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Success--Dr. Push and Dr. Easy man pretends to the utmost he can do, and he who pretends too

little is apt to be thought capable of nothing. In short, lowliness

and "unobtrusive worth” are very pretty in theory and pleasant to Two rival doctors in towu, equal in learning and skill, are read of in moral disquisitions; but he who relies on them, who is about to begin their professional careers. Dr. Easy puts his card always crouching in a corner, and cannot ask for his due; or who on his door and in the newspapers, and then sits down in his goes about, as Robert Hall said, "with an air of perpetual apology office and waits for patients. If, fortunately, somebody breaks a for the unpardonable presumption of being in the world;" who leg or is siezed with cholera at his very door, he secures a cus never puts himself forward, or, if he does, does so with the forlorn tomer; otherwise he may spend years putting knowledge into his hope with which Snug, the joiner, begs the audience to take him head by study before he will put any money into his purse by for a lion; who cannot say that he wants anything, or cannot say practice.

it with sufficient loudness and pertinacity; who cannot make himIt is not so with Dr. Push. He has a mean opinion of the self prominent at the right time, tho he knows it to be the right passive system, and not only puts up a stunning brass plate on his time, may be very lovable, very much to be admired, but must door, but gets himself puffed in the newspapers, salaams to all expect to be not only outstripped, but knocked, crushed and the "big wigs” of the town, dresses in the height of fashion, talks trampled under foot in the rush and roar of this nineteenth century. learnedly of borborygmus and asphyxia, looks wise as an owl, No old saw is oftener repeated than the threadbare one about and keeps a splendid turnout, or "two-forty" horse and carriage, modest merit being neglected, while pretentious demerit is loaded before he has a visit to make. He hires persons to startle his with riches and applause.

with riches and applause. Wisely did Pythagoras enjoin each neighbors at midnight with the peals of his bell; is continually pupil to "reverence himself.” To think meanly of one's self, it called out of church; and, more than once, bas had his name has been truly said, "is to sink in one's own estimation as well as shouted, as being instantly wanted, while attending a concert or in that of others. As the thoughts are, so will the acts be. Man lecture at the Academy of Music. Instead of sitting down in his cannot aspire, if he look down; if he will rise, he must look up." office and dozing over Brodie and Magendie, he scours the streets Put yourself forward, then, if you would be known. and the whole adjoining country with his carriage, driving from some kind of a trumpet, or at least a penny whistle, to draw the morning till night at a killing pace, as if life and death hung on world's eye upon you; but be sure you are what you pretend to be, his steps; and, neglecting no form of advertisement, is probably before you blow. charging two thousand dollars a year before Dr. Easy has heard "The world has no time to analyze character, weigh merit, and the rap of his first patient. Now, of the two men, says Dr. decide as to the relative ability of men. This is a fast, hurrying, Mathews in his splendid book, "Getting On in the World,” Dr. rushing world of ours, and is very much influenced by the value Push may be the humbug, but he is certainly not the fool.

that a man sets upon himself. If he says, 'I am a great orator, or a Shall a man be his own trumpeter, or, relying on his merits, noted scientist,' the world is apt to take it for granted that he is, shall he aim to be, rather than to seem, qualified for his business, rather than go to the trouble of holding a civil-service examination and leave the world to find out the fact for itself? This is a ques- of his merits. If he says, 'I am but a poor, weak worm of the dust;' tion which confronts every man at the outset of his career. Mi- the world will say, 'You look like it; get out of the way.'” nerva threw away the flute when she found that it puffed up her Depend upon it, the world will not hunt you up nor concern itcheeks; but if, in this age, men cast away their flutes, it is to use self much about you; if you want its favors, you must keep youra more potent instrument of puffing, by blowing their own trum- self constantly in its eye. pets. This instrument, it is almost universally agreed, should be Seventh Annual Session of Southorn California Teachers' Association of brass. Not only in trade, but in all the professions, self

To be held in Los Angeles, March 31, April 1st and 2d. trumpeting is now acknowledged to be the great talisman of success; and the man who can blow his horn the longest and loudest

The following are a few of the many subjects to be discussed. is considered most likely to reach the pinnacle of riches and re

“The Brain in Education,”..

