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The Three Projects Each of the three projects undertaken is headed by a project chairman and is being carried on largely with an independent staff.

Project I, dealing with the economic aspects of unemployment, has as its objectives finding out how industrial changes are affecting the volume and character of employment in the region, revealing the types of vocational training and guidance that are needed under modern conditions, and determining what business changes would help to stabilize conditions of employment. To attain these ends, the staff for Project I is at present engaged primarily with four major surveys, as follows: (1) The individual case histories of 4,000 unemployed, (2) the industrial survey, (3) the job analysis survey, and (4) the survey of business migrations.

Project II, dealing with individual diagnosis and retraining, is testing the various methods of diagnosing the vocational aptitudes of unemployed workers, providing a cross section of the basic reeducation problems of the unemployed, and demonstrating methods of reeducation and industrial rehabilitation of workers unemployed because of technological changes.

Under Project III the development of public employment agencies is being studied. It is stated that this project constitutes a type of laboratory or testing ground for certain of the technics developed in the first two projects. At present, public employment offices are maintained jointly by the State and city governments in Minneapolis, St. Paul, and Dulut”. The funds for the support of these offices are supplemented by the Spelman fund, "with the proviso that for a 2year period the responsibility for the supervision and development of these public employment agencies be assumed by the Tri-City Employment Stabilization Committee." By turning over to the committee the advisory control over the public employment agencies the governor and the industrial commission have sought to make more effective the development of the agencies in cooperation with the employment stabilization committee. The chief objectives sought are four in number, as follows:

1. To establish a unified system of labor clearance. This means coordinating the activities of all placement agencies that seem to be serving a useful community function and clearing job information through the public exchanges. It further involves the minimizing of the number of units engaged in employment work.

2. To establish in the public offices adequate statistical indexes of occupational and industrial trends and conditions in each city, as a background for effective vocational guidance and placement.

3. To introduce scientific technics for the individual diagnosis of the aptitudes and special qualifications of all applicants for jobs.

4. To provide adequate personnel and equipment in order to maintain effective contact with employers of labor and to administer scientific selection and placeInent procedures.

Unemployment in Foreign countries T

HE following table gives detailed monthly statistics of unem

ployment in foreign countries, as shown in official reports, from January, 1930, to the latest available date.

Canada

Per cent of tradeunionists

unem ployed

4.0 4.9 4.5 5.8 6. 1 6.5 7.7 8.2 9.9 8.5 12.0 17.0

10.8 11.5 10.8

9.0 10.3 10.6 9. 2 9.3 9.4 10.8 13.8 17.0

16.2 19,4 17.7 15. 6 13.8 14.4 16.3 16.8 16.6 10.8

16.0 15.6 15.5 14.9 16. 2 16.3 16.2 15.8 18 1 18.3

Estonia

Finland

Number unem- Number ployed of unemremaining ployed on live

registered register

5, 608 4, 580 3, 575 2, 227 2, 065

910

12, 696 11, 515 10, 062 7, 274 4, 666 3, 5.53 4, 026 5, 289 7, 157 10, 279 10, 740 9, 336

STATEMENT OF UNEMPLOYMENT IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES 1

Australia

Austria

Belgium

Trade-unionists
unemployed

Unemployment insurance societies

Date (end of month)

Compul-
sory in-
surance,
number
unem-
ployed

in re-
ceipt of
benefit

Wholly unem

ployed

Partially unem

ployed

Number

Per cent

Number Per cent Number Per cent

14.6

1930
January.
February
March.
April.
May
June
July
August.
September
October
November
December

18. 5

(2)
(2)
63, 144
(2)
(2)
80, 595
(?)
(2)
90, 379
(1)

()
104, 951

273, 197
284, 543
239, 094
192, 477
102, 678
150, 075
153, 188
156, 145
163,894
192, 778
237, 745
294,845

22, 542 16,085 14,030 13, 715 12, 119 12, 226 15, 302 17, 747 23, 693 27, 322 38, 973 63,585

3. 5 2. 6 2.2 2. 2 1.9 1.9 2.4 2.8 3. 8 4.3 6.1 9.3

25, 782 31, 222 28, 469 36, 605 38, 761 41,336 48, 580 51, 619 61,623 54,804 76,043 117, 167

20.5

23. 4

25. 8

1931
January
February
March
April..
May
June
July
August
September
October
November

(3)

(2)
113, 614

(?)

(2)
118, 424

(%)

(?)
120, 694

331, 239
334, 041
304,084
246, 845
208, 852
191, 150
194, 364
196, 321
202, 130
228, 101
273, 658

77, 181
81,750
81. 305

0,377
56, 250
62, 612
64, 644
70,893
74, 175
82, 811

11.1
11.7
11.3
10.0
7. 9
8.9
9. 1
9.9
10.3
11,3

112.734
121, 906
125, 972
110,139

97, 755
101, 616
116, 747
120, 669
119.433
122, 773

27.6

28. 3

Czechoslovakia

Danzig

(Free City of)

Denmark

Date (end of month)

