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Food, etc., for natives
Alaska, shall be suspended for a period of five years, and shall be, and is hereby, declared to be unlawful; and all punishments and penalties heretofore enacted for the
illegal killing of fur seals shall be applicable and inflicted Provisos.
upon offenders under this section: Provided, That this
prohibition shall not apply to the annual killing on the excepted.
Pribilof Islands of such male seals as are needed to supply food, clothing, and boat skins for the natives on the islands, as is provided for in article eleven of said convention; the skins of all seals so used for food shall be preserved and annually sold by the Government, and
proceeds of such annual sales shall be covered into the Resumption. Treasury of the United States: Provided further, That
at the expiration of the said five years' suspension of all commercial killing as above provided, said killing may
be resumed under authority of the Secretary of Commerce Breeding se- and Labor: Provided, however, That the number of three
year-old males selected from among the finest and most perfect seals of that age found on the hauling grounds, to be reserved for breeding purposes, in each year ending August first, shall not be fewer than the following: In nineteen hundred and seventeen, and in each year there
after until nineteen hundred and twenty-six, inclusive, Receiving five thousand. The Secretary of Commerce and Labor, skins taken by Japan and or his authorized agents, shall have authority to receive Great Britain. on behalf of the United States any and all fur-seal skins
taken as provided in the thirteenth and fourteenth articles of said convention and tendered for delivery by the
Governments of Japan and Great Britain in accordance Sale, etc. with the terms of said articles; and all skins which are
or shall become the property of the United States from any source whatsoever shall be sold by the Secretary of Commerce and Labor in such market, at such times, and in such manner as he may deem most advantageous; and
the proceeds of such sale or sales shall be paid into the Delivery of Treasury of the United States. The Secretary of Comskins, etc, ta merce and Labor shall likewise have authority to deliver
to the authorized agents of the Canadian Government and the Japanese Government the skins to which they are
entitled under the provisions of the tenth article of said Payment. convention; to pay to Great Britain and Japan such sums
as they are entitled to receive, respectively, under the
provisions of the eleventh article of said convention; to Retention of retain such skins as the United States may be entitled
to retain under the provisions of the eleventh article of said convention; and to do or perform, or cause to be done or performed, any and every act which the United States is authorized or obliged to do or perform by the
provisions of the tenth, eleventh, thirteenth, and fourAppropria- teenth articles of said convention; and to enable the Section.
retary of Commerce and Labor to carry out the provi. sions of the said eleventh article there is hereby appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of four hundred thousand dollars.
“ Person" construed.
Sec. 12. That the term “pelagic sealing ” where used
sealing in this Act shall be taken to mean the killing, capturing, fined. or pursuing in any manner whatsoever of fur seals while the same are in the water. The word
" where used in this Act shall extend and be applied to partner. ships and corporations.
Sec. 13. That this Act shall take effect immediately, Effect and and shall continue in force until the termination of the said convention.
CHAP. 387.-An Act To create a legislative assembly in the Aug. 24, 1912. Territory of Alaska, to confer legislative power thereon, and for_(H. R. 38.] other purposes.
334.] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- pt. 1, p. 512.
. L., tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, ALASKA TERRITORY ORGANIZED.-That the territory ceded
Territorial to the United States by Russia by the treaty of March organization thirtieth, eighteen hundred and sixty-seven, and known as Alaska, shall be and constitute the Territory of Alaska under the laws of the United States, the government of which shall be organized and administered as provided by said laws.
