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English Composi The editor of The Popular Science Monthly H. Kirk ; to the ever sparkling, never wearying wit and wisdom in tion "As it is makes the following comment on the English art of Henry T. Ardley of the State University. President Greeley taught." in our public schools : An idea of the

of Santa Ana won the admiration of all the Southern California

Teachers' Association and of the speaker from across the contivalue of instruction in English writing given in our common and

nent by the skill, grace, and vigur with which he directed affairs; preparatory schools may be gained from the report of the Commit

but the highest honors should go to the 2,000 teachers, who were tee on Composition and Rhetoric to the Board of Overseers of always early in coming and late in going, who seemed never to Harvard University. The committee gave out as a subject to the weary from nine in the morniug till ten at night, and were not students for voluntary composition a description of the instruction tempted by the fruit and flowers of the suburbs, or the more femi

nine attractions of the stores that put on their Easter dress to win and what they thought it was worth. Thirteen hundred and

the teachers' admiration." eight students in the college, Scientific School, and Radcliffe Col

* lege handed in papers. The most noticeable feature in the papers Summer From Clark University to the ultimate sea the sumcorresponding with the freshman grade, taken as a whole, is their Schools for mer school will hold sway. The summer school for extreme crudeness of thought and execution; and they reveal Teachers teachers is still new. As an institution it is still various defects in the system of instruction used in the schools somewhat uncertain, both as to results and permanency. The from which the writers came. The papers of the next grade teachers, however, patronize the schools, enjoy them, and the were better and showed benefit from instruction received in the growth during the last ten years has been marvelous. The sumprevious course, but with evidence of the deficiency in early mer schools on this Coast have always been well patronized. Corelementary training still apparent. The work of the writers of the onado, howerer, will not be held this year.

, Pacific Giove junior class (average age twenty-one years) was satisfactory, but School has been reorganized The summer school at Pendleton nearly all of them expressed a decided opinion that the instruction Oregon, conducted so successfully last year by Supt. J. F. Nowlin given in the preparatory schools in written English is inadequate. will be held this year in June. The summer school of the All but three of the seventy papers from Radcliffe College were Hawaiian Islands will be also ably conducted. creditable in execution; but none of them indicated any special

* * capacity for observing, or attempted anything in pointing out de The school trustees who, year after year serve the public, and fects which might be termed a thoughtful solution of them. The the children of the public, are, with but few exceptions, men of papers from the Scientific School were, curiously, “noticeably in- integrity, intelligence, and faithful in the discharge of their duties ferior in nearly all respects.” The papers from graduates of nor There is no hope of financial reward, no prospect of official promomal schools were likewise not what could be reasonably expected tion, no personal ambition to serve. The office of school trustee from students of such institutions. The chief value of these papers is an honorable, tho thankless one. The selection of a teacher, "lies in the indirect or unconscious light they throw upon a the appointment of a census marshal, the decision on a question of curiously heterogeneous system of almost undirected natural school discipline, the purchase of supplies, often makes four growth.” They also reveal “what heretofore has been the great enemies to one friend. The superintendent who wants trustees defect in the methods of instruction in written English in the

who are educated for our rural schools should go a step farther common preparatory schools. It has been taught almost wholly and ask for an educated constituency for his trustees. It is not objectively, or as an end; almost never incidentally and as a always the school trustee who is to blame for the selection of a means.” In the great majority of these schools “English is still

poor teacher. The people are not always blameless. taught, it would seem, not as a mother tongue, but as a foreign

* language.” The committee believes, however, that, taken as a The celebration of Decoration Day by the school children is whole, the inferences and conclusions to be drawn from the papers important. The sword is not now rusting and the plowshares and "are distinctly and unmistakably encouraging, because they reveal pruning hooks are not now manufactured from the armament of wherein is to be found the root of the trouble, and indicate the war; but it is still necessary to teach a healthy, patriotic sentiment steps now being taken to remove that trouble. It is remarked -a patriotism that is broader than one's nation, a patriotism that that while methods of instruction are often unsparingly criticised,

is as broad as humanity. As Lowell says: schools and teachers are, as a rule, kindly spoken of.

