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Noncontracting States.

or salving vessel or the vessel assisted or salved belongs to one of the contracting States, and in any other cases for which the national laws provide.

Provided always, that:

1. As regards persons interested who belong to a noncontracting State the application of said provisions may be made subject by each of the contracting States to the condition of reciprocity.

2. Where all the persons interested belong to the same Application State as the court trying the case, the provisions of the law. national law and not of the convention are applicable.

3. Without prejudice to any wider provisions of any national laws, article 11 only applies as between vessels belonging to the States of the High Contracting Parties.

of national

Restriction.

ARTICLE 16.

ferences.

Any one of the High Contracting Parties shall have Future conthe right three years after this convention comes into force to call for a fresh conference with a view to seeking such ameliorations as may be brought therein, and particularly with a view to extending, if possible, the sphere of its application.

Notification. Any power exercising this right must notify its intention to the other powers, through the Belgian Government, which will see to the convening of the conference within six months.

ARTICLE 17.

States which have not signed the convention are al

of nonadhering lowed to adhere to it on request. Such adhesion shall countries. be notified through the diplomatic channel to the Belgian Government and by the latter to each of the other Governments. It shall become effective one month after the sending of the notification by the Belgian Government.

ARTICLE 18.

Ratification.

Official noti. fication of

The convention shall be ratified.

After an interval of at most one year from the day on which the convention is signed, the Belgian Government siguing. shall place itself in communication with the Governments of the High Contracting Parties which have declared themselves prepared to ratify the convention with a view to deciding whether it is expedient to put into force.

The ratification shall, if so decided, be deposited forth- Deposit of with at Brussels, and the convention shall come into force a month afterwards.

The protocol shall remain open another year in favor of the States represented at the Brussels Conference. After this interval they can only adhere to it on con forming to the provisions of Article 17.

ratification.

ARTICLE 19.

Denunciation.

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In the case of one or other of the High Contracting Parties denouncing this convention, such denunciation should not take effect until a year after the day on which it has been notified to the Belgian Government, and the convention would remain in force as between the other Contracting Parties.

In witness whereof the plenipotentiaries of the respective High Contracting Parties have signed this convention and have affixed their seals thereto.

Done at Brussels, in a single copy, the 23rd September, 1910.

[Here follow signatures.]

Signatures.

*

ratifications.

Proclamation.

Countries And whereas, the said Convention has been duly ratiratifying.

fied by the Government of the United States, by and with
the advice and consent of the Senate thereof, and by the
Governments of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Belgium,

France, Great Britain, Mexico, Netherlands, Roumania,
Deposit of and Russia, and the ratifications of the said Governments

were, by the provisions of Article 18 of the said Conven-
tion, deposited by their respective plenipotentiaries with
the Government of Belgium;

Now, therefore, be it known that I, William Howard
Taft, President of the United States of America, have
caused the said Convention to be made public, to the end
that the same and every article and clause thereof may be
observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United
States and the citizens thereof.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the City of Washington this thirteenth day of

February in the year of our Lord one thou[SEAL.] sand nine hundred and thirteen, and of the

Independence of the United States of America
the one hundred and thirty-seventh.

WMH TAFT
By the President:
PC Knox

Secretary of State.

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PROCLAMATIONS BY THE PRESIDENT.

BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.

Aug. 22, 1911.

37 Stat. L., pt. 2, p. 1716.

A PROCLAMATION.

National Rec

*

Status declared.

eties may as

and naval

WHEREAS, the American National Red Cross having American been incorporated by an act of Congress January 5, 1905, Cross. “ To furnish volunteer aid to the sick and wounded of

Preamble. armies in time of war, in accordance with the spirit and conditions of

the Treaty of Geneva of August 22, 1864 "; and

WHEREAS, it is desirable definitely to state the relations that shall exist between the American National Red Cross and the military departments of the government in the event of war:

NOW, THEREFORE, I, William H. Taft, President of the United States, by virtue of the authority in me vested, do hereby declare and proclaim1. That the American National Red Cross is the only Only society

authorized volunteer society now authorized by this government to render aid to its land and naval forces in time of war.

2. That any other society desiring to render similar . Other soclassistance can do so only through the American National sist. Red Cross.

3. That to comply with the requirements of Article 10 Aid to land of the International Red Cross Convention of 1906 (re- forces. vision of the Treaty of Geneva), that part of the American National Red Cross rendering aid to the land and naval forces will constitute a part of the sanitary services thereof.