.............J. M. Greenwood spectability. The old fashioned modes of securing patronage or custom, by

President N. E. A., Kansas City, Mo.

"Training as a Factor in Education,”..... strict integrity and quiet attention to one's business, are scouted

A. E. Winship on all hands. Merit is voted a "slow coach," and modesty a

Editor N. E. Journal of Education, Boston, Mass. * Decorative and Industrial Art,” .........

.... Henry T. Ardley humbug

University of California. Acting upon this doctrine, an enterprising tradesman, whose

"The Certification of Teachers,"

.Samuel T. Black business chances to be hat-making, never dreams of setting him

Superintendent of Public Instruction. self diligently to make better hats than another, so that the heads of the human race may be more honorably covered; but he sets up

“ Education for Culture,".....

... Edward A. Ross an enormous lath-and-plaster hat on wheels, and sends it circu

Stanford University.

"American History in the Public Schools,".... ......C. A. Duniway lating thru the streets with the speculative hope of persuading us into a conviction of his superiority, and thereby gaining an influx

Stanford University. of custom. He outbids the world for its patronage by the bold “Some Difficulties is.choo Presente awelopment { .C. C. Van Liew

the Common School ness of his proclamations, and expects to succeed by the very ex

Los Angeles Normal School. travagance of his pretensions.

"Mutual Help as a Factor in Evolution,”. ...... David Starr Jordan Gullibility, in short, is deemed the surest avenue to success;

President Stanford University. hence, human ingenuity is evermore racked and tortured for new

“Banner Legends for the Young Scholar,”............ Martin Kellogg means of attracting and securing attention, the results of which

President University of California. everwwhere confront us, -on the walls of buildings, in endless

" Ethology and Child-Study,”......

..Thomas P. Bailey, Jr. circulars, in newspaper advertisements, in boys at street corners

University of California. thrusting mysterious slips of paper into our hands, in huge placards

"Civilization vs. the Child in Education,”

...J. H. Hoose borne on men's shoulders, and in the lumbering caravans with ear

Universiiy of Southern California. stunning bands of music which obstruct the thorofares of our large

"The Reformer of Primary Education in Germany cities. Blow your own trumpet, is the advice of everyone, if you

}

and What Can We Learn from Him,"

Julius Goebel do not wish to be trampled under foot in the rush of competitive

Stanford University. strise, and die in obscurity. Sound your charge and ride over

Bernard Moses, and others. somebody, or somebody will sound his charge and ride over you.

Now and then you meet with a simple-minded man who gives The puff of an adjective escape-valve for the expanding steam all his soul to doing his work well. But this, the worldly-wise of egotism, and high-toned self-laudation may deceive bedazzled will tell you, is an egregious mistake. Such a mode of procedure folk, but thinking men must turn aside disgusted. —A. B. Coffey. might do in Mars or Saturn, but is totally out of place in this puff

Dr. A. S. Draper has refused the offer of $12.000 per year to ing, advertising, "bill-sticking' age. The art of self advancement is not so much to do a thing well as to get a thing which has been

go to New York and take charge of the schools. It is continually

demonstrated that there is still room at the top. The vacancy is moderately well done largely talked about. It is taken for granted, in an age like the present, that every University of Illinois.

not yet filled. Dr. Draper will remain as the President of the

The Problem.