“When a deed is done for freedom, thru the broad earth's aching


Runs a thrill of joy prophetic, trembling on from east to west. Bouquets from The genial spirit of A. E. Winship always warms to

For mankind are one in spirit, and an instinct bears along Winship. larger life in the land of the Greater West. He Round the earth's electric circle the swist Hash of right or wrong; recently made a meteor-like educational tour of three thousand

Whether conscious or unconscious, yet humanity's vast frame,

Thru its ocean sundered fibres, feels the gush of joy or shame; miles of Pacific sea coast, and wrote of the men he met at the In the gain or loss of one race all the rest have equal claim.” Southern California Teachers' Association, as follows:

“I am reasonably familiar with the programs of educational The following earnest words by Prof. Elmer E. Brown are gatherings in all parts of the country, and I can pay no higher worthy the attention of trustees and teachers at this time: “The compliment from my standpoint than to say that I listened with great interest and profit of my own free will to the ringing common

prime function of a school board is to secure the best teachers that sense of Hon. Samuel T. Black, State Superintendent, who bids can be got. Modern society recognizes the right of all children to fair to be the first official in this office to succeed himself; to the be well taught. And I think you will agree with me that you clear-cut, earnest, noble words of President Martin Kellogg of the should not simply plan to get good teachers: the true watch. State University; and to the rugged, heroic, fascinating addresses

word will be, Get the best. Nothing short of that will do." of President David Starr Jordan of Stanford. Were there fewer men on the program, it would be a personal delight to refer to the scholarly, manly utterances of Bernard Moses ; to the keen, invig

The report of the proceedings of the Biennial Convention of

Teachers, orating sentences of Professor Jenkins; to the best tajk on arith Superintendents is published in full ir. this issue. metic to which I ever listened by J. W. McClymonds of Oakland; trustees and others should study the report carefully, as it is posto the philosophy of Thomas P. Bailey, Jr., which is always a

sible that many of the recommendations will become law. delight and a tonic; to the theory and practice of that great-hearted,

* * level-headed teacher, J. H, Hoose; to the earnest, judicious

"A lesson in speech has two ends; one to enable the child to utterances of Edward T. Pierce ; to the progressive leadership of C. C. Van Liew; to the ever sensible and interesting talks of T. express his present mental life, the other to augment that life.”





The Southern California Geachers' Association.

A Report of the great meeting held March 30, 31, and April 1st, for the improvement of the teaching service.



The Los Angeles Herald of March 30, says:--


COMMON SCHOOL CURRICULUM. "Even the excitiug war news should not make the people of this i city forget that there are assembling in the city several hundred Cali He said in substance: fornia educators, for the purpose of attending the meeting of the Teachers' association, which opens to-morrow.

"There is a doubt prevalent among educators whether the present

: curriculum sufficiently represents the intelligent thought of the day. It is a well equipped man or woman, indeed, who can learn nothing

This is manifest in the unrest that gives point to the present discusby associating with other people and comparing ideas occasionally. A sion, whether there may not be room for improvement. The difficulties teachers' institute is work, and serious work, too, but it is worth all

cited in the present development of a better curriculum come both from the time and trouble it costs."

without and within the influence that comes from patrons opposed to

change and the conservatism of teachers who dislike to use new methods. In so saying, the Herald but voiced the sentiments of the In the end the improvement must lie with the instructor. The teacher people of Los Angeles. So zealous, so enthusiastic, and so pro

needs a deeper insight into a few things by special training, and the

normal school must give opportunity for departmental work. When a gressive have been the sessions of the Association, that each is

new idea has been pushed, abundant evidence is given that the public looked upon as an earnest of something even better yet in store. easily becomes apprehensive of modern educational undertakings. But Such is and has ever been the feeling and such the purpose of

when education becomes too exclusive, it is time for it to retire from the teachers, whether officers or laymen, and of citizens, whether as

public gaze." entertainers or hearers. No sooner does the newly elected presi Superintendent Greenwood of Kansas City and Dr. Ross of dent adjourn the meeting than he begins to formulate plans for Stanford University were unable to be present. Professor J. H.

