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shrubs, vines, cuttings, and plants from foreign countries or from our possessions for experiments with reference to their introduction into and cultivation in this country, and same shall not be distributed generally, but shall be used for experimental tests, to be carried on with the cooperation of the agricultural experiment stations.
Additional That an additional ten per centum of all moneys reexpenditures from receipts ceived from the national forests during the fiscal year roads and
ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and twelve, shall be available at the end thereof, to be expended by the Secretary of Agriculture for the construction and maintenance of roads and trails within the national forests in the States from which such proceeds are derived; but the Secretary of Agriculture may, whenever practicable, in the construction and maintenance of such roads, secure the cooperation or aid of the proper State or Territorial authorities in the furtherance of any system of highways of which such roads may be made a part.
Investigation of insects, etc.
GENERAL EXPENSES, BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY: For the promotion of economic entomology; for investigating the history and the habits of insects injurious and beneficial to agriculture, horticulture, and arboriculture, and ascertaining the best means of destroying those found to be injurious; for salaries and the employment of labor in the city of Washington and elsewhere, rent outside of the District of Columbia, freight, express charges, official traveling expenses, office fixtures, supplies, apparatus, telegraph and telephone service, gas, and electric current, in connection with the following investigations:
For investigations of the Mediterranean fly in the United States, its territories and possessions, thirty-five thousand dollars, which sum shall be immediately available;
OFFICE OF EXPERIMENT STATIONS.
General ex GENERAL EXPENSES, OFFICE OF EXPERIMENT Stations: penses.
Support of To carry into effect the provisions of an Act approved agricultural
March second, eighteen hundred and eighty-seven, enexperiment
titled “An Act to establish agricultural experiment sta
tions in connection with the colleges established in the several States under the provisions of an Act approved July second, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, and of the Acts supplementary thereto," the sums apportioned to the several States and Territories to be paid quarterly in advance, seven hundred and twenty thousand dollars;
To carry into effect the provisions of an Act approved Allotment of March sixteenth, nineteen hundred and six, entitled "An propriation. Act to provide for an increased annual appropriation for agricultural experiment stations and regulating the expenditure thereof,” the sums apportioned to the several States and Territories to be paid quarterly in advance, seven hundred and twenty thousand dollars: Provided, That not to exceed fifteen thousand dollars shall be paid to each State and Territory under this Act;
Stations in AlaskaHa
Use of re
To enable the Secretary of Agriculture to establish and Alatri, mamaintain agricultural experiment stations in Alaska, Ha-waii, Porto waii, Porto Rico, and the island of Guam, including the Guam. erection of buildings, the preparation, illustration, and distribution of reports and bulletins, and all other necessary expenses, one hundred and five thousand dollars, as follows: Alaska, thirty thousand dollars; Hawaii, thirty thousand dollars; Porto Rico, thirty thousand dollars; and Guam, fifteen thousand dollars; and the Secretary Sales of
products. of Agriculture is authorized to sell such products as are obtained on the land belonging to the agricultural experiment stations in Alaska, Hawaii, Porto Rico, and the island of Guam, and to apply the money received from the sale of such products to the maintenance of said sta- ceipts.
. tions, and this fund shall be available until used;
To enable the Secretary of Agriculture to investigate stFarmers' inand report upon the organization and progress of farm- agricultural ers' institutes and agricultural schools in the several sehinvestigaStates and Territories, and upon similar organizations in tion of progforeign countries, with special suggestions of plans and methods for making such organizations more effective for the dissemination of the results of the work of the Department of Agriculture and the agricultural experiment stations, and of improved methods of agricultural practice, including the employment of labor in the city of Washington and elsewhere, and all other necessary expenses, fifteen thousand seven hundred and sixty dollars;
IRRIGATION INVESTIGATIONS: To enable the Secretary of Irrigation
investigations. Agriculture to investigate and report upon the laws of the States and Territories as affecting irrigation and the rights of appropriators, and of riparian proprietors and institutions relating to irrigation, and upon the use of irrigation water, at home and abroad, with especial suggestions of the best methods for the utilization of irrigation waters in agriculture, and upon the use of different
kinds of power and appliances for irrigation, and for the preparation and illustration of reports and bulletins on irrigation, including the employment of labor in the city of Washington and elsewhere, rent outside of the District
of Columbia, and all necessary expenses, ninety-eight Proviso.
thousand three hundred dollars: Provided, That the Secmestera bien retary of Agriculture be, and he is hereby, authorized homa reservoir and directed to cause a thorough investigation to be system.
made and report to Congress at the opening of the next session upon the feasibility and the economy of irrigation by the reservoir system or plan in western Kansas and western Oklahoma.
Aug. 13, 1912. CHAP. 287.-An Act To regulate radio communication. (S. 6412.)
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa[Public, No.
tives of the United States of America in Congress assem. 264.) 37 Stat: L., bled, That a person, company, or corporation within the pt. 1, p. 302.
Radio com- jurisdiction of the United States shall not use or operate munication.