Three Approaches to Literature. ** Now, come ye, " quoth the Master,

I. Go over it with the single purpose of raising in the mind " Now, come ye one and all,

of the child the question: "Is it right? Is it correct ? ” And solve a problem I will give

2. Go over it and have him point out to himself and you the Alike to the great and small."

things that are admirably said. Let them feel the difference be.

tween saying a thing and saying it well. And then he gave the problem,

3. Forgetting grammatical aspect and beautiful setting, lead A wonderful one, I ween,

him back to ask; "Is it a true thing? Can I live it? If I live it And bade them solve it on a board,

can I live better?” When you touch a child on the side of the The largest ever was seen,

beautiful, you have touched him for good. And the children all went forward

When a child reads a piece of literature, we are too impatient To solve the wonderful sum,

to have him give it back to us and tell us what he has read. And millious stood at the blackboard,

Often the impression is as yet too fine and elusive to put into And millions are yet to come.

words. In an art gallery an impatient gazer asked a friend who Some made olorious figures,

was studying a picture: "Well, what do you think of it?” WithWith beautiful curves and signs,

out moving his eyes, the art-lover said: "I'll tell you when I get And some made hideous blunders,

ready." With crooked, horrible lines.

Any teacher who will drag from a child, before he is ready,

his impressions of a piece of literature, does the pupil a violence. Some who began in earnest,

When we give to a child the best in our language, we need Grew hasty and tired so soon,

not fear the result; it will work itself out in high thinking and That the beautiful work of the morning

noble living. The child will grow into a living realization of the Was blotted and soiled by noon.

legend: And some as the shades of even

*In the midst of the beautiful is the good,

In the midst of the good is God, the Eternal One."
Grew nigh, cried out in pain,

-Child-Study Monthly.
" Ah! now I could solve the problem
Could I but begin again."

An Ear Training Exercise.
And stlll they worked at the black board
While millions looked on to see,

All close eyes.
And the Master saw each figure

One child walks across the room.
But never a word spake he.

Children tell what the child did and in which direction he
For still it grew stranger and deeper,

walked
And nearer the great throng pressed,

All close eyes.
To see the wonderful problem

One child says, "Who am I?"
And he who should solve it best.

Children tell who spoke.

All close eyes.
And lo! the girls grew women,

Two or three children sing.
Fair as the radiant sun,

Children tell how many were singing and name them, if
And the little boys were bearded

possible.
While yet was the task not done.

Children close eyes.
For still it grew stranger and deeper

One child leaves the room.
And nearer the great throng pressed,

Call upon someone to tell who is missing; if unable to do so
To see the wonderful problem,

the child calls from the cloak room and is recognized by his voice. And he who should solve it best.

- Midland Schools.
And the workers there at the black board,
Grew weary and bent with years,

How To Know a Bird.
And the board was white with figures
And dampened with many tears.

To know the name of a bird is of comparatively little value; to know to what class he belongs is of no great moment; in short

, to At last, when their failing vision

know him from the scientific standpoint amounts to little so far Grew dim, in the waning light.

as the average child is concerned. If he becomes a specialist, he They knew that the answer was coming

will learn all this quickly in later life. But to love birds and to And shivered in vague affright.

form habits of observation sufficient to watch carefully every bird Then Death came in at the doorway,

is worth as much as any branch of study. No training of the ear The Master was in his place

is better than that which comes from listening to the song of birds; The children have solved the problem,

no training in color knowledge is better than discrimination of I see, by each tranquil face:

their hues and tints; no better form study tha: appreciation of By the grace of God, I, therefore,

their shape; no better discipline in the study of motion than in The Great King Death, proclaim

the study of their hopping, pecking, and flying.
The long, long problem's answer,
And the worker's age and name.

A whole street in a provincial town was recently thrown into ** And ev'ry vice and virtue

excitement by an ignorant, uncontrolled young mother, who ran of their lives, is here unfurled,

into the street screaming : "Jack is bleeding to death! Run for For the children solved the sum of life

a doctor, quick !" The father walked the floor in terror, the On the blackboard of the world."

children cried, the neigbbors flocked in, the mother went into - Carrie Shuur Rice.

hysterics, and little Jack was fainting from loss of blood. The

“ blood spurts'' showed that an artery had been severed. The Mamma--"Jimmy, I want you to keep as far away as possible

father was trying to plaster up the wound in his arm, when a from that Tommy Jones. He is not a good boy for you to asso

young girl of sixteen, from the high school, came rushing in. ciate with.”