So did President Greeley one year ago; and acting. Hoose, professor of pedagogy in the Soutdern California Univerin conjunction with his committees, he had everything in readi- sity spoke upon ness when the time arrived for the meeting of '98. As has been

CIVILIZATION VS. THE CHILD IN EDUCATION. their custom for a half dozei years, the counties of Los Angeles,

He said: Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, and Ventura, held their institutes during the first three days of the week, and then in con "Tbe child is born into civilization and into the grasp of positive junction with the teachers of San Diego County, whose institute and re'entless forces. These lie in the institutions into which he makes was held last October, they met in Association in Los Angeles,

his advent. Civilization filst takes the form of the baby clothes in

which he is dressed first, long szirts, then short ones and then no March 31, and April 1 and 2. Those people in the South know skirts at all. He finds himself a subject of government, compelled to just how to make such meetings successful. They don't do it by obedience by governmenta' form. He is only a passenger in the car of staying at home while now and then, here and there, one more progress. Civilization is a positive force by and thru its institutions. earnest and more anxious than his fellows attends the meeting.

Archaic society was seated upon custom and remained stationary.

Custom has been and still is the powerful force that conserves the law No, they don't do it in that way. They all go; and they all at of change. Modern thought asks 'Is the old way the only way to contend the sessions, every one striving to be in on time to get a serve force? The child is endowed with positive. force that make up front seat: and then, they give each speaker such a dynamic im his individuality and personality. The traits originally inherited make pulse that he can but feel the inspiration of the genetic eloquence personality. Personal traits are conditioned by environment, and if

up his individuality, those differentiated from inheritance make up his of his hearers. There are audiences whose frigid reception of a

ever culture carries with it mental status and conditions it must carry speaker suggests the necessity of an overcoat, and there are others with it a moral and social attitude. Man cannot be emancipated from whose manner has both a centripetal and a centrifugal glow which himself and from civilization." warms the speaker into action in spite of himself. Such an audience

It is often the case that programs are too long. This could as this latter is the Southern California Teachers' Association

be avoided by inviting speakers to occupy each a fixed time in the opening session, the Herald says:

the discussion of subjects or by asking each the length of time "The First Congregational cḥurch. was full to suffocation yesterday wished for his discussion, and then by adhering to the time determorning at the opening session of the Southern California Teachers' mined upon. Instances are not wanting in which speakers, from association. The aisles, vestibules and all available space were occu

a distance, have been almost or wholly excluded either by too pied by people who stood thruout the program. The lady teachers are

Professor C. A. to be commended for the unanimity with which they laid aside their lengthy debate or by too lengthy programs. hats during the week.

Dunniway of Stanford University in his discussion of In his "Response to The Address of Welcome'' extended by

AMERICAN PISTORY IN THE RUBLIC SCHOOLS Mayor M. P. Snyder, President Greeley said:

was confined to too little time. He said in part."It affords me great pleasure on behalf of the Southern California

“Teach it because it is a body of knowledge that is worth knowing. Teachers' Association, at this time to accept the hospitality of the

It is of value in a democratic country where every man and woman is good people of Los Angeles, and to return to you, as the chief execu

interested in government. It is only a generation that there has been tive of the city, our sincere thanks for the kindness. We deem it an

a professorship of American history established in any of the universiexpression of the high estimate the people of this city place upon the

ties of America. When the colleges have been so neglected it is not to value of education, and of the high estimation in which they hold

be wondered at that the pub'ic schools have neglected it. It should be those whom they have selected to conduct the educational interests of

taught because it conveys practical lessons of inestimable value in the i his section of our great commonwealth. Nor is the hospitality of your

forces of government. If it were well studied, with what feelings of city unknown to us. For four years we have met in your midst, and it

repulsion would one have listened to the admonition from the platform is well that we should do so, for you have here a High School without

to'be loyal to bosses and to treat voters to soft drink and beer.' Bossa peer; a Normal School equal to any in the State, and a system of

ism we would have learned from American history is not leadership." manual training under the supervision of an executive whose superior we do not find. Permit us to express the hope that the presence of so