4. That should it be desirable in time of war, or when war is imminent, for the War Department or the Navy of war. Department to make use of the services of the American National Red Cross, the Secretary of such Department is authorized to communicate with the President of the Society, specifying the character of the services required, and designating the place or places where the personnel and material will be assembled.

5. That when any member of the American National Red Cross reports for duty with the land or naval forces ject to mill.

tary rules and of the United States, pursuant to a proper call, he will regulations. thereafter be subject to military laws and regulations as provided in Article 10 of the International Red Cross Convention of 1906, and will be provided with the necessary brassard and certificate of identity.

375

Use of sery. ices in time

To be sub

Assignment to duty.

6. That except in cases of great emergency, the person-
nel of the American National Red Cross will not be as-
signed to duty at the front, but will be confined to hos-
pitals in the home country, at the base of operations, on
hospital ships, and along lines of communication of the
military and naval forces of the United States.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF I have hereunto set my
hand and caused the seal of the United States to be
affixed.
Done at the City of Washington, this twenty-second

day of August, A. D., one thousand nine hun-
[SEAL.] dred and eleven, and of the Independence of

the United States of America, the one hundred
and thirty-sixth.

WMH TAFT
By the President:
HUNTINGTON WILSON

Acting Secretary of State.

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Oct. 24, 1911. BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

37 Stat. L., pt. 2, p. 1719.

A PROCLAMATION.

War be

WHEREAS a state of war unhappily exists between tween Italy and Turkey : the.Kingdom of Italy on the one side and the Ottoman Preamble.

Empire on the other side; and

WHEREAS the United States are on terms of friendship and amity with both the contending powers and with the people inhabiting their several dominions, and,

WHEREAS, in the state of war thus unhappily existing, the United States, looking to both parties for the appropriate reciprocal treatment towards the United States and towards all persons owing allegiance to them. are resolved to maintain and enforce in accordance with the rules and principles governing the rights and duties of neutrals in international warfare, a strict and impartial neutrality between the aforesaid contending powers as well as between themselves and the subjects of each whether resident within the jurisdiction of the

United States or elsewhere,
Declaration NOW, THEREFORE, I, WILLIAM HOWARD
of neutrality.

TAFT, President of the United States, do, in order that
strict and impartial neutrality may be observed in the
premises, enjoin all persons owing allegiance to the
United States as well as all other persons within the
jurisdiction of the United States, to obey in letter and
spirit the laws, rules, and principles governing the con-
duct of neutrals in time of international conflict as such
laws, rules, and principles are prescribed by the statutes
of the United States, by the treaties and international
conventions which have been signed, ratified, and pro-

claimed by the Government of the United States, and by the recognized custom of nations;

And I do hereby give notice and warning that all per- Warning sons within the jurisdiction of the United States who tions.

against viola may misconduct themselves in the premises will do so at their peril and will be subject to the strict and impartial enforcement of the penalties imposed by the laws, rules, and principles involved; and that all persons owing allegiance to the United States and so misconducting themselves outside the jurisdiction of the United States can in no wise obtain any protection from the Government of the United States against the appropriate legal consequences of their misconduct.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the City of Washington, this twenty-fourth

day of October, in the year of our Lord one (SEAL.] thousand nine hundred and eleven, and of

the Independence of the United States of America, the one hundred and thirty-sixth.

WM H TAFT
By the President:
PC Knox

Secretary of State.

BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Nov. 27, 1911.

37 Stat. L., A PROCLAMATION.

pt. 2, p. 1721.

Copyright.
Preamble,

6

Whereas it is provided by the Act of Congress of March 4, 1909, entitled "An Act to amend and consolidate the Acts respecting copyright” (in effect on July 1, 1909), that the provisions of said Act, " so far as they secure copyright controlling the parts of instruments serving to reproduce mechanically the musical work, shall include only compositions published and copyrighted after this Act goes into effect, and shall not include the works of a foreign author or composer unless the foreign state or nation of which such author or composer is a citizen or subject grants, either by treaty, convention, agreement, or law, to citizens of the United States similar rights"!

And whereas it is further provided that the copyright secured by the Act shall extend to the work of an author or proprietor who is a citizen or subject of a foreign state or nation, only upon certain conditions set forth in section 8 of said Act to wit:

(a) When an alien author or proprietor shall be domiciled within the United States at the time of the first publication of his work; or

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