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home conditions, birth and health records, and information from the employment-certification office.
B. Social agencies of all types should be used by the junior placement office for the best possible adjustment of the boy or girl, including the use of the social-service exchange.
4. Adequate records should be kept by all junior employment bureaus.
A. The information secured should conform to certain minimum and uniform standards drawn up by public bureaus in cooperation with national organizations or State and Federal departments.
B. Every interview should be recorded on the individual record of the applicant and a report be kept of the data secured from each industrial investigation.
C. Report information should be collected, at monthly intervals, to include, as a minimum, record of applicants served, number of applications, positions available, persons placed, and total placements made.
D. Provision should be made for centralized comparable employment information in a community through such devices as uniform monthly reporting, the clearance of labor calls, an information service regarding employment facilities, and a central file of industrial investigations.
5. Junior placement should be done only by those specifically engaged for this work, and training requirements should include at least a high-school education, though a college education is more desirable, with special training in economics, sociology, and case work.
It is desirable that at least one member of the staff shall have had training in the fundamentals of statistics.
It is essential that the placement worker be familiar with labor and education laws and have a knowledge of industrial conditions and opportunities in various fields of work, through visits to industrial and business establishments.
Other Vocational Guidance Agencies THE vocational-guidance program in a community should involve every effort to cooperate with existing nonpublic organizations interested in guidance.
In order to further this cooperation, private organizations working in the field of guidance should keep informed of modern developments and modify their program of vocational guidance as need arises.
Strikes and Lockouts in the United States in November, 1931
ATA regarding industrial disputes in the United States for
November, 1931, with comparable data for preceding months are presented below. Disputes involving fewer than six workers and lasting less than one day have been omitted.
Table 1 shows the number of disputes beginning in 1927, 1928, 1929, and 1930, the number of workers involved and man-days lost for these years and for each of the months, January, 1930, to November, 1931, inclusive, as well as the number of disputes in effect at the end of each month and the number of workers involved. The number of man-days lost, as given in the last column of the table, refers to the estimated number of working days lost by workers involved in disputes which were in progress during the month or year specified.
TABLE 1.-INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES BEGINNING IN AND IN EFFECT AT END OF EACH MONTH, JANUARY, 1930, TO NOVEMBER, 1931, AND TOTAL NUMBER OF DISPUTES, WORKERS, AND MAN-DAYS LOST IN THE YEARS 1927 TO 1930
Occurrence of Industrial Disputes, by Industries TABLE 2 gives, by industry, the number of strikes beginning in September, October, and November, 1931, and the number of workers directly involved. TABLE 2-INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES BEGINNING IN SEPTEMBER, OCTOBER, AND
Size and Duration of Industrial Disputes, by Industries Table 3 gives the number of industrial disputes beginning in November, 1931, classified by number of workers and by industries. TABLK 2, NUMBER OF INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES BEGINNING IN NOVEMBER, 1931,
CLASSIFIED BY NUMBER OF WORKERS AND BY INDUSTRIAL GROUPS
In Table 4 are shown the number of industrial disputes ending in November, 1931, by industries and classified duration. TABLE 4.-NUMBER OF INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES ENDING IN NOVEMBER, 1931, BY
INDUSTRIAL GROUPS AND CLASSIFIED DURATION
Conciliation Work of the Department of Labor in November, 1931
By Hugh L. KERWIN, DIRECTOR OF CONCILIATION THE Secretary of Labor, through the Conciliation Service, exer
cised his good offices in connection with 55 labor disputes during November, 1931. These disputes affected a known total of 34,679 employees. The table following shows the name and location of the establishment or industry in which the dispute occurred, the nature of the dispute (whether strike or lockout or controversy not having reached the strike or lockout stage), the craft or trade concerned, the cause of the dispute, its present status, the terms of settlement, the date of beginning and ending, and the number of workers directly and indirectly involved.
On December 1, 1931, there were 40 strikes before the department for settlement and in addition 33 controversies which had not reached the strike stage. The total number of cases pending was 73.
LABOR DISPUTES HANDLED BY THE CONCILIATION SERVICE DURING THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER, 1031
1931 1931 Erie Electric Sales & Service Co., Strike. Laborers and elec- Alleged violation of working con- Adjusted. Agreed to employ all Oct. 28 Nov. 7 8 140 Erie, Pa.
ditions by contractor on pump- union men
Unclassified. Nonunion workers Oct. 30 Nov. 5 20 20
week and union recognition. change in conditions.
Glass cutters. Wages and discussion of new agree-Adjusted. Wages cut 17 per cent. Nov. 1 Nov. 12 12,000 15,000
ment, including wage cut.
No other change.
Leather Workers International
meet committee of operators. turned.
8 34 Conn.
job finished; jurisdiction settled.
previously laid off; agreed on
piecework prices. Bleyco Paper Co., New York .do. Paper workers Asked reemployment of 2 girls and Adjusted. Recognition not allowed: Oct. 23 Nov. 4 14 8 City.
recognition of P. W. I. L.
all reemployed; $2 per week
increase; conditions improved.
Slipper workers. Asked guaranty against future Adjusted. A greed not to cut Oct. 27 Oct. 31 25 5
wages this season.
Adjusted. Allowed as asked.. Oct. 24 Oct. 26 30
of the field.
Wage scale and union recognition Adjusted. Union agreement con- Nov. 3 Nov. 22 28
cluded fixing wages and con
ditions, 1 Not reported.