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TIELE 3.-NUMBER OF ESTABLISIIMENTS AND OF WAGE EARNERS, AND AVERAGE HOUT AND EARNINGS IN FOCNDRIES AND MACHINE SHOPS, 1929 AND 1931, BY SEX AND STATE

Foundries

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436 .555 558 681

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Males
Alabama
California.
Colorado
Connecticut.
Georgia.
Il Dois
Indians
lova
Kansas.
Kentucky
Louisiana.
Maine
Maryland.
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota.
Missouri.
New Hampshire.
New Jersey
New York.
Ohio.
Oregon.
Pennsylvania.
Rbode Island.
Tennessee
Teiss
Washington.
Wisconsin.

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190 1, 185

307 1, 629

427
3, 636
2, 446

959
200
204
246
248

421
2, 408
4, 334

457
764

143
2, 353
3, 392
4, 323

208
5, 285
1, 066

382
278

315
2, 165

177 53. 5 / 53.8
728 45.9 45.4

177 49. 2 48.0
1, 154

50.8 50.7 305 52.9 50.9 3, 097 50. 5 49.6 1, 538

52.6 51. 1 561 52.9 53.6 276 55. 1 56.0 120 50.6 51.2 178 56.4 52.4 239 50.7 48.3

397 50.9 49.9 1, 320 48. 7 47.2 1,916 51.9 52. 1 466

52.0 51. 2 460 52. 1 51.9

127 50.9 50.7 1, 668 50. 6 48.9 2, 828 50. 1

49. 2 3,506 51.8 51.0

163 46.1 47.2
3,619

51.6 51. 1
692 51.5 50. 4
253 49. 2 49.0
1:1 49.8 49.0
235
48. 3

47.9
2,118

51.2 51.5

$0.423 $24. 40 $22. 76

.743 34. 20 33. 73 .600 29. 32 28.80

31. 04 29. 86 . 403 20. 95 20.51 33. 58

32. 09 .559 31.03 28. 56

32. 48 32. 16 26. 45 25. 48 25. 91 26. bis 24. 59 21.01

28. 14 26. 95 .543

28. 40 27, 10 .690 33. 16 32. 57 .582 33. 42

30. 32 .589 28. 86

30. 16 .577

31. 78 29.95

30. 49 25. 75 .608

32. 18 29. 73 .599 32. 41

29. 47 .610 32. 38

31, 11 .675 31. 21 31. 86 .606

31.37 30.97 . 597 31. 52 30. (13 . 471

22. 68 23. OS .515 24. 30 25. 24 698 35. 11 33. 43

32. 97 30. AS

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15

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625 677 608 612

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Connecticut
Georgia
Illincis.
Indiana
Kentucky.
Massachusetts.
Michigan.
New Jersey.
New York
Ohio.
Pennsylvania.
Rhode Island
Tennessee.
Wisconsin

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48.5 50.3
53.0 50.9

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20 31 54 12 24 4 3 16

412 (2) 427 466 489 (9)

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21. 90
21. 70
20. 60

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21.99
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23. 86

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17. 75
21. 62

448

380 .403 438 417 460 318 . 430

23. 03 18. 32 18. 90 19, 49 22. 48 23. 41 15. 90 20. 94

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Alabama

190 177 53. 5 53.8 456 California

18

1, 185

728 45.9 45.4 745 Colorado

307
177 49. 2

48.0 Connecticut.

16 18 1, 629 1, 156 50.8 50.6 611 Georgia.

429 305 52.9 50.9 395 Illinois.

28
3, 665 3,113 50.5 49.6

663 Indiana

16
2,485 1,584

52. 5 51.1 Іоа.

959 561 52.9 53.6 Kansas.

260 276 55. 1 56. O Kentucky

207 122 50.6 51.1 510 Louisiana.

246 178 26.4 2.4 436 Maine.

248 239 50. 7 48. 3 555 Maryland.

421 397 50.9 49.9 5.58 Massachusetts.

21 2, 410

1,320 48.7 47.2 680 Michigan

33 4, 439

1,936

51.9 52. 1 640 Minnesota.

457 466 52.0 1 51.2 455 For less than 3 wage earners in this establishment, data included in total. * Included in total in 1929.