She snatched the pillow-case off the bed, cut it into strips, and Jimmy--"I do, mamma, he always stands away up at the

bound them tightly above and below the wound. The doctor head of our class.”

came soon, and simply said, “My dear, you have saved the boy's

life. Your knowledge of physiology was as good as mine in this A ten-year-old Illinoisian: “Yes, we're clean thru fractions case!” now, and next week we are goin' to begin workin' in dismals.” (Decimals.)

Child"Father, I never heard you say your little prayer."

Outlines of Descriptive Psychology. Ву

George Trumbull Ladd. Published by Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Price $1.50. For sale by The Whitaker & Ray Co., S. F.

This book has been written with a definite intention constantly in view. In size, selection and arrangement of material, style and mechanical structure the book has been adapted to certain beginners with an average grade of culture and amount of time at disposal. In short, it is an admirable text-book of the science of psychology for colleges and Normal Schools.

The work gives a complete but summary treatment of the phenomena of human mental life, from the different points of view and with all the methods of research, which belong to modern psychology. The method which bas been followed is both analytic and yenetle, The First Part describes those elementary forms of functioning which analysis discovers as entering into all mental life. The Second Part traces the evolution of the principal "faculties” of mind, as much as pos-ible in their combined and interdependent action.

In the style of presenting the various subjects, the author has admirably succeeded in securing cleanness, conciseness and order. This is an all-important quality in such a text-book as this is. But these qualities make it impossible to introduce lenghty stories or disquisitions aside, on other interesting illustrative material. The pupil should begin the science with the determination to do honest and faithful work. But the teacher may on his part supplement the text-book from his own resources and shoulā stimulate the pupil to draw upon his own experiónce for illustrative and life-giving details.

Taken from first cover to finis this work is doubtless the most concise and complete yet published of its class; that is, a text-book of psychology for colleges and normal schools. The book contains 425 pages and its mechanical execution is up to the high standard of the printer's art that is uniformly maintained by its publishers. It is illustrated by numerous diagrams and engravings.

Politeness in Children.

Henry Ward Beecher said, "Politeness is a religious duty, and should be part of a religious training." The law of politeness applies to men and women quite as much as to children: and if courtesy and kindness are the natural expression of parents the child. ren will naturaily adopt good manners. A writer in the Union Signal tells of a visit to a home in which the mother very properly classed good manner's among the cardinal virtues of life. Her method of inculcating them, however, was astonishing, and not to be commended.

No sooner were we seated at the table than she began to instruct the children in this wise:

"Edith, sit up straight. It is vulgar to lounge at the table, above all places. Harry

2

LITERARY News

take your elbows from the table. How often have I told you that that it was rude to put your elbows on the table? Is it possible, Harold, that you are eating mashed potatoes with a spoon ? I have told you over and over again just what was the proper use of the spoon at the table.”

In the parlor it was: "Edith, sit erect ! Harry don't pass in front of Mr. H. without an apology. Mamma wants her little boys and girls to be porite."

One is reminded by these ill-bred suggestions of the discouraged woman who said to her children, You ain't got no manners, and I declare I can't beat none into you."

Horace Mann and The Common Scbool Re.

vival in the United States. By B. A. Hinsdale. Published by Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Price $1.00 net.

The single purpose of this book is fairly to set before the reader Horace Mann as an educator in his historical position and relations: everything is made to bend to this central idea. The aim is to tell the story clearly and simply, and in a manner to use a great part of the great motive power with which Mr. Mann's life is charged. The materials for the story have been drawn mainly from the "Life and Books of Horace Mann." In some parts of the work, Mr. Mann's own language is often used with little change beyond what is necessary to adapt the narrative to the text of the present work.

The book is one of the series “The Great
Educators' and abounds with interest to all
school people.
Birds of Village and Field. By Florence A.

Merriam. Illustrated. Published by Hough-
ton, Miffin & Co., Boston.