Sec. 2. CAPITAL AT JUNEAU.—That the capital of the JuCapital at Territory of Alaska shall be at the city of Juneau, Alaska, and the seat of government shall be maintained there. Sec. 3. CONSTITUTION AND LAWS OF UNITED STATES EX- Constitution
and laws ex. TENDED.—That the Constitution of the United States, tended. and all the laws thereof which are not locally inapplicable, shall have the same force and effect within the said Territory as elsewhere in the United States; that all the laws of the United States heretofore passed establishing the executive and judicial departments in Alaska shali continue in full force and effect until amended or repealed by Act of Congress; that except as herein provided all laws now in force in Alaska shall continue in full force and effect until altered, amended, or repealed by Congress or by the legislature: Provided, That the authority herein granted to the legislature to alter, amend, on altering, modify, and repeal laws in force in Alaska shall not
etc., specified extend to the customs, internal-revenue, postal, or other general laws of the United States or to the game, fish, and fur-seal laws and laws relating to fur-bearing animals of the United States applicable to Alaska, or to the laws of the United States providing for taxes on business and trade, or to the Act entitled “An Act to provide for the construction and maintenance of roads, the establishment and maintenance of schools, and the care and support of insane persons in the District of Alaska, and for other purposes," approved January twentyseventh, nineteen hundred and five, and the several Acts
7345° —$. Doc. 173, 63-1-2
laws in force.
Division in two classes.
Taxation, amendatory thereof: Provided further, That this provi.
sion shall not operate to prevent the legislature from court officials. imposing other and additional taxes or licenses. And
the legislature shall pass no law depriving the judges and officers of the district court of Alaska of any authority, jurisdiction, or function exercised by like judges or offi
cers of district courts of the United States. Legislature. Sec. 4. THE LEGISLATURE.—That the legislative power
and authority of said Territory shall be vested in a legislature, which shall consist of a senate and a house of
representatives. The senate shall consist of eight memMembership
bers, two from each of the four judicial divisions into which Alaska is now divided by Act of Congress, each of whom shall have at the time of his election the qualifications of an elector in Alaska, and shall have been a resident and an inhabitant in the division from which he
is elected for at least two years prior to the date of his Term.
election. The term of office of each member of the senate Provisos.
shall be four years: Provided, That immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the first election they shall, by lot or drawing, be divided in each division into two classes; the seats of the members of the first class shall be vacated at the end of two years and the seats of the members of the second class shall be vacated at the end of four years, so that one member of the senate shall, after the first election, be elected biennially at the regular election from each division. The house of
representatives shall consist of sixteen members, four Membership. from each of the four judicial divisions into which Alaska .
is now divided by Act of Congress. The term of office of each representative shall be for two years and each representative shall possess the same qualifications as are prescribed for members of the senate and the persons receiving the highest number of legal votes in each judicial division cast in said election for senator or representative shall be deemed and declared elected to such office: Provided, That in the event of a tie vote the candidates thus affected shall settle the question by lot. In case of a vacancy in either branch of the legislature the governor shall order an election to fill such vacancy, giving due and
proper notice thereof. That each member of the legislamileage.
ture shall be paid by the United States the sum of fifteen dollars per day for each day's attendance while the legislature is in session, and mileage, in addition, at the rate of fifteen cents per mile for each mile from his home to
the capital and return by the nearest traveled route. Elections bi- Sec. 5. ELECTION OF MEMBERS OF THE LEGISLATURE. ennially.
That the first election for members of the Legislature of
shall be held on the Tuesday next after the first Monday Qualifica- in November biennially thereafter; that the qualifications tions, etc.
of electors, the regulations governing the creation of vot
House of representatives.
Sessions of legislature
ing precincts, the appointment and qualifications of election officers, the supervision of elections, the giving of notices thereof, the forms of ballots, the register of votes, the challenging of voters, and the returns and the canvass of the returns of the result of all such elections for members of the legislature shall be the same as those prescribed in the Act of Congress entitled "An Act providing for the election of a Delegate to the House of Representatives from the Territory of Alaska," approved May seventh, nineteen hundred and six, and all the provisions of said Act which are applicable are extended to said elections for members of the legislature, and shall govern the same, and the canvassing board created by said Act shall Canvassing canvass the returns of such elections and issue certificates of election to each member elected to the said legislature; and all the penal provisions contained in section fifteen Penalties. of the said Act shall apply to elections for members of the legislature as fully as they now apply to elections for Delegate from Alaska to the House of Representatives.