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.587 .614 . 480

24. 40
34. 20
29. 32
31. 04
20. 90
33. 48
30. 82
32. 48
26. 45
25. 81
24. 59
28. 14
28. 40
33. 12
33. 22
28. 86

22. 76 33. 73 28.80 29. 80 20.51 32.04 28. 46 32. 16 25. 48 26.52 21.01 26.95 27. 10 32. 57 30. 27 30. 16

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TABLE 3.-NUMBER OF ESTABLISHMENTS AND OF WAGE EARNERS, AND AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS IN FOUNDRIES AND MACHINE SHOPS, 1929 AND 1931, BY SEX AND STATE-Continued

Foundries-Continued

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Males
Alabama.
California.
Colorado.
Connecticut
Georgia
Illinois.
Indiana.
Iowa.
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana.
Maine
Maryland.
Massachusetts
Michigan..
Minnesota.
Missouri.
New Hampshire.
New Jersey
New York
Ohio.
Oregon.
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island.
Tennessee
Texas
Washington.
Wisconsin.
Total..

Females
Connecticut.
Illinois
Indiana
Kentucky
Maine
Massachusetts.
Michigan..
New Hampshire.
New Jersey
New York
Ohio...
Pennsylanaia.
Rhode Island.
Tennessee
Wisconsin.

Total..

$27.55 $32. 18 35. 76 34.04 29.77 31. 06 32. 59 32. 49 22. 70 23. 65 34. 55 32. 59 28. 76 27.75 29. 86 29.70 27. 48 28.72 26. 67 26. 94 26. 45 26.93 26. 66 26. 46 32. 80 31.85 31. 06 31. 14 33. 16

33. 22 29. 13 29. 57 29. 50 28. 83 30. 63 29. 28 33. 91 33. 54 33. 26 33. 46 32. 36 31.34 32. 62 33. 45 31, 80 31.54 30.07

29.99 27.94

28.00 27. 75 28.94 34, 84

34.70 32. 97 31. 59 32. 24

31. 79

.600

.679

.685 .683 .646

85

.680 .628

. 724

6 48 11

9 10

323

.691 .615 .592 . 550 .583 .732 .639

.616 . 595 .568 .603 .729 .617

554

392 4,792 64, 846

14

508

512

50.3

49.9

641

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261 (*)

45 411 302 153

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8 87 201 18 22 269 212 94

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48. 4
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50.0
47.7
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49.4
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45.5

. 414

411 (2) .397 .408 .382 . 423

417 ()

398 436 . 423 .500 .347 .397

453 (1) 378

19.50 21. 21

(*) 19. 85 19.50 18.79 20. 47 21. 31 ()

19.00 21. 37 20.82 20.93 21. 15 23.95 17.14 18 22 23. 01 (1) 17. 20 20.57

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1 For less than 3 wage earners in this establishment, data included in total, : Included in total in 1929.

TABLE 3. -NUMBER OF ESTABLISHMENTS AND OF WAGE EARNERS, AND AVERAGE
HOURS AND EARNINGS IN FOUNDRIES AND MACHINE SHOPS, 1929 AND 1931, BY
SEX AND STATE-Continued

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. 434
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. 552
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Alabama.
California.
Colorado
Connecticut.
Ceruia.
Mipois.
lo-diana.
lowa..
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine.
Maryland.
Nachusetts.
Michigan
Winnesota
Missouri.
Sex Hampshire.
Nes Jersey
New York
Ohio
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
Tennessee
Texas.
Washington.
Wisconsin..

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284 2, 133

654 4,111

332 11, 205 3,014 1,032

436 652 217 650

705 7,768 5, 841

8.56 1, 153

572 3, 669 9, 369 14,267

396
12. 690
3, 215

541
742

732
4, 255

457 50.0 1, 626 45.9

252 48. 1 2, 410

51. O
396 52.3
7,071 50.0
1, 876 51.0

815 54. 1
272 54. 1
395 50.9
199 54. 1
500 49.0

456 50. O
6, 539 49. 3

51.8 940 50. 4 712 51. 4

359 49. O 2, 531 49.5 7. 699 48.6 10, 528 50. 1

175 47.2
8, 292 51.7
1, 551 50.3

324 50.8
554 47.6

392 47.6
4,837

51. 6

54.0 45, 2 48. O 49.3 51.2 49.6 51.0 52. 2 52. 9 48.9 51.4 48. 1 48.4 48.2 51.5 49. 2 51.3 48.7 49.4 49,2 49.9 46, 2 51. 1 50.4 49. 3 48.0 47.6 51.1

