried in being the first man pendent congregation, New Court, who proclaimed King George the First. Carey Street. Burgess once assigned, " This bold and unexpected proclamawe suppose in the pulpit, a curious tion could not but greatly surprize Mr. reason why the people of God, who Bradbury's congregation, and excite their descended from *Jacob, were called alarm for his safety. Accordingly, when Israelites ; it was because God did not he came down from the pulpit, some of his choose that his people should be called friends expressed their apprehension on his Jacobites (III. 498, Note). The fol. account; ho, bowever, soon convinced lowing, with other anecdotes of Brad- them that he was upon safe ground, by a bury, are still related by his respectable relation of what had happened. The sen

timents of joy which were diffused througbdescendants :

out the nation by the Queen's death, will “ Tbe gloomy state of public affairs, in be better conceived than expressed; and consequence of the intrigues that were from what has been already related, it may carried on in favour of the Pretender, ex- be supposed that Mr. Bradbury partook sited in all true Protestants the most dis- largely in the public rejoicing. This, he mal apprehensions for the safety of tbe was not backward to declare, both from the nation; when to their unspeakable joy, pulpit and from the press; and it is comthe storm suddenly blew orer by the death monly reported, that he preached soon after of the Queen, after a short illness, on that event upon the following text : Go, Sunday, August the 1st, 1714. On that see now this cursed woman, and bury her ; very morning, as we are informed, while for she is a king's daughter. I Mr. Mr. Bradbury was walking along Smithfield, Bradbury was one of the Dissenting miin a pensive condition, Bishop Burnet hap- nisters who carried up the congratulatory pened to pass through in bis carriage; and address to George I. upon bis accession to observing his friend, called out to him by the throne. As they were dressed in cloaks. Dame, and inquired the cause of his great thoughtfulness. I am thinking,' replies . " The messenger employed upon this Mr. Bradbury, whether I shall have the occasion, is said to bave been his brother, constancy and resolution of that noble Mr. John Bradbury, who followed the company of martyrs, whose ashes are de- medical profession." posited in this place; for I most assuredly + Private Information." expect to see similar times of violence and “9 Kings, ix. 34,"

514.

Review. Wilson's Dissenting Churches. according to the fashion of the court, upon Unitarians ? The extension of ibe that occasion, a certain vobieman* accost- term was nerer debated with regard ed him with, ' Pray, Sir, is this a funeral” to them, but in reference solely to the - Yes, my Lord,' replied Mr. Bradbury, Ariuns, to whom the majority of the “it is the funeral of the schisma bill, and Unitarians of the present day are in the resurrection of liberty':"~III. 512, the habit of applying it. Encouraged

however by Dr. Kippis, example, We are told (IV. 32), that on the Mr. Wilson proceeds seriously to adlease of the meeting-house in Peter vise the Socinians" to drop a narce Street, Soho, expiring, the landlord which will always be withheld from refused from pure bigotry to allow the them by intelligent “ Anti-Socinians." use of it any longer to the Dissenters: This reminds us of the old practice this scrupulous churchman was no of "re-baptizing heretics. With subother than Mr. Horne, a poulterer in mission, we venture to proncunce Newport Market,f the father of the that the name Unitarian will not be late celebrated John Horne Icoke, always withheld from those that claim who inherited his father's high church it by Anti-Socinians, whether " intelprinciples, though they did not make ligent" or “unintelligent.” A mass of him

religious, and frequently spoke of books must be destroyed in order to the Dissenters with bitterness.

eradicate the term, and amongst them Princes Street, Westminster, gives Mr. Wilson's History, in the third occasion to some of the richest pieces volume of which the running title for of biography in the work (IV.57 tivelve pages together is “ Essex Street 118). The author has done justice --Unitarian." to the able Nonconformist historian, We are indebted to Mr. Wilson Calamy. As this eminent divine was for a better biographical account than engaged in controversy with the we had before seen of John Canne, French prophets, his biographer pro- the Puritan annotator. He was a perly traces the history of those extra- thorough reformer and upon the ordinary enthusiasts, whom he doss whole a very interesting charactei, not with Messrs. Bogue and Bennett There is a statement here of the charge survey with any feeling of doubt or against hiin (see Mon. Repos. X. 418, wonder. (See Mon. Repos. IV. 634. 547] of designing a Bible "without Also III. 407.] With the inemoir of note or comment. Canne emigrated Mr. Samnuel Say, of whom and his from England 10 Holland, with other papers there is a full account in our Brownists, to avoid persecution. He fourth and fifth volumes, we have a settled at Amsterdam, and there folgood portrait from a painting in the lowed the art of printing for a livelipossession of the Rev.'S. S. Toms, of hood : his name appears as printer to Framlingham. In the biography of a 410. tract before us (which is re. Dr. Kippis, which is well drawn up, ferred to by Mr. Wilson) entitled there is a piece of advice to “ Soci. “ Man's Mortallitie, &c. by R. O. nians," founded we apprehend upon a 1643."* His being accessary in any mistake. It is allowed that the Dr. degree to the appearance of a work “ inclined to the distinguishing tenets designed to explode the common no of Socinus" (there was more than tion of the human soul, is a proof of inclination), but it is added to his praise his being at least a friend to free that he " disapproved of the conduct inquiry. of the modern Socinians, in assuming Canne preached whilst he was in to themselves the exclusive appellation of Unitarians.". Did then Dr. Kippis • There is a large account of this book wish that Trinitarians should be called in Archdeacon Blackburne's Hist. View of.