License re. any apparatus for radio communication as a means of quired for
commercial intercourse among the several States, or with operating, in United States. foreign nations, or upon any vessel of the United States
engaged in interstate or foreign commerce, or for the transmission of radiograms or signals the effect of which extends beyond the jurisdiction of the State or Territory in which the same are made, or where interference would be caused thereby with the receipt of messages or signals from beyond the jurisdiction of the said State or Territory, except under and in accordance with a license, revocable for cause, in that behalf granted by the Secretary
of Commerce and Labor upon application therefor; but Exception. nothing in this Act shall be construed to apply to the
transmission and exchange of radiograms or signals beProviso. If entirely
tween points situated in the same State: Provided, That within a the effect thereof shall not extend beyond the jurisdiction State. Government of the said State or interfere with the reception of radio
grams or signals from beyond said jurisdiction; and a license shall not be required for the transmission or exchange of radiograms or signals by or on behalf of the Government of the United States, but every Government station on land or sea shall have special call letters desig. nated and published in the list of radio stations of the
United States by the Department of Commerce and Violation a Labor. Any person, company, or corporation that shall misdemeanor.
use or operate any apparatus for radio communication in violation of this section, or knowingly aid or abet another person, company, or corporation in so doing, shall be
deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction Penalty.
thereof shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars, and the apparatus or device so unlawfully used and operated may be adjudged forfeited to the United States.
Form of 11cense.
Action by Government in
Sec. 2. That every such license shall be in such form as the Secretary of Commerce and Labor shall determine and shall contain the restrictions, pursuant to this Act, c:n and subject to which the license is granted; that every such license shall be issued only to citizens of the United States or Porto Rico or to a company incorporated under citizens, etc. the laws of some State or Territory or of the United States or Porto Rico, and shall specify the ownership and Details to be location of the station in which said apparatus shall be specified. used and other particulars for its identification and to enable its range to be estimated; shall state the purpose of the station, and, in case of a station in actual operation at the date of passage of this Act, shall contain the statement that satisfactory proof has been furnished that it was actually operating on the above-mentioned date; shall state the wave length or the wave lengths authorized for use by the station for the prevention of interference and the hours for which the station is licensed for work; and shall not be construed to authorize the use of any apparatus for radio communication in any other station than that specified. Every such license shall be Subject to subject to the regulations contained herein and such regulations as may be established from time to time by authority of this Act or subsequent Acts and treaties of the United States. Every such license shall provide that the President of the United States in time of war or public peril or disaster may cause the closing of any station for time of war, radio communication and the removal therefrom of all radio apparatus, or may authorize the use or control of any such station or apparatus by any department of the Government, upon just compensation to the owners.
Sec. 3. That every such apparatus shall at all times Licensed opwhile in use and operation as aforesaid be in charge or erator re
. under the supervision of a person or persons licensed for that purpose by the Secretary of Commerce and Labor. Every person so licensed who in the operation Suspension of any radio apparatus shall fail to observe and obey regulations contained in or made pursuant to this Act or subsequent Acts or treaties of the United States, or any one of them, or who shall fail to enforce obedience thereto by an unlicensed person while serving under his supervision, in addition to the punishments and penalties herein prescribed, may suffer the suspension of the said license for a period to be fixed by the Secretary of Commerce and Labor not exceeding one year. It shall be unlawful to employ any unlicensed person or for any uli- of unlicensed censed person to serve in charge or in supervision of the operators. use and operation of such apparatus, and any person violating this provision shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine of not more than one hundred dollars or imprisonment for not more than two months, or both, in the discretion of the court, for each and every such offense: Provided,
Temporary That in case of emergency the Secretary of Commerce
and Labor may authorize a collector of customs to issue
a temporary permit, in lieu of a license, to the operator Stations sub-on a vessel subject to the radio ship Act of June twentyject to regulations. fourth, nineteen hundred and ten.
Sec. 4. That for the purpose of preventing or minimizing interference with communication between stations in which such apparatus is operated, to facilitate radio communication, and to further the prompt receipt of
distress signals, said private and commercial stations Enforcement shall be subject to the regulations of this section. These
herein provided for.
The Secretary of Commerce and Labor may, in his discretion, waive the provisions of any or all of these regulations when no interference of the character above
mentioned can ensue. Temporary
The Secretary of Commerce and Labor may grant experiments, special temporary licenses to stations actually engaged
in conducting experiments for the development of the science of radio communication, or the apparatus pertaining thereto, to carry on special tests, using any amount of power or any wave lengths, at such hours and under such conditions as will insure the least interference with the sending or receipt of commercial or Government radiograms, of distress signals and radiograms, or with the work of other stations.
In these regulations the naval and military stations shall be understood to be stations on land.
Government land stations.
NORMAL WAVE LENGTH.
Normal wave length.
First. Every station shall be required to designate a certain definite wave length as the normal sending and receiving wave length of the station. This wave length shall not exceed six hundred meters or it shall exceed one thousand six hundred meters. Every coastal station open to general public service shall at all times be ready to receive messages of such wave lengths as are required by the Berlin convention. Every ship station, except as hereinafter provided, and every coast station open to general public service shall be prepared to use two sending wave lengths, one of three hundred meters and one of six hundred meters, as required by the international convention in force: Provided. That the Secretary of Commerce and Labor may, in his discretion, change the limit of wave length reservation made by regulations first and second to accord with any international agreement to which the United States is a party.