$0.596 $27. 55 $32. 18

753 35. 76 34.01 647 29.77 31.06 059 32. 59 32. 49

22. 70 23. 65

34. 45 32. 49 543 28.61 27. 69

29. 86 29. 70 .543

27. 48 28. 72

26.06 26. 94 .524

26. 45 26. 93 .549

26. 66 26. 36 6.58 32. 80 31. 8.5

30.96 31. 04 631 32. 63 32. 50 601 29. 13 29. 57 562 29. 50 28. 83

29. 89 28. 93 677 33. 76 33, 44 674 32. 66 33. 16 622 32. 11 31. 04 721 32. 62 33. 45 .614 31. 64 31. 38

591 29.77 29.79 .567 27.91 27.95 603 27.75 28.94 720 34. 81 34. 70 615 32. 97 31. 13

656
.629
630
578
. 574
.610
.682

3, 731

. 594

.672

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19

6 28 32 85

6 48 10 8 10 7 15

.691

.612
. 586
.550
. 583
732
039

7 14

Total.

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Hours and Earnings, 1931, in Selected Occupations, by Sex and State TABLE 4 shows average hours and earnings in four representative occupations in foundries and four in machine shops in each State in all occupations in each industry in different States and makes easy 1931. It illustrates the variations in average hours and earnings in the comparison of the averages in each occupation in the table for any one State with those in the same occupation in any other State. pation under foundries, ranged by States from 61.2 cents for the State with the lowest, to 97.8 cents for the State with the highest

Average earnings per hour of hand molders, floor, the second occuin this occupation in the study of the industry, averaged 78.2 cents average, and for all States combined, or for all employees included per hour. Average full-time hours per week ranged by States from 44.9 to 55.1 and for all States averaged 50.0 per week. Average full-time earnings per week ranged by States from $29.22 to $45.31, and for all States averaged $39.10.

TABLE 4.-AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS FOR SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS I FOUNDRIES AND MACHINE SHOPS, 1931, BY OCCUPATION, SEX AND STATE

Foundries

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Aver

age fulltime weekl earn ings

Alabama..
California
Colorado.
Connecticut.
Georgia.
Illinois.
Indiana.
Iowa...
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine.
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Missouri
New Hampshire.
New Jersey
New York
Ohio.
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
Tennessee
Texas.
Washington
Wisconsin

Total

$37.6. 43. 91 34.99 38.0 34. 71 39. 43 34. 88 38. 38 30.80 31.03 34. 89 29. 22 36.44 45. 31 35. 95 38. 06 37. 58 34. 44 41. 94 38. 75 41. 66 40. 20 39.74 38. 00 33. 09 30. 61 42. 26 40. 64

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Alabama
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Georgia
Illinois..
Indiana.
Iowa.
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Missouri.
New Hampshire.
New Jersey.
New York
Ohio.
Oregon.
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
Tennessee
Texas..
Washington
Wisconsin

Total

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50.0

33. 05

1 For less than 3 wage earners in this establishment, data included in total.

TABLE 4.-AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS FOR SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS IN FOUNDRIES AND MACHINE SHOPS, 1931, BY OCCUPATION, SEX, AND STATE-Con.

Machine shops

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Alabama California Colorado Connecticut. Georgia. Illinois Indians. low.. Kansas. Kentucky Iguisiana Maine Maryland. Massachusetts. Michigan Minnesota. Missouri. New Hampshire New Jersey New York Ohio.. Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee. Tetas. Washington Wisconsin

Total.

Alabama.. California. Colorado Connecticut. Georgia. Illinois. Indiana Lowa. Kansas Kentucky Louisiana. Maine Maryland Massachusetts. Michigan Minnesota Missouri. New Hampshire New Jersey New York Ohio... Oregon.. Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Tergs.. Washington Wisconsin

Total

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