In this day of out-door and nature interest, we are coming to realize that to the birds as well as to the flowers, we owe much of the beauty and charm of country iife; and if it could be accomplished within the narrow limits of our busy lives, we would gladly know more of the songsters. The question is not one of finding birds, for many species come and go with the varying seasons to almost every section of this broad country, but of knowing their names when they are found and here the way of the beginner is hard. The author, an experienced teacher, and knowing the peculiar disadvantages under which the young students labor, has written this book to make it possible for them to know the birds without shooting thein. The book is profusely illustrated and printed in artistic style. Stepping Stones to Literature a Fourth

Reader. By Sarah Louise Arnold, Supervisor of Schools, Boston, and Charles B. Gilbert, Superintendent of Schools, Newark, N.'J. İllus rated with original cuts, portraits of authors, and reproductions of masterpieces. 12mo, 320 pp. Cloth. Introductory price, 60 cents. “Silver, Burdett & Company, Publishers, Boston, New York, Chicago, Philadelphia.

The Fourth Reader opens with a bright little story by Mrs. Ewing. wbich inculcates the duty of obedience in a truly delightful way. "How 'ittle Cedric Became a Knight" is full of romantic interest, and the old yet ever new story of "Aladdin; or, The Wonderful Lamp” will be read with the usual delight. "The History of Tip-Top," by Harriet Beecher Stowe, is one of her happiest efforts in the juvenile line. Charles Kingsley's “Water Babies'' is given in full, and this story, which has delighted older readers than children, will so entertain the pupils that they cannot help reading it with intelligence and expression. The iilustrations show fine pictures of mythological characters, choice originals and copies of famous paintings by Millet, Guido Reni, Millais, Titian, and others.

A Spelling Test.
If you can spell every word correctly in
following the rhymes--alt legitimate expres-
sions-you may consider yourself qualified to
enter a spelling bee:
Stan. up, ye spellers, now and spell-
Spell phenakistoscope and knell;
Or take some simple word as chilly
Or gauger or the garden lily.
To spell such words as syllogism,
And lachrymose or synchronism,
And Pentateuch and saccharine,
Apocrypha and celadine,
Jepnine and homeopathy,
Paralysis and chloroform,
Rhinocerous and pachyderm,
Metempsychosis, gherkins, basque,
Is certainly no easy task;
Kaleidoscope and Tennessee,
Kamtchatka and erysi pelas,
And etiquette and sassafras,
Infallible and ptyalism,
Allopthy and rheumatism,
And cataclysm and beleaguer,
Twelfth, eighteenth, rendezvous, intriguer,
And hosts of other words all found,
On English and on classic ground
Thus Behring Straits and Michaelmas,
Thermopylae, jalap, Havana,
Cinquefoil and ipecacuanha,
And Rappa hannock, Shenandoah,
And Schuylkill and a thousand more,
Are words some prime good spellers miss
In dictionary lands like this.
Nor need one think himself a scroyle
If some of these his efforts foil,
Nor deem himself undone forever
To miss the name of either river,
The Dnei per, Seine or Guadalquiver.

Louisville Courier Journal.

Minus a Teacher.

The New Zealand "Schoolmaster” tell this amusing story. The head teacher in a Sunday school was much worried by the noise of the scholars in the room next to him. At last unable to bear it any longer, be mounted a chair, and looked over the partition dividing the two rooms to see who the offenders were. Seeing one boy a little taller than the others talking a great deal, he leant over, siezed the boy by the collar, lifted him over the partition, and banged him into a chair in his room, saying: “Now, be quiet.” He then resumed his lesson until about a qnarter of an hour later, when he saw a small head appear round the door, and a meek little voice said: "Please, sir, you've got our teacher."

Be good and true (to yourself), and require double security for the money you loan to your relatives on

a bond and mortgage.Russell Sage.

My son never believe your own lies.--Jas. G. Fair.

In money matters, judge your man and act accordingly.-- Daniel Meyer.

Every fellow has in proportion to his word. --Charles Crocker.

The Graded System vs. Individual Pupils.