the Controv. concerning an Intermediate “Said tu bave been Lord Bolingbroke." State, ch. xv. It is there stated by mis

The humble calling of his father gave take that the date of the first, Canne's occasion to one of the earliest sallies of edition was 1644. The Archdeacon is John Horne Tooke's wit. His class- also in error with regard to the date of the fellows at orfe of the public schools were end edition at London. He assigns the otie day boasting of their families. Horne year 1655; but the year in a copy in our was silent, but being pressed on the sub- possession is 1674. This cdition is not ject of his parentage escaped contempt by as Blackburne says 24to. but) rery small a well-timed pun : bis fatber, he said, was svo. The title is altered to Mar Pholte a Turkey merchant.

Mortal, &c.

ot be

Review-Wilson's Dissenting Churches.

799 England at Deadman's Place, South- Presbyterian churches without specuwark, where he was succeeded about lating upon the causes of their decay. 1633 by "Cobler How," principally He insinuates a charge against this known by a sermon againsi a learned congregation of an approximation ministry, which has passed through to the world.” Can the reader guess several editions, some of which have the reasond it is because the people at the following lines in the title-page St. Thomas's call their place of wor(IV. 138):

ship an “Unitarian chapel." The What How? How now? hatha How such worldliness is noi, we presume, in the learniug found,

former of these terms; but what new To throw art's curious image to the superstition would the writer introground;

duce, by thus dividing the nonconCambridge and Oxford may their glory formists' into worldlings or saints, now

according as they denominate their Veil to a Cobler, if they know but How. houses of prayer chapels or meetingThis lay-preacher was much perse

houses? cuted, and dying under the sentence This change, too, as well as the of excommunication, was buried in institution of Unitarian Lectures in the highway, in a spot where many of the chapel, is attributed to the passing his people afterwards directed their of the Trinity Bill; whereas both the ashes to be laid.

Lectures and the inscription were, if A good story is related (IV. 155, we remember rightly, set up before 150), of Richard Baxter. Villiers, that wise and just legislative measure Duke of Buckingham, and Wilmot, had been adopted. Earl of Rochester, wits and debauchees There is the error (p. 296 and 319) of the court of Charles II. meeting of Thomas for John Kentish; and Mr. the old nonconformist teacher as they Kentish is represented as having been were riding in the country, and wish- afternoon preacher at St. Thomas's ing to have a little merriment at his from the time of his removal from axpence, accosted him gravely, “ Pray Plymouth, to his setilement at BirMr. Baxter, which is the nearest road mingham, whereas he was for several to hell ?" The good man replied, it years the afternoon preacher to the may be supposed to their surprise and Gravel-Pit congregation, Hackney. confusion,

The author is mistaken also with

regard to Mr. Edmund Butcher's leav“ Rochester some say, But Buckingham's the nearest way."

ing Sidmouth and being “now (1814)

at Bridgwater" (IV. 405). Mr. ButIt is remarked (IV. 225), as a sin- cher is and has been for many years gular fact with regard to the Baptist the much-respected pastor of the Preschurch, Carter Lane, Tooley Street, . byterian congregation at Sidmouth. that during the ninety-four years that We have an interesting memoir it has existed, it has had but two pas. (IV. 408-410) of John Humphrey, tors, Drs. Gill and Rippon, of whom one of the ejected ministers, who is the latter is still living, and, it may be said to have survived all his brethren, added, actively performing his minis- living to nearly his hundredth year. terial duties.

