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New School Readers,

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STEPPING STONES TO LITERATURE By Sarah Louise Arnold, Supervisor of Schools, Bos

ton, Mass., and Charles B. Gilbert, Superintendent of Schools, Newark, N.J.

Eight Readers-one for each grade; beautifully illustrated, of the highest literary quality from the first to the last grade.

This series of Readers may justly be said to signalize a new era in school reading books, both from the excep. tional character of the text and the number and beauty of its illustrations. Five volumes are now ready.

A First Reader. 128 pages. Over 130 beautiful illustrations, including 8 color pages. 32 cents.

A Second Reader. 160 pages. Over 100 illustrations, including 8 beautiful color pages. 40 cents.

A Third Reader: 224 pages. Beautifully illustrated with reproductions of masterpieces, portraits of authors, etc. 50 cents.

A Fourth Reader. 320 pages. Beautifully illustrated with reproductions of masterpieces, portraits of authors, etc. 60 cents.

A Reader for Fifth Grades. 320 pages with 70 beautiful illustrations. 60 cents.

Single copy for examination sent to any teacher on receipt of price. "Your Readers

surpass all others in attractiveness and typographical effect, and, above all, in the reading matter, and its arrangement 10 grades."-W. A. FRASIER, Superintendent Schools, Butland, Vt.

Adopted in New York, Brooklyn, Boston,
Chicago, Kaltimore, Bunalo, counties
of Sauta Cilia and Napa, Cal., the

State of Ohio, etc., etc.

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SILVER, BURDETT & COMPANY.

Miss Ball has had a wide experience in teaching Drawing in every grade of schools ranging from the First Year to the Normal school, and is prepared to give instruction in the various lines of work.

PUBLISHERS. Boston. New York. Chicago. Philadelphia.

Sala

For the School-room or Home

The Riverside School Library

50 Volumes, bound in half leather at 50, 60 and 70 cents Containing the best literature which has stood the test of the World's best judgment. With Portraits, Biographical Sketches and the necessary Noies and Glossaries. The list chosen with the advice of the most

prominent Educators of this country. Descriptive Circular, giving th, table of Contents and price of each volume of the Riverside

School Library, will be sent on application.

HOUGHTON, MIFFLIN AND COMPANY, 4 Park Street, Bostun; 11 East Seventeenth Street, New York;

378-388 Wabash Avenue, Chicago

Farrand & Votey

Chapel Organs Are acknowledged peers. Forty-page catalogue sent free. Address: Farrand & Votey Organ Co.

Detroit, Michigan, or The Whitaker & Ray Co.,

723 Market St., S. F.

TEACHERS WORLD

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journal; one that is filled to the brim with practical,

usable schoolroom material; and one that deals in standard values and solid experience, eschewing wordy essays and meaningless studies," then the Teachers World

will aid you. Ten large Natural History Supplement Charts free each year-Ten large Double-Page Language Pictures-"Cut Up” Drawing Cards-Arithmetic Cards-Story CardsSupplementary Reading-Pieces to Speak-Correspond. ence-Methods, Aids and Devices—Foundation Principles -Special Day Exercises, Etc., Ftc., Etc.

Established 1889. Eight Years of increasing Success 48 LARGE QUARTO PAGES and SUPPLEMENT.

Monthiy-Illustrated-$1.00 a Yeur. Such a methods paper as the Teachers World is a neces

sity to every wide-awake, conscientious teacher. The

dollar it costs is no measure otits real value to you. But you also need a home paper keep in touch with local

and state educational events, and for that purpose (not
forgetting the additional material it contains there is
nothing better than the Western Journal of Educa-

tion to supplement your methods paper.
BOTH PAPERS ONE YEAR, $1.25.

Leaders in their respective classes, you will find in them everything you need in your work, and much more than you might get elsewhere.

Send $1.25 to the WESTERN JOURNAL OF EDU. CATION, 723 Market Street, San Francisco, and

both papers will be mailed to you for one year. To save $1.25 and miss the helpfulness of such a combination

is mistaken economy.

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731 MARKET ST., TAKE ELEVATOR Studio Open Evenings for Sittings

SAN FRANCISCO. by New Electric process.

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JOURNAL

• ØF EDUCATION

OREGON

CALIPORN

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NEW SERIES-VOLUME III
OLD SERIES.-GOLDEN ERA-VOL. XLIII.