By FREDERIC BURK-Clark University. [Extracts from article in Northwest Monthly.]

indicated in the same horizontal line. Thus, taking the line of The method of promotion of pupils in our cities has been a

the tenth section for example, we find at the end of this period of vexed question, and while the graded system has been put in opera

three and one-third school years, that eleven boys and fifteen girls tion, few contend that it is an ideal solution of the difficulties. In the had been promoted ten sections, while others in the same space of large majority of schools pupils are bunched in lots of forty to sixty, time had made eleven, twelve, thirteen, or even twenty sections, receive the same lessons for one year, and then take an examina- and still others had made only nine, eight, seven, or a less number. tion for promotion to the next higher grade. Those who pass this

These figures show certain significant facts. Of these 216 examination go on, and those who fail, as a rule, must go over pupils, twenty-six pupils, or 12 per cent, progressed at the avetheir previous year's work again. Such a system rests upon the rage rate of one grade per year; eighty-eight, or 41 per cent.made manifestly untenable assumption that all children are so con

more rapid progress, and 101, or 47 per cent, fell behind the norstructed that it is practicable to herd all at the same rate of pro

With regard to sex, the figures show that 37 per cent of the gress. Yet we, of course, know that there are several factors in- boys and 49 per cent. of the girls covered more than ten sections; volved which make such an assumption an absurd one.

that 10 per cent of the boys and 14 per cent. of the girls covered This study offers some data upon the factors which enter into just this normal amount, and that 17 per cent. of the boys and 39 the problem of individual progress. While the number of child- per cent.of the girls made slower progress. The difference between ren studied is not as large as desirable, nevertheless, the results the progress of the most rapid pupil and that of the lowest, is show suggestive lines of cleavage. The present inquiry has been seventeen sections, or three and two-thirds years in normal time; made possible by a system of promotion, somewhat modifying the however, the pupils who made but three and five sections cannot regular yearly graded plan, which has been in operation since properly be considered in the data as the slow progress of six of 1893 in Santa Rosa, California. During the early part of that

them is largely due to very prolonged absences, and in the case of year the pupils of each grade were gradually sifted into three sec

three others, they are noi "a' there," as the Scotch would say. tions, in the essential branches of study. These sections moved But the 200 pupils comprised between the sixth section and the at different rates of progress. While in certain subjects all pupils fourteenth section, all of whom started evenly, in August 1893, of a class are worked together, in a few subjects, as for example, show in November, 1896, individual differences ranging upwards arithmetic, reading in the first and second years, and geography to two and two-thirds years reckoned in normal time. Such a fact in the fourth and fifth years, the pupils of each section recited if corroborated from a larger range of data, certainly would justify separately. Promotions of individuals from section to section a very thoro overhauling of the present graded system now in within grades was a matter of extreme flexibility. Promotions such wide operation. from the highest section of one grade to the lowest section of the

These figures must, however, be taken in a merely relative next higher grade occurred three times a year, or approximately sense. They do not show, for example, that 47 per cent of the every thirteen weeks, tho irregular promotions were made oftener pupils, i, e., all those who fell below the tenth section, were unwhenever the progress of a group of children made it desirable and able to do the work of three and one third grades of school time. possible. The test of all promotion was simply the judgment of During the period of which this study treats, the grammar school the teacher under supervision. The departmental system had course of nine years was shortened to eight years and the amount been simultaneously introduced in the upper grades of the school of work required of each grade was materially increased. The ann by this plan teachers passed from grade to grade teaching methods of teaching were also radically reconstructed along more specific subjects, or a group of subjects. Consequently the pro

moderii lines, and consequently, these figures must be regarded motions were usually controlled,

as a rule, by the combined judg- simply as showing the relative rates of individual progress of 216 ment of two or three teachers. These conditions, it is clear, made pupils, and they show nothing of the actual amount of work aca pupil's progress to a large extent an individual matter, and complished in an absolute sense. every effort was made to maintain the system of promotion in a