Ex-Superintendent G. W. Beattie, of San Bernardino County many educators in your midst may leave an impress upon the commu

read a very valuable and able paper upon nity, that may in some small degree compensate for the liberality THE STATE CONSTITUTION AS RELATED TO THE RUBLIC SCHOOLS. with which we are received. We may come together that we may compare notes, and adopt more efficient means for the advancement of all "He reviewed the history of the formation of the present state conthe interest pertaining to educational matters; that the knowledge of stitution and the influences that shaped it, more especially as it relates the successes and failures even of our associates may aid us in our work. to the public schools. The argument of the paper very forcibly pre

It has been the custom in the past for the presiding officer to pre sented was a proposed change in the constitution to provide for state sent a formal address. The executive Committee this year, however, aid to isigh schools. This can be done by a different apportionment of has made a number of changes in the programme, and none of these I funds already devoted to the maintenance of those of the lower grades. am sure will meet with more commendation than the one whereby the president's annual address is omitted.”

Profeseor H. T. Ardley of the State University gave a lecture Doctor C. C. Van Liew who has come from the East to the

upon Los Angeles Normal School within the last year, was greeted with

DECORATIVE AND INDUSTRIAL ART marked appreciation during the meeting. After the formal open

in the course of which he said: ing, he was the first speaker, upon the subject,

"We want useful citizens as well as educated ones, whose mind and

hand, when educated together, are the factors of everything useful and

THE CERTIFICATION OF TEACHERS. beautiful that we enjoy.

"The first step to industrial art is freehand drawing, and should be State Superintendent Samuel T. Black was the speaker. taught in all our schools. It is useful in every occupation and indis. Among other points discussed, he found that the State normal pensable in many. To make it useful in industrial art work, it must be followed by a systematic study of design and historic ornament. When

schools are graduating about 350 students every year, and compeart and industry are joined together the crude materials of a state must

tition is becoming keen among

teachers. The evil resulting from reach their highest market value, and political economists all agrão this is being first seen in the cutting down of salaries in the rural that a State's lasting prosperity depends upon this uplifting of her raw districts, and as a consequence instead of the best teacher being material to its highest value.

obtained, it is the cheapest one. He urged that such changes be Doctor E. A. Winship of the New England Journal of Edu made as would give the teacher standing without handicapping, cation in an address upon

and he also advocated the ignoring of certificates from other States TRAINING AS A FACTOR IN EDUCATION.

unless properly provided for, and this for the reason that in some

states certificates are given for the asking, without the years of said:

patient preparation required in this State. "Our boys and girls must be trained for leadership and to a reali. The last speaker was President Kellogg of the State Univerzation of what leadership means. They must realize that when this sity who took for his subject country is swept by great movements, as it is likely to be at any time, whether it be humanitarian, industrial or financial, they may be ready

BANNER LEGENDS FOR THE YOUNG SCHOLAR. for the leadership the hour demands. Let us educate them so that the "I believe the elevator is not a'ways running, and one must be leaders in government may feel that our educated men have such poise ready to embrace every opportunity that offers. Then there is so much of character that they are ready for any emergency, equal to any danger of sordidness creeping in. So many immense fortunes have been demand.

made--accidently for the most part-that millionaires form a c'ass by

themselves. Another motive that may inspire the young is to make a Doctor Julius Goebel of Stanford University delivered an elo

name for themselves; to be distinguished. Such a feeling is strong in quent address upon

the human heart, and is not to be disparaged. In this country there THE REFORMER OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IN GERMANY AND WHAT

are no class distinctions to be broken down, and it is a laudable thing to

look forward to making a name, but here also is danger of degradation. WE LEARN FROM HIM