SAN FRANCISCO, FEBRUARY, 1898.

NUMBER 2 ESTABLISHED 1852

publisher's Notice.

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............. 30

........ 1 50
........ 3 00

The most serious problem in Arithmetic is not in the book,

but in how to use it to advantage. THE WESTERN JOURNAL OF EDUCATION

* * succeeds to the subscription lists,

advertising
patronage and good will of the Golden Era, Sometimes the most scholarly person is unfit to teach school.
established in San Francisco In 1852.
Subscription, $1.50 a year.

Scholarship is efficient but not sufficient.
Single copies, 15 cents.

See our special combination offer. It will
meet your wants. Remit by check, post-
office order, Wells, Fargo & Co., of by The four books most popular in England to-day are:
stamps.

ADVERTISEMENTS-Advertisements of an Christian," the Beth Book, “Kedar's Tents,” and “Captain

unobjectionable nature will be inserted at the rate of two dollars a month per inch.

Courageous." MSS.- Articles on methods, trials of new theories, actual experiences and school news, reports of teachers' meetings, etc., urgently solicited.

* Essays and institute addresses not specially prepared for publication, not desired. Address all communications to HARR WAGNER, 723 Market Street,'s. F.

Dr. Mara L. Pratt, who is a well known author and institute THE WHITAKER & RAY COMPANY, PUBLISHERS Entered at the San Francisco Post Office as secoud-class mail matter.

lecturer, has written one of her charming Indian stories for this issue of the JOURNAL.

* * OUR GREAT CLUB OFFER.

The Executive Committee of the C. T. A. is acting wisely.

in inviting such men as Pres. G. Stanley Hall to be present at Send your subscription to us and save money.

Publisher's List With Western the Santa Rosa meeting.
Price

Journal of
Education

* * New England Journal of Education......

2 50

3 00 American Teacher............................

100
1 50

The meeting of Superintendents of the nation at Chatanooga, Primary Education........................

1 00

1 50 Popular Educator.........

1 00

1 50 was full of inspiration and practical work. The Pacific Coast Intelligence

1 50

2 30 Week's Current...

1 25

2 10

States were not well represented.
Teacher's Institute...

1 00
1 50

* School Journal...

2 50

2 50 Primary School......

1 00

1 50 Our Times............

The School News and Practical Educator, of Taylorville, Ill., is

1 25 School Review.................

2 25 St. Nicholas...

3 65 true to its title, and that means a great deal. C. M. Parker knows Harper's Round Table.

2 Ou

2 75 Kindergarten......

2 00
2 80

how to edit a school journal. Child Garden.

...1 00

1 76 Educator.

50

1 35 Educational Review....

3 00
3 65

One of the most interesting and valuable documents on Child Western Teacher...

1 00

1 50 Teacher's Word..

1 00

1 85 Study is “Methods of Manifesting the Instincts for Certainty," Public Schooi Journal....

1 50

2 35 Child Study Monthly.

1 75 by M. H. Small, in Vol. V., No. 3, of the Pedagogical Seminary. Education..........

3 00

3 00 Normal Instructor...

50

1 35 American Journal of Sociology.

2 00

2 80 Youth's Companion (new sub).

1 75
2 50

Miss Ora Boring, of Stanford, had an interesting paper in the Atlantic Monthly........

400

4 50 Scribner's Magazine........

3 00

3 65 February issue of School Education. School Education, by the way, Cosmopolitan......

1 00

1 75 Review of Reviews..

3 25 is one of the very best of the educational journals now published. Housekeeper.....

1 75 Ladies' Home Journal.............

1 00

2 00 Our Little Men and women..

1 00

1 90 Our Little Ones and the Nursery.

1 00
1 90

The New York ScHool Journal publishes the statement that Dumb Animals...........

50

1 35 Pansy

1 00
1 90

Pres. Jordan offered Prof. Jackman of Cooks Co. Normal School Harper's Magazine.........

4 00

4 50 Century

4 00

4 65 Chautauquan

$4000 per year to take the Department of Education at Stanford. 2 00

2 90 Popular Science Monthly

5 00
5 65

* Babyland

50

1 45 Golden Days........

3 00
3 65

Our State History is nearly twenty years behind the present Arena....

3 00

3 75 McClure's Magazine...........