These figures of the divergences of progress of individual state of extreme elasticity. Absence of a pupil affected him alone,

children under actual conditions illustrate facts which most for if important ground had been covered by the class during his thoughtful school men already know in a general way. Should absence, he was placed in a lower section and later might regain these proportions be borne out by studies under similiar conditions his former section. Pupils of innately rapid progress were there with large numbers of children, the proof that the present graded fore not compelled to mark time in order to accommodate their system in city schools works serious injustice, not only upon backslower fellows, nor were those of innately slow development made

ward children, but upon forward ones as well, would be established to hurry at a rate beyond their natural powers,

in quantatative form. Owing to the kindness of Superintendent Cox, teachers and

So far as the practical problem is concerned it is unnecessary parents of Santa Rosa; in answering fully certain questions of cir

to go further. If such an injustice exists, it is unnecessary to ask cular letters sent to them, I have been able to trace the individual for the causes; but from a standpoint of theoretic and psychologirates of progress of 216 pupils, 11 boys and 105 girls, represent- cal interest, the question naturally arises after a study of these ing the first four primary grades of two schools of the city for a figures: What are the causes which account for these wide differperiod of 133 weeks, or three and one-third school years. To un

ences in individual progress? derstand the significance of the following tabulation, it is necessary to understand that under the system of yearly promotions

Common Sense. the pupil who is regularly promoted would cover in this time ten sections, or three sections per year. We may call, therefore, the In illustrating a lack of common sense that is not at all unrate of ten sections normal progress for the period stated:

common, President Seeley points out five directions in which false No.

Total views of life are shown. 1. The importance given to professional Sections.

Boys
Girls

Promoted

success over manhood and womanhood. “All are more useful to

the world if they will set the standard of manhood above the stan3 dard of their vocations.” 2. Among teachers, too, great value

placed upon recommendations and credentials. 3. Neglect of opportunities for literary and artistic culture. 4. Waste of energy by unnecessary effort, such as persistent standing in school, that is, not sitting down, and general nervous strain. He says: “I have met five women in the last month who spoke exultingly of

having broken down nervously, as if it were a tribute to their 24

womanhood instead of a crime against nature and God.” 5. Constant change of methods without sufficient test of those that are already in use in their schools. - Pennsylvania School Journal,

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Tom was sent to carry an invitation to tea.

"Mother wants you to come over to tea, and then she says The first column gives the number of sections covered in this period by the numbers of girls, or boys, or both (“'total promoted"), it'll be over.”

Irans-Mississippi Teachers' Convention.

DR. ED. E. HILL,

Presiden CAPT. OLIVER ELDRIDGE,

Vice-President WM. CORBIN, Secretary and General Manager

CONTINENTAL Building and

Loan Association

OF CALIFORNIA.

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The suggestion of a convention of school teachers in conjunction with the Educational Congress now being arranged as one of the leading features of interest at the TransMississippi and International Exposition at Omaha in 1898, is meeting with universal favor on the part of influential educators, state superintendents, school boards and teachers of graded and district schools in many of the western and southern states.' It is believed that such a convention will afford to thousands of teachers who may not attend the meeting of the National Educational Association in Washington an opportunity to derive from the meeting at Omaha the benefits they cannot otherwise enjoy, while permitting them to combine pleasure with knowledge in visiting the Exposition of 1898.

The Bureau of Education of the TransMississippi Exposition bas taken hold of the matter of organizing the educational congress to be held in Omaha during the Exposition at some date yet to be arranged. The governing idea is that the date shall not conflict with that fixed for the meeting of the National Educational Association. According to the plan of organization first adopted by the Board of Woman Managers, they will have charge of the educational, religious, philosophical and scientific congresses that will assemble during the Exposition. The general plan of the programs proposed for the Trans-Mississippi Teachers' Convention will be somewhat similar to those followed by the National Educational Association and the meetings will be addressed by the best educational speakers. Section meetings are included for the purpose of pursuing particular lines of educational work and these will be addressed by experts in those particular lines.

A large number of circular letters have been mailed to the principal educators of the Trans-Mississippi states, presenting the idea of holding an educational congress in connection with the Exposition and asking their co-operation in the enterprise. The circular is issued by the executive committee and explains that the convention is not in any way antagonistic to the National Educational Association meeting. Some information is afforded in regard to the entertainment of the visitors and the very low railroad rates that will be secured. A paragraph is also devoted to the general scope of the expositiori and it is suggested that the

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222 Sansome Street,

SAN FRANCISCO.