Selfishness may be developed, and a boy concentrating his gaze on

what he desires may let in the canker that will corrupt his life. which he summed up in substance as follows:

"The national conscience of the country may be ragged in p'aces,

but it is over aid with other consciences until after all, it is a pretty "The tendency toward reform in this country indicates that we do

good conscience. But we must remember, 'Physician h-al thysell,' and pot possess what we should have; we are running after fads and ideas but we do not have the self-poise we need. The great educators did

if there is not an obedience to the golden rule, there will grow up a

selfish greed." not have to wait for the psychologists. In the writings of Diesterweg teachers will find a mine of information, which if followed shall educate This summing up is of the general sessions only. The seca nation with which no other nation can compare.

tion work was not less interesting. However, nothing short of a Professor Bernard Moses of the State University gave a strong publication of the entire proceedings would suffice to give an adelecture upon

quate comprehension of the actual work done.

A resolution of respect to the memory of the late Prof. Ira THE NEGLECTED HALF OE AMERICAN HISTORY

More was adopted. in the course of which he said.

A number of suggestions as to the work of future sessions "American history in its correct sense embraces all attempts at

were made in the form of resolutions. federated government in this country; the study in school embraces but The officers elected for the ensuing year were as follows:one part of it. There is a reason for doing what we do in historical P. W. Kauffman, Ventura, President; J. D. Graham, Los study, but no reason for not doing

more. We emphasize the bistory of Angeles, first vice-president; J. C. Boyd, Riverside, second viceevent comparable with the discovery and settlement of America. It is president; J. B. Monlux, Los Angeles, treasurer; G. H. Chilcote, here that the student finds the proper_field for his investigation. In

Los Angeles, secretary. the future Europe will be the study of European students, and those of P. W. Kauffman, in a brief speech, expressed his thanks for America will find their own themes worthy of their highest power." the honor conferred upon him, rapped his gavel; and another

Doctor Thomas P. Bailey of the State University, tho sick, chapter in the educational history of California was complete. left his bed to give one of his characteristic lectures upon ETHOLOGY AND CHILD-STUDY.

CUBA “Ethology is the science of character. And to study this intelligently it is necessary to be informed on the sciences as well as to be a

On her war beleaguered Island close observer of the child in the school room. Let the teacher gain

Cuba stands and fights alone. her information by eniering into the child life. Thc time is coming

And her awful cry for freedom when a broad, comprehensive, and deep science of character will underlie all education. It is not coming from people wbo can prove every

Shakes the glory of a throne. thing by figures or diagrams, but it is coming slowly and toi somely,

Stands beside her ruined altars with the he'p of philosophy, art and science, with the help of every teacher in the land."

Flame and sword engirded round,

Sees her maidens torn from shelter,

Sacrilege on holy ground.
Readers will not ask the name of him who spoke. Upon

Flame and sword and desecration this subject one may with propriety use the superlative by saying

Wrongs that Satan's self abhors, that there is a bighest authority. Of course that means Doctor

All the barbarous, shameless, nameless Jordan.

Savagery of civil wars. "The fur 'seal is not a true seal, but more nearly related to the bear,

O ye synod of the nations and its habits in coming to and leaving the rookeries. When the

Shall you to this struggling land United States bought the is'ands in 1868 the A askan Commercial Company was allowed to kill bachelor seals, which have the finest and most

Give no sign of recognition, valuable fur, then worth about $2 a skin. The English made discov

Raise no voice, uplift no hand? eries in coloring them, and so enhanced their va'ue and beauty that they became the fashionable fur garments of the world.