1 00

1 90 date. Prof. C. H. Keyes, who is writing a new history for CaliMuusey's Magazine......

1 00

1 90 Lippincott's Magazine..........

3 00
3 75

fornia, will have it up to date, including an account of De Lome North American Review

5 00

5 60 American School Board Journal..

1 00
1 90

and the War with Spain--perhaps. Kindergarten News.........

50

1 40 Everywhere.....

......... 1 00

............... 2 50

....... 1 00

50 Forum

3 00

3 75 Overland....

1 00
1 75

Board of Education of Washington has refused to Pedagogical Seminary.

4 00

4 50 School Education......

1 00

1 50 Northwest Journal of Education..

recognize Oregon life diplomas. California will probably follow. 1 00

1 50 Any subscriber to the Western Journal of Education will receive discount of 5 per cent. Oregon needs a man at the front like Pres. Royal of Weston, or for subscriptions upon any journal or magazine

on the above club list. Special Offer: To any one who will send us, within 30 days, $1.50 for a subscription to Supt. A. P. Armstrong of Portland, who will raise the standard Western Journal of Education, we will send free either Primary School, American Teacher, or Teacher's Institute. Address

certification of teachers. HARR WAGNER, 723 Market St., s. F,

1 40

The past month has been characterized by school scandals Mistakes in Dr. E. E. White, the well-known student of Pedaand school fights" in a degree that is appalling. Kansas City Methods. gögy has written of Mistakes in Methods as follows: led off with an attack on Greenwood, the President of the N. E. A ; "Permit me to add with no special reference to 'ratio' method, then Chicago followed with an agitation on teachers' salaries that that the early forcing of abstract relations and logical processes stirred the entire city ; then San Francisco's exposé of methods of upon young children has been been a wide and serious error in priselection of teachers, and the indictment of one of the principal mary ins'ruction, especially in arithmetic. In the past forty years meinbers of the Board for asking a bribe; then Los Angeles with I have seen a half-score of new methods of teaching numbers to charge and counter-charge of boodle methods in its Board of Edu- young children, each attended with exhibitions of wonderful atcation; then Seattle followed in its fight with Supt. Barnard, and

tainments. Forty years ago mental analysis was the hobby, and even Eureka has made its fight on Supt. P. M. Condit. These even primary classes were put thru persistent drills in analytical fights are connected with our system of education, but are usually reasoning. The marvelous feats in such reasoning by young due to a lack of the right kind of education. The men who in- pupils occasioned a genuine pedagogical sensation ! An excellent dulge in the scandals of school boards have not yet learned the training for pupils twelve to fourteen years of age was forced upon lessons of life, although they have the essential elements of children as early as eight years of age. What was the result ? "readin', 'ritin' and 'rithmetic."

Over thirty years ago one of the very ablest mathematicians in the

United States, Dr. Thomas Hill, then president of Harvard College Supt. Cubberly speaks in his Course of Study on overcrowded (Ohio Educational Monthly, pp. 5-10, 168-173, Vol. 11.), with unschools eloquently as follows: “As to overcrowding the course

usual facilities for ascertaining the facts, published the opinion of study, I do not believe it. With all the cry about the 'terrible that this early training in analytical reasoning hàd not only been crowding of the pupils in our schools,' we have many pupils each fruitless, but "an injury to pupils.” Pupils who were marvels in year who are able to go ahead of the grades and do much more

mental arithmetic at nine years of age became indifferent, if not than the course of study calls for. As soon as our people become dull, at fourteen. Teachers in grammar grades were surprised at educated to the necessity of contributing more money for educa

the weakness of pupils in written arithmetic who had been prodtional work, so that teachers may be provided with the best of igies in mental arithmetic in primary grades. teaching equipment and not be expected to teach over twenty-five "The Grube method, tho not so great a pedagogical sinner, has to thirty pupils, I firmly believe that all that is now taught in the bad a similar history. What superintendent or teacher has found first eight years will be taught in six or six and a half at most. in the fifth or sixth school year arithmetical skill or power that The course of study is not overcrowded, but the schools are." could be traced back to the Grube grind in the first and second

school years? Who now regrets to see the method retiring from Music hath charms not only " to soothe the savage breast,” the primary schools which it has so long possessed ? .but as well to quiet the unruly members of many a boisterous