Calamy relates that when he was The introduction to the account of writing his account of the ejected mic St. Thomas's, Southwark (IV. 294 el nisters he sent to Humphrey for a list »9.), contains some reflections un- of his writings : “ The good old gencalled for by the subject. The decline tleman," says he, “sent me word for of the congregation since the time of answer, that he desired no more than its having Calvinistic ministers is to go to his grave with a sprig of rosecharged directly to its departure from mary." He complied, however, with *the old Protestant doctrines;" but the request, and communicated with how many declensions has the histo- the account of bis publications some rian recorded in churches that have anecdotes of his life, which may be never swerved from the Asseinbly's seen in Calamy. Catechism? He has not accounted We might extend our remarks, and for these, nor was it his province; and multiply our extracts, but we have his work would have been fully an- already exceeded the limits of our swerable to its title if he had contented review and must desist. biinself with giving the history of Our opinion of this work has been

730

Obituary.--Re. Dan Taylor. freely expressed in the course of our which contains many just thoughts review; but we shall have misrepre- and seasonable remonstrances, but sented our own sentiments if 'the which occupies room that we woald reader have not gathered that we re- rather have seen filed with meIRIB gard it, with all its little defects, as of nonconformist churches. the most valuable contribution that There are twenty-six portraits, in the has been made of late years to the four volumes, of the following minisrecords of nonconformity. It is en- ters: Timothy Cruso, William Harsitled to a place in all our congrega- ris, D. D. Samuel Wilton, D. D. tional libraries. We wish the author Benjamin Grosvenor, D. D. Benja. had not so often indulged his religious min Robinson, William Kiffin, John partialities; but, as it is, we cerdially Newman, Samuel Pike, Sameel thank him for his volumes, and if our Wright, D.D. John Evans, D.D. voice could have any influence over Juhn Allen, M. D. Caleb Fleming, hini, we would earnestly intreat him D. D. Timothy Rogers, M. A. Tho to favour the public in some shape or mas Amory, D.D. Richard Steel, other with the remainder of his histo- M. A. Hanserd Knollys, Joseph Burrical collections.

roughs, William King, Benjamin A large Appendix is added to the Avery, LL. D. Daniel Burgess, Sa. IVth volume, on the present state of muel Say, Joshua Oldfield, D.D. the Dissenting interest and other Timothy Lamb, Thomas Cotton, branches of ecclesiastical history, Joshua Bayes, Joseph Hussey.

OBITUARY.

Died Tuesday November 26, the seized suddenly and very seriously; Rev. DAN TAYLOR, who had been afterwards, however, he became tole pastor of the General Baptist congre- rably cheerful, conversed much in his gation, Church Lane, White-Chapel, usual way, got up to dinner, smoked London, thirty one years, aged 78. his pipe, and afterwards slept rery Mr Taylor was active and respected in calmly for two hours, got up again in his profession. He was considered as the afternoon, conversed and smoked the head of the new connexion of as before, walked a little at intervals General Baptists, and for some years till seven o'clock, when he died almost superintended their academy for mi- instantaneously, while sitting in his nisters. . He was several times ap- chair. He was cheerful, composed pointed to the chair at the meetings of and peaceful to the last. ihe Dissenting ministers at Dr. Wil. His remains were interred on Bunliams's Library.

hill Fields, December 5: Mr. Kello, He was born in the neighbourhood the Independent minister spoke at the of Halifax, in Yorkshire, December grave. Hisfuneral sermon was preached 17, 1738, and became a preacher at his meeting-house on Sunday Deabout the year 1760. He married cember 15, to a numerous auditory, about 1763, and by his first wife had by the Rev. Robert Smith, of Noithirteen children, of whom six, namely tingham, from 2 Tim. iv. 6, 7, 8. one son and five daughters, survive Mr. Taylor's opinions were, with him. He had been married five weeks the exception of baptism, nearly the to a fourth wife at the time of his same as those of the Wesleian Metho. death. He had been subject to faint- dists. He separated some years ago ings for some months, and was some- from the General Baptist assembly. times affected in the street, and obliged Of late years he has been heard io to casual passengers for conveyance express respect for some of the memhone. Thursday November 21, hebers of the old connexion to whom had a severe epileptic attack, but re- his zeal for a higher system of orthocovered in a few hours, and preached doxy caused him to appear for a time twice on Sunday, November 24. hoslile. Monday 25, he walked not less than The following is the most complete seven or eight miles, but was excess- list of his numerous publications which ively fatigued. Tuesday morning, his fainily can furnish. November 26, at three o'clock, he was 1. Thé Necessity of Searching the

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