Vain your teaching, false your preaching, "The fur seal came into diplomacy in this way: When the skins

While yon royal flag of Spain became valuable the Indians and Canadians began to kill the females

With the cross of Christ upon it out at sea: then men in San Francisco fitled out schooners, put the Indians on them, armed with shotguns, and 30.000 a year were killed, not

Reeks above such fields of slain. counting the pups. It told materially on the herd, and the Alaska com

- Madge Morris. pany, toward ihe end of the lease, began to kill younger animals, which are just as good fur, tho the skins are smaller. The females went to

Pacific Grove Summer School Bering sea, instead of the old grounds, the pups starved to death, and a'l this told on the herd to the amount of 600,000 anima's yearly. The

The most notable summer schrol of the West will be held this year at United States complained that England was stealing, and when she re

Pacific Grove by members of the faculties of Stanford and the Uuiversity fused to pay attention to the comp'aint, we siezed her vessels out at sea.

of California. A full announcemrnt will be given in the June josue of That turned a thing that was absolutely right into a wrong, and was a

THE JOURNAL, or better still, write to R, L, Sanwick, Pacific Grove, for foolish procedure."


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The Chico Normal School.


Every institution of learning has its particular trend towards pbilosophy, theology, medicine, law, tactics of war, or general cul. ture, but the stratum upon which the Normal course is built is a living sentient reality -the child. The child is the only central idea, and to provide for his future development the embryo teache" is trained, his own mental faculties and discernment are developed by theory and practice to expand, in the most natural way that art can devise, the faculties that G)] has foldyd in the mind of this most beautiful of his creativn.

No students can come to us froin the lower schools without feeling this pervading influence. Where his course before has tended solely to develop the ego, here a new element is introduced, here studies and lectures broaden his own personalities to touch others. It is given to him that he may give.

The Normal student should lay a firm deposit of good health. The nerves must be held in control, the general tone of the body developed by proper food and exercise. The State exacts a certain amount of work from its teachers and it has a right to demand perfect physical condition. The Normal school is no place for the weak, the lame, or the blind. If students are to do their duty to the State they must not only be the best types of man hood and womanhood, but must be physically strong and healthly. Irritability, languor, and nervousness have their reflex action on the minds of the pupils and thwart the best methods.

Then he must lay a good stratum of selfgovernment. “He who ruleth his own spirit

is greater than he who taketh a city,'' and the student will find many little cities within and without his future schoolroom-temperaments, heredity, and home environment that make his pnpils what they are, and perhaps bigotry, na row mindedness, and criticism from his trustees and patrons, Truly he needs to control himself with a steady hand,

So f.denial coinos next,--the capacity to give up the seducing pleasure if it draws him away from his line of work. The strength to say "No," to all circumstances that will imperil his rep'itation as a teacher.

und last of all he should lay a firm faith in the dignity of teaching. Honestly believe that it is a profession, the neer of its fellow professions of medicine and law, and not a make-shift to furnish the money for something else, or a pleasant by-way in which to tarry until Prince Fortunatus comes. The sucuessful teacher will love his work.

He will ever strive to advance, to grow, that he may make no mistake in the important task of shaping the minds and hearts entrusted to his care,

With such ideals permeating the students to an extent they never have felt before the year for the Chico Normal has been one of rare prosperity and success.

The daily work of the Normal' from eight thirty o'clock in the morning until four o'clock in the afternoon, is characterized by a push and energy that means a foundation for the true teacher is gradually but surely being laid.

The library is a busy room every day. It Is thronged with student searchers during the open hours. Carefully selected volumes are found upon its shelves, and these with

the best magaz nes and papers are ever accessible to the students.

One of the most interesting departments to the students as well as the teachers, is the clay modeling room. Busts of the students and teachers stare one in the face upon entering the room, sundry hands, fingers, and all kinds of interesting objects repose peacefully in their damp beds of clay upon the desks and tables in different stages of completion.

The Sloyd Department established this year is uoing good work and is much delighted in by the students.

The chemical, physical, physiological, botanical, zoological and microscopical laboratories are thronged each day by earnest students doing individual work. Each department is well stocked with the necessary apparatus and our laboratories are fast becoming centers for thought and learning.

Many changes have been made in the Museum during the year. New specimens have been added. The cases have been altered and placed in different positions giving the department a wider and loftier appearance The Museum is used as a room for study, for work, as well as a room for the collection and exhibition of specimens.