Trade-union in-
surance funds-
unemployed in
receipt of benefit

Trade-union unem-
ployment sunds-

unemployed

Number
of unem-
ployed
on live
register

Number
of unem-

ployed
registered

Number

Per cent

Number

Per cent

1930
January
February
March.
April.
May
June.
July
August
September
October
November
December

73, 891
86, 156
88, 005
79.721
77, 069
73, 464
77, 309
88, 005
104, 534
122, 379
155, 203
239, 564

39, 199 40, 550 45, 567 42, 664 41,098 37,853 46, 800 52, 694 57, 542 61. 213 65, 904 93, 476

3.6 3.6 4. O 3. 7 3.8 3.4 4. 1 4.7 5.3 5. 5 5.9 8.3

19, 282 21, 153 20, 376 18, 371 16, 232 14, 975 15, 330 15, 687 16, 073 17, 307 20, 272 24, 429

55, 876
59, 363
47, 109
33, 471
27, 966
24. 807
26, 200
26, 232
27, 700
32, 880
44, 200
71, 100

20.3
21.0
15.6
11.8
9.4
8.7
9.3
9.0
9.0
11.4
15.3
24. 6

762
1, 039
1, 414
3, 282
5, 675
6, 163

1931
January
February
March
April..
May
June.
July
August
September
October
November

313, 511
343, 972
339, 505
290, 756
249, 686
220, 0.38
209, 233
214, 520
228, 383
253, 518
336, 874

104, 580 117, 450 119, 350 107, 238 93, 941 82, 534 82, 759 86. 201 3 84,671

9.5 10.0 10.0 8. 9 7.6 6.6 6.6 6.9 6.8

27, 081 29, 192 27. 070 24. 186 20. 686 19,855 20, 420 21, 509 22, 922 24, 932 28, 966

70, 961
73. 427
67, 725
45, 698
37.856
34, 030
36, 369
35, 060
35, 871
47. 196
66, 526

24, 2
26. 0
22.1
15. 3
12. 3
11.3
11.8
11.8
12. 1
16.0
22. 3

5, 364
4, 070
2, 765
2, 424
1, 365

931
634

933 2,096 5, 425

11, 706 11, 557 11, 491 12, 663 7, 342 6,320 6,790 9, 160 12, 176 14. 824

See footnotes at end of table.

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Date (end of month)

Trade-unionists unCompulsory insurance

Number

employed

of persons Wholly unem Temporary stop- registered

Social-Demoployed pages

Chriswith em

cratic ployment

tian
exchanges (Buda-

Num.
Per cent Number Per cent
Number

Per pest)

ber cent

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January.
February
March.
April.
May.
June.
July
August
September.
October
November
December

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7, 786 7, 851 7, 503 6, 701 5, 239 4, 700 4,723 5,897 7, 010 8,031 9, 396 11, 265

19.0 18.9 17.8 15.8 12. 2 10.8 10.8 13. 4 15. 7 18.0 21.4 25. 5

22, 549 22, 974 22, 533 19, 829 16, 376 13, 939 11, 997 12, 923 17,053 20, 303 24, 544 27, 157

241, 974 274, 708 289, 469 271, 225 224, 914 204, 982 193, 687 173, 627 170, 467 165, 154 209, 912 299, 797

12, 622 15. 588 13, 045 13, 412 25, 096 22, 960 23. 236 24, 209 39, 110 36, 147 42, 689 36, 212

7, 197

13. 5

119

15. 5

1931

26. 3

11, 692
(2)
11, 213
(3)

24. 9

January.
February
March
April
May.
June.
July
August
September
October
November

(2)

(?)
* 29, 434
* 37, 598
+ 36, 921
642, 523
6 46, 359
4 48, 396
4 51, 018

28, 596
29, 107
29, 095
28, 477
25, 206
22, 736
20, 869
22, 431
27,012
29, 340
32, 078

340, 718 358, 925 372, 536 351, 679 313, 104 274, 9-12 255, 179 246, 380 246, 426 253, 355 259, 676

38, 804 43, 270 48, 226 41, 519 33, 484 28, 093 29, 250 22. 708 22, 969 28, 800

58, 415

619. 2

See footnotes at end of table.

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1 Sources: League of Nations-Monthly Bulletin of Statistics; International Labor Office - Internationa! Labor Res jew; Canada--Labor Gazette; Great Britain-Ministry of Labor Gazette: Austria-Statisthe Nachrichten; Australia-Quarterly Summary of Australian Statistics; Germany--Reichsarbeits

i, Reichs Arbeitsmarkt Anzeiger; Switzerland-- Wirt. u. Social. Mitteilungen, La Vie Economique; Foland-Wjedomosci Statystyczne; Norway-Statistiske Meddelelser; Netherlands-Maandschrift; Sateo - Sociala Meddelenden; Denmark-Statistiske Efterretninger; Finland- Bank of Finland Monthly Buletin; France-Bulletin du Marché du Travail; Hungary-Magyar Statisztikai Szemle; BelgiumRevue du Travail; New Zealand, Monthly Abstract of Statistics; U. S. Department of CommerceCocinerce Reports; and U.S. Consular Reports. ? Not reported. : Provisional figure.

New series of statistics showing unemployed registered by the employment exchanges. Includes not only workers wholly unemployed but also those intermittently employed.

Strike ended. Provisional figure.

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