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COLLAR, CUFF, AND SHIRT MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY.

663

IMMIGRANTS IN INDUSTRIES.

COLLAR, CUFF, AND SHIRT MANUFACTURING.

This report, which was prepared under the direction of the Commission by W. Jett Lauck, superintendent of agents, forms part of the general report of the Immigration Commission on immigrants in industries.

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Members of households for whom detailed information was secured..

667

Employees for whom information was secured..

669

CHAPTER II.-Racial displacements:

History of immigration...

671

Period of residence in the United States of foreign-born employees and

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Industrial condition abroad of members of immigrant households studied..
Principal occupation of immigrant employees before coming to the United
States...

679

681

General occupation of males at the present time, in the households studied.
General occupation of women at the present time, in the households studied.
Weekly earnings..

682

683

684

Annual earnings of male heads of families studied..

686

Annual earnings of males 18 years of age or over in the households studied.
Annual earnings of females 18 years of age or over in the households studied.
Annual family income..

688

689

690

Wives at work..

691

Relation between the earnings of husbands and the practice of wives of

keeping boarders or lodgers..

692

Sources of family income..

693

Relative importance of the different sources of family income.

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Age classification of employees and members of their households.

CHAPTER VII.--General progress and assimilation:

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COLLAR, CUFF, AND SHIRT MANUFACTURING.

CHAPTER I.

INTRODUCTION.

Growth of the industry-Increase in the number of employees-Territory studiedHouseholds studied-Members of households for whom detailed information was secured-Employees for whom information was secured-[Text Tables 1 to 7 and General Tables 1 to 3].

GROWTH OF THE INDUSTRY.

More than one-half of the capital engaged in the collar and cuff manufacturing industry at the present time is invested in the State of New York. This fact, together with the growth of the industry in that State and the country as a whole during the period 1880-1905, is set forth in the table below:

TABLE 1.-Growth of the collar, cuff, and shirt manufacturing industry in the State of New York and in the United States, 1880-1905.

[Compiled from United States Census Reports, Manufactures, 1880–1905.]

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INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES.

The expansion in the collar and cuff industry, as shown in the preceding table, has been attended by a large demand for labor, which has been met principally by the employment of immigrants of recent and past years. The increase in the operating forces of the industry

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