The students of the Chico Normal have much to congratulate themselves upon.

Our school is pervaded by the highest professional spirit. Our graduates have inade good records. We are surrounded by the loveliest natural scenery. Our fine commodious building, and beautiful grounds, with its tennis courts, and fields for athletic sports offer comfort and health for the body.

With such a man for president as Cariton M. Ritter, a real Normal instructor, there is no question of success.

On this stratum we build and the Chico State Normal in influence and prestige stands second to none in the State.



out door sketching, taking delightful jaunts to the beach, to the Park and to the hills, bringing back with us dainty bits of nature on our drawing pads, but we spent a number of half days learning all we could in our limited time from an inspection of such things as only the advantages of a cosmopolitan city like San Francisco can afford.

We made a special study of the varied contents of the museum at the Park, carefully examining statues and canvases, bronzes and porcelains, lacquers and ivories. The mummy case of ancient Egypt with its symbolic decoration, the Greek sarcophagus with its simple, graceful pattern, the soft lustered wrought iron gates from Germany, the graceful 'empire secretary with its delicate parquetry, the Russian sleigh of unique design, the sedan-chair, the jinrickisha, the Indian baskets and many other things were scanned with critical eyes. All constructive shapes, decorative design, color combinations, adaptability of beauty to purpose and to meaning of pattern were thoughtfully considered.

At other times we visited our Japanese, Chinese Turkish and Mexican stores where thru the courtesy of obliging salesmen we were permitted to handle and study the different wares, thereby learning the principal characteristics as well as their commercial and art values.

One afternoon was spent at the home of Mrs. George Ripley, a lady who lectures most charmingly on the potter's art; and at another time Mr. Bengnat, a dealer in Turkish goods, kindly unpacked some of his trunks, and showed us a number of his most cherished rugs, tapestries and embroideries.

Nor did we neglect the study of architecture. We gave some attention to the different styles and examined such examples as we encountered in our jaunts, while at the same time no scheme of interior decoration was allowed to escape us in any of the buildings that we visited.

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In all our little excursions we had very enjoyable times; but the one which we will never forget was our trip thru Chinatown.

Now Chinatown has many visitors for there are many novelties there, but it is not accustomed to receive

people in such numbers as would be occasioned by the its.

visitation of a summer school; and as we blockaded sidewalk after sidewalk or filled up one shop :after another, we became conscious of an undue Mongolian excitement.

Chinamen are generally very placid and always harmless, but as we saw their be-queued heads emerging from doors and windows and the streets darkened by their shadows, we were not quite able to determine whether the interest they manifested was due to our peculiar appearance or to an anticipation of probable sales which were never to be realized. They were not long in discovering who was piloting the company and the questions in their glittering eyes were upon several occasions supplemented by."What is it?'' addressed to me. I told them it was only a summer school that had

come to study art in their wares; and as soon as they As the subject of drawing was introduced into the public schools

' as learned this they became very attentive and did all much for the purpose of education in art and the formation of taste as it was they could to help us. for the purpose of teaching drawing, it is but reasonable in planning a course

Chinatown might not be considered the art quarter of instruction that will give teachers a comprehensive view of the subject and

of the city, and we did not expect to find a Menche's will enable them to know something of the spirit as well as the letter of the statue mark the entrance to Dupont Street nor a Corot's work, that some provision should be made for the study of both industrial

canvas grace the walls of a Joss house, but we did and fine art products.

know that there we might find much that was attractSo in planning a program for my summer school in drawing last year,

ive, interesting and suggestive to the art student. the mornings were given up to good hard study of the subject matter, with

Its buildings, originally American, now reconall its technical features, while the afternoons were spent in what appeared structed for Chinese use, with quaint Oriental balconies to be hut picnicing but which in reality, tho of an entertaining character, was filled with strange shaped jars and jardinieres containthe most practical kind of study For not only did we devote some time to ing foreign plants ; their funny little moss-covered



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