Established in 1889. Subscribed Capital $6,000,000 00 Paid in Capital

620,300 00 Profit and Reserve Fund.... 70,000 00 Monthly Income

Over 40,000 00 GROWTH FOR THE YEAR 1897. Assets, June 30, 1897.

$562,919 34 Assets, June 30, 1896.

324,522 07 Increase, 73 per cent., or..

$238,397 27 Subscribed Capital June 30, 1897.

.$5,303,400 00 Subscribed Capital June 30, 1896.

2,393,100 00 Increase, 122 per cent., or..

$2,910,300 00 Profits to Members during the year..

$31,418 45 Loans made during year.... Homes Built by Members during year..

262

BIG SALES OF TYPEWRITERS

THE SMITH PREMIER

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latter part of June would probably be a
satisfactory date for the congress. Those
addressed are requested to transmit their
views on the subject to the committee which
consists of George E. McLean, Chancellor
University of Nebraska; Joseph E. His y,
Superintendent of Schools, Council Bluffs:
Anna Foos, member Woman's Board, Trans-
Mississippi and Internationai Exposition;
Victor Rosewater, managing editor, Omaha
Bee; Carroll G. Pearse, Superintendent of
Schools, Omaha; W. R. Jackson, Superin-
tendent Public Instruction, Nebraska; A. A:
Monroe, Superintendent of Schools. South
Omaha; J. M. Gillan, Secretary Board of
Education, Omaha.'

B Boy's Mother.
My mother she's so good to me;
If I was as good as I could be
I couldn't be as good. No, sir,
Can't any boy be as good as uer.
She loves me when I'm glad or mad;
She loves me when I'm good or bad;
An' what's the funniest she says
She loves me when she punishes.
I don't like her to punish me;
That don't hurt, but it hurts to see
Her crying, nen I cry; an'nen
We both cry--and be good again.
She loves me when she cuts and sews
My little cloak and Sunday clothes ;
An' when my papa comes home to tea
She loves him most as much as me.
She laughs and telis him all I said,
An' grabs me an' pats my head.
An' I hug her an' hug my pa,
And love him purt'nigh as much as ma

-- fames Whitcomb Riley

HOW'S THIS !
We offer One Hundred Dollars reward for
any case of catarrh that cannot be cured by
Hall's Catarrh Cure.

F. J. CHENEY & Co.. Toledo, O.
We, the undersigned, have known F. J.
Cheney for the last fifteen years, and believe
him perfectly honorable in all business trans-
actions, and financially able to carry out any
obligations made by their firm.

West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, O., Walding, Kinnan & Marvin, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, O.

Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally, acting directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. Testimonials sent free. Price, 75 cents per bottle. Solà by all druggists.

Hall's Family Pills are the best.

.106 Over a quarter of a million dollars distributed among the mechanics and material-inen during the year.

Loans made in 47 different cities and towns of the State,

$100.00

WORTH OF BOOKS FREE

to the teacher sending in the best set of answers to our questions in the Great Question Contest. Nine Other Prizes. Particulars and Questions for 10 cents silver. Address The National Teachers' Association,

71 Dearborn Street, Chicago.

TE SRL

FISK TEACHERS' AGENCIES

(In 10 Principal Cities)

The San Francisco “Call" buys 16—all machines were

in competition
Miller, Sloss & Scott use 7 Smiths
Baker & Hamilton use 5 Smiths
California Wine Association use 7 Smiths
Smith's Cash Store use 9 Smiths
The Emporium Company use 6 Smiths
Western Union Telegraph Company uses 18 Smiths
More Smiths sold than all others combined
Send for art catalogue free
L. & M. ALEXANDER & Co., PACIFIC COAST AGENTS

110 Montgomery St., S. F.

Pacific Coast Branches:

420 Parrott Buildiug, San Francisco
525 Stimson Block, Los Angeles

Smilh Premier No 2.

BOYNTON & ESTERLY, Managers

13,000 positions filled

Maual free

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