"The forcing of young children to do prematurely what they school. Music in school never means a loss of time, as many ought not to do until they are older, results in what Dr. Harris teachers are wont to give as their excuse for not having more calls “arrested development," and whether this be due to exsinging. It really means more time for the study of arithmetic, hausted power or burnt-out interest, the result is always fatal to history, geography, and every other study. Gather up the roving, future progress. The colt that is over-speeded and over-trained straggling thoughts of the boys and girls, and have them united

when two years old, breaks no record at six. The same is true in into a grand chorus of cheerful singing, and begin again all to the training of young children. There is such a thing as too gether in a united effort on the difficult problems of study. It pays much training in primary grades; an over-development of the to have music in the schoolroom.-- Pennsylvania School Journal.

reason. A little child may be developed into a dullard. More

natural growth and less forced developments would be a blessing The appointment of Prof. Griggs to the head of the Depart- to thousands of young children. It is not what the child can do ment of Education, Stanford University, has been received with

at six or seven years of age that settles questions of primary traingreat favor by the public school teachers, and the friends of edu- ing, but what he ought to do—i. e., what is best for him to do at cation The selection of Prof. Edward Cubberly as his assistant this stage of school progress. The position has never, to my will tend to strengthen the department. His work as Superin- knowledge, been questioned that the pupils in our schools pass tendent of schools of the City of San Diego has brought him face thru, as they go up in the grade, three quite distinct psychic phasesto face with the school problems of this Coast.

a primary phase, and intermediate phase, and a scientific phase.

A clear recognition of these phases, with their activities and atThe congratulations of friends on the success of this journal tainments, has resulted in fruitful reforms in school instruction, in securing the official designation do not lessen the responsibility especially in primary grades. The tendency just now in some of the editor in his efforts to give the State a creditable educational schools is to go back to the theory that an infant is a little man journal. Improvement is the watch word.

capable of causal reasoning, logical inferences, and philosophic

insights; that he cannot only understand but can appreciate the The State Board of Education at its meeting, Feb. 12, 1898, highest literature ! desigrated the WESTERN JOURNAL OF EDUCATION as the official “For one, I am very thankful that I was not forced when an organ of the Department of Public Instruction from April 1, 1898, infant over these elaborate “development courses; that when a to April 1, 1899. Gov. Budd and Supt. Black were appointed a child I was permitted to think as a child,” and was not forced committee to have the law in reference to an official journal re to think as a philosopher.'' pealed by the next legislature. The meeting of the Southern California Teachers' Associa- Washington's Birthday, Arbor Day, etc , are effective teachers of

February is a patriotic month for the schools. Lincoln Day, tion at Los Angeles March zoth, 31st, and April ist, promises to love of home and country. The Maine affair is not without its be a great educational gathering. Pres. Greeley and the executive committee are active in securing the best possible program.

lesson of patriotism to people in the old schools of life.

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A Ballad of poverty Row.

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Brave old neighbors in Poverty Row,

Why should we grudge to dweli with you ? Pinch of poverty well ye know

Doubtful dinner and clouted shoe, Grinned the wolf at your doors, and yet

You sang your songs and you said your say, Lashed to labor by Devil debt,

All were manful, and some were gay. What, Old Chaucer ! a royal jest

Once you made in your laughing verse : "Do more goldfinch-song in the nest

Autumn nest of the empty purse !" Master Spenser, your looks are spare;

Princes' favors, how fleet they be! Thinking that yours was the self-same fare,

Crust or crumb shall be sweet to me.
Worshipful Shakespeare of Stratford town,

Prosperous-portiy in a oublet red,
When of the days when you first came down

To London city to earn your bread ?
What of the lodging where Juliet's face

Startled your dream with its Southern glow, Flooding with splendor the sordid place ?

That was a garret in Poverty Row ! Many a worthy has here. I ween,

Made brief sojourn or long abode; Johnson, dining behind a screen;

Goldsmith, vagrant along the road; Keats, ah, pitiful! poor and ill,

Harrassed and hurt, in his short spring day; Best Sir Walter, with flagging quill

Digging the mountain of debt away. Needy comrade, whose evil star,

Pallid-frowning, decrees you wrong; Greatly neighbored, in truth we are;

Hold your heart up and sing your song!
Lift your eyes to the book-shelf where,

Glorious-gilded, a shining show,
Every man in his mansion fair,
Dwell the Princes of Poverty Row !