SEC. 6. CONVENING AND SESSIONS OF LEGISLATURE.—That the Legislature of Alaska shall convene at the capitol at every two the city of Juneau, Alaska, on the first Monday in March years, in the year nineteen hundred and thirteen, and on the first Monday in March every two years thereafter; but the said legislature shall not continue in session longer than sixty days in any two years unless again convened in extraordinary session by a proclamation of the governor, which shall set forth the object thereof and give at least Term. thirty days' written notice to each member of said legislature, and in such case shall not continue in session Jonger than fifteen days. The governor of Alaska is hereby authorized to convene the legislature in extraordinary session for a period not exceeding fifteen days when requested to do so by the President of the United States, or when any public danger or necessity may require it. SEC. 7. ORGANIZATION
LEGISLATURE.—That Organization. when the legislature shall convene under the law, the sen- officers. ate and house of representatives shall each organize by the election of one of their number as presiding officer, who shall be designated in the case of the senate as“ president of the senate ” and in the case of the house of rep. resentatives as “speaker of the house of representatives,".
Subordinate and by the election by each body of the subordinate of. ficers provided for in section eighteen hundred and sixtyone of the United States Revised Statutes of eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, and each of said subordinate officers shall receive the compensation provided in that section: Provided, That no person shall be employed for whom salary, wages, or compensation is not provided in the appropriation made by Congress.
SEC. 8. ENACTING CLAUSE_SUBJECT OF ACT.—That the enacting clause of all laws passed by the legislature shall
Extraordi. nary sessions.
Form, etc., of laws.
be“ Be it enacted by the Legislature of the Territory of Alaska.” No law shall embrace more than one subject, which shall be expressed in its title.
Sec. 9. LEGISLATIVE POWER—LIMITATIONS.—The legisof legislative lative power of the Territory shall extend to all rightful
subjects of legislation not inconsistent with the Constitution and laws of the United States, but no law shall be passed interfering with the primary disposal of the soil; no tax shall be imposed upon the property of the United States; nor shall the lands or other property of nonresi
dents be taxed higher than the lands or other property of Special residents; nor shall the legislature grant to any corporaprivileges, etc. tion, association, or individual any special or exclusive
privilege, immunity, or franchise without the affirmative Specified approval of Congress; nor shall the legislature pass local local, etc.,
or special laws in any of the cases enumerated in the Act
of July thirtieth, eighteen hundred and eighty-six; nor General In- shall it grant private charters or special privileges, but it corporation law permitted. may, by general act, permit persons to associate them
selves together as bodies corporate for manufacturing, mining, agricultural, and other industrial pursuits, and for the conduct of business of insurance, savings banks, banks of discount and deposit (but not of issue), loans, trust, and guaranty associations, for the establishment and conduct of cemeteries, and for the construction and operation of railroads, wagon roads, vessels, and irrigating ditches, and the colonization and improvement of lands in connection therewith, or for colleges, seminaries,
churches, libraries, or any other benevolent, charitable, or Limited to scientific association, but the authority embraced in this the Territory. section shall only permit the organization of corporations Divorce re
or associations whose chief business shall be in the Terri. tory of Alaska; no divorce shall be granted by the legislature, nor shall any divorce be granted by the courts of the Territory, unless the applicant therefor shall have resided in the Territory for two years next preceding the application, which residence and all causes for divorce shall be
determined by the court upon evidence adduced in open Lottery, court; nor shall any lottery or the sale of lottery tickets gambling,
be allowed; nor shall the legislature or any municipality liquors, etc.
interfere with or attempt in anywise to limit the Acts of Congress to prevent and punish gambling, and all gambling implements shall be seized by the United States marshal or any of his deputies, or any constable or police officer, and destroyed; nor shall spirituous or intoxicating liquors be manufactured or sold, except under such regulations and restrictions as Congress shall provide; nor
shall any public money be appropriated by the Territory Support of or any municipal corporation therein for the support
or benefit of any sectarian, denominational, or private schools.
school, or any school not under the exclusive control of the Government; nor shall the Government of the Terri. tory of Alaska or any political or municipal corporation