-Helen Gray Cone in Century, New York.

PROF. ELLWOOD P. CUBBERLY. Recently appointed to the Department of Education, Stanford University,

AKE C
BOERNGER

THE RHODODENDRON
The Siate Flower of Washington, From Ni tur:'s Stories of the Northwest;

by Herbert Bashford.

Dr. LeRoy Decatur Brown.

On January 13, 1898, Dr. Brown, after thirty-four years of active service in the cause of education, passed peacefully away at his home in San Luis Obispo, California.

He was born November 3, 1848, in the State of Ohio of New England ancestry. At the age of fifteen, having been refused the privilege of eulisting in the army he ran away from home and enlisted in an Ohio regiment, and was in active service in 1864-5.

On returning home, he entered a district school and the following year taught a school adjoining the one he attended. He again entered school and passed successively from academy to college and at length graduated from the Ohio Wesleyan University. During his entire co.lege course he devoted more or less time to teaching.

In 1871, he was appointed County Scbool Examiner in his native County. In 1873, he took charge of a graded school at Newport, O., and shortly after assumed the office of Superintendent which he filled with marked success.

In 1878, he was admitted to the bar ard in the same year was married to Miss Esther E. Gabel, of Eaton, O., who survives him.

He was an officer of the National Educational Association in 1880, presided over a department at San Francisco in 1888 and at the time of his death was one of the life directors of the organization from California,

While Superintendent of Schools at Hamilton, O., he was granted leave of absence and made a trip to Europe to study the school systems there, and on his return delivered a series of popular lectures upon his suminer abroad.

In 1883 he was elected State Commissioner of Schools for the State of Ohio and served with distinction, introducing many notable reforms in the prevailing school system. During his encumbency of this office he received the degree of Doctor of Philosophy from Baker University. In 1887 he was appointed by Gov. Foraker a trustee of the Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans Home at Zenia, O. At the close of his official career in Ohio, he accepted a position in a banking house, but was soon called from that place to the Presidency of the University of Nevada which place he resigned in 1889.

Removing from Nevada, he took up his residence in Los Angeles, and there occupied various positions including that of City Superintendent of Schools and principal of the High School. In 1895, he was maae principal of the High School of San Luis Obispo and inaugurated some crea itable reforms in that school, raising the standară of scholarship.

His health failing him, Dr. Brown resigned the principalship and retired to the country where for a time he taught a district school. Toward the close of last year he returned to his family at San Luis Obispo and in a few days passed to his eternal rest with the cheerfulness of a philosopher and Christian.

Ellwood P. Cubberly, Superintendent of San Diego City Schools,. who has recently been called to a professorship in the department of Education in Stanford University, is a native of Indiana, being born in Andrews that state in the year 1868. Mr. Cubberly received his early education in his native town, his father being a prominent merchant of the place. In 1886 he entered the freshman class of the University of Indiana. After two years work he left and engaged in teaching, returning to the University in 1886 and graduating in 1891.

Soon after graduation he was elected to the chair of Physical Science in Vincennes University one of the oldest educational institutions in Indiana which boasts of having Wm. Henry Harrison as first president of its Board of Trustees. This position he filled acceptably until 1893 when he was selected President of the University. Shortly after his installment as president Mr. Cubberly began to show the strong qualities which have since characterized his work. A new life and spirit began to manifest itself in the school and Vincennes took a long leap forward. The whole institution was modernized. A comparison of the catalogs of the year previous and the year foilowing his accession shows in a measure some of the things acomplished.

In 1896 Mr. Cubverly resigned the presidency of Vincennes to become superintendent of San Diego City Schools. The coming of, M. Cubberly to San Diego makes a distinct epoch in the growth of our schools. He found a body of wide-awake,earnest and intelligent teachers ready to co-operate for the betterment of the system. It would be impossible in a sketch of this length to give an adequate idea of excellent work done by our superintendent in his two years work in our schools. Briefly, two things of much value have been accomplisned.

He has given us a most excellent "Course of Study” in line with the best educational thought of the day.

Mr. Cubberly's departure means a great loss to San Diego. This will be especially felt by those who have been most closely associated with him in his work.

W. F. CONOVER. Prin. “B” St. School, San Diego